National Repository of Grey Literature 39 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Screening of social and emotional difficulties using the Czech version of Brief Infant - Toddler Social Emotional Assesment (BITSEA): pilot study carried out on the Czech population
Hrdá, Kristýna ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Takács, Lea (referee)
This thesis focuses on a pilot testing of the Brief Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA), a questionnaire designed for screening of social-emotional and behavioural difficulties in children from one to three years of age. The aim of the theoretical part is to introduce the reader to the socio-emotional development of the child, as well as to some of the disorders related to this area. The literary section includes a description of screening and diagnostic methods focused on the socio-emotional area and the description of the BITSEA questionnaire. The research part focuses on the translation of the questionnaire and its pilot validation on the Czech population. The main goal of the work is to ascertain what is the internal consistency of the scales and whether the Czech translation of the questionnaire can distinguish between children with suspected difficulties and children with presumed normal development.
Perception of friendship in children with lighter form of autism spectrum disorder
Vysocká, Julie ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Maulisová, Alice (referee)
This thesis deals with friendship in children with autism spectrum disorder. The literature indicates that the friendships of children with ASD are of lower quality than the friendships of neurotypical peers. High-quality friendships act as protection against bullying, which children with ASD are exposed to more often than typically developing children. Children with ASD may encounter problems with loneliness, bullying or difficulties in establishing and maintaining friendships in their journey to make friends. The aim of this work was to compare the quality of friendships between children with ASD aged 11 to 15 and their neurotypical peers and to gain deeper insight into the perception of friendships of children with ASD. The Friendship Qualities Scale (Bukowski et al., 1994) was used to compare the quality of friendship. A significantly lower score for scale help was found. No significant difference was found between children with and without ASD in the other scales. It was also found that children with ASD have significantly fewer friends than children without the disorder. A semi-structured interview with five respondents was used to explore the perception of friendship among children with ASD. The thematic analysis showed that for children with ASD, a friend is someone they can rely on, with...
Treatment methods for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: an expert perspective
Mašková, Viktorie ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Dorazilová, Aneta (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with treatment methods of obsessive-compulsive disorder in both children and adolescents. The literature review section contains, in addition to basic information about obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents, a description of treatment methods as viewed in the literature. There is also a chapter describing the situation in the Czech Republic in connection with the care of children and adolescents with OCD in contrast to the care options available in the United States. The research part has a qualitative character. Its aim is to gain insight into psychotherapeutic and psychiatric practice in connection with the treatment of OCD in children and adolescents. The method of data collection is a semi- structured interview. The data obtained within it are analyzed by the method of thematic analysis. The results describe what key topics occur in connection with the course of OCD treatment in children and adolescents, what treatment approach selected experts consider to be the best, and what limits they perceive in connection with the system of care for children and adolescents with OCD in the Czech Republic.
Resilience in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder
Šlajsová, Eliška ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Vyšínová, Pavlína (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the issue of stress and coping in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. The theoretical part presents current knowledge about stress and stress management, the concept of self-compassion is presented here including basic information about compassion-based interventions. The research evidence of this issue among parents of children with autism is described in more detail. The empirical part of the work consists of quantitative and qualitative parts. In the quantitative part we deal with the question to what extent parents experience stress, psychological well- being, social support and whether their level of self-compassion is related to their stress and psychological well-being. The research sample includes 33 parents caring for children with autism. The methods used are the Stress Profile and the Sussex-Oford Compassion Scale (SOCS-S-CZ). The one-sample t-tests showed that parents of children with autism in our sample experience higher level of stress, lower level of psychological well-being, lower level of social support, and lower level of positive health habits compared to the norm. Pearson Correlation Coefficient showed that the stress level significantly negatively correlated with level of self-compassion, and the level of psychological well-being...
Risk of bullying in young pupils in connection with the use of social networks
Kotková, Šárka ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Pešout, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the complicated topic of risk of bullying behavior in young pupils, in connection with their use of social networks. Literary overview part describes middle childhood as developmental stage and its relevant aspects. Then cyberspace, with accent on social networking sites and online disinhibition effect, is introduced. Finally bullying and cyberbullying are described. The empirical part proposes qualitative research in form of interview within focus groups made of children of fourth and fifth grade. Keywords Middle Childhood; Cyberspace; Social Networking Sites; Bullying; Cyberbullying
Resilience and protective factors of children in refugee camps
Miková, Michaela ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Červinková, Monika (referee)
This thesis is reaching for a better understanding of resilience and protective factors of children in refugee camps. The first two chapters of literature review are presenting the basic geopolitical context of migration and the refugee camp environment, including the psychosocial challenges of this environment and discussion about the mental health of refugee children. The third chapter defines the general concept of resilience and protective factors, setting the initial framework for the fourth chapter, which describes these phenomena specifically for children in refugee camps. For a wholesome description of the topic, a bioecological model that divides resilience and its factors into four levels: individual, family, community, and institutional/political, is used. Similarly, the research project is based on this model. The project is carried out qualitatively through interviews with psychologists who have had professional or volunteer experience with children in the refugee camp. The project offers more comprehensive description of resilience and protective factors and provides guidance on how these findings can be supported in psychological interventions. The research data were analysed using the grounded theory method. Beside checking the occurrence of the protective factors from the literature review...
The Beginning of School Attendance and Possible Problems Connected With This Developmental Stage
Šporclová, Veronika ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
The theme of the thesis is the beginning of the school attendance and possible problems associated with this child development milestone. The theoretical part is focused on theoretical approaches to development of the child, the developmental level of pre-school and early school aged children. The next section deals with maturity and school readiness. Next chapter is devoted to the child's entry to the school. There we consider the various factors that might influence the first year pupil being successful at school and also how he feels at school. The theme of the empirical part is homework and the interaction between parents and school children in preparing for school. The research is the part of the international project briefly introduced in the text. The qualitative study follows the performance of homework, children's attitudes to homework and how children perceive their parents help with their homework. In the quantitative study we test the degree of statements of parents and children on issues related to homework, help with homework and attitudes to homework match. Key words: homework, home preparation for school, parents, pupil, cooperation, parental support, preschool age, school age
Drawing and its meaning at preschool age
Orlická, Jana ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šporclová, Veronika (referee)
The Bachelor thesis is focused on a children's drawing and its meaning in preschool age. It is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical. The theoretical part is focusing on children's drawing in connection with specific aspects of preschool age evolution and then on positive development of a child using drawing and ontogenesis of the graphic demonstration. In the end I mention the diagnostic value of the children's drawing and application of drawing in artetherapy. The theoretical part is followed by suggestion of a research that is aiming for application of particular projective drawing method - Drawing-a-Person test and by preschool children as a complementary diagnostic method. Keywords: children's drawing, preschool age, diagnostics, artetherapy.
Examination of reading skills in reading printed or digital text by children of younger school age.
Marková, Kateřina ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Pešout, Ondřej (referee)
The diploma thesis is focused on examination of reading skills in reading printed or digital text from screen by children in elementary school age. Ever younger readers are encountering digital reading at the beginning of the development of their reading skills. Therefore, this work aims to map the effect of screen reading and the differences in the processing and the text comprehension as opposed to printed text. The theoretical part describes the psychological aspects of reading based on Czech and foreign sources. Further, this part summarizes the findings of reading digital text from screen, in particular the factors that affect such reading, its advantages and disadvantages and the processes during this reading. A separate chapter is devoted to reading from the screen by school-age children who were subsequently probands of the research part. The empirical part deals with the verification of several hypotheses. These hypotheses verify differences in reading of printed and digital text of the same difficulty. Proband are elementary school pupils aged 8-10 (n=93, girls n=48, boys n=46). Z. Matějček's Reading Exam was chosen as a method for verifying reading skills, which makes it possible to evaluate the dynamics of reading competencies such as performance in error rate, speed, and comprehension...
Dysfunctional family environment from the perspective of an adolescent
Potužníková, Kristýna ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Mudrák, Jiří (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with adolescents who grew up in a dysfunctional family environment. The content of the literary-review part of the diploma thesis will be devoted to dysfunctional family systems in which the basic needs of the child are not met. It will also address the key areas of development for understanding the child's experience within individual ages of development up to adolescence. Attention will also be paid to coping strategies and child support resources during development. The research survey will consider the qualitative design, which will take place through an interview with the help of adolescents. The target group will be adolescents who grew up in a dysfunctional family environment. The aim of this research will be to describe the experience of adolescents in dysfunctional family systems. Thanks to the research part, the elaboration of this diploma thesis can be a tool for understanding the feelings and experiences of children who grew up in this environment. It can thus be applied in working with adolescents, but also with the parents of these children. At the same time, it can be a source for the prevention of mental decompensation and the possible development of more serious mental problems. Keywords Family; Dysfunction; Development; Adolescents; Coping

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