National Repository of Grey Literature 44 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Body dissatisfaction and somatoform dissociation in relation to eating disorders in men
Bednář, Adam ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Šustová, Petra (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines the relationship between somatoform dissociation and body dissatisfaction in men with eating disorders. This issue suffers from relatively significant shortcomings in terms of the male population, as in the past it has been predominantly investigated in female patients with eating disorders. In the introduction to the theoretical part, eating disorders are briefly introduced. For the purposes of this thesis, the focus is primarily on anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Different aspects of these illnesses are discussed from a gender perspective, including the potential risks of stigmatising eating disorders as feminine illnesses. Current scientific evidence on the links between somatoform dissociation and body dissatisfaction in the context of eating disorders is presented. Emphasis is also placed on the delineation of psychiatric-psychological care with regard to the importance of dissociation and approaches that seem appropriate for working with the male population. The empirical part presents a research design to examine the relationship between somatoform dissociation and body dissatisfaction in men with eating disorders. Key words: Body dissatisfaction; somatoform dissociation; eating disorders in men; traumatic event; restrictive and...
Self-strenghtening in Young Teachers and Their Reflective Pedagogical practice
Tichotová, Sylvie ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Šporclová, Veronika (referee) ; Dobrovská, Dana (referee)
This dissertation thesis deals with the topic of self-strengthening in young teachers with respect to their reflective pedagogical practice. The aim of the qualitative research which was conducted in a form of semi-structured interviews is to understand the experience of innovative form of pedagogical practice and a subsequent experience of self-strengthening as well as merging the concept of self-strengthening better with the existing Gestalt theory. The thesis focuses on the forms of pedagogical practice which are perceived as most significant for the process of self-strengthening. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used for coding of the obtained data, it revealed following categories for the process of self-strengthening: the inner critique - kind voice dichotomy; loneliness - support from other dichotomy; exhaustion; acknowledging one's own borders - no borders dichotomy; accumulation of emotions. In respect of the perceived support during the innovative form of pedagogical practice, these categories were identified: dissolving loneliness in sharing; perceived safety; freeing oneself from introjects - mistakes are the path towards growth; creativity and freedom; formation of professional identity as a path towards self-strengthening. The results of this research thus point at many...
Divorce and post-divorce communication between parents and adolescent psychosocial development
Smužanica, Kateřina ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Maulisová, Alice (referee)
The goal of the diploma thesis is to outline the possible connections of divorce or separation and the subsequent communication between the parents and selected areas of psychosocial development of adolescents, especially with their well-being. The part dedicated to literature review gradually introduces adolescent development, family breakdown in the Czech Republic and subsequently, the topic of conflict and family breakdown in relation to adolescents. The topics are set in the context of current research findings. This part also comments on the circumstances and strategies, which help adolescents to cope with the situation. The empirical part presents a study focusing on the connection between the level of conflict between the parents at the time of separation, the age of the adolescent, and well-being. The collected sample provided no significant connection between the three aspects. Possible reasons are discussed. Key words: Adolescent; psychosocial development; divorce; break-up; parents; conflict; well- being
Selfregulation among children in public and alternative preschool
Janečková, Kristina ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Mudrák, Jiří (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the self-regulation of preschool children from public and alternative preschool. The literary review part is mainly devoted to self-regulation, emotions and their recognition, the development of children's emotional understanding, understanding of social situations and the characteristics of public preschool and alternative preschool education with a focus on forest kindergartens. The research part contains research of a quantitative type, which compares the self- regulation of preschool children in public and forest preschools. The aim of the thesis was to investigate and compare the self-regulation of children attending traditional and forest preschools. Specifically, the work aims to find out how children from these preschools work with emotions and how they understand emotions and social situations. The IDS method was used for data collection, specifically subtests dealing with social-emotional competences. The research group consists of 42 respondents aged 5-7 years, from 4 preschool education facilities, more specifically 2 public preschools, 1 forest school and 1 alternative preschool educational facility integrating elements of the Waldorf, Montessori and forest approach. The results showed that respondents from alternative preschool education score higher in...
Psychological Factors of Dying of a Close Person in Young Adults
Pikola, Michal ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Šporclová, Veronika (referee)
Almost everybody at some point in life experiences the event of a dying of a close person. It presents the perspective of the end of existence, which is often difficult to relate to. That is understandable, because a living person typically doesn't want to imagine their own death - nonetheless, it seems to be important to be able to accept death and dying as a closing period of life. Theoretical section of the thesis characterizes phenomena of death and dying and their psychological context, as well as e.g. mourning. Next, palliative care is described as a field, which sees death and dying or care for the dying and their close persons respectively as its main area of focus. Lastly, the theoretical section analyzes wellbeing and coping strategies in relation to death and dying as extraordinary situations, in which all sorts of effects and processes occur that influence these psychological characteristics. Empirical section focuses on connecting wellbeing and coping strategies to the process of dying of a close person in young adults. Members of this age group usually already have several distinct experiences with dying and death of a close person, them being relatives or other close persons. Results of the study showed a wide scale of used coping strategies, as well as the fact that circumstances...
Screening of social and emotional difficulties using the Czech version of Brief Infant - Toddler Social Emotional Assesment (BITSEA): pilot study carried out on the Czech population
Hrdá, Kristýna ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Takács, Lea (referee)
This thesis focuses on a pilot testing of the Brief Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA), a questionnaire designed for screening of social-emotional and behavioural difficulties in children from one to three years of age. The aim of the theoretical part is to introduce the reader to the socio-emotional development of the child, as well as to some of the disorders related to this area. The literary section includes a description of screening and diagnostic methods focused on the socio-emotional area and the description of the BITSEA questionnaire. The research part focuses on the translation of the questionnaire and its pilot validation on the Czech population. The main goal of the work is to ascertain what is the internal consistency of the scales and whether the Czech translation of the questionnaire can distinguish between children with suspected difficulties and children with presumed normal development.
Perception of friendship in children with lighter form of autism spectrum disorder
Vysocká, Julie ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Maulisová, Alice (referee)
This thesis deals with friendship in children with autism spectrum disorder. The literature indicates that the friendships of children with ASD are of lower quality than the friendships of neurotypical peers. High-quality friendships act as protection against bullying, which children with ASD are exposed to more often than typically developing children. Children with ASD may encounter problems with loneliness, bullying or difficulties in establishing and maintaining friendships in their journey to make friends. The aim of this work was to compare the quality of friendships between children with ASD aged 11 to 15 and their neurotypical peers and to gain deeper insight into the perception of friendships of children with ASD. The Friendship Qualities Scale (Bukowski et al., 1994) was used to compare the quality of friendship. A significantly lower score for scale help was found. No significant difference was found between children with and without ASD in the other scales. It was also found that children with ASD have significantly fewer friends than children without the disorder. A semi-structured interview with five respondents was used to explore the perception of friendship among children with ASD. The thematic analysis showed that for children with ASD, a friend is someone they can rely on, with...
Treatment methods for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: an expert perspective
Mašková, Viktorie ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Dorazilová, Aneta (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with treatment methods of obsessive-compulsive disorder in both children and adolescents. The literature review section contains, in addition to basic information about obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents, a description of treatment methods as viewed in the literature. There is also a chapter describing the situation in the Czech Republic in connection with the care of children and adolescents with OCD in contrast to the care options available in the United States. The research part has a qualitative character. Its aim is to gain insight into psychotherapeutic and psychiatric practice in connection with the treatment of OCD in children and adolescents. The method of data collection is a semi- structured interview. The data obtained within it are analyzed by the method of thematic analysis. The results describe what key topics occur in connection with the course of OCD treatment in children and adolescents, what treatment approach selected experts consider to be the best, and what limits they perceive in connection with the system of care for children and adolescents with OCD in the Czech Republic.
Resilience in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder
Šlajsová, Eliška ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Vyšínová, Pavlína (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the issue of stress and coping in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. The theoretical part presents current knowledge about stress and stress management, the concept of self-compassion is presented here including basic information about compassion-based interventions. The research evidence of this issue among parents of children with autism is described in more detail. The empirical part of the work consists of quantitative and qualitative parts. In the quantitative part we deal with the question to what extent parents experience stress, psychological well- being, social support and whether their level of self-compassion is related to their stress and psychological well-being. The research sample includes 33 parents caring for children with autism. The methods used are the Stress Profile and the Sussex-Oford Compassion Scale (SOCS-S-CZ). The one-sample t-tests showed that parents of children with autism in our sample experience higher level of stress, lower level of psychological well-being, lower level of social support, and lower level of positive health habits compared to the norm. Pearson Correlation Coefficient showed that the stress level significantly negatively correlated with level of self-compassion, and the level of psychological well-being...
Risk of bullying in young pupils in connection with the use of social networks
Kotková, Šárka ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Pešout, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the complicated topic of risk of bullying behavior in young pupils, in connection with their use of social networks. Literary overview part describes middle childhood as developmental stage and its relevant aspects. Then cyberspace, with accent on social networking sites and online disinhibition effect, is introduced. Finally bullying and cyberbullying are described. The empirical part proposes qualitative research in form of interview within focus groups made of children of fourth and fifth grade. Keywords Middle Childhood; Cyberspace; Social Networking Sites; Bullying; Cyberbullying

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