National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Possibilities of Response to Contagious Diseases in EU law: critical assessment and recommendations in the light of the COVID-19 pandemics
Malíř, Jan ; Svobodová, M. ; Křepelka, F. ; Mádr, P. ; Peterka, B.
The present report, the principal output of the TAČR project No TL04000052, critically analyses the possibilities for an EU response to contagious diseases, as they stem from existing EU law and, also, from the new legislative drafts, in particular those related to the European Health Union project. On the grounds of this analysis, further steps are recommended that would be appropriate in the light of the experience of the Covid-19 pandemic, in particular in the area of the division of competences between the EU and the Member States, in the area of early warning and response, in the area of building strategic autonomy, in the area of movement of people at the EU's internal and external borders and in the area of movement of goods.
Horizontal liberalisation of free movement of services in the European Union
Břicháček, Tomáš ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Tichý, Luboš (referee) ; Křepelka, Filip (referee)
The area of interest of the thesis is the horizontal liberalisation of the free movement of services based on Directives No. 2006/123/EC on services in the internal market, No. 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications, No. 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services and No. 2000/31/EC on electronic commerce. More precisely the main subject matter can be defined as the shift in the basic legal regime of free movement of services achieved through these four directives compared to the original state, i.e. the general regime under EU primary law as interpreted by the ECJ. The main objective is to analyze and critically assess the extent and significance of this shift. The basic questions are: To what extent is the resulting legal framework formed by the four horizontal directives different from the original situation? Is it merely a codification of the case law of the ECJ or a result of legislator's efforts to liberalise further the regime? To what extent does the liberalised regime enable or support abuse of free movement of services in order to circumvent the national law of the host state? The conclusions are as follows: Owing to the four directives most cross-border services are now covered by EU secondary law. All of these...
Investment Policy of the European Union - protection of foreign direct investment
Štamberk, David ; Tomášek, Michal (advisor) ; Balaš, Vladimír (referee) ; Křepelka, Filip (referee)
Investment Policy of the European Union - protection of foreign direct investment Abstract One of the changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty is the explicit inclusion of foreign direct investment and its protection in the common commercial policy of the European Union. This is one of the areas of exclusive competence of the EU. The European Union has subsequently stated negotiating bilateral agreements governing, inter alia, investment issues. However, it has not been spared from controversy and negative publicity that has been accompanying especially the TTIP and the CETA. This work aims to analyse the investment policy of the EU and mutual interaction of its institutions with the Member States and third parties. After general introduction to the topic of international investment law and EU law (chapters II. and III.), it is devoted to the issue of protection of foreign investment in the internal market. Its regime is then compared with the BIT regime (chapter IV.). Attention is then focussed towards the EU's external relations in the field of investment protection. Its competence is subjected to further analysis (chapter V.) and current results of efforts of the Commission and the EU as such are also discussed (chapter VI.). It is so in the light of possible impacts of foreign investment in terms of...
Horizontal liberalisation of free movement of services in the European Union
Břicháček, Tomáš ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Tichý, Luboš (referee) ; Křepelka, Filip (referee)
The area of interest of the thesis is the horizontal liberalisation of the free movement of services based on Directives No. 2006/123/EC on services in the internal market, No. 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications, No. 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services and No. 2000/31/EC on electronic commerce. More precisely the main subject matter can be defined as the shift in the basic legal regime of free movement of services achieved through these four directives compared to the original state, i.e. the general regime under EU primary law as interpreted by the ECJ. The main objective is to analyze and critically assess the extent and significance of this shift. The basic questions are: To what extent is the resulting legal framework formed by the four horizontal directives different from the original situation? Is it merely a codification of the case law of the ECJ or a result of legislator's efforts to liberalise further the regime? To what extent does the liberalised regime enable or support abuse of free movement of services in order to circumvent the national law of the host state? The conclusions are as follows: Owing to the four directives most cross-border services are now covered by EU secondary law. All of these...
Fundamental rights aspects of the free movement in the ECJ (case law)
Šamánek, Jan ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Scheu, Harald Christian (referee) ; Křepelka, Filip (referee)
This thesis analyses in depth the seminal cases of the Court of Justice, namely C-341/05 Laval, C-438/05 Viking Line and C-346/06 Ruffert. The analysis starts with description of the decisions. Those are laid out both from the perspectives of the Advocates General and of the Court of Justice (chapter 2). Central aspects of the decisions are analysed in chapter 3. First, it is the decision to apply Community law (now EU law) to national social policy. This is not new in itself, but it is taken to unusual depth. Second, the Court of Justice decided to apply Community law to trade unions. This horizontal application of Community law has crucial implications on the human rights discourse of the Court. Third, we analyse how the Court viewed the issue whether the strike action violated the Treaty, and the issues of justification and proportionality. Chapter 4 focuses on human rights aspect of the decisions. The very use of human rights in Community law is briefly sketched. In more detail the implications of the likely accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human rights are considered. Finally, the human rights discourse of the Court of Justice in the Laval and Viking cases is put to critical scrutiny. One of the determining elements in Laval and Viking is application of the Treaty...