National Repository of Grey Literature 344 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
: Analysis of curriculum and experience of John Dewey
Pokorná, Anežka ; Strouhal, Martin (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
This thesis explores the notion of curriculum and experience in John Dewey. John Dewey states a number of ground-breaking ideas at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries which are in various modifications valid in world of today's education. It is his philosophy of education and Pragmatism that has been at the origin of a number of inspiring educational currents and conceptions of the child throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. The aim of this paper is to map out the fundamental ideas underlying John Dewey's philosophy of education, particularly the key concepts of curriculum and experience. It is these two concepts that play a key role in understanding John Dewey's philosophy. The contribution of this thesis is in the analysis of John Dewey's concept, which is unique precisely because it is constructed from the philosophy of education to the concrete teaching. It includes both a theoretical and a practical component. It is the continuity between the components - from the ideational to the practical - that is essential and we see major gaps in the current education system due to the fact that education is not conceived as an ideational-practical whole. But is it even possible to approach education in this way? The analysis also shows the weaknesses that John Dewey's construction of education entails. In...
Achievement motivation and learning style preferences in different types of secondary schools
Necpalová, Kateřina ; Komárková, Tereza (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
This paper discusses learning styles and school performance motivation in secondary school students. In high school, students spend a considerable amount of their academic life and expend a considerable amount of energy to achieve the goal of successful completion of their education. Their motivation towards this goal can be varied, with some driven by family tradition, while others are motivated by fear of failure. Learning and expanding knowledge are a key part of secondary school life. There is a wide range of different learning styles, and not every style is appropriate for every student. The study involved 3,943 respondents (16-19 years old), of which 884 were in the group of students studying in secondary grammar school, 2,503 in the group of students studying in secondary vocational school, and 556 in the group of students studying in secondary vocational training school. Methods: school performance motivation questionnaire and VARK. Analysis of results: descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Cramer's V or Rank-biserial correlation to estimate an effect size. The results show that girls in secondary schools are more likely to be positively motivated to perform in school and also show a higher need to avoid failure than boys. We also...
Selected aspects of school economics
Dvořák, Tomáš ; Koťa, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Kropáč, Jiří (referee)
Money makes the world go round. It is no different in the educational system. But how to fulfill the mission to educate and shape the youth, and at the same time ensure the economic self-sufficiency of the educational institution? This is the question I seek answers to in my work. The diploma thesis is focused on the issues of economics and financing of education in the Czech Republic (CR). Particular emphasis is placed here on presenting a detailed description of the education system in the Czech Republic and the financing of individual types of schools. An important part of the work is the elaborated financial analysis of the OECD report, some selected indicators, on the basis of which the current situation will be subsequently evaluated and suitable measures that could lead to its improvement will be recommended. In the beginning of the thesis, space will be given for a detailed description of the current system of Czech education. Based on the current legislation, individual types of pre-school facilities, schools and school facilities will be described, while the emphasis is on a detailed description of features characteristic of their given type. An important part is also the characteristics of the individual public administration bodies that intervene in the field of education through their...
Transformations of rituals in the school classroom at the first level of primary school
Hejnová, Michaela ; Koťa, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Skutil, Martin (referee)
This dissertation examines the changes in classroom rituals across grades in the first grade of a public elementary school. The theoretical part focuses on the interpretation of the concept of ritual in general and in terms of sociology and anthropology, the meaning and use of rituals in the school environment, and the types of ritual activities commonly practiced in the educational context of the school and the classroom. The research part is conceived in the form of a qualitative questionnaire as a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews of first grade primary school teachers. The question is raised as to what teachers perceive as classroom rituals, what they think are the benefits and, most importantly, to map the changes in these rituals, when they occur and what is the reason for them.
Cultural mission of the school
Málková, Dana ; Strouhal, Martin (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
(in English): We live in a time when under the onslaught of the demands of expanding globalization, we are abandoning traditional values that recognize the importance of history and cultural heritage for the human community, values based on respect for authority, values that emphasize ethics, morality and human solidarity. An environment in which the demand for the greatest possible quantity, the highest performance and the best result is more and more intensively and emphatically enforced, quite logically as a result becomes a competitive arena in which there is not much space for what cannot be practically used or at least statistically compared. The globalized postmodern world, oversaturated with information, is abandoning years of recognized traditions and values, due to alternative and often not thoroughly tested processes, human communities are losing their certainties, as well as their original political and cultural boundaries. The aim of the presented text is to try to point out a fundamental change in the understanding of the influence of the institution of the school (and the teacher) on the upbringing, education and cultural development of the individual, thus society, as a result of radical social changes related to the development of science, technology and the growing influence of...
Education for self-discipline,and respect for the freedom of a pupil at elementary school
Hošková, Anna ; Sedláčková, Daniela (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on upbringing student self-discipline at the elementary school level. The work explores various tools and techniques for promoting the development of self-discipline. The main objective of the thesis is to investigate the tools and techniques used by elementary school teachers to support the development of self-discipline in students. The thesis is divided into two parts, the theoretical and the empirical. The theoretical part provides an overview of key concepts such as discipline, the meaning and function of discipline, its types, and self-discipline, will, and motivation. The thesis also delves into existing research on student self-discipline. Subsequently, it addresses the characteristics of the developmental stage of late childhood, known as adolescence. The final chapter of the theoretical part introduces tools and techniques for upbringing self-discipline. The empirical part of the thesis involves qualitative research, aiming to discover the methods employed by elementary school teachers to enhance student self-discipline through interviews with teachers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with six teachers and subsequently analyzed using the coding. Within the empirical part, a quantitative preliminary study in the form of a survey was...
The importance of rituals in the educational process at elementary school
Proutkovský, Roman ; Strouhal, Martin (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
(in English): The thesis focuses on the analysis and understanding of the phenomenon of rituals within the educational process in primary school. In the theoretical part, an introduction is made to the issue of rituals in general, with an emphasis on their occurrence in different cultures and societies. The concept of ritual is further defined, through the definition, functions and types of rituals, not only in the context of education, but also in the perspective of sociology, anthropology, psychology and theology. The theoretical section also explores the context of rituals in the educational process, including the hidden curriculum, school culture, social interactions and the socialization process. In the empirical part of the work, a research problem is formulated that focuses on identifying rituals in the school environment and their function, and examining the relationships between rituals and the educational process. The research objectives are specified to address key issues and contribute to a deeper understanding of the issue. The methodology includes research in the form of case studies and a questionnaire survey, in order to obtain a comprehensive view of the issue. The research results are presented and analysed in the discussion, and an assessment of their importance within the...
Meaning of ritualized behaviour of children with emotional dysfunctions
Roh, Tomáš ; Koťa, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Kadrnožková, Monika (referee)
This work is a pedagogically-philosofical essay, which attempt to map to what extent ritual was and is the part of a human life, if there is still potentiality to "bet" on its curative and healing power and how much we are as humans entities rather naturally spiritual (homo spiritualis) or merely sort of indoctrinatedly essence largely rational (homo sapiens). And also to put down several questions regarding to the meaning and functions of ritual, his actuality and necessity or dispensability. Further few questions relating to existence of emotions and problematics of emotional wounds according to traumatic experience. And to refer to still little used possibilities of connections of ritual modes of behavior with intentional education, not only in etopedia domain but in modern pedagogy as whole. Keywords: emotions, soul, body, trauma, ritual, collective, socialization, education, pedagogy
School socialization as an instrument of social selection
Knapová, Jana Katarína ; Strouhal, Martin (advisor) ; Koťa, Jaroslav (referee)
Bakalářská práce, Jana Katarína Knapová, obor Pedagogika, 2023 Abstract in English The aim of the work is to describe and characterize the influence of the school socialization process on the education of individuals with different dispositions and their academic success. The basic method of the work is analysis, which is based on an objective view of the significance and selective function of school socialization in the societal system and the associated requirements that an individual must meet in order to be successful in school education, achieve a certain level of education, and obtain an appropriate social status. The work describes the importance of school socialization from a subjective perspective for academic success, achieved education, and social status. Based on professional knowledge and research, it describes and analyzes the influence of individual dispositions on success in meeting the requirements set within school socialization. It examines in detail the impact of the family's social and cultural environment on the individual's education, which is considered the most significant and differentiating factor, and although there is an effort to mitigate its influence, it has a significant impact on individual academic success in the Czech education system. Following the current criticism of...
Distance education in secondary schools from the point of view of its actors (during the COVID-19 pandemic)
Duníková, Annemarie ; Koťa, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Kasper, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on distance learning at the secondary level of Czech schools. The theoretical part of the thesis is aimed at explaining the concepts and forms of education encountered in the Czech Republic. It also describes the historical mapping of distance learning and its development, which is closely linked to technological advancements. The thesis also addresses the course of distance learning and its implementation during the Covid-19 pandemic. Emphasis is placed on the terminology of distance learning and its integration with other forms of education. The thesis includes an empirical investigation conducted using a quantitative method in the form of a self-constructed questionnaire. The aim is to report on the impacts of distance education on secondary school students, specifically focusing on its effects on academic performance, motivation, and mental health of the students. Keywords: Distance education, e-learning, secondary education, education during Covid-19, history of distance learning, motivation, academic performance, mental health.

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