National Repository of Grey Literature 151 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The effectivity verification of the interventionist program for the school readiness
Veverková, Kristýna ; Valentová, Hana (advisor) ; Kucharská, Anna (referee)
The content of the research part was the creation of an intervention program that was realized with a group of ten children who are about to enroll to the first grade in April. This program had focused on the development in individual areas, in particular: fine motor skills, graphomotor skills, visual perception, mathematical pre-literacy, auditory perception and spatial orientation. The intervention program included 12 lessons that took place in the in kindergarten in the morning. We tought each lesson for about half an hour. Each lesson included five activities aimed at development of fine motor skills or graphomotor skills, visual perception, mathematical pre-literacy, auditory perception and spatial orientation. The whole program was motivated by the Squirrel Týnka and Krysík, who were represented by a puppet made out of a sock. All the individual activities were set to forest environment, home of the Squirrel Týnka. Thanks to the intervention program, children were able to improve in individual areas. The test of fifteen small tasks was run before the start of the intervention program. There was an input diagnostic program used to verify the effectiveness of the intervention program. The test of fifteen small tasks was run before the start of the intervention program The tasks focused on...
Graphic manifestation of children of younger school age at risk
Járka, Štěpán ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Kučerová, Olga (referee)
This dissertation is based on specific areas of learning and disabilities that are related to gross and fine motor skills and the main focus is on the manifestations of dysgraphia. The aim is to affect the peculiarity of these disorders depending on the drawing and artistic abilities of students which requires Rey-Osterrieth's complex figure and additional tasks that are compared with this figure. Rey-Osterrieth's complex figure is a well-known and used diagnostic tool in the field of learning disabilities and it is used to compare the performance of students. The student's artistic ability, perception of perspectives, spatial composition, and work with lines are very important. The performance of each student is described in detail in this dissertation, both through quantification and through a written description. In the dissertation, there can found a case study and a comparison of students that differ from the average data.
Relationship between posttraumatic growth and coping processes of healthy siblings of children with disabilities
Soukupová, Marie ; Kucharská, Anna (referee)
This thesis is focused on the current concept of coping with stressful situations and the concept of posttraumatic growth of healthy siblings of disabled children. The first part of this thesis deals with stressful situations throughout the life of healthy sibling. The work describes the ways of coping with difficult life situations as well as coping strategies oriented to the future (proactive coping). It also focuses on the positive effects of this experience within the concept of posttraumatic growth. The empirical part presents the data obtained from nine respondents. There were used these methods: interview, narrative inspired by life-story, questionnaire PTGI-CZ and PCI questionnaire. The data were elaborated by means of qualitative and quantitative methods. The aim of the thesis was to identify the coping strategies used by siblings and identify potential posttraumatic growth. The most considerable development was reflected in the areas of "appreciation of life" and "personal growth". The most helpful coping strategies were considered to be positive thinking and positive reappraisal of a situation. We believe that these research findings might be helpful in counselling for siblings or in the area of psychotherapy.
Development and structure of phonological skills in early preschool age
Kulhánková, Eliška ; Seidlová Málková, Gabriela (advisor) ; Kucharská, Anna (referee)
The development and structure of very early phonological skills were semi longitudinally examined in 127 preschool children (mean age in T1 was 46 months and in T2 56,5 months). Children were assessed by three test of phonological awareness (Syllable matching, Syllable blending and Phoneme matching) and by two tests of phonological processes (Nonword repetition test and Rapid naming). Nonparametric statistical methods demonstrate no gender differences, except the Phoneme matching task in T1, girls were slightly better. The structure of phonological skills was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Results indicate that in younger children the performance have been explained by two factors: (a) Matching (Syllable matching and Phoneme matching tasks) and (b) Synthesis and Phonological short-term memory. Nevertheless the eigenvalue of the second factor lies on the border of acceptance. Rapid naming was independent dimension. In older children factor analysis revealed one factor, which was called Phonological awareness a Phonological short-term memory (all test of phonological awareness and Nonword repetition). Rapid naming was independent again. Our results supports two dimensional model of phonological skills in preschool age: a) dimension of phonological awareness and short-term phonological...
Perception and coping with the specific learning disabilities impacts on everyday life of children with this diagnosis
Vilímová, Zuzana ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor)
TITLE: Perception and coping with the specific learning disabilities impacts on everyday life of children with this diagnosis. ABSTRACT This text is focused on recognition of impacts of the specific learning disabilities on everyday life as the children with this diagnosis themselves see it and the strategies used by these children in order to cope with these disabilities. The theoretical part summarizes the necessary knowledge of the early school age developmental stage, the interaction of a child with the family, and briefly the stress and the coping. The results of previous mothers of specific learning disabilities diagnosed children research are also presented. The empirical part is based on semi-structured interviews with six children diagnosed with the specific learning disabilities attending fourth or fifth grade of primary school. Based on it's qualitative analysis, the thesis attempts to clarify how the specific learning disabilities diagnosed children perceive and experience the impacts of this disabilities on them and how do they cope with it. KEYWORDS specific learning disabilities (SLD), child, family, school, failures, coping strategy
Family Drawing in children with family split experience
Saksunová, Aneta ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Kucharská, Anna (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the influence of family split experience on pre-school children. The aim is to find out if this influence can be recognised in the family drawing. The research is based on the theoretical part which consists of two broad areas. These areas are preschool age and family. In both of them are highlighted aspects which correlate the most with the practical part. From preschool age, it is thinking, communication, emotion, social development and drawing, which is the most important. The family area begins with the current situation which is followed by essential information about the functions and types of family. The final and the most critical part is the subchapter talking about family split experience and divorces. Research data are obtained by family drawings and by semi-structured interviews. Reason for using interview is to complete information from family drawing and to clarify the description of a child. The highlight of the practical part is the results of the research. The most striking differences were found in the following parameters: the presence of father/mother/child in the drawing, the closest person or thing to the child in the picture, distance of child from father and mother in drawing, added subjects, objects or animals in drawing and talking about...
The early literacy development and its variability in children at risk of dyslexia: The prediction models of literacy deficits.
Medřická, Tereza ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Špačková, Klára (referee) ; Bytešníková, Ilona (referee)
In the context of both projects Enhancing literacy development in European languages, work package 2 and The early literacy development and its variability in children at risk of specific learning disabilities, we monitored child development of literacy in preschool age and during the first years of school attendance in a four-stage process. The research group (n = 76) compound of typically developing children (BV = 37), children with the family risk of dyslexia (RR = 22) and children with specific language impairment (NVŘ = 17). We evaluated development of phonemic/phonological, lexical/semantic and morphological/syntactic skills, preliteracy skills and early literacy skills. The last fifth test stage included the assessment of literacy development in 3rd graders. First, a group of children with literacy deficits (n = 9) was identified via the latent profile analysis method. Subsequently, four predictive models of literacy deficits for each stage were created by means of lasso or L-1 penalized regression method. Predictive models follows the trend that until literacy skills are fully automatized (preschool age and the 1st grade), phonemic and phonological skills predominate, but later - after the formal learning to read and write proceeds - early literacy skills are becoming more and more...
Early reading skills in children with specific language impairment
Richterová, Eva ; Seidlová Málková, Gabriela (advisor) ; Kucharská, Anna (referee) ; Vitásková, Kateřina (referee)
Eva Richterová - Early reading skills development in children with specific language impairment This study investigated the development of early reading skills in children with specific language impairment within a psycholinguistic framework. The investigation is based on theories concerning linguistic and cognitive skills which play a crucial role in the development of reading skills. This approach is utilized to identify groups which are at risk of difficulties in literacy acquisition as a result of language impairment. Theoretical background of reading development in children with SLI is presented, in addition to current knowledge about the relationship between language and reading skills. Studies on SLI highlight the need of longitudinal investigations, which enable better understanding of the relationship between literacy development and preliteracy skills. The aim of the study was to provide a systematic description of the reading skills development in children with SLI from first to fourth Grade. A group of 25 children with SLI was repeatedly investigated in terms of their reading skills (decoding and reading comprehension) and preliteracy skills. Assessment of language and cognitive skills was also carried out and involved phonological awareness, rapid authomatised naming, and letter...
Staff leadership under the conditions of a small school from the perspective of the pedagogical process
Kicková, Pavla ; Kucharská, Anna (referee)
Rigorous thesis "Staff leadership under the conditions o f a smáli school fřom the perspective o f the pedagogical process" deals with the theme o f staff leadership regarding the changing conditions o f the pedagogical process in smáli nursery schools in the Mid-Bohemian district. Powered by TCPDF (

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