National Repository of Grey Literature 114 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Success in Legal Transplanting
Dufková, Barbara ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
Success in Legal Transplanting Abstract The thesis deals with the conceptualization of success in legal transplanting. The thesis identifies legal transplanting as a dominant method of adoption of law in a globalized world. Yet, it points out that there is no agreement as to how to assess whether a legal transplant has been successful or not. Despite the lack of such an agreement, the thesis observes that the literature on legal transplanting suggests a variety of criteria that may be useful to examine or factor in the evaluation of success or failure of legal transplants. Against this background, the thesis strives to dive deeper into the scholarship on legal transplanting to, first, analyze how success or failure in legal transplanting is defined in the scholarship, and second, examine what criteria or benchmarks are used to evaluate such success or failure. To answer those research question, the thesis will first introduce the concept of legal transplantation and set it within the general framework examining the relation between law and society. It will then move to the literature on legal transplanting itself to identify how success or failure is understood in the scholarship. To complement this general and theoretical enquiry, the thesis will also look into specific case studies evaluating legal...
The role of decisions of higher courts in the process of unification of case law
Špačková, Eva ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
83 Klíčová slova kontinentální právo, precedent, judikatura Keywords Civil law, Case law, Judiciary Summary Topic of the thesis Role of Case law in Civil law The purpose of my thesis is to analyze the role of case law in the Czech legal system, which is based, like continental legal systems in common, on the strict division of state's powers whereas there isn't recognized any formally binding force of the judiciary so far. Customarily the sources of law are in civil-law jurisdictions statuses. Distinct to the Common law, the Civil law jurisdictions don't accept a stare decisis principle in their decision making. According to some opinion the decisions in civil law legal system are important only with regard to their persuasive role. But other theorists emphasize the doctrine of jurisprudence constante. In the case, that there are consistent previous decisions, the courts in the civil law legal system shall take this decisions at least into consideration. There is need for emphasizing, that the higher the consistency in the previous decisions, the greater the persuasive force. This thesis is apart from Introduction and Conclusion composed of ten chapters. After the Introduction, which provides short foreword, follows the Chapter One, which deals with the issue, how the role of case law, illustrated on the...
Theory of Decision Making in Public Law and Private Law Corporations
Broulík, Jan ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
2 Jan Broulík - Theory of Decision Making in Public Law and Private Law Corporations Abstract The thesis analyses Czech legal regulations concerning decision making in bodies of corporations. For the purposes of this analysis it employs mainly the apparatus of the economic analysis of law. Its basic concepts are also outlined. The author focuses on two kinds of legal entities which are public universities and joint stock companies. The ethical-legal connections and the significance of corporate governance in the decision making domain are presented. The analysis of the legal norms shows how reasons of the economic analysis of law correspond with provisions regulating body elections, body competence allocation and the body decision making procedure. The criterion for evaluating the quality of legal norms is effectiveness, meaning an increase of social wealth. The main detected imperfections are a missing provision allowing a long distance voting for joint stock companies' general meetings, a missing tool for the cases where a shareholder breaches his loyalty duty which leads to not passing of a general meeting decision and the mandatory nature of the duty of care. Judicial decisions important for joint stock companies' decision making are presented. These decisions concern with the decision making of a sole...
The Concept of Autonomy : (conditions of modern subjectivity and historicity of the concept of law)
Janoščík, Václav ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Maršálek, Pavel (referee)
of the diploma thesis Janoščík Václav The Concept of Autonomy (Conditions of modern subjectivity, of the concept of law and of historicity) Submitted thesis aims at articulation of the concept of autonomy in its complexity. At first it pursues specific contexts of the notion to arrive at its structure. At first we try to explore prospective of analytical philosophy of law to situate the concept of autonomy to the heart of the idea of law. This efforts unfolds itself by an unorthodox interpretation of natural right theory of Herbert Hart's early work. Second chapter discusses the framework of the philosophy of history, that are based on the idea of an autonomous subject. Seemingly paradoxical linkage of Heidegger's fundamental ontology and Kosík's dialectics of the particular articulates the historical function of the autonomy. Next chapter connects Kosík with Cornelius Castoriadis in the perspective of social theories. Also in their normative core we can identify our notion of autonomy. Fourth chapter follows the theory of disenchantment of the world of Marcel Gauchet. We reformulate it as a realization of the ideal of autonomous subject in order to contextualize the concept historically. Last topic of the first part is the framework of the intellectual history. Here we situate Dieter Henrich and...
Philosophical, theoretical and practical aspects of the legal regulation of doping
Jiřištová, Zuzana ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Beran, Karel (referee)
70 Resumé Philosophical, Theoretical and Practical Aspects of the Legal Regulation of Doping Doping in sport is a topic that is not thoroughly explored in the Czech legal environment. This thesis will attempt to remedy this gap in two steps. First, it will summarize the status quo with regards to doping, its definition, its history and the current state of regulation. Second, it will propose a solution to the question of whether, why and how should be the doping regulated. The text is divided in six chapters, the first four focussed on the world of doping today and the last two on proposing a solution. The first chapter introduces the problems of elite sport and the use of performance enhancing substances. This is followed by a brief excursus into relationship between the law and sport with a focus on the world of global law. The third chapter covers the history of doping, providing definitions of the doping and briefly explaining the physiological impact of performance enhancing substances. The fourth chapter presents a snapshot of the current regulation in international, European and Czech law, as well as in 'sports rules' imposed by private organisations. The fifth and sixth chapters together propose a solution. The fifth chapter identifies and defines the two possible approaches to regulation, zero...
Positive and negative conceptions of human rights
Blažková, Kristina ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Ondřejek, Pavel (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse the protective function of constitutional rights as compared to the traditional defensive function. Whereas the defensive function of constitutional rights requires that the state does not interfere with and respect the constitutional rights of the individual, the protective function requires the state to act to promote and protect constitutional rights. The problematic is examined primarily through the case-law of three foreign supreme jurisdictions, i.e. the Supreme Court of the United States of America, the Federal Constitutional Court of the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Court of Human Rights. In the broader perspective the thesis aims to assess the approach taken by the Czech Constitutional Court in relation to this problematic. The protective function of constitutional rights is explored through the perspective of the individual and through the perspective of the system. The thesis is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter, the author clarifies fundamental theoretical concepts used in the thesis. The positive and negative concept of constitutional rights is closely connected to the two concepts of freedom as developed by I. Berlin in his famous essay Two Concepts of Freedom. The protective function also represents a specific legal...
The position of sharia within the legal systems of Arab states in the Near East
Lvová, Michala ; Maršálek, Pavel (advisor) ; Kühn, Zdeněk (referee)
The position of sharia within the legal systems of Arab states in the Near East The aim of the thesis is to produce a brief but coherent overview of the position of the Islamic law - sharia - within the contemporary legal systems of Arab states in the Near East. This particular part of the Arab and Islamic world was chosen primarily because of two reason: First, the necessary condition for a direct research of available sources is at least basic knowledge of the appropriate language - in this case, Arabic. This is also the reason why other states, which are historically and geographically part of the Near East, were excluded here, especially Turkey and Iran. Second: the Near East region was chosen as a complex part of the Arab world. States in the Northern Africa were excluded because their cultural position is different from that of the states in the Near East. The method chosen tu fulfil the purposes of this thesis was to first briefly summarise the contemporary state of the Czech literature specialised in the field of the Islamic law. The second chapter offers a short introduction in sharia, its origin, sources, schools of law, and basic branches and other concepts. The following three chapters deal each with one of the selected three Arabic states: Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Syria. In each of...

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