National Repository of Grey Literature 26 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Evolutionary Aspects of the Human Aesthetic Responses to Flowers
Hůla, Martin ; Flegr, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Frynta, Daniel (referee) ; Sádlo, Jiří (referee)
Human aesthetic responses to plants and flowers have long been an unexplored topic in people-plant interactions research. Theories focusing on aesthetic responses to plants and studies testing the effects of plants on human well-being have usually used general terms such as vegetation, greenery, or houseplants, thus ignoring the immense diversity of individual plant shapes and colors. We argue that specific features of different plant species play a key role in eliciting human aesthetic responses and possibly also influence the strength of their effects on human well-being. We decided to identify some flower features that might influence the aesthetic response and to test their relevance empirically. The choice of flower features was derived from evolutionary theoretical frameworks that discuss the origin of human aesthetic responses to flowers (Habitat selection theory), shapes (Information processing theory), and colors (Ecological valence theory). In the first study, we asked more than 2,000 participants to rate the beauty of 52 Czech wildflowers in photographs. Our results showed a strong agreement between raters. The prototypicality of flowers had a positive effect on the rating of their beauty. At the same time, the ratings were strongly negatively correlated with flower complexity. Floral...
URBAN WILDERNESS: POSTCULTURAL SITE
Čenovská, Kateřina ; Sádlo, Jiří (referee) ; Mléčka, Jan (advisor)
The aim of the work is to introduce a different way of looking at the process of urban planning in the so-called shrinking cities. The plan of endless development is questioned. The stagnation scenario, as a form of conservation, is presented as a certain level of natural development of the city. The potential of forgotten parts of the city is emphasized. The postcultural landscape meets man.
Countryside Phenomenon of New Wilderness
Skálová, Michaela ; Sádlo, Jiří (advisor) ; Matoušek, Václav (referee)
Existence of the so called "new wilderness" in the Czech as well as in the European cultural landscape definitely presents an interesting discussion topic. This diploma thesis aims for describing suburbial environment as a new type of landscape, its structure, dynamics and landscape memory. Three localities in the area of Prague were chosen as subject of the research, which were described mainly with the focus on biological components and results of interactions between man and nature. Special attention was paid to the segments of landscape with a secondarily weakened human influence, which were named "new wilderness". Such places were assessed from the point of view of the present state, possibilities of further development and use of components of landscape memory. The main studied locality was "Podhorí" (cadastral area of Bohnice and partially Troja), where anthropogenic relicts such as terraces, walls, house basements, water sources as well as anthropogenic plantings were surveyed by means of GPS and marked in maps. The map of these anthropogenic elements helped us make comparison with the present state of the locality and achieve a more complex complementary viewpoint, where the subject of interest is nature without the former intensive influence of a man (without a preliminary evaluation, neither...
Forest vegetation changes in the Bohemian Forest during the second half of 20th century
Prach, Jindřich ; Kopecký, Martin (advisor) ; Sádlo, Jiří (referee)
Long-term forest vegetation changes were studied in the Bohemian Forest and its foothills. New vegetation relevés were taken at sites of typological plots established by forest engineers between 1955 and 1980. Data from 158 semi-permanent plots were analysed using modern statistical methods. The data show significant changes and homogenization of the vegetation. Ellenberg indicator values indicate eutrofication. Repeated measurements of soil pH suggest acidification, but the interpretation of these data is complicated by methodological problems. The forests under study exhibit high spatial variability. No main prevailing trend in vegetation changes was found. The changes are considered to be related to sulphur and nitrogen deposition and forest management. The influence of increasing age of forest stands seems to be unimportant. Discussed are not only vegetation changes and their possible causes but also the possibilities and limitations of using such old forestry data in botanical and ecological studies.
Basis for conservation assessment of Plant diversity of dry basic habitats within the forest environment in the Doksy region
Martinec, Pavel ; Sádlo, Jiří (advisor) ; Pivnička, Karel (referee)
Theme: Basis for conservation assessment of Plant diversity of dry basic habitats within the forest environment in the Doksy region Abstract: The subject of present study is high species richness of vascular plants on localities of dry basic habitats in Doksy region. This habitats are enclosed by nutrients poor habitats of coniferous forests, restricted to small areas and spatially isolated. The dry basic habitats represent high valuable areas for nature conservation due to high α-diversity and occurence of rare plant species with scarce populations within flora of Czech Republic. The aim of study is to collect and review known data about dry basic habitats of Doksy region and their biodiversity. Consequently find optimal approaches in analysis of biodiversity and approach in interpretation for nature conservation. Actual status of flora and vegetation depend on environmental factors, biotic interaction, evolution and historic development. The perspective theoretical approach in species diversity analysis shows the species-pool hypothesis (Taylor et al. 1990) which assorts and describes these factors. Keywords: biodivesity, vascular plants, Doksy region, species-pool hypothesis, nature conservation
Biotic threats to garden monuments: algae, cyanobacteria and invasive plant species
Pergl, Jan ; Perglová, Irena ; Albrechtová, J. ; Antl, Tomáš ; Abarenkov, K. ; Baldrian, Petr ; Cihlářová, L. ; Klečka, Jan ; Kohout, Petr ; Kvasničková, Jana ; Maršálek, Blahoslav ; Maršálková, Eliška ; Pejchal, Miloš ; Petružálková, M. ; Petřík, Petr ; Pyšek, Petr ; Sádlo, Jiří ; Štefl, Lukáš ; Tedersoo, L. ; Větrovský, T. ; Vlk, Lukáš ; Vojík, Martin ; Vosátka, Miroslav ; Zezulka, Štěpán
Chateau, city parks and gardens are perceived as harmonious parts of the landscape. Unfortunately, even these areas have to face various threats, and they can be a threat to the surrounding environment. The exhibition /catalogue presents a look at the organisms that threaten parks. These threats cover unwelcomed invaders covering invasive plants and small microorganisms in the soil, on facades, statues or in water. On the other hand, some species that are intentionally brought to the parks can be risky not only the gardens themselves but also their surroundings.
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Management of native and alien plants in garden monuments
Sádlo, Jiří ; Pergl, Jan ; Pejchal, Miloš ; Perglová, Irena ; Petřík, Petr ; Štefl, Lukáš ; Vojík, Martin
The work covers garden monuments in context of spontaneous nature and the occurrence of non-native plant species. We present the management approaches for selected groups of invasive species. The text was written in the context of fields other than monument care and ecology and nature conservatioin. We offer not a simplified methodological guide with a prepared solution of standard situations. We prefer to formulate the text at a greater distance and show the problems themselves, we offer a way to think about them. The approaches are accompanied with examples. In the text, we show local solutions using case studies.
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URBAN WILDERNESS: POSTCULTURAL SITE
Čenovská, Kateřina ; Sádlo, Jiří (referee) ; Mléčka, Jan (advisor)
The aim of the work is to introduce a different way of looking at the process of urban planning in the so-called shrinking cities. The plan of endless development is questioned. The stagnation scenario, as a form of conservation, is presented as a certain level of natural development of the city. The potential of forgotten parts of the city is emphasized. The postcultural landscape meets man.

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2 Sádlo, Jan
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