National Repository of Grey Literature 184 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Importance of Grandparents' Role in the Context of Parental Divorce
Skalická, Tereza ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Maulisová, Alice (referee)
This bachelor work is focused on the influence of grandparents in families during parental separation. The literary review part is focused on the development of divorce rate in the Czech Republic and in the European Union, provides possible explanations of such tendencies and presents an overview of post-divorce arrangements of child custody in the Czech Republic. It is also spoken about the negative impacts of the parental divorce on the child. Special focus is paid to the conflict as the main predictor of bad adaptation on the divorce. The central point of this work is the topic of grandparenting, we also talk about the role of grandparents, how it is perceived by researchers. Furthermore, it is focused on the factors which can have influence on the perception of the grandparental role and the manner of its realization. All of this is assessed in connection to the post-divorce parental situation, special focus is devoted to the positive impacts of the grandparental influence on the parents and the grandchildren after the parental divorce. In the empirical part, a qualitative research is designed, which goal is to gain a deeper understanding of the roles which can be played by Czech grandparents in situations of parental divorce and include how can they influence parents and grandchildren.
Recognition-decision-making strategies and socio-cognitive mechanisms applied in the identification process
Trojanová, Hana ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee) ; Spurný, Joža (referee)
The main topic of this dissertation is the forensic method of lineups. This issue is approached mainly from the perspective of social and forensic psychology. The main goal is to describe decision-making strategies and socio-cognitive mechanisms applied in the identification process. The theoretical part deals with identification processes based on memory, social cognition in the context of lineups, and variables that most often appear in forensic-psychological research focused on eyewitness testimony. These variables are divided into two basic areas - variables that cannot be controlled in advance (estimator variables - on the witness, offender and circumstances side) and variables that can be controlled (known as system variables). The experimental part presents two main researches corresponding to the above-mentioned areas of variables. The first research focuses on the witness and his/her decision-making processes as a variable that cannot be controlled in advance. The results of the research confirmed the assumption that respondents using absolute judgment were more accurate and faster in their identification than those with relative judgment. The second research is focused on the creation of fair lineups, as a possible controllable variable. We evaluated the lineups created by experts from...
Identification of emotional expression with a focus on the comparison of deaf, hearing and hearing-impaired
Doubková, Alžběta ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Čáp, David (referee)
This thesis is focused on the identification of emotional expressions in the human face. The theoretical part includes an introduction to the issue of emotions, the history research on the identification of emotional expressions, the description of the various expressions of basic emotions and their recognition followed with the characteristics of the group of hearing-impaired. In the empirical part the research on the recognition identification of emotions in the face from the portraits is described. The aim of this thesis is to compare the accuracy of identification of emotional expressions among the groups of hearing, deaf and hard of hearing, and their development across all age categories. In my research I focus on the seven basic emotions (fear, anger, sadness, surprise, hapiness, disgust and contempt) and one social emotions (shame). The research did not confirm my assumptions. No statistically significant difference among the three groups in the overall identification of emotional expression was proved. The only difference was in the recognition of disgust which resulted in favor of the hearing. In the general comparison of ages between the hearing impaired (the deaf and the hard of hearing together) any significant differences were not discovered, either. Nevertheless, within each age...
Causes of increased risk of drug abuse in adolescents
Rychnovská, Simona ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
This work deals with the problem of drug use among adolescent populations. The aim is to find out what the risk of excessive drug use causes. The focus is based on the increasing in drug-dependent adolescents in the Czech Republic and the need to systematically address this issue. In our country, there is research that primarily aims to warn children and adolescents from using drugs. In my work I deal why pubescent and adolescence decide to try the drug and continue to use it as a solution to their problems. The work consists of five chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the period of adolescence, the definition of the developmental period of time from the perspective of different theories. The second chapter deals with changes in puberty and adolescence. First, it is focusing on the biological changes, then the psychological and social. The third chapter is devoted to drug use and its consequences, including a description of the physical and psychological dependence. Also in this chapter are discussed in more detail the effects of the most commonly used drugs in the Czech Republic. The fourth chapter contains a summary of the causes of drug use in adolescence. The last chapter is devoted to the prevention and rehabilitation of the individual. The work also includes a proposal for a research...
The relationship between criminal personality and the way of commission serious crimes. Profiling with the application of geographical mapping
Buriánková, Lucie ; Netík, Karel (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
The topic of this thesis is the relationship between offender's personality and the way of commission serious crimes. The thesis is divided into three parts. The first of them introduces the basic concepts and terminology with respect to the offender's personality. Attention is focused on personality disorders and on some sexual paraphilias that are the most important for forensics. The topics that relate to offender's behavior are discussed as well - motivation, modus operandi, offender's signature, and the crime scene. The second part deals with psychological and geographical profiling. Various attitudes and theories are discussed. Third and at the same time the closing part of the thesis focuses on practical applications of knowledge derived from psychological and geographical profiling in a geographical information system. Two real cases of serious crimes are analyzed. The evaluation of the findings, and of the discussed methods is presented in the discussion. The appendices are placed at the back of the thesis and involve map outputs of the geographical profiling and a vocabulary of important words.
Psychological aspects of accuracy and credibility of a statement
Chroustovská, Petra ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
The thesis is focused on psychological aspects of accuracy and credibility of a statement. It emphasises the fact that each statement has to be assessed from the point of view of both of these perspectives. The study summarizes information regarding factors influencing the accuracy and completeness of a statement. It deals with the factors affecting memories of criminal events and their recall and verbalization in the course of an interview. The description of appropriate techniques of an interview with a cooperative witness includes the author's professional experience. The study than covers the issue of credibility of a statement, paying attention to the knowledge of features of truthful and untruthful statements. Finally it presents and analyses verbal and nonverbal criteria of statement credibility assessment.
The problematics of the deception detection in the forensic psychology
Mynaříková, Lenka ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Slaměník, Ivan (referee)
This diploma thesis called 'The problematics of the deception detection in the forensic psychology' deals with lying and lies from the viewpoint of its types, functions and considering the development of an individual and it describes the role of lying in our lives. Then it examines the integration of the deception detection into the forensic psychology, the description of the forensic psychology itself and it tries to specify the differences between laypersons and proffesionals in their ability to detect lies. The thesis describes the particular approaches to the detection of deception from its historical beginning to contemporary methods, such as psychophysiological and verbal tools of lie detection, observing of someone's behaviour or modern alternative methods, such as lie detection via handwriting or drawing, whose research has just started. The thesis explores also some other aspects, that can influence the deception detection, namely false memories, false confessions and the suggestive style of conducting the interrogation.
Psychological aspects of negotiation
Mertin, Tomáš ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
The theoretical part of the paper presents key topics of negotiation research - definition issues, phases of negotiation, distributive and integrative negotiation, negotiation - related variables (personal, emotional-motivational, cognitive, and interpersonal) and finally methods and approaches of studying negotiation. The empirical part of the paper consists of two related studies. The first part maps relations between variables in model negotiation. It pilots two tools - the Individualistic Orientation Inventory (IOI) and the Subjective Value Inventory (SVI - new Czech version). The second part uses 30-second segments of mute video recording from the beginning of the model negotiations in the first part of study. Naive judges then evaluate these thin slices of communication and guess the result (agreement/disagreement). The naive judges are found to predict the future results on a significant level. The effect of additional information on nonverbal communication and negotiation was proven to increase effect of the ability of intuitive judgment.
Effective Treatment of Violent Offenders with Personality Disorder wihin the Penitentiary Custody
Jiřička, Václav ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee) ; Sochůrek, Jan (referee)
This paper addresses the question of whether individual delinquent behaviour, or criminogenic risks that lead to it, can be reduced for convicted violence offenders with personality disorder, using the newly developed offence-oriented therapeutic program TERČ ("TARGET"). If so, how will these changes manifest in the recidivism rate, and how they will reflect the personality characteristics of inmates. TARGET was first systematically applied within a special treatment unit for prisoners with mental and behavioral disorders in Liberec Remand Prison in 2008. It is based on selected elements of the Ambulant intensive program (AIP) from Switzerland. A total of 100 convicts were entered TARGET from 2008 to 2015. 65 individuals completed the program successfully, and 57 were released again. The already released graduates of TARGET re-offended within 12 months in 10.4%. Of all admitted TARGET participants, a total of 30.2% either relapsed or failed during the program since 2009. Graduates showed positive, statistically significant changes in the monitored areas of life satisfaction, emotional stability, insight, self-control and aggression, while on scales representing personality disorder no positive, statistically significant effect was observed. For later re-offending prisoners, the changes were...

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