National Repository of Grey Literature 2,969 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.05 seconds. 
Influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on success and politics of the governing parties in countries of the Visegrád Group
Parušev, Jan ; Stauber, Jakub (advisor) ; Guasti, Petra (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the party systems and governing parties of the Visegrad Four in 2020 and 2021. Using comparative analysis, it examines this impact on opinion polls and elections, the level of digitalisation and the erosion of democracy. The paper is divided into three parts. In the first part, I explain the key concepts used for the analysis - good governance, quality of governance and adaptive or agile governance - and describe the methods and data used. In the second part, I describe the course of the pandemic through the lens of these concepts, and in the third part I answer the research questions established in the theoretical and methodological sections.
Communication of Czech Government during the COVID-19 pandemic
Balážová, Zuzana ; Hájek, Lukáš (advisor) ; Bahenský, Vojtěch (referee)
The bachelor thesis Communication of the government of the Czech Republic during the COVID-19 pandemic deals with the communication of selected representatives of Czech government. The work examines the communication of the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister and the Ministers of Health. The first section of the thesis focuses on theoretical starting points of the field of government communication, its multidisciplinary nature as well as definition. Due to the ongoing pandemic, the theoretical framework was broadened with crisis communication. At the end of the first section, a model of ideal government communication during the crisis was presented. The aim of the work was to find out whether the government of the Czech Republic fulfilled the theoretical prerequisites for successful communication according to this model. Qualitative methods of analysis were complemented with quantitative methods for a better analysis of communication. The results showed that the communication of the selected members of the government did not fulfill the theoretical prerequisites of successful communication, as they did not fulfill most of the elements of the defined model.
The impact of COVID-19 on election outcomes: The case of the Czech Republic
Válek, Vojtěch ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Mošovský, Jan (referee)
This thesis examines the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and the election results in the 2021 parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic. Voter turnout together with the results of several political parties is analyzed at the district level. First, the election results of 2021 are examined separately using OLS regression, heteroskedasticity is not detected in the model. A panel dataset is then created, which also includes election results from 2013 and 2017. Based on the results of the Hausman test, the fxed efects method is used to analyze the panel data, and the frst-diferencing method is used as well for comparison. Pairs of years are then analyzed with the use of frst-diferencing, when the results are frst estimated without 2013, and then without 2017. The results of the analysis mainly show a signifcant relationship between the number of infected people and the results of individual political parties. While for political party ANO this relationship is negative, it is rather positive for the other political parties. The second dependent variable of interest is the number of deaths related to COVID-19. In this case, the results of the analysis do not indicate a signifcant connection with the election results. 1
Differences in the strictness of grading and its impact on student educational aspirations
Münich, Daniel ; Protivínský, Tomáš
For students and their parents, school grades are a key piece of information that helps to shape educational and career ambitions. We find that 87% of Czech ninth graders with an A in mathematics want to go to university. Among students with a C, only 39% have the same aspiration. There is wide variation in the strictness of grading across Czech primary schools. On average, grades awarded can differ by as much as a full letter grade between stricter and more moderately grading schools. Even when they in fact have measurably equivalent skills, students from schools that grade more strictly have lower academic aspirations than students from schools that grade more moderately. Grades on report cards are also often among the admissions criteria for secondary schools and high schools. Differences in the strictness of grading and the crucial roles of grades in planning future educational paths can therefore lead to misguided decisions by students and parents, inefficiencies in the education system, and suboptimal allocation of talent.
We’ve done the math: here’s what the abolition of super-gross wages, reductions in social security contributions and the introduction of tax holidays will really mean
Kalíšková, Klára ; Šoltés, Michal
In the past year, the Czech Republic has seen plenty of changes in how employment income is taxed. Tax legislation adopted in December 2020 and July 2021 will reduce public revenues in 2022 by about 116 billion CZK. In other words, in 2022 employees will pay less than half the income tax that they would have paid without these tax changes. Average tax rates have been reduced for all income groups, although low-income employees will gain a disproportionately small slice of this savings pie. Employees in the lowest income quintile will save 500 CZK per month on average, whereas those in the highest income quintile will save an average of 4,000 CZK each month. The newly adopted tax legislation has substantially increased the share of employees who pay zero or negative income tax (i.e. receive what is known as the child tax bonus). There is thus little room for any further income tax reduction, especially for taxpayers who claim tax relief for their children or low-earning spouse.
Increase of CZK 395 billion compared to 2019: where the first draft expenditure in the state budget for 2022 was headed
Kolář, Daniel ; Janský, Petr
The draft state budget (SB) for 2022 submitted at the end of summer 2021 by the outgoing government of Andrej Babiš planned for expenditures of 1,928 billion CZK. That would be 394.5 billion CZK, and 25.7% more than the actual expenditure of the SB in 2019. Such a significant increase in expenditure, unaccompanied by an adequate increase in revenues, would significantly increase the structural deficit of the SB. The new government of Petr Fiala has therefore decided to revise the original draft budget in a new provisional budget. In this study, we identify the expenditure items in the original draft of the SB that have changed most significantly from the situation in 2019. We also show to what extent the nominal growth in the SB items takes inflation into account, which was expected to be 10.2% in this period. Comparison with the actual expenditure of 2019 allows us to shield the direct expenditure consequences of the pandemic. In fact, according to the initial proposal of the SR, the assistance programmes for households and employers during the pandemic were already expected to be reduced significantly in 2022.
State employees and civil servants: where they work and how much they are paid
Bartušek, Daniel ; Bouchal, Petr ; Janský, Petr
Almost one fifth of the Czech Republic's workforce (calculated in full time equivalents) is employed in the public sector. In 2020, almost half (464,000) of these almost one million employees were paid out of the state budget and can be considered state employees. More than half (265,000) of the country's state employees are employed in state-funded institutions, in particular schools. The remaining, smaller share of state employees (198,000) work in a wide variety of other public organizations, including the armed forces, the police force, government ministries and job centres. Only a small proportion of state employees can be considered to be civil servants. In 2020 there were about 78,000 of these, which is approximately 8% of all public sector workers and 17% of state employees. This number is rather low in both absolute and relative terms, and stands in contrast to the substantial attention frequently paid in public debate to how many civil servants the country has.
Sick pay: what impact did the introduction of a waiting period have?
Grossmann, Jakub ; Zapletalová, Lucie
We analyze the impacts of a waiting period for sick pay introduced in 2008 in the Czech Republic on employment absence, sick leave, and other types of absences from the workplace. The new waiting period meant that employees did not receive any sickness benefits (‘sick pay’) for the first three days of sick leave. The waiting period was introduced to discourage employees from claiming sick pay unnecessarily and thereby to reduce sickness benefit expenditures. However, the measure also discourages employees from taking sick leave when they are unwell and may potentially increase the risk of contagion in the workplace.

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