National Repository of Grey Literature 132 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Cognitive interview as a supportive method in criminal investigation
Gábrišová, Julie ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
The presented diploma thesis presents the method of cognitive interview and describes the possibilities of its use in the preparatory proceedings. The theoretical part defines the interrogation of a witness in the preparatory proceedings and introduces the psychological processes in creating witness statement. In the following chapters, the thesis focuses only on the method of cognitive interview, presents its processs, basic techniqes, but also a comparison with other interrogation methods. The greatest emphasis of the thesis is on the use of cognitive interview with the police and specific groups that participate in the preparatory proceedings. Part of the thesis is also research, which is divided into two parts. Each of them aims to describe the current process of interrogating witnesses and victims in the Czech Republic, to help answer the question of whether it is important to try to implement the method of cognitive interview in the Czech environment. Thanks to the analysis of five interrogation videos and seven interviews with police officers from practice, it was possible to identify some interrogation techniques that are considered effective in the cognitive interview method, but also those that the method recommends not to use. Of the four cognitive interview techniques, which are...
Specifics of Criminal Thinking in Offenders
Bočanová, Dominika ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
The thesis deals with the concept of criminal thinking which has attracted attention mainly of foreign forensic psychologists in the last few years, primarily for its proven relation with antisocial behavior and for the possibility of being influenced by changing the antisocial attitudes and because it also seems to be an effective recidivism predictor. The thesis aims to map the specifics of criminal thinking by using PICTS-cz in violent crime offenders and to deepen the understanding of the concept of criminal thinking in our conditions. The goal of the theoretical part is to introduce and broadly outline the area of the entire criminal thinking phenomenon which does not have a uniform definition. For a complex understanding of the issue, attention is paid to definition of the most important concepts related to the topic, its relations with sociodemographic characteristics, characteristics of committed crimes and other psychological phenomena, and also the issue of violent crime is introduced. Research survey is implemented in 138 convicted violent crime offenders. The results present their specific characteristics of criminal thinking which are then compared mainly with foreign samples for a demonstration of their most significant differences. Attention is also paid to the specifics of criminal...
Cognitive interview as a supportive method in criminal investigation
Gábrišová, Julie ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
The presented diploma thesis presents the method of cognitive interview and describes the possibilities of its use in the preparatory proceedings. The theoretical part defines the interrogation of a witness in the preparatory proceedings and introduces the psychological processes in creating witness statement. In the following chapters, the thesis focuses only on the method of cognitive interview, presents its processs, basic techniqes, but also a comparison with other interrogation methods. The greatest emphasis of the thesis is on the use of cognitive interview with the police and specific groups that participate in the preparatory proceedings. Part of the thesis is also research, which is divided into two parts. Each of them aims to describe the current process of interrogating witnesses and victims in the Czech Republic, to help answer the question of whether it is important to try to implement the method of cognitive interview in the Czech environment. Thanks to the analysis of five interrogation videos and seven interviews with police officers from practice, it was possible to identify some interrogation techniques that are considered effective in the cognitive interview method, but also those that the method recommends not to use. Of the four cognitive interview techniques, which are...
Specifics of Criminal Thinking in Offenders
Bočanová, Dominika ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
The thesis deals with the concept of criminal thinking which has attracted attention mainly of foreign forensic psychologists in the last few years, primarily for its proven relation with antisocial behavior and for the possibility of being influenced by changing the antisocial attitudes and because it also seems to be an effective recidivism predictor. The thesis aims to map the specifics of criminal thinking by using PICTS-cz in violent crime offenders and to deepen the understanding of the concept of criminal thinking in our conditions. The goal of the theoretical part is to introduce and broadly outline the area of the entire criminal thinking phenomenon which does not have a uniform definition. For a complex understanding of the issue, attention is paid to definition of the most important concepts related to the topic, its relations with sociodemographic characteristics, characteristics of committed crimes and other psychological phenomena, and also the issue of violent crime is introduced. Research survey is implemented in 138 convicted violent crime offenders. The results present their specific characteristics of criminal thinking which are then compared mainly with foreign samples for a demonstration of their most significant differences. Attention is also paid to the specifics of criminal...
Child and its relationship with mother sentenced to prison sentence
Horká, Adéla ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Fajtlová, Zuzana (referee)
This bachelor thesis occupies with the relationship between an imprisoned mother and her child. In the theoretical part there are mentioned the consequences of a mother's imprisonment on her family and the child and the main options regarding the way how can a mother stay in contact with the child in the Czech republic and abroad. There is afterwards described in more detail the possibility of a child, until the age of 3, residing with his mother in the Světlá nad Sázavou prison. The main purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the provided care for the child in the prison in comparison with his developmental needs. The following proposed qualitative study aims on mapping this possibility and on determining the type of attachment between the imprisoned mother and her child, as well as detecting the crutial factors that enable an establishemt of a sure attachment in the prison environment.
Methods of creating false memories and their consequences on food preferences, choices and intake
Škrdová, Barbora ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Zajícová, Markéta (referee)
This bachelor thesis discusses the phenomenon that is called false memories. The theoretical part begins with the first chapter, summarizing the history of research regarding false memories. Subsequently, three main paradigms which explain their formation are introduced (namely DRM paradigm, misinformation paradigm and implantation paradigm). The second chapter focuses on information about creating positive/negative false memories about experience with healthy/unhealthy food and their consequent effects on food preferences, choices and intake. The same analysis is then used for alcoholic beverages. The chapter also discusses the duration of both types of false memories. Additionally, it mentions the potential use in a healthy lifestyle. The empirical part designs an empirical study which deals with the duration of false positive memories in the context of their consequences on food preferences, choices and intake. The length is determined as the average of days required to develop a healthy eating habit. Moreover, the implanted memory includes a false positive experience with healthy food. Keywords False memories, formation, food preference, persistance
The Cognitive Interview and its Use in the Elderly Population
Lofajová, Dorota ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Kostelníková, Zuzana (referee)
The present work deals with the method cognitive interview and its use in the elderly population. The literally-review section concentrates on description of the method and its further versions. Moreover, it adresses specifics of the eyewitness testimony of the elders and the use of cognitive interview method in this population. Following theoretical section, a quasiexperimental research which deals with the use of method in the elderly population with normal and impaired cognition is proposed. Keywords Cognitive interview, elderls, eyewitness testimony, cognition
Psychological Factors of Dying of a Close Person in Young Adults
Pikola, Michal ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Šporclová, Veronika (referee)
Almost everybody at some point in life experiences the event of a dying of a close person. It presents the perspective of the end of existence, which is often difficult to relate to. That is understandable, because a living person typically doesn't want to imagine their own death - nonetheless, it seems to be important to be able to accept death and dying as a closing period of life. Theoretical section of the thesis characterizes phenomena of death and dying and their psychological context, as well as e.g. mourning. Next, palliative care is described as a field, which sees death and dying or care for the dying and their close persons respectively as its main area of focus. Lastly, the theoretical section analyzes wellbeing and coping strategies in relation to death and dying as extraordinary situations, in which all sorts of effects and processes occur that influence these psychological characteristics. Empirical section focuses on connecting wellbeing and coping strategies to the process of dying of a close person in young adults. Members of this age group usually already have several distinct experiences with dying and death of a close person, them being relatives or other close persons. Results of the study showed a wide scale of used coping strategies, as well as the fact that circumstances...
Psychosocial Aspects of Dyslexia Among Prison Inmates in the Czech Republic
Kejřová, Kateřina ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee) ; Špačková, Klára (referee)
The study focuses on psychosocial aspects of prisoners with dyslexia in the Czech Republic. The target group is compared with respondents from noncriminal population with dyslexia, and respondents from prison and also noncriminal population without dyslexic difficulties. Research sample comprised of 200 respondents (50 respondents per each group) in the age range from 20 to 64 years. Data were collected via Raven's standard progressive matrices, assessment battery on specific learning disabilities, personal history questionnaire, self-efficacy scale and personality questionnaire (SPARO). The results show the following protective aspects in the development of children with dyslexia - higher educational level, better grades in school in subjects such as Foreign language, Mathemathics, Physics and Behavior, lower number of siblings, higher number of close persons and help from them, family cultural capital (level of education of mother and father), higher self-efficacy, a feeling of importance to others, greater level od satisfaction with their life, early diagnosis of hyperactivity and results of personality questionnaire SPARO (mean adjusting variability; and moderate frustration and target directionality). Some aspects were interpreted as neutral, and some factors show no inter-group difference....
Psychological Charecteristics of Domestic Violence Perpetrators
Růžičková, Linda ; Čáp, David (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
This thesis focuses on personality characteristics of the specific group of population, and that is the population of domestic violence perpetrators. The thesis briefly deals with the phenomenon of domestic violence and then it focuses not only on the personality of domestic violence perpetrator, but also on factors that can increase probability of violent behavior occurrence. In the research, which was realised, areas of impulsivity, distinctive personality styles and reactions to stressful situations are measured by semi-structured interview, Rosenzweig's picture frustration test and Inventory of personality styles and personality disorders in a group of domestic violence perpetrators. The aim of the research is (following the theoretical background) to find out if there is any possible feature, which could be characteristic for the group of domestic violence perpetrators. By individual methods it was found out that examined individuals appear to be impulsive, but they do not have a common feature within reactions to stressful situations. In the case of distinctive personality styles there were increased mean values within the scales connected to disocial, paranoid, negativistic, borderline and self-sacrificing personality disorder. Keywords Domestic violence, perpetrator's personality,...

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