National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Emergence of dark ZnO nanorods by hydrogen plasma treatment
Remeš, Zdeněk ; Buryi, Maksym ; Sharma, Dhananjay K. ; Artemenko, Anna ; Mičová, J. ; Rezek, B. ; Poruba, A. ; Hsu, H.S. ; Potocký, Štěpán ; Babin, Vladimir
We employed a custom-built inductively coupled plasma (ICP) 13.56 MHz reactor with up to 300 W RF discharge power. Hydrothermally grown ZnO nanorods were exposed to the ICP plasma with a mixture of hydrogen and argon for up to 30 min, followed in-situ by plasma oxidation. Plasma properties were monitored by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and by measuring the self-bias potential of the stainless steel sample holder separated from the ground by a blocking capacitor. The exciton-related UV photoluminescence of ZnO nanorods and optical absorption increases significantly after the plasma treatment. We attribute it to the complex changes of ZnO surface electronic states that also give rise to its black color visually.
Transformation of ZnO-based structures under heavy Mo doping: Defect states and luminescence
Buryi, Maksym ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Děcká, Kateřina ; Mičová, J. ; Landová, Lucie
Hydrothermally grown ZnO-based structures were heavily doped with Mo (various doping levels from 2 to 25%). It has been found that Mo strongly affects the ZnO structure and morphology rather resulting in the complex, mixed zinc and molybdenum oxides creation. Moreover, the material phases transformation upon the increased Mo content was observed. ZnO material phase was observed only at low Mo doping level (2 and 5%). This correlated very well to the changes in the luminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance signals.
Plasma-synthesised zinc oxide nanoparticle behavior in liquids
Rutherford, D. ; Jíra, J. ; Kolářová, Kateřina ; Matolínová, I. ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Kuliček, J. ; Padmanaban, D. ; Maguire, P. ; Mariotti, D. ; Rezek, B.
ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized using non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (ZnO-NTP). We investigated the behavior of these ligand-free as a colloid suspension using different solvents, from deionized water to physiological saline and microbial culture broth. We found that the zeta potential of ZnONTP became more negative after exposure to microbial culture broth relative to water, which suggests increased colloid stability. Photoluminescence spectra of ZnO-NTP were similar regardless of liquid type, yet optical and fluorescent images of samples showed different agglomeration behaviour depending on liquid type. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed large agglomerates of ZnO-NTP interacting with the surface of bacteria cells, ranging in size from 200 nm up to 2 µm. We also studied effect of sub-lethal concentrations of ZnO-NTP on bacteria under illumination. There was no significant difference in viable bacteria concentration after 24h exposure to 10 µg/mL ZnO-NTP.
Plasma hydrogenation of hydrothermally grown ZnO micropods
Remeš, Zdeněk ; Aubrechtová Dragounová, Kateřina ; Mičová, J.
The hydrothermally grown ZnO micropods have been placed on grounded stainless-steel holder and exposed to an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) monitored in-situ by optical emission spectroscopy (OES). OES shows the immediate release of oxygen during Ar ion bombardment. The prolonged exposure to hydrogen plasma leads to deterioration of the optical properties as well. The exposure, rf power and hydrogen pressure have been optimized to enhance UV-photoluminescence peak at the wavelength 384 nm related to surface bounded excitons and reduce the defect-related photoluminescence in red spectral range. The strong UV photoluminescence appears just after 1 minute of plasma hydrogenation in a radio frequency plasma discharge with power density 40 W/dm3 and hydrogen pressure 17 Pa.
Role of Urbach Energy in Photovoltaics
Vlk, Aleš ; Abelová, Lucie ; Hájková, Zdeňka ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Holovský, Jakub ; Ledinský, Martin
Organic-inorganic halide perovskites provide new opportunities for improvement of optoelectronic device performance, especially the efficiency of solar cells. To evaluate the quality of a new material many parameters has to be taken into account. Here, we discuss one of the often overlooked semiconductor’s parameters, Urbach energy, which is an easily accessible measure of material disorder. Moreover, we present its importance on the example of organic-inorganic halide perovskites.
Mass production of hydrogenated ZnO nanorods
Chang, Yu-Ying ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Míčová, J.
We have developed an inexpensive and efficient technology of hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanorods from zinc nitrate hexahydrate (Zn(NO3)2·6H2O), as a precursor and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) (C6H12N4), as a surfactant followed by plasma hydrogenation in a novel inductively coupled plasma (ICP) quartz reactor and equipped with the rotary sample holder to stir powder during plasma treatment. We have optimized the photoluminescence spectroscopy for measuring optical scattering samples with the high sensitivity, precise sample positioning and very low influence of the scattered excitation light. Here we present the latest results on the enhancement of the UV photoluminescence of the ZnO nanorods after plasma hydrogenation. The exciton-related photoluminescence has been significantly enhanced whereas the deep defect related yellow photoluminescence has been significantly decreased.\n
Comparison of microbial interactions of zinc oxide nanomaterials in various size and shape
Rutherford, D. ; Jíra, J. ; Mičová, J. ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Hsu, H.S. ; Rezek, B.
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NP) have shown great potential as a novel antibacterial material at a time when resistance towards conventional antibiotics is becoming more prevalent. We report bacteria inactivation by ZnO NP with novel hedgehog-like morphology using model gram-negative (E. coli) and gram-positive (S. aureus) bacteria. E. coli exposed to the novel ZnO hedgehog NP during growth resulted in 4 orders of magnitude reduction in viable cell concentration after 24 h, which is more than 2 orders higher reduction compared to commercially available ZnO NPs with nominal sizes from 50 nm to 20 um. There was a positive correlation between hedgehog NP concentration and bacteria cell concentration reduction within the range tested 0.1 – 1.0 mg/mL. S. aureus was less sensitive to ZnO NP exposure and inactivation effect of various ZnO NP, was comparable. The effect can be thus attributed to direct mechanical damage of the bacterial mebrane that is the most effective for the novel hedgehog ZnO NP. This conclusion was corroborated also by disk diffusion assays.\n
Characterization of hydrogenated silicon thin films and diode structures with integrated silicon and germanium nanoparticles
Stuchlík, Jiří ; Fajgar, R. ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Kupčík, Jaroslav ; Stuchlíková, Hana
P-I-N diode structures based on the thin films of amorphous hydrogenated silicon (a-Si:H) deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) technique were prepared with embedded Si and Ge nanoparticles. The Reactive Laser Ablation (RLA) of germanium target was used to cover the intrinsic a-Si:H layer by Ge NPs under a low pressure of the silane. The RLA was performed using focused excimer ArF laser beam under SiH4 background atmosphere. Reaction between ablated Ge NPs and SiH4 led to formation of Ge NPs covered by thin GeSi:H layer. The deposited NPs were covered and stabilized by a-Si:H layer by PECVD. Those two deposition processes were alternated repeatedly. Volt-ampere characteristics of final diode structures were measured in dark and under illumination as well as their electroluminescence spectra.
Germanium and tin nanoparticles encapsulated in amorphous silicon matrix for optoelectronic application
Stuchlíková, The-Ha ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Stuchlík, Jiří
The plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition was combined with in situ deposition of Ge and Sn thin film by evaporation technique at surface temperature about 220 °C to form nanoparticles on the surface of hydrogenated silicon thin films to prepare diodes. Formation of nanoparticles was additionally stimulated by plasma treatment through a low pressure hydrogen glow discharge. The diodes based on PIN diode structures with and without the embedded Ge or Sn nanoparticles were characterized by temperature dependence of electrical conductivity, activation energy of conductivity, measurement of volt-ampere characteristics in dark and under solar illumination\n
Relation between optical and microscopic properties of hydrogenated silicon thin films with integrated germanium and tin nanoparticles
Stuchlík, Jiří ; Stuchlíková, The-Ha ; Čermák, Jan ; Kupčík, Jaroslav ; Fajgar, Radek ; Remeš, Zdeněk
The hydrogenated amorphous silicon layers (a-Si:H) were deposited by PECVD method on quartz substrates. During interruption of PECVD process the vacuum chamber was pumped up to 10-5 Pa and 1 nm thin films of Germanium or Tin were evaporated on the surface. The materials form isolated nanoparticles (NPs) on the a-Si:H surface. Then the deposited NPs were covered and stabilized by a-Si:H layer by PECVD. Those two deposition processes were alternated 5 times. The a-Si:H thin films with integrated Ge or Sn NPs were characterized optically by PDS and CPM methods, and microscopically by SEM and AFM microscopies. Optical and microscopic properties of the structures are correlated and discussed considering their application in photovoltaics.\n

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