National Repository of Grey Literature 552 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Antiquity in history textbooks for secondary schools 1948-1989
Dubská, Hana
The thesis focuses on didactic and historical analysis of history textbooks used during the Communist totalitarian regime at secondary schools in Czechoslovakia republic between 1948-1989. Goal of this thesis was to find out if there were any changes of historical events interpretation of Classical antiquity in consideration of political development in the country. The theoretical part consists of brief political development and development of education in Czechoslovakia in observed period. The practical part deals with the analysis and the comparison of textbooks from totalitarian and present era with emphasis on didactics and content. I concluded that interpretative texts influenced by the communist ideology were more focused on social problems in contemporary society. Textbooks were also focused on slavery issue, especially their hard life and described passed slave rebellions. This is most obvious in textbooks published in the 1950s. Keywords: history textbooks, antiquity, secondary school, communism, Czechoslovakia, education, 20th century
Social metabolism in Czech and Czechoslovak territory in historical perspective
Grešlová, Petra
This dissertation is based on the conceptual framework of social metabolism and it applies methods of Material and Energy Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint. It studies interactions between human activities and natural environment in Czech/Czechoslovak territory from the historical perspective (after the division of Czechoslovakia for Czechia and Slovakia together). The term of social metabolism is a metaphor inspired by biology. Society or human economy similarly to a living organism which extracts materials from the earth, processes biophysical materials to maintain itself and emits its wastes back. So the economic system functions in an analogy to a living organism and those processes are called "social" or "industrial" metabolism. This dissertation comprises seven individual empirical studies: (I) An introduction to a research topic covered in following articles. It is based on the work of leading world environmental historian and it interprets selected Czech realities within the context of the world environmental history. (II) The historical series of MEFA indicators together with ecological footprint. (III) An article which applies the ecological footprint method on the ecological farm in comparison to conventional agriculture in the context of more foreign studies on this topic. (IV) An...
Yugoslavian model of socialism as an inspiration for economic reforms in the 60's years of the 20th century in NDR, ČSSR and Hungary
Uxa, Šimon ; Kocian, Jiří (advisor) ; Polášek, Martin (referee)
This dissertation - The Yugoslavian model of Socialism as possible inspiration for economic reforms of the sixties in the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia and Hungary - deals with the topic of creating certain modifications and specific features of the economic systems within the Eastern Bloc. The so called Yugoslavian experiment, which had developed in the Balcan state from the times of the Soviet-Yugoslavian rift of the late forties of last century, was, in fact, considered to be the only alternative to the predominant, directively centralized Soviet model for several years. It was in the sixties when many Eastern Bloc states, which practically hitherto copied the Soviet economic model, attempted to implement economic reforms which would assisst in eliminating disadvantages of the current economic system, and thus to stabilize and streamline the economic development. It is quite natural that for searching new possibilities and incentives, the Yugoslavian self-governing model represented one of potential inspiring ways how to reform the often nonfunctional economic systems. The main purpose of the dissertation is to show how the planners of economic reforms in the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia and Hungary recfleted the Yugoslavian model tested in practice, and to which...
Czechoslovakian Jazz Rock During the So Called Normalization
Jurásek, Ondřej
The dissertation thesis deals with Czechoslovakian jazz rock in the era of so called normalization. It observes the beginnings, chosen microprobes, the conjuncture of the era and self reflection of the musicians altogether with contextual connotation of political science, sociology and history. These represent a type of genre/style of so called nonartificial music with specific position of local apolitical phenomenon which creates a part of the symptomatic cultural picture mainly in the seventies. Keywords: jazz rock, jazz and rock music, so called nonartificial music, Czechoslovakia, Czech and Slovak Socialistic Republic, so called normalization
Nationalization and confiscation in 1945 - 1948
Mikule, Ondřej ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Šouša, Jiří (referee)
Nationalization and confiscation in 1945 - 1948 Abstract The main subjects of this thesis are nationalization and confiscation that took place in Czechoslovakia between 1945 and 1948. In the introductory chapters it deals with the definition of the concepts of nationalization and confiscation and their historical context. Closer attention is paid to the land reform of the First Czechoslovak Republic. The following is a description of political and economic concepts that emerged during World War II in both domestic and foreign resistence movements and in which the demands for a fundamental economic transformation of Czechoslovakia were stressed. The opinions of Edvard Beneš and the negotiations between Moscow and London exile politicians on the future Košice government program are also discussed. The following chapters deal with nationalization and confiscation in 1945, individual decrees on nationalization and confiscation are discussed, the process of their adoption, taking into account especially the government meetings. Institute of national administration, which had a very close connection to nationalization and confiscation, is delineated as well. In the period from 1946 to 1947, the main focus is on revision of the land reform of the First Czechoslovak Republic and other measures concerning land...
Implementation of the first land reform in Czechoslovakia (including its revision) and its possible impacts on the current ownership relations to property in the Czech Republic
Šebestová, Dana ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Starý, Marek (referee)
Implementation of the first land reform in Czechoslovakia (including its revision) and its possible impacts on the current ownership relations to property in the Czech Republic Abstract The topic of my thesis is "Implementation of the first land reform in Czechoslovakia (including its revision) and its possible impacts on the current ownership relations to property in the Czech Republic". The main aim of my thesis was to analyse the possible impacts of the pre-war land reform, which took place in Czechoslovakia from the year 1919 until the year 1935, and its revision, executed according to the provisions of Act No. 142/1947 Coll., in relation to contemporary ownership in the Czech Republic. The thesis is composed of four main chapters. Chapter One is introductory and defines land reforms in general. In Chapter Two I focused on the preconditions and the reasons for the first land reform, legislation of the first land reform, its results and the way of implementing this reform. Chapter Three concerns the revision of the first land reform, especially its legislation and implementation of the revision of the first land reform in practice. In the last chapter, I analyse the possible impacts of the first land reform (including its revision) on the current ownership relations to real estate in the Czech Republic,...
Mediating Roles of Czechoslovakia and Canada among the Great Powers and Cuba in 1959-1969
Krýsl, Ondřej ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the period of the superpower rivalry of the Cold War, respectively, on the 1960's, and an interesting phenomenon of the intermediary role. At that time, Canada and Czechoslovakia took on tasks far beyond the importance of their bilateral relations with Cuba. They often made significant efforts and spent considerable resources. Furthermore, the work compares the nature of mediation of relations between Cuba and the great powers on the examples of these countries and tries to reveal their connections. More precisely, the work is interested in deciphering the motivations of Canada and Czechoslovakia for the initiative of the role of mediator between Cuba and the individual blocs. These states played this role in the relationship between Cuba and the Western countries in the case of Canada and Cuba and the Eastern bloc in the case of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. The Kenneth Waltz's theoretical approach of bipolar equilibrium will be used and analyzed as one of the possible explanations. From a methodological point of view, the work uses the Mill's method of difference and comparative history. The work has also the ambition to contribute to an interesting topic that unjustly escapes the wider awareness of the general public. The main sources of data are secondary...
TGM's visions of Europe's arrangement on the pre-war, war and post-war era
Bašová, Magdaléna ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
Bachelor thesis deals with T.G.M's opinions about Europe's arrangement and affects their development in the time shortly before the first world war, during the war and also shortly after the war. The goal of this thesis is to describe the changing of these opinions, summarize them and understand the changes. A further vote is devoted to Czechoslovakia, briefly describe his origin and characterize its policy according to T.G.M. After the brief introduction, the introduction of goals and methods of work and characteristic of sources follow the next chapters which are focused on the topic, which are divided into thematic units, the chapters are chronologicall. The attention is also paid to analysis of Masaryk's basic books. The separate chapter then fulfils a partial goal of the thesis, which characteristic Czechoslovakia and its origin. In the end, there is a summary.
Protection of the population and measures against weapons of mass destruction in former Czechoslovakia from 1950's until the 1970's
Vrána, David ; Parkan, František (advisor) ; Koura, Petr (referee)
Presented diploma thesis is pursued to the topic of conceptual evolution of civil protection in the last century's 50's to 70's period. This period of time, population safety was secured by so called Civil Defence. Noticeable atribute of all the Civil Defence measures impacting population was mainly protection against mass destruction weapons. That is why protection against mass destruction weapons is given the most attention in this diploma thesis. Target of the thesis is historical analyse concerning Civil Defence and its evolution in Czechoslovakia in noted period. Out of it the thesis sketches also general formation and evolution of civil protection in previous period. Diploma thesis is done based on study of available literature and mainly based on accessible sources from military archive in Prague. Thesis is divided to six chapters, chronologically describing the most important milestones in Civil Defence conceptual evolution. Emphasis is laid on description of its organisational structure and way of population protection against mass destruction weapons. During studies of these sources, the emphasis was laid also on military evaluation of country territory according to level of expected threat by aerial attack that time, or later by nuclear weapon of mass destruction in case of war conflict....
Josef Smrkovský as a Victim of Persecution in the Fifties
Novotný, Jindřich ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with one phase of Josef Smrkovský's life between 1945-1963. After WW II and his engagement in the Prague Uprising, he was an eminent communist politician who possessed considerable power in the agrarian policy. However, he was arrested in 1951, became a victim of political trials and was sentenced to jail. He was later released due to the order of a rehabilitation committee, but he was not fully rehabilitated. The thesis examines and compares primary sources on Smrkovský's trial, describing methods of the State Secret Police such as surveillance, interrogations and both physical and psychological violence. Reports of Smrkovský's cellmates are also commented on. The thesis concludes with the analysis of rehabilitation committees and the effort of Smrkovský to clear himself. He re-entered political life at the beginning of the sixties. KEYWORDS Josef Smrkovský, politics, persecution, the fifties, The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, State Secret Police, rehabilitation

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