National Repository of Grey Literature 121 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Negative thoughts in mothers
Janusová, Štěpánka ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Valentová, Hana (referee)
1 ABSTRACT This thesis explores negative thoughts in mothers in the context of the early years of their first- born child's life. The theoretical part of the thesis is divided into three parts: the first presents the negative thoughts and accompanying emotions of mothers from the perspective of psychopathology, the second from the perspective of social psychology, and the third places them in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. The research part of the thesis presents the research questions, the method of interpretative phenomenological analysis, the characteristics of the research sample, data collection through semi-structured interviews and additional written questions, and it presents the findings. First, mothers experience content-similar negative thoughts that are accompanied by similar negative emotions; and furthermore, we can find similar developments over time. Second, the evolution of negative thoughts was associated with a change in their interpretations and a change in coping strategies. If mothers evaluated their negative thoughts and emotions as normal and natural, they coped better with them, managed to confide them to others and thus reduced their negative impact on the child. The perception of oneself as a good enough mother plays a key role here. Thirdly, expectations play an important...
Work with atypical children group with an aim on the development of social ability
Pavlatová, Aneta ; Sotáková, Hana (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
This Diploma thesis focuses on the development of social skills in an atypical child group, particularly in the children`s homes groups. The goal of this research is to find out, whether a social skills programme can be implemented in the specific group. Further it is aiming to identify deficits in social skills of these children and to create activities, that would help with those areas to develop. The theoretical part deals with social skills and psychosocial development of children in primary school age. This part also focuses on the development specifics of children growing up in children`s homes and the principles and policies of work with the child group and the options of the children development. The empiric part contains the description of the methodology and analysis of the obtained data. In its first half, the empiric part focuses on the analysis of the extracts from the survey of work with the children. In its second half, it analyses the topics, that were frequently appearing in the survey. The thesis is enriched by detailed case studies of the children and extracts from the research diary. The goals of the thesis describe the particular areas of the social skills, in which the children fail and further reflect on the topics influencing the success rate of the systematic work with the...
Motivation of employees of the diagnostic institute to perform the profession
Siváková, Kateřina ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Sotáková, Hana (referee)
This thesis, entitled Motivation of employees of diagnostic institutes to perform a job, focuses on the topic of work in diagnostic institutes in the position of an educator and its specifics, characteristics, and work motivation. It consists of two main parts. In the first, theoretical part, the concept of motivation is defined and characterized. There are several basic approaches mentioned regarding its conception. Subsequently, this topic is expanded by the definition of work motivation. It is further accompanied by the most important theories that have an impact on how society views the issue. The expected factors which individuals choose as the reason for doing the profession of an educator are mentioned as well. The conclusion of the theoretical part is briefly describing diagnostic institutes, their legislative anchoring, goals and mission, and the list of required professions. It is further extended by a more detailed description of the educator profession. The theoretical part of the work is followed by an empirical part. The research was performed in the form of interviews with selected diagnostic educators. The empirical part of the thesis justifies the methods used and describes the method of data collection and its subsequent analysis. It also contains excerpts from the interviews. It...
Education of foster parents
Pobudová, Klára ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Kučerová, Olga (referee)
This thesis deals with foster care and fosters parent education. The main aim of the thesis is to evaluate whether foster carers are satisfied with the topics offered and the length of the mandatory continuing education. A sub-objective of the thesis is to describe the biggest problems of children in foster care related to school and school preparation and to highlight these problems by creating a case study. The theoretical part is divided into four chapters and is based on a study of the literature. The first chapter deals with the general topic of foster care and the application for foster care. The second chapter focuses more on the foster carer himself and his preparation. The third chapter focuses on the foster carers' training and the accompanying organizations. The fourth chapter deals with the characteristics of children in foster care and their school and educational problems. The practical section focuses on the research itself. In the empirical part, a research investigation was conducted with a combination of qualitative and quantitative elements. The data collection was carried out in the form of self-observation, questionnaire survey, and semi- structured interview. During the data analysis, it was found that foster carers with several years of experience would welcome it if the...
Women's experience with miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy
Lišková, Tereza ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Dymešová, Gabriela (referee)
The aim of the thesis was to map the experiences of women with spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) in the first trimester of pregnancy. The data for the empirical part of the qualitative design was obtained through an electronic document in which the informants answered open- ended questions by writing. The research sample consisted of 17 informants who had experienced spontaneous abortion in the first trimester of their wanted pregnancy and had not yet had any children. The data collected were analysed using qualitative methods and the women's experiences were described and interpreted using grounded theory. Women's experiences were explored in several areas: experiencing abortion, loss and grief, needs, sharing, social environment reactions, and protective factors. Women's experiences of spontaneous abortion included mainly shock, sadness, fear, anger, guilt and feelings of failure. Many women experienced miscarriage as the death of their baby and grieved for it. Women needed to be treated with empathy and respect by those close to them and by health professionals. In particular, they perceived reactions and advice downplaying the significance of their loss as negative. The opportunity to share their experience with the wider community was very important to some women, while others shared their...
The role of the primary school teacher in creating a school classroom climate and his/her impact on school success
Kornoušková, Tereza ; Kučerová, Olga (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the influence of the teacher's personality on the classroom climate and school success of pupils. The theoretical part deals with the three basic areas described in the individual chapters - the personality of the teacher, the classroom climate and its actors and components, and last but not least, school success. The topic of motivating pupils in teaching also corresponds to school success, especially at present. In the practical part, the thesis presents the results of qualitative research conducted in the third grade of primary school, which is very specific in its composition, the school itself includes a special program for exceptionally gifted students and currently also educates a large number of students with different mother tongue. In addition, students with specific learning disabilities also appear in the classroom. The three areas described in the theoretical part are mapped by the methods typical for qualitative research, participatory observation, through observation sheets of own production and inspired by scientific literature, and a semi-structured interview with the class teacher. KEYWORDS teacher's personality, classroom climate, school success, motivation in education, school classroom, primary education, observation, interview
Book in the Preschooler's family
Pitelková, Hana ; Viktorová, Ida (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
1 Abstract: This diploma thesis deals with the role of a book in a preschool child's family. The aim of the theoretical part is to point out the importance of a book reading to a pre-school child in a family and also to point out the importance of books, the position of children's literature in the multimedia world. The theoretical part also deals with the description of different kinds of books a child of this age may encounter and also with the demands on children's literature. Practical part deals with the interpretation of data gained through research lead in a form of half-structured interviews of a parent with a pre-school-age child. The survey observes books in a family in three areas: Book and the parent's own childhood, Current situation in adulthood and Current situation with the parent's own child. Emphasis is put especially on the situation with the parent's own child focused on the work with a book as a means of education, on the child's interest in books and reading, on the child's and parent's book choice and their library attendance. Key words: pre-school age, book, reading
Star-Wave-Test at risk children
Hoždorová, Zuzana ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
Bachelor thesis aims to identify differences between vulnerable children in the younger and middle school age (children from orphanages, foster families) and children living with their biological families. For the comparison there is a selected graphic test, "The Star- Wave- Test" which consists of several marking criteria. These criteria will be analysed in detail taking into accounts the ages and the group to which the children belong to and compare the marking criteria, it will follow a statistical analysis of data which will indicate statistically the differences between groups.
Peer relationships of children with behavioral disorders in early adolescence
Bittnerová, Soňa ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Francová, Veronika (referee)
TITLE: The peer relationships of children with behavioral disorders in early adolescence AUTHOR: Soňa Bittnerová DEPARTMENT: Department of Psychology SUPERVISOR: PhDr. Pavla Presslerová, Ph. D. ABSTRACT: In my bachelor thesis I present the issue of peer relations in the period of adolescence. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to create a probe into relationships among peers within the Dětský domov se školou Měcholupy. I tried to map the quality of the team and to find out the influence of sex and placement into school classrooms and family groups on relationships of children. For the mapping of peer relationships, I first used the sociometric questionnaire B- 3U, which I then added by another questionnaire. The results of both methods I mutually compared and created insight into the relationships of adolescents in DDŠ Měcholupy. KEY WORDS: adolescence, interpersonal relationships, behavioral disorders, peers, institutional education

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