National Repository of Grey Literature 126 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Mothers with visual impariment and their experiences
Parkanová, Eva ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
The present bachelor thesis deals with the issues and possible specifics that come up in context within the scope of motherhood when the mother is visually impaired. The aim of this thesis is to compare what is known so far about parenting whilst destitute of vision with the real experiences of specific visually impaired mothers whom I have interviewed. The thesis is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part consists of three sections. The first section is included in the thesis in order to define visual impairment and to illuminate the specifics of the personality development of the visually impaired individual, focusing on the periods of adolescence and adulthood. The second chapter defines parenting, outlines for the reader the current state of research on the topic of parenting by individuals with visual impairment and presents the essential specifics of this parental role and their children. The third chapter characterizes the prejudice against people with visual impairments, followed by a closer look at the biases against these women and mothers. The empirical section includes findings from a qualitative study. The research method chosen was semi-structured interviews conducted with four mothers with visual impairment from Prague, which were later transcribed...
Education of adolescent girls with addictology problem in institutional care
Štromajerová, Kristýna ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Vídršperková, Lenka (referee)
This paper focuses on adolescent girls who are clients of a diagnostic institution and have been transferred to a specialized ward with more addictive support due to substance abuse. In this ward, they then attend school facilities that are not part of the institution and, according to the documentation of said ward, they are not successful in their studies and in most cases drop out of high school or apprenticeship. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out what are the reasons and obstacles that prevent them from successfully completing their studies. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews with the clients, the teaching staff of the diagnostic institute, the teaching staff of the schools where the clients attend and the parents of the clients. Another method used in this thesis was a detailed analysis of the documentation of the relevant department where the clients are placed. On the basis of the analysis of the interviews by means of selective coding, 41 categories were determined and these were subsequently narrowed down to 6 coherent themes that can be considered as direct causes of the school failure of the mentioned clients: self-assessment, finances, choice of field of study, problems at primary school, method of education, lack of information of class teachers....
Emerging Adulthood: the quarter-life crisisa nd other major themes
Fialová, Kateřina ; Valentová, Hana (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the period of young adulthood, its experience, and the important topics that accompany it. The period is examined through the theoretical concepts of "emerging adulthood" and "quarter-life crisis". The theoretical part of the thesis defines the current concept of adulthood and then mentions relevant psychological theories (E. H. Erikson; J. Marcia; D. Levinson; J. J. Arnett or O. Robinson). The practical part reports on the progress and results of a research study based on the principles of qualitative methodology. Eight individual semi-structured interviews have been conducted in the first phase. The research sample consists of a group of women and men aged 25-30, childless with a minimum education at the secondary school level. The recorded interviews were then subjected to a thematic analysis in the second phase. The result of the study is a comprehensive description of seven topics related to adulthood. Topics include a summary of the research participants' definitions of adulthood; notion of their own maturity or maturity in relation to other people. The results further reflect the familiarity and experience of the research group with the quarter-life crisis phenomenon. KEYWORDS quarter-life crisis; emerging adulthood; young adults; development crisis; thematic...
School psychologists' experience with online counseling
Pakhtusov, Iurii ; Hrabec, Ondřej (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
This thesis explores the experiences of school psychologists with online counselling. The theoretical part has three chapters which discuss school psychology as a field of study, provide an insight into the current state of online counselling and a description of online counselling from the perspective of school psychologists based on an analysis of scientific articles. The aim of the thesis is to describe school psychologists' experiences with online counselling during COVID-19 lockdown. The qualitative design was chosen for the research purposes. The method of data collection consisted of conducting semi-structured interviews. The research sample included four female school psychologists and one male school psychologist. Data analysis was conducted based on interpretative phenomenological text analysis. In the research findings, the school psychologists' cumulative experience with online counselling consisted of an overall reduction in counselling services, which was primarily due to addressing ethical issues such as privacy and the construction of professional and work boundaries, as well as technical barriers and a change in the form of work in the online environment. School psychologists considered the main benefit of the online environment to be the flexibility of time and place, or the...
Negative thoughts in mothers
Janusová, Štěpánka ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Valentová, Hana (referee)
1 ABSTRACT This thesis explores negative thoughts in mothers in the context of the early years of their first- born child's life. The theoretical part of the thesis is divided into three parts: the first presents the negative thoughts and accompanying emotions of mothers from the perspective of psychopathology, the second from the perspective of social psychology, and the third places them in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. The research part of the thesis presents the research questions, the method of interpretative phenomenological analysis, the characteristics of the research sample, data collection through semi-structured interviews and additional written questions, and it presents the findings. First, mothers experience content-similar negative thoughts that are accompanied by similar negative emotions; and furthermore, we can find similar developments over time. Second, the evolution of negative thoughts was associated with a change in their interpretations and a change in coping strategies. If mothers evaluated their negative thoughts and emotions as normal and natural, they coped better with them, managed to confide them to others and thus reduced their negative impact on the child. The perception of oneself as a good enough mother plays a key role here. Thirdly, expectations play an important...
Work with atypical children group with an aim on the development of social ability
Pavlatová, Aneta ; Sotáková, Hana (advisor) ; Presslerová, Pavla (referee)
This Diploma thesis focuses on the development of social skills in an atypical child group, particularly in the children`s homes groups. The goal of this research is to find out, whether a social skills programme can be implemented in the specific group. Further it is aiming to identify deficits in social skills of these children and to create activities, that would help with those areas to develop. The theoretical part deals with social skills and psychosocial development of children in primary school age. This part also focuses on the development specifics of children growing up in children`s homes and the principles and policies of work with the child group and the options of the children development. The empiric part contains the description of the methodology and analysis of the obtained data. In its first half, the empiric part focuses on the analysis of the extracts from the survey of work with the children. In its second half, it analyses the topics, that were frequently appearing in the survey. The thesis is enriched by detailed case studies of the children and extracts from the research diary. The goals of the thesis describe the particular areas of the social skills, in which the children fail and further reflect on the topics influencing the success rate of the systematic work with the...
Motivation of employees of the diagnostic institute to perform the profession
Siváková, Kateřina ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Sotáková, Hana (referee)
This thesis, entitled Motivation of employees of diagnostic institutes to perform a job, focuses on the topic of work in diagnostic institutes in the position of an educator and its specifics, characteristics, and work motivation. It consists of two main parts. In the first, theoretical part, the concept of motivation is defined and characterized. There are several basic approaches mentioned regarding its conception. Subsequently, this topic is expanded by the definition of work motivation. It is further accompanied by the most important theories that have an impact on how society views the issue. The expected factors which individuals choose as the reason for doing the profession of an educator are mentioned as well. The conclusion of the theoretical part is briefly describing diagnostic institutes, their legislative anchoring, goals and mission, and the list of required professions. It is further extended by a more detailed description of the educator profession. The theoretical part of the work is followed by an empirical part. The research was performed in the form of interviews with selected diagnostic educators. The empirical part of the thesis justifies the methods used and describes the method of data collection and its subsequent analysis. It also contains excerpts from the interviews. It...
Education of foster parents
Pobudová, Klára ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Kučerová, Olga (referee)
This thesis deals with foster care and fosters parent education. The main aim of the thesis is to evaluate whether foster carers are satisfied with the topics offered and the length of the mandatory continuing education. A sub-objective of the thesis is to describe the biggest problems of children in foster care related to school and school preparation and to highlight these problems by creating a case study. The theoretical part is divided into four chapters and is based on a study of the literature. The first chapter deals with the general topic of foster care and the application for foster care. The second chapter focuses more on the foster carer himself and his preparation. The third chapter focuses on the foster carers' training and the accompanying organizations. The fourth chapter deals with the characteristics of children in foster care and their school and educational problems. The practical section focuses on the research itself. In the empirical part, a research investigation was conducted with a combination of qualitative and quantitative elements. The data collection was carried out in the form of self-observation, questionnaire survey, and semi- structured interview. During the data analysis, it was found that foster carers with several years of experience would welcome it if the...
Women's experience with miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy
Lišková, Tereza ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Dymešová, Gabriela (referee)
The aim of the thesis was to map the experiences of women with spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) in the first trimester of pregnancy. The data for the empirical part of the qualitative design was obtained through an electronic document in which the informants answered open- ended questions by writing. The research sample consisted of 17 informants who had experienced spontaneous abortion in the first trimester of their wanted pregnancy and had not yet had any children. The data collected were analysed using qualitative methods and the women's experiences were described and interpreted using grounded theory. Women's experiences were explored in several areas: experiencing abortion, loss and grief, needs, sharing, social environment reactions, and protective factors. Women's experiences of spontaneous abortion included mainly shock, sadness, fear, anger, guilt and feelings of failure. Many women experienced miscarriage as the death of their baby and grieved for it. Women needed to be treated with empathy and respect by those close to them and by health professionals. In particular, they perceived reactions and advice downplaying the significance of their loss as negative. The opportunity to share their experience with the wider community was very important to some women, while others shared their...

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