National Repository of Grey Literature 142 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The impact of the U.S. invasion on Iraqi education during 2003-2010
Jaškina, Anna ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
This thesis examines how the 2003 US invasion reshaped Iraq's education system from 2003 to 2010, highlighting the pivotal role of education in the country's reconstruction. Beginning with Saddam Hussein's era, marked by politicized schools but also notable educational achievements in the 1980s, it subsequently delves into the disruptive effects of the Gulf War and UN sanctions on Iraqi society. The thesis then analyzes the upheaval caused by the invasion and occupation, particularly focusing on its repercussions for primary, secondary, and tertiary education, as well as its social impact on children and adolescents. Additionally, it evaluates the role of international humanitarian aid, with a specific focus on initiatives led by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Ultimately, the thesis contends that while the US invasion significantly impacted Iraqi education, pre-existing conflicts and poorly executed reconstruction efforts compounded the challenges. It underscores the urgent need to prioritize the restoration of education and healthcare as fundamental steps towards rebuilding Iraqi society.
China in the Arctic: Assessing Positions of Arctic States towards increasing Chinese Presence
Ochranová, Štěpánka ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Sehnálková, Jana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis China in the Arctic: Assessing Positions of Arctic States towards increasing Chinese Presence deals with the issue of Chinese presence in the Arctic region. The thesis examines and compares the positions of individual Arctic states on this presence and its effects. Content analysis and a comparative method were used it the thesis, while the parameters of the comparison were the statements of the Arctic states on the Chinese factor in the Arctic (statements of representatives of these states and written statements), participation in summits organized by the People's Republic of China on the Arctic region, joint projects in areas and extent of mutual trade. The aim of the thesis is to divide the attitudes of the seven Arctic states into positive, negative or neutral. The conducted research according to all mentioned parameters defined the key points for this evaluation, which confirmed the hypothesis of the thesis. It is indeed possible to consider Russia as China's partner in the Arctic region, especially with regard to Russian proclamations and its cooperation in the region. The United States and Canada have taken a negative stance, both through their statements and by rejecting joint projects and not participating in Chinese summits. European countries, i.e. Finland, Sweden,...
Influencing International Relations in the South China Sea Based on the China's Food Policy
Vnouček, Jeroným ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The South China Sea region is an important area of international events. In this area, the strained relations between China and the neighboring states sharing the given sea and the United States are reflected. Within the framework of the international political discussion, a great deal of attention is directed, for example, to the issue of Taiwan, mineral deposits and international trade. However, not much attention is paid to the importance of marine fisheries for China's expansionist actions, which is the focus of this work. This thesis deals with the question, "How does China's food security affect international relations in the South China Sea?" Using the approach of neo-Malthusian theory, it is possible to monitor the food demands of the Chinese population in the context of food security affected by a degrading environment. Using analysis and subsequent synthesis, sources and information related to food and international relations are examined. The results of the work indicate that China is food-insufficient in the long term and its protein supply is strongly influenced by protein imports, fishing and fish aquaculture production. However, food and especially fish production is strongly affected by the deteriorating environment. In order to satisfy its needs, China chooses actions that violate...
The German Arctic Policy
Nguyenová, Thi Khanh Ly ; Handl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with Germany's Arctic policy in the last decade and focuses on its security dimension. The Arctic region has undergone many changes in recent years due to climate change and the new geopolitical situation, including a change in the security situation. Based on the concepts of civilian power and securitization, the thesis examines whether Germany approaches the Arctic as a multilateral actor or whether the Arctic has gained importance in German foreign and security policy and become a recognized security issue for Germany. The introductory part of the thesis is devoted to a general introduction of the Arctic region, its definition and a presentation of the global security, environmental and economic aspects and challenges associated with it. The thesis then briefly outlines the history of German involvement in the Arctic, its activities and Germany's relevance to the region. The main research part of the thesis is divided into the bilateral and multilateral dimensions of German Arctic policy, thus reflecting the nature of German multilateralism. The results of the examination of German Arctic policy have shown that Germany is aware of the various aspects of Arctic security and its global dimension, however, the focus is on the climate and economic security issues of the region. Even...
Reactions of American conservatives toward the revisionism of the historical role of Christopher Columbus
Schaepe, Hana ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Kýrová, Lucie (referee)
The thesis focuses on the analysis of the reaction of American conservatives to the impulses for revisionist reinterpretation of the historical figure of Christopher Columbus and his legacy. The thesis places this topic in the context of polarization in the United States and the culture wars. It presents a brief development of reinterpretation attempts, how this view arose, what its rationale is, and how Christopher Columbus is viewed through it. It will briefly summarize the history of this phenomenon, its reinforcement around the quincentennial of Columbus's voyages, and its projection into resonant debates in contemporary American society. Subsequently it will analyze the reaction of conservative-minded Americans to this issue using two focus groups. In the analysis, the thesis will examine representative figures from the groups of politicians and political commentators or authors who address the issue. The thesis will then summarize the analyzed responses into major lines of argument and deduce from them why conservatives take a largely negative view of revisionism, what aspects of reinterpretation bother them, and what they base their positions on. The paper thus asks: What is the response to suggestions for reinterpreting the figure of Christopher Columbus by conservative-minded circles...
The Role of Behavioural Policy Tools in Crisis Mitigation: Slovakia in the 21st Century
Michalková, Tereza ; Kovács, Radek (advisor) ; Douarin, Elodie (referee) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
Just in the last 15 years Europe has seen 4 major crises all of which have shown us our man\vulnerabilities. Their effects were and are far-reaching, affecting economies, governance and highlighting the blind spots in education and social fractionality. This is especially true for CEE countries, who are among the newest democracies on the European continent. This thesis provides an overview of behavioural policy tools used in Slovakia to mitigate crisis-induced economic and social challenges through closing the education gap and raising trust in institutions. This analysis concludes that behavioural policy tools including default, affect, salience, priming and others have the potential of being effective in influencing people's attitudes, making crisis management and mitigation more successful. Finally, I conclude that behavioural policy tools can be useful in mitigating adverse effects in the context of future crises.
Economic spill-over of Europeanization: A permissible attack on realism?
Kiehl, Sebastian ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
Internal Abstract This master thesis's main hypothesis, is attempting to answer if the economic spillover effect of the European Union is a strong enough motive for countries to abandon their traditional realist behavior. In order to analyze and ultimately answer the question, the author employs a combination of qualitative research for the theoretical aspect and a quantitative comparative economic analysis. The qualitative research delves into the motivations and expectation of people prior to joining the EU, compared to after joining the EU. The comparative study attempts to highlight the positive economic spillover from EU membership, revealing how these economic benefits may have altered the nations perception of sovereignty and international relations. The latter part of the thesis is relying on quantitative data from six countries in total, spread evenly between the EU enlargement of 1995 and the one in 2004. The findings do indicate that while the general motivation behind EU membership does include an economic driver. This is also underlined by the comparative case study, which highlights different levels of positive economic developments for the above-mentioned countries, indicating that the economic spillover effect may as well be a valid excuse for countries to abandon their realist mentality and...
Comparative Analysis of Transformational Leadership: Václav Havel and Lee Teng-hui
Chen, Yi Ju ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
In recent years, the relationship between the Czech Republic and Taiwan has been getting closer. The two seemingly distant country however went through similar development at the end of 20th century - democratization. During the process, there are two significant champions of democracy: former president Vaclav Havel and Lee Teng-hui. This thesis will have two main objectives: first, to provide an overview of the lives of Havel and Lee Teng-hui; second, to conduct a comparative analysis of both using the transformational leadership theory to explore whether they align with Bass's definition of a transformational leader.

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