National Repository of Grey Literature 145 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The social representation of the theory of attachement in an intercultural dimension
Jardin Kocourek, Renata ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
in English The doctor's thesis Attachment and emotional intelligence in an intercultural dimension is composed of several levels. The theoretical part explains the history and development of the theory of attachment based on the authors John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Further the concept of the theory of attachment throughout the developmental stages up to early adulthood is explored and actual studies are presented. The goal of the theoretical part is to show the connection between the theory of attachment and emotional intelligence and underline the importance of these concepts for adolescence and early adulthood. The uniqueness of this study is the intercultural frame: three different cultures, France, USA and Czech Republic that have a contrastingly different approach of early childhood and motherhood. The aim of this doctoral thesis is on one hand side to capture the actual social representation of motherhood and further explore the possible interference between attachment and emotional intelligence in adolescence and early childhood. The methodological part is based on two different types of scientific research: data analysis and statistical analysis. The data analysis has examined a large amount of data regarding the change of the social representation and value of motherhood today. For this...
Adolescent Life Satisfaction and Its Relationship with Triadic Family Interactions and Mental Health
Álvarez Kozubová, Karla ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Rojas, Maria Graciela (referee) ; Frascarolo, France (referee) ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant (referee) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
Adolescent Life Satisfaction and Its Relationship with Triadic Family Interactions and Mental Health Abstract Adolescents experience changes, discomfort and increased risk of psychopathology (Vicente et al., 2012), whose approach has been insufficient from the perspective focused on vulnerability/risk. The multidimensional perspective of health that considers protective and opportunity factors of development (Steinberg, 2014) becomes important. Subjective well-being (SWB) has been positioned as a multidimensional health assessment (Suldo & Shaffer, 2008), and the life satisfaction construct (LS) (Diener et al., 1985) as the most stable measure of SWB in constituting the overall judgment of the adolescents regarding their lives and the achievement of their aspirations, values and interests influenced by culture (Eid & Diener, 2004; Maddux, 2018; Seligman, 2011) in addition to their discomfort or symptoms. Objectives: to assess the relationship between life satisfaction, quality of triadic interactions (QIT) and mental health (MH) characteristics (risk and protection) in two groups of Chilean adolescents. Method: case-control study (Case: 30 triads with adolescent receiving care in mental health and Control: 15 triads with adolescent not receiving), non-experimental, cross-sectional with correlational...
Self-strenghtening in Young Teachers and Their Reflective Pedagogical practice
Tichotová, Sylvie ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Šporclová, Veronika (referee) ; Dobrovská, Dana (referee)
This dissertation thesis deals with the topic of self-strengthening in young teachers with respect to their reflective pedagogical practice. The aim of the qualitative research which was conducted in a form of semi-structured interviews is to understand the experience of innovative form of pedagogical practice and a subsequent experience of self-strengthening as well as merging the concept of self-strengthening better with the existing Gestalt theory. The thesis focuses on the forms of pedagogical practice which are perceived as most significant for the process of self-strengthening. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used for coding of the obtained data, it revealed following categories for the process of self-strengthening: the inner critique - kind voice dichotomy; loneliness - support from other dichotomy; exhaustion; acknowledging one's own borders - no borders dichotomy; accumulation of emotions. In respect of the perceived support during the innovative form of pedagogical practice, these categories were identified: dissolving loneliness in sharing; perceived safety; freeing oneself from introjects - mistakes are the path towards growth; creativity and freedom; formation of professional identity as a path towards self-strengthening. The results of this research thus point at many...
Development of Proffesional Identity of Beggining Teachers
Trač, Tadeáš ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Pešout, Ondřej (referee)
The Bachelor thesis deals with the topic of development of professional identity of beginning teachers. First part of this thesis is dedicated to introduction of theoretical resources and fundamental concepts, such as beginning teacher, professional identity, or professional development in teachers, including corresponding subsections further expanding respective topics. Second part is dedicated to research assembled on the theoretical foundation introduced in the first part of this thesis. The research included an interview with teachers of variable specialization and duration of professional experience, and a public questionnaire. Thanks to the research, it was possible to learn more about the concepts of development of professional identity of beginning teachers, and to identify differences between stages of development of professional identity of beginning teachers and teacher experts.
Dynamic assessment of children at risk of developing dyslexia whose mother tongue differs from the language of school instructions
Straková, Lucia ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Urban, Kamila (referee)
The bachelor's thesis deals with dynamic assessment and its use in different clinical groups, with the greatest emphasis on a group of younger school-aged children whose mother tongue is different from the language taught at primary school and who are at risk of dyslexia. The aim of this paper is to describe the benefits and effectiveness of using dynamic assessment with individuals from the target clinical group. The contrast between dynamic and static methods is described in the thesis. The literature overview focuses on the definition of dynamic assessment, the theories underlying it and its use in clinical groups. It further describes and defines the concept of dyslexia, the risks of dyslexia and its possible causes. The last chapter of the literature overview discusses the benefits of using dynamic assessment with children at risk of dyslexia with a different mother tongue than the language of instructions at primary school. The empirical part presents a research proposal that aims to determine which assessment approach, static or dynamic, is more accurate in predicting the risk of dyslexia in children whose mother tongue differs from the language of school instructions and also the language in which the child would be diagnosed by default.
Relation between Emotional Intelligence and Parenting Style
Vetýška, Jakub ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Urban, Kamila (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the relationship between emotional intelligence and parenting style in individuals aged 18-25. The literature review part deals with emotional intelligence, family education and previous research dealing with the relationship between emotional intelligence and other characteristics. The primary aim of the research part is to examine whether the parenting style (subjectively evaluated by respondents) is related to the level of emotional intelligence of their offspring, or how they are related. Another aim is to compare the results of women's and men's emotional intelligence and find out whether there is a statistically significant difference between the sexes. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire on parenting style and the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale. The research sample consists of 167 respondents, whose age ranges from 18 to 25 years. Statistical testing demonstrated that individuals with a positive and extremely positive emotional relationship from their parents (subjective evaluation by respondents) achieve statistically significantly higher levels of emotional intelligence than individuals with a negative emotional relationship from their parents (subjective evaluation by respondents). No statistically significant difference in the level of...
Change od quality of partner relationship after the birth of first child
Vágnerová, Zuzana ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
The work observes the development and changes of perception of the relationships of a couple in the period of accepting the role of a parent. In its theoretical part, the work considers the relationship of a couple within a wider context of a family, describes the relationship of a couple from its beginnings to the decision of establishing a family, emphasizes experience of the woman during pregnancy and after giving birth and also deals with the man's view of this period. The conclusion of the theoretical part describes in more detail changes of the relationship during the transition to parenthood and introduces foreign research of this topic. The empirical part then presents the survey itself, where women expecting their first child expressed satisfaction with their relationship both during pregnancy and after giving birth. The evaluated areas of the relationship of a couple include intimacy, communication, shared time, support, care and appreciation. The quality analysis of the statements of the female respondents with regard to the individual evaluated areas specifies the quantitative findings. The survey demonstrates a significant decrease of satisfaction of women with the relationship within the explored period, particularly in the area of intimacy, manifestation of love, appreciation,...
The child's personality and beginning attending a nursery school
Zradičková Šafránková, Karla ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (referee) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
The ability of autoregulation of an individual is a process which moderates coping with social demands. The transition from family environment to a nursery school, functioning in the interaction of various changes, can be considered one of such strong developmental challenges. Theoretical foundations of our research project consist of the concept of resilience based on social cognitive theory. Our probands were a group of 97 preschool children, beginning with attending a nursery school, incoming from the family environment. The data has been collected twice, in September and November. In our research, the data stem from two sources - teacher's observations, and a questionnaire method. As for observations, the areas of monitoring have been established in advance. The frequency and quality of behavioral expressions of children in the adaptation period were recorded by teachers utilizing observation sheets, which were created based on the study of literature on adaptation, and empiricism. Resilient factors are operationalized by initiative, self-regulation, and quality of relationships, measured by means of the DECA - P2 (Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Preschoolers) questionnaire method. For the purposes of this research, it was transferred and converted into the Czech language from the...
Educational styles of parents of preterm children
Lukáčová, Monika ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
BACKGROUND: The most numerous group from children due to perinatal burden is a group of prematurely born children and whose number continues to increase constantly. The children have higher probability of health problems and they are at risk of a complex threat to their successful development. Premature childbirth is a complicated difficult life situation for parents. Strongly reduced mental well- being is often developed at these parents and sometimes even some clinical symptoms (especially depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder). Such parenting (as well as other factors) greatly diminishes the overall interaction and communication with the child (especially their sensitivity and responsiveness) which can also be reflected in the parental style. AIM: The aim of the empirical part was to describe the occurrence of individual educational styles in healthy preterm infants 8-12 years old. METHODS: A Questionnaire of parental styles for children between the ages of 8 and 12 was used for this purpose (Čáp, Čechová & Boschek, 2000). RESULTS: A sample of 35 children showed that the most perceived parental style was a style characterized by a negative emotional relationship combined with a strong direction. CONCLUSION: The importance of the results can be seen in the practical application for...
Dynamic assesment - with the emphasis on the approach of Reuven Feuerstein - and its utilization in the area of preschool adjustment
Chuchutová, Kristýna ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
Dynamic assessment constitutes an alternative diagnostic approach, focused on revelation of the tested person's real potential, which is reached and observed via the emphasis on the process of the achievement. It aims at meaningful connection with the intervention that immediately makes use of diagnostic findings to support the development of an individual. This work summarizes essential information about the mentioned diagnostic trend - its characteristic, a definition compared to conventional ways of testing and historical development. It further adverts to possibilities of its utilization, especially in the area of preschool diagnostic and education as an instrument of the prevention of educational and behavioural difficulties during the first years of the school attendance. The main goal of this work is to contribute to an expansion of the dynamic approach, which I consider to be a valuable alternative and/or a meaningful completion of conventional methods of testing.

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