Fyzikální ústav

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2017-12-20
13:37
Analýza geometrických vlastností otvorů vrtaných v oxidové keramice pomocí pevnolátkového Nd:YaG laseru a kvazikontinuálního ytterbiového vláknového laseru
Řiháková, L. ; Chmelíčková, Hana
Technická keramika jako např. Al2O3 v současné době nalezla uplatnění v mnoha odvětvích lidské činnosti díky jejím typickým vlastnostem.Tato práce je zaměřena na vrtání oxidové keramiky Al2O3 pomocí pevnolátkového Nd:YAG laseru a kvazikontinuálního (QCW) ytterbiového vláknového laseru s cílem vytvořit kvalitní otvory. Procesy vrtání těmito lasery byly porovnávány a byl zkoumán vliv parametrů použitých laserů na kvalitu a rozměry otvorů. Konkrétně se jednalo o studium vlivu energie pulsu, délky pulsu a počtu pulsů na průměr a kruhovitost vstupního a výstupního otvoru, „aspect ratio“ a přítomnost taveniny na okrajích otvoru. Pro oba lasery byly stanoveny optimální parametry procesu, při jejichž použití docházelo k vytvoření kvalitních otvorů bez nečistot a vzniku trhlin. Vytvořené otvory byly pozorovány a hodnoceny pomocí skenovacího konfokálního mikroskopu OLYMPUS LEXT 3100.\n

Úplný záznam
2017-12-07
15:36
Characterization and tribological testing of a carbon-based nanolayer prepared by ion beam assisted deposition
Horažďovský, T. ; Kovač, J. ; Drbohlav, Ivo
Carbon-based nanolayers have been attracting much attention due to their excellent low-friction properties, their high hardness and their good wear resistance. In this work we present the results of material research aimed at reducing the friction of the functional surfaces of titanium implants, and thus extending their lifetime to reoperation. An analysis of the chemical composition showed that the modified surface is composed of a carbon-based nanolayer, a mixed interface, and a nitrogen-enriched sublayer. Raman spectroscopy showed the DLC character of the carbon-based nanolayer with sp2 rich bonds. A TiN compound was detected by X-ray diffraction in the modified surface area.\n

Úplný záznam
2017-12-07
15:36
Geometric resonances in reflectivity spectra of lead zirconate
Dočekalová, Zuzana ; Hlinka, Jiří
The paper deals with effects of domain boundaries on the THz–frequency range dispersion of the complex dielectric permitivity tensor of lead zirconate. In the case of a sufficiently narrow domain widths (in comparison to the wave–length of the light used in the experiment), the effective–medium average permittivity shows additional peaks identified as geometric resonances, i.e. extraneous excitations created by thematerial interface. Features of the far–infrared reflectivity spectra of the twinned lead zirconate crystal in the limit of narrow and wide domains are estimated with the\nhelp of the damped harmonic oscillator model with paramaters fully determined fromrecent experiments.

Úplný záznam
2017-10-30
13:46
Structure and properties of DLC layers for industrial applications
Mates, Tomáš ; Ledinský, Martin ; Vetushka, Aliaksi ; Pikna, Peter ; Fejfar, Antonín ; Marek, A. ; Vyskočil, J. ; Erichsen, J. ; Dawah, P.
Diamond-like carbon (DLC) layers based on amorphous carbon are used for wide range of applications, mostly for mechanical protection of various industrial components. We examined DLC layers at micro- and nanoscale by two independent microscopic techniques: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) with a good agreement. We compared DLC layers grown on steel substrate and Si wafer and found similarly structured clusters and a certain difference in the density of nucleation centres. The measurements of local mechanical properties by the AFM tip revealed that the Si wafer behaves as softer material compared to the growing DLC nanoclusters that also exhibit lower values in the map of the relative local friction coefficient. Finally, we observed changes in the Raman spectra of the DLC exposed to annealing at ambient conditions and found a gradual shift from the diamond phase to the graphite phase as a function of increasing temperature.

Úplný záznam
2017-10-30
13:46
Preparing of the Chameleon coating by the Ion Jet Deposition method
Skocdopole, J. ; Aversa, L. ; Golan, Martin ; Schenk, A. ; Baldi, G. ; Kratochvílová, Irena ; Kalvoda, L. ; Nozar, P.
Preparation of chameleon coatings using an Ionized Jet Deposition (IJD) technique is reported in the present paper. IJD is a new flexible method for thin film deposition developed by Noivion, Srl. The chameleon coatings are thin films characterised by a distinct change of their tribological properties according to the external conditions. The deposited films of SiC and TiN materials were examined by the Raman spectroscopy, SEM and XPS. The results of the Raman spectroscopy have proved an amorphous structure of SiC films. The data from XPS on TiN films have shown that the\nfilms are heavily oxidized, but also prove that the films are composed of TiN and pure Ti. The SEM provided information about the size of grains and particles constituting the deposited films, which is important for tribological properties of the films. Deposition of the chameleon coating is very complex problem and IJD could be ideal method for preparation of this coating.\n

Úplný záznam
2017-10-04
17:58
Back electrode influence on opto-electronic properties of organic photovoltaic blend characterized by Kelvin probe force microscopy
Čermák, Jan ; Miliaieva, Daria ; Hoppe, H. ; Rezek, Bohuslav
Organic photovoltaic (PV) system consisting of P3HT:PCBM blend layer was prepared with an aluminum (Al) back electrode. After the final thermal annealing the Al layer was partially removed. Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) was used to measure photovoltage response to illumination by a solar spectrum light as a function of time (up to 3 weeks). Comparison of the same KPFM measurement on the areas with and without Al revealed differences in both morphology and photovoltage response to illumination. The data are discussed with view to reducing degradation of organic PV devices.\n

Úplný záznam
2017-10-04
17:58
Correlated microscopy of electronic and material properties of graphene grown on diamond thin films
Rezek, Bohuslav ; Čermák, Jan ; Varga, Marián ; Tulic, S. ; Skákalová, V. ; Waitz, T. ; Kromka, Alexander
In this work we compare growth of graphene on diamond thin films that enable large area processing. We use films with different crystal size and surface roughness to obtain deeper insight into formation and properties of GoD. The diamond films are coated by a nm thin sputtered Ni layer and heated to 900°C in a forming gas atmosphere (H2/Ar) to initiate catalytic thermal CVD process. The samples are cleaned from residual Ni after the growth process. We employ scanning electron microscopy, Raman micro-spectroscopy and Kelvin probe force microscopy to correlate material, structural, and electronic properties of graphene on diamond. We show how grain size and grain boundaries influence graphene growth and material and electronic properties. For instance we show that the grain boundaries (with non-diamond carbon phases) in diamond films have an important role. They influence the electronic properties and they are beneficial for forming graphene on diamond higher quality.

Úplný záznam
2017-10-04
17:58
Spatially separated HOMO/LUMO at interface of polypyrrole physisorbed on oxidized nanodiamond facets
Matunová, Petra ; Jirásek, Vít ; Rezek, Bohuslav
Nanodiamond particles (NDs) have recently risen in popularity owing to their unique and perspective properties. Merging NDs with organic molecules, such as polypyrrole (PPy), into hybrid organic-semiconductor functional systems gives rise to potential applications in photovoltaics (PV), which is supported by prior experimentally observed charge transfer between bulk diamond and PPy. This work focuses on the most relevant (111) and (100) O-terminated ND facets with different coverage of surface terminating oxygens in ether, epoxide, ketone, and peroxide positions. We use density functional theory (DFT) computations employing B3LYP functional and 6-31G(d) basis set. Energetically the most favorable oxidized ND facets were further optimized with PPy in physisorbed configurations. Analysis of geometry, binding energy, HOMO-LUMO gap, and charge transfer was done on the relaxed PPy-ND structures. Multiple hydrogen bonds are formed between PPy amino groups and O atoms on ND surface.

Úplný záznam
2017-10-04
17:58
The deposition of germanium nanoparticles on hydrogenated amorphous silicon
Stuchlík, Jiří ; Volodin, V.A. ; Shklyaev, A.A. ; Stuchlíková, The-Ha ; Ledinský, Martin ; Čermák, Jan ; Kupčík, Jaroslav ; Fajgar, Radek ; Mortet, Vincent ; More Chevalier, Joris ; Ashcheulov, Petr ; Purkrt, Adam ; Remeš, Zdeněk
We reveal the mechanism of Ge nanoparticles (NPs) formation on the surface of the hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) on ITO and a on boron doped nanocrystalline diamond (BDD). The coating of Ge NPs on a-Si:H was performed by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) at temperatures up to 450 °C. The Ge NPs were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The nanocrystalline Ge particles are conglomerates of nanocrystals of size 10-15 nm and quantum dots (QDs) with size below 2 nm embedded in amorphous Ge phase. After coating with Ge NPs the a-Si:H thin films show better adhesion on BDD substrates then on ITO substrates.

Úplný záznam
2017-10-04
17:58
Preparation of zinc oxide nanorods colloid from thin layers
Mičová, Júlia ; Remeš, Zdeněk ; Chang, Yu-Ying ; Neykova, Neda
The interest in ZnO (zinc oxide) nanoparticles is increasing due to low cost of their processing as well as the ability of fabricating ZnO nanostructures with controllable morphology such as size, shape and orientation. Our choice of method of the preparation of the nanostructured thin ZnO layers is the hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanorods on glass substrates coated by the nucleation layer deposited by the reactive magnetron sputtering. We have developed and optimized conditions of the thin layer growth with controllable dimensions of nanorods followed by the ultrasound peeling. The colloid of ZnO nanorods was characterized by measuring the size of particles using the dynamic light scattering (DLS) and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We found that the dynamic light scattering (DLS) can’t be directly used for size evaluation of ZnO nanorods due to their non- sperical shape. \n

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