National Repository of Grey Literature 117 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Islam and the legal system of the Czech republic in the context of changes at the beginning of the twenty first century
Bullová, Veronika ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Maršálek, Pavel (referee)
Islam and the legal system of the Czech republic in the context of changes at the beginning of the twenty first century Abstract The theme of this diploma thesis is Islam and the Czech law in the context of the changes at the beginning of the 21st century. The aim of the thesis is to evaluate the mutual compatibility of Islamic and Czech law. The introduction points out the fact that Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. The first chapter introduces Islamic law, investigates its main characteristics and roots. The following chapter compares the chosen legal branches. The thesis tries to identify the points of conflict between Islamic and Czech law and cites concrete examples. In the realm of religious freedom, the thesis concludes that by the reason of the determination of punishment for apostasy from faith and the absence of equal access to persons of different religious beliefs, or to persons without faith, the Islamic legal legislation is not compatible with the Czech legal legislation. The thesis also examines from both views the area of private law legislation, concretely the family law legislation, the inheritance law, and the law of obligations. In the area of family law, the thesis concludes that the Islamic legal legislation is not compatible for the reason of the unequal status of...
Formal and Linguistic Aspects of Judicial Decisions
Hau, Vojtěch ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Žák Krzyžanková, Katarzyna (referee)
Formal and Linguistic Aspects of Judicial Decisions Abstract The central theme of the thesis is a written form of justification of judicial decisions, which is a crucial element in preventing arbitrariness in judicial decision-making. The aim of the thesis is to examine current form of civil judicial decisions of district courts. In order to do so, the thesis starts by doctrinally defining types of macrostructure and internal logic of judicial decisions, bound and free decision-making, and especially historical and ideological background of the Anglo-American, French and German judicial styles, which also includes the Czech judicial style. The second part describes sources of legal regulation for the reasoning of a civil judgment at the constitutional, statutory, and sub-statutory levels. From sources of law with contribution of case law and expert literature emerges analytical-descriptive section presenting structure of the present reasoning in Czech civil judgments of courts of first instance. In the next part, the thesis proceeds towards achieving its goal - it subjects 150 judgments to empirical research inspired by content analysis, thereby revealing actual compliance with the requirements placed on judges in providing written justifications for judgments. Furthermore, this research enables the thesis...
The separation of powers between the judiciary and the executive in the Anglo-American legal culture
Blažek, Oskar ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Ondřejek, Pavel (referee)
83 The separation of powers between the judiciary and the executive in the Anglo-American legal culture Abstract The thesis elaborates on the Anglo-American model of review of executive action. The aim of the thesis was to determine whether the Anglo-American model, or its individual attributes, are compatible with the Czech constitutional order. In other words, whether Czech administrative law could be inspired by the Anglo-American model. To this end, the thesis describes the organisation of executive review in the United Kingdom and the USA. On this basis, the thesis presents both the form of the Anglo-American model as a whole and its individual features. Emphasis is placed on an examination of the nature of quasi-judicial or quasi-administrative tribunals and on the issue of review by the ordinary courts, judicial review. In the final part of the thesis, an assessment of the compatibility of the Anglo-American model with the requirements of the Czech constitutional order on the form of administrative justice is made. In addition to this analysis, the thesis offers a view on a possible concept of Czech administrative justice inspired by the Anglo-American model. This corresponds to the primary motivation for writing the present thesis. This was an effort to find out whether it is possible to draw...
Success in Legal Transplanting
Dufková, Barbara ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
Success in Legal Transplanting Abstract The thesis deals with the conceptualization of success in legal transplanting. The thesis identifies legal transplanting as a dominant method of adoption of law in a globalized world. Yet, it points out that there is no agreement as to how to assess whether a legal transplant has been successful or not. Despite the lack of such an agreement, the thesis observes that the literature on legal transplanting suggests a variety of criteria that may be useful to examine or factor in the evaluation of success or failure of legal transplants. Against this background, the thesis strives to dive deeper into the scholarship on legal transplanting to, first, analyze how success or failure in legal transplanting is defined in the scholarship, and second, examine what criteria or benchmarks are used to evaluate such success or failure. To answer those research question, the thesis will first introduce the concept of legal transplantation and set it within the general framework examining the relation between law and society. It will then move to the literature on legal transplanting itself to identify how success or failure is understood in the scholarship. To complement this general and theoretical enquiry, the thesis will also look into specific case studies evaluating legal...
The role of decisions of higher courts in the process of unification of case law
Špačková, Eva ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
83 Klíčová slova kontinentální právo, precedent, judikatura Keywords Civil law, Case law, Judiciary Summary Topic of the thesis Role of Case law in Civil law The purpose of my thesis is to analyze the role of case law in the Czech legal system, which is based, like continental legal systems in common, on the strict division of state's powers whereas there isn't recognized any formally binding force of the judiciary so far. Customarily the sources of law are in civil-law jurisdictions statuses. Distinct to the Common law, the Civil law jurisdictions don't accept a stare decisis principle in their decision making. According to some opinion the decisions in civil law legal system are important only with regard to their persuasive role. But other theorists emphasize the doctrine of jurisprudence constante. In the case, that there are consistent previous decisions, the courts in the civil law legal system shall take this decisions at least into consideration. There is need for emphasizing, that the higher the consistency in the previous decisions, the greater the persuasive force. This thesis is apart from Introduction and Conclusion composed of ten chapters. After the Introduction, which provides short foreword, follows the Chapter One, which deals with the issue, how the role of case law, illustrated on the...
Theory of Decision Making in Public Law and Private Law Corporations
Broulík, Jan ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
2 Jan Broulík - Theory of Decision Making in Public Law and Private Law Corporations Abstract The thesis analyses Czech legal regulations concerning decision making in bodies of corporations. For the purposes of this analysis it employs mainly the apparatus of the economic analysis of law. Its basic concepts are also outlined. The author focuses on two kinds of legal entities which are public universities and joint stock companies. The ethical-legal connections and the significance of corporate governance in the decision making domain are presented. The analysis of the legal norms shows how reasons of the economic analysis of law correspond with provisions regulating body elections, body competence allocation and the body decision making procedure. The criterion for evaluating the quality of legal norms is effectiveness, meaning an increase of social wealth. The main detected imperfections are a missing provision allowing a long distance voting for joint stock companies' general meetings, a missing tool for the cases where a shareholder breaches his loyalty duty which leads to not passing of a general meeting decision and the mandatory nature of the duty of care. Judicial decisions important for joint stock companies' decision making are presented. These decisions concern with the decision making of a sole...
The Concept of Autonomy : (conditions of modern subjectivity and historicity of the concept of law)
Janoščík, Václav ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Maršálek, Pavel (referee)
of the diploma thesis Janoščík Václav The Concept of Autonomy (Conditions of modern subjectivity, of the concept of law and of historicity) Submitted thesis aims at articulation of the concept of autonomy in its complexity. At first it pursues specific contexts of the notion to arrive at its structure. At first we try to explore prospective of analytical philosophy of law to situate the concept of autonomy to the heart of the idea of law. This efforts unfolds itself by an unorthodox interpretation of natural right theory of Herbert Hart's early work. Second chapter discusses the framework of the philosophy of history, that are based on the idea of an autonomous subject. Seemingly paradoxical linkage of Heidegger's fundamental ontology and Kosík's dialectics of the particular articulates the historical function of the autonomy. Next chapter connects Kosík with Cornelius Castoriadis in the perspective of social theories. Also in their normative core we can identify our notion of autonomy. Fourth chapter follows the theory of disenchantment of the world of Marcel Gauchet. We reformulate it as a realization of the ideal of autonomous subject in order to contextualize the concept historically. Last topic of the first part is the framework of the intellectual history. Here we situate Dieter Henrich and...

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