National Repository of Grey Literature 122 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Modern Dystopias and Theories of Totalitarianism
Machart, Filip ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
The diploma thesis Modern Dystopias and Theories of Totalitarianism deals with comparation of this two phenomena. The thesis is based on the concept of Giovanni Sartori. He understands the phenomenon of totalitarianism as ideal ending of the axis totalitarianism- democracy. Extreme points of this axis fulfill the role of unrealizable ideal regimes. In reality we can only move closer to them but modern dystopias may represent these ideal regimes. The diploma thesis is divided into theoretical and practical section. There is the analyse of five books in the theoretical section which deal with the theory of totalitarianism. The analysis contains the work of Sigmund Neumann, Hannah Arendt, Carl J. Friedrich and Zbigniew K. Brzeziński, Giovanni Sartori and Juan J. Linz. Each theory of totalitarianism is supplemented by reflection from other authors. There is the analyse of five dystopias (J. Zamjatin - We, A. Huxley - Brave New World, G. Orwell - Nineteen Eighty-four, M. Atwood - The Handmaid`s Tale, A. Moore, D. Lloyd - V for Vendetta) in the practical section. The analysis contains the storyline of the book, elements of totalitarian regime in the dystopia and inspiration of author for the world of dystopia. There is elaborated final comparation between theories of totalitarianism and modern dystopias...
Charger for a battery supply of an oscilloscope
Novák, Miroslav ; Martiš, Jan (referee) ; Vorel, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the design and construction of a battery charger for an oscilloscope battery source. The output parameters of this charger are: output voltage 4.1 V and output current 15 A. The charger is designed as a flyback converter controlled by the integrated circuit UC3844. First, the possible topologies of the inverter are described. Then the selected flyback converter and the subsequent design of the power parts and the control circuit are described. Then the measurement where the transformer leakage was too large is described. Therefore, the following section describes the modification of the charger design, which uses a snubber network to eliminate the effect of leakage. This is followed by a description of the mechanical design of the charger. Finally, measurements of the charger are documented, testing problems are described, and the results obtained are evaluated.
The Fall of Ferdinand Marcos and the Transition to Democracy in the Philippines
Husáková, Barbora ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
The master thesis "The Fall of Ferdinand Marcos and the Transition to Democracy in the Philippines" deals with the analysis of politico-historical development of the Philippines and the aim is describe the fall of nondemocratic regime and the subseguent transition do democracy. The attention is paid to the role and tactics of opposition groups among which leadership stakes took place during democratic consolidation. To be place into the context the master thesis deals as well with historical development of political system and its practise.
Minority Governments in Canada
Oberreiter, Miloš ; Šušlíková, Lada (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
Diploma thesis Minority Governments in Canada focuses on comparison of different periods of federal minority governments in canadian history. The first part of the article presented the main theories about formation of coalition governments and minority governments. The second part describes the basic characteristics of the canadian political system. Next two chapters follow the analysis of the formation, operation and termination of canadian minority governments. Sixth part of the article compares the periods of minority governments in Canada.
Revolution as a theoretical problem
Opl, Jakub ; Kučera, Jan (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
The bachelor thesis analyzes the topic of revolutions, primarily its theoretical use. In introduction, there is explained for which events the word revolution is ordinarily used and in what sense the author of this work uses the term. In first chapter thesis outlines the emergence of the word revolution in ancient times and also understanding of the word by contemporaries. There is also analysis of the shift in using of the word revolution as the result of American and French revolutions. Second chapter aims on first theorists of revolutions in 19th century with focus on Karl Marx, Alexis De Tocqueville and Vladimir Iljič Lenin. In third chapter author summarizes the development of the study of revolutions between world wars and in fourth, there is analysis of the study of causes of revolutions after World War II. In that time revolutions were in the centre of attention of researchers in the field of social sciences. Fifth chapter deals with European revolutionary process as set forth by Martin Malia. In conclusions, author reflects on the causes of revolutions and if there is one general model including all events ordinarily called revolutions and what is the meaning of the study of revolutions for present.
The minority Governments in the Czech republic in period 1996-2002
Štefek, Jiří ; Lebeda, Tomáš (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
Between 1996 - 2002, the Czech Republic had experienced governance of three minority govemements. From the very beginning, all of them had to deal with a complex set of problems involving not only their forming but also their day-to-day business . Tha unusual feature of their constitution meant also new challenge to the legislation process; minority cabinets have to rely on less than half of the members of the Chamber of Deputies in the Parliament of the Czech Republic to push through their legislative proposals. The thesis begins with a brief theoretical intrdouction where I define and classify the concept of minority governments, impact and significance of political opposition in the democratic systém and also the consitutional order of the Czech Republic including the electoral system. The focus of the second part is on an detailed analysis of all three Czech minority govemements involving complicated process of their forming, aspects of their cooperation with oppostion parties, their relationships with the Parliament and the Head of State. A special attention is devoted to the impact they had on the overall political and economical situation in the Czech Republic. Finally, I evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of minority govememts as a solution for post-election situations concluding that that...
The influence of electoral systems on party systems. Comparison of Polish, Slovak, German and Austrian Case.
Nemeth, Marek ; Novák, Miroslav (advisor) ; Lebeda, Tomáš (referee)
The author is interested in electoral and political system in Poland, Slovakia, Germany and Austria. At the beginning he rises two basic questions which he would like to answer - Which electoral method is similar to contemporary electoral systems in chosen countries in a result? And how would be changed political-party- system, i f there were another electoral methods? In the General the author offers a detailed look at the analysis of the types of electoral systems, franchise and party systems. This General part is assumption for the Special part which is focused on an research. In the fourth Chapter the author describes electoral systems in Poland, Slovakia, Germany and Austria and in the fifth Chapter he describes party system in those chosen countries. The own research starts in the sixth chapter. The author analyses the results of the last election in Poland (2005), Slovakia (2006), Germany (2005) and Austria (2006) by index of deformation, index Loosemore - Hanby, and index of aggregation. In the next Chapters author analyses parliamentary electoral results in four countries, then he follows new electoral methods (D'Hondt, Imperiáli, Saint Laguě, Hare, Hagenbach-Bischoff) on those results in Poland (2005), Slovakia (2006), Germany (2005) and Austria (2006). In the last Chapter author resumes the...
Is the absence of direct democracy in Czech republic democratic deficit?
Bělský, Lukáš ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd / Smetanovo nábřeží 6, 110 01 Praha 1, tel: 222 112 111 Dle čl. 4 Opatření rektora č. 6/2010 o Zpřístupnění elektronické databáze závěrečných prací a čl. 1 Opatření děkana 29/2010 se z časového hlediska závěrečné práce dělí do tří skupin: a. "nové práce", tj. práce odevzdávané k obhajobě počínaje 29. 9. 2010, b. "starší práce", tj. práce odevzdané k obhajobě od 1. 1. 2006 do 28. 9. 2010, c. "práce před rokem 2006", tj. práce odevzdané k obhajobě před 1. 1. 2006. V tomto případě jde o "starší práci" odevzdanou k obhajobě od 1. 1. 2006 do 28. 9. 2010. Omlouváme se, ale dokument není v elektronické verzi k dispozici.
Development of czech extreme right-wing after 1989
Kameník, Martin ; Charvát, Jan (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
The master thesis Development of czech extreme right-wing after 1989 deals with three the most significant far right-wing parties in Czech republic after 1989. These parties are Association for republic - Czechoslovak Republican Party (SPR-RSČ), National Party (NS) and Workers' Party (DS). The only far right-wing body shall, which was able to enforce on Czech political scene and obtain representation in the Parliament was SPR-RSČ. Other two parties were unsuccessful in elections. Thesis has an ambition to make clear, why SPR-RSČ was that successful and other parties were not. But at the beginning of the thesis is explained concept of far right-wing. After this, is a chapter about SPR-RSČ, which was significant political party in the 90's. Nevertheless after unsuccessful elections in 1998 became piece by piece minor political force. Next part refers about NS, which was very unsuccessful in elections, but was able to attract attention of Czech media by its actions. Thesis also include chapter about DS, which was, as the only one after 1989, dissolved by the Supreme Administrative Court. However the party works under the name DSSS and nowadays is the most successful far right-wing party in Czech Republic. After that is a chapter, which clarifies the reasons why was SPR-RSČ successful and the other...
The Position of Prime Ministers in the Political Systems of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Numerato, Marek ; Just, Petr (advisor) ; Novák, Miroslav (referee)
Diploma thesis The Position of Prime Ministers in the Political Systems of the Czech Republic and Slovakia is focused on the comparison of the roles of prime ministers in the political systems of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The selection of these countries for comparative analysis has not been informed only by the shared history, but also by similar problems and challenges that these countries have been dealing with since their foundation in 1993 such as democratisation, economic and societal transformation, consolidation of constitutional institutions or the path towards the European integration. The study maps the experiences of actors of the executive power in both countries and points out the fact that the position of a prime minister in the political system has not exclusively been related to the personality of a prime minister. Furthermore, it is affected by an electoral system and party systems, the nature and stability of governments. Additionally to these easily visible and manifest indicators, the scope of activities of a prime minister also depends on political culture or other variables with a personified nature. Moreover, the institute of a president, legislative bodies, and specific political parties and ministers represent the key "opponents" of a prime minister. The study also observes...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 122 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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