National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Possibilities of Response to Contagious Diseases in EU law: critical assessment and recommendations in the light of the COVID-19 pandemics
Malíř, Jan ; Svobodová, M. ; Křepelka, F. ; Mádr, P. ; Peterka, B.
The present report, the principal output of the TAČR project No TL04000052, critically analyses the possibilities for an EU response to contagious diseases, as they stem from existing EU law and, also, from the new legislative drafts, in particular those related to the European Health Union project. On the grounds of this analysis, further steps are recommended that would be appropriate in the light of the experience of the Covid-19 pandemic, in particular in the area of the division of competences between the EU and the Member States, in the area of early warning and response, in the area of building strategic autonomy, in the area of movement of people at the EU's internal and external borders and in the area of movement of goods.
New approaches to legal reasoning as used in case-law
Peterka, Bohumil ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Wintr, Jan (referee)
New Approaches to Legal Reasoning as Used in Case-Law - Summary The phenomenon of legal interpretation and argumentation theory has become increasingly popular in the Czech Republic. The thesis first aims to summarize theories (or methodologies) of three Anglo-Saxon scholars, Neil MacCormick, Ronald Dworkin and William N. Eskridge. In the thesis, three respective theoretic chapters are dedicated to theories of legal interpretation as presented by each of them. After exploring philosophic backgrounds of the theories briefly, main focus was put on sets of different interpretation methods and interpretive arguments these scholars find most relevant. Subsequently, I tried to analyse the arguments and to examine role different legal arguments play in the process of interpretation as described in works of the three scholars. Each theory is eventually explicated on a convenient law case mentioned in one of its author's books. The second aim of the thesis is to apply the theories as summarised in the theoretical part on Czech law cases to find out whether the theories are successfully applicable considering differences of Czech (continental) legal system and common-law-based legal orders as well as whether such application might prove helpful to a Czech law interpret. For that reason several important Czech "hard"...
Law and Protection of Human Rights in communication of the EU as of the actor of international security
Peterka, Bohumil ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
logiky vhodnosti. Abstract Presented diploma thesis aims to answer a question whether the European Union can be perceived as a relevant actor of international security relations in the context of human rights protection and international security threat regulation. For the purpose of achieving the main goal of the thesis a definition of the EU actorness is used which presumes that the EU could be perceived as an actor of a policy provided it is being perceived as an actor acknowledged by other actors of international security and is able to influence their behavior at the same time. Both are proved by analysis of the antiterrorist sanction régimes, and more specifically a related the Court of Justice case Kadi. By means of the case, the EU pushed for institutional changes within the UN Security Council strengthening human rights protection. Within the EU, regarding the Member States, the EU can be perceived as actor if it succeeds in spread its own normative patterns among them. By the analysis of the Kadi case as well as of the Court's human rights doctrine development I try to prove that an EU institution (in this case the Court of Justice) succeeds in convincing the Member States that they should support the Court of Justice doctrine even though it might diminish their own power and influence. Normative...

See also: similar author names
4 Peterka, Bohumil
1 Peterka, Bohuslav