National Repository of Grey Literature 154 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Displaced Persons after World War II. in Europe: The Czechoslovakian Perspective
Kasíková, Jana ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kocian, Jiří (referee) ; Maršálek, Zdenko (referee)
This dissertation explores the phenomenon of Post-World War II Displaced Persons, i.e. persons who were relocated due to the events of World War II. Following international research on the issue, this thesis examines it in the Czechoslovak context, both in terms of how the authorities in Czechoslovakia approached the problem and by directing attention to the group of Czechoslovak Displaced Persons themselves. It also discusses the cooperation with the Western Allies and focuses on the territory that was administered by them after the end of the war. The focal point of the thesis is the year 1945, a period when intensive efforts to care for and repatriate Displaced Persons (as originally understood) took place. A separate chapter outlines the development of Displaced Persons as a research topic and the principal research questions associated with it. The second part of the thesis investigates the international and Czechoslovak structures that provided care for the displaced, across several temporal levels. First, the organized efforts created to care for Displaced Persons are set in the long-term institutional and ideological context. Next, it describes how the cooperation and network of institutions that were to include the Displaced Persons in their purview were planned and constituted during...
Western Economic Assistance in the Context of Post-WarReconstruction in Central Europe at the Beginning of the ColdWar (1944-1950)
Yasin, Jana ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Kocian, Jiří (referee) ; Jančík, Drahomír (referee)
This doctoral dissertation delves into fundamental issues pertaining to humanitarian aid and economic support from the United States within the context of post-war European reconstruction. Such extensive and organized economic assistance had no historical precedent and had to confront challenges such as the devastation of European nations and their economic systems due to the six-year-long war and occupation, as well as the extensive refugee problem. The dissertation further focuses on several key aspects: 1. Structure and Organization of Economic Assistance: It provides a comprehensive examination of the intricate structure and organization of economic assistance programs. 2. Financial Aspects of Programs: The research investigates the financial aspects of these initiatives, including budgetary allocations, funding sources, and resource distribution for reconstruction projects. 3. The Refugee Question: A significant portion of the work is dedicated to addressing the refugee issue, exploring how humanitarian aid aimed to mitigate the challenges associated with displaced populations. 4. Economic Aid as a Tool of Political Power: The study analyzes the extent to which Western economic assistance served as a tool of political influence, with a focus on its diplomatic and geopolitical implications. 5....
Czechoslovak Diplomacy and Israel in 1948-1967
Krausová, Noemi ; Putík, Daniel (advisor) ; Kocian, Jiří (referee)
Noemi Krausová Bachelor thesis Czechoslovak Diplomacy and Israel in 1948 - 1967 2015 Abstract This bachelor thesis focuses on the development of Czechoslovak-Israeli diplomatic relations from 1948 until 1967. Czechoslovakia supported the Jewish community in Palestine in the first years after the Second World War and was promoting the idea of a Jewish state. The friendly attitude on the part of Czechoslovakia was not altered after the communist coup in 1948. Czechoslovakia became the only state to support Israel, by supplying arms, during the War of Independence of 1948/49. Since 1950, however, the Czechoslovak attitude towards Israel began to change under the Soviet influence which was clearly dominant in the internal as well as external policies of the communist regime in Prague. The relations with Israel gradually deteriorated after 1950 as Zionism was declared as an enemy by the communist power. The anti-Zionism of the regime became most pronounced during the political trial against the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Rudolf Slánský, as well as against other - mostly Jewish - party officials in 1952. The Israeli side was surprised by this fast turn in the Czechoslovak approach. This new policy of hostility culminated in 1967 when the diplomatic relations were suspended...
Labour migration from Serbia to the Czech Republic.
Kovar, Leona ; Kocián, Jiří (advisor) ; Roginer Hofmeister, Karin (referee)
The thesis deals with the current labour migration from the Republic of Serbia to the Czech Republic. The aim of the thesis is to answer three basic questions: What are the push factors for labour migrants from Serbia to emigrate to the Czech Republic? What are the pull factors for labour migrants from Serbia to move to the Czech Republic? Do migration networks play a role in the moving of labour migrants from Serbia to the Czech Republic, and if so, what role is that? To achieve the answers, a qualitative analysis of 27 ethnographic interviews with labour migrants from Serbia, living in the Czech Republic, is used, along with an analysis of migration theories, concepts, and phenomena. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the methodological approach and analysis of available literature. The second part presents relevant migration theories (push-pull theory, migration network theory, neoclassical economic theory, new economic approaches, globalization theory, and transnationalization theory), concepts (gastarbeiter and diaspora), phenomena (brain drain), and terms used in the work. The third part of the thesis provides an analysis of certain aspects of immigration policy and immigration trends in the Czech Republic, as well as migration trends from Serbia to the Czech Republic. This section also...
Tramping and its specific features in Czech lands in the 1970s
Skoupilová, Nina ; Kocian, Jiří (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
Tramping is a common phenomenon in Czech countries. This popularity might be surprising at first glance, but it can be at least partly explained by the need to escape a stressful life by seeking refuge and relaxation in the welcoming arms of nature. Tramping adherents have historically faced severe persecution from public authorities. However, in the 1960s, Czechoslovakia went through a period of significant political changes that influenced the development of various social and cultural phenomena. The present work will therefore analyse how were specific tramping aspects altered in the changing political climate of the 1960s. Keywords Tramping, nature, security forces, 1960s in Czechoslovakia, political changes Title/názov práce Tramping and its specifics in Czech countries in 1960s Tramping a jeho specifika v 60. letech v českých zemích
The ideas of Greater Croatia and Greater Serbia in the approaches of Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milošević
Hirsch, Jan ; Kocián, Jiří (advisor) ; Žíla, Ondřej (referee)
The presented diploma thesis deals with the ideas of Greater Serbia and Greater Croatia in the approaches of two significant discourse actors who had a major influence on the course of events during the disintegration of Yugoslavia, namely Slobodan Milošević and Franjo Tudjman. The aim of the thesis is to examine the elements of these "greater" ideas present in their speeches and how they managed to adapt these historical narratives to the environment of socialist Yugoslavia, or how they managed to transfer them into the public discourse at the time. This is achieved through historical discourse analysis, which made it possible to explore their influential speeches as well as the origin of the narratives and ideas related to the irredentist ideologies. The main period under examination is the years 1986-1991 when these narratives played a significant role in mobilising society around the "national question" and the political agenda of both actors. The thesis also includes a comparison of the conceptualization of ideas by Milošević and Tudjman, which helps to reveal the similarities in ideological principles on which these "greater" concepts were built. The thesis concludes that the strategies employed by both actors to popularize their ideas were relatively similar. To transfer these ideas into the...
Collectivization of agriculture and nationalization of property in the village of Uhřice u Sedlce - Prčice in Czech Siberia between 1945 and 1960
Trojovská, Pavlína ; Kocian, Jiří (advisor) ; Klípa, Ondřej (referee)
The described development in the village of Uhřice (Sedlec - Prčice) with detailed consideration of two mills reflects the political, social and economic changes in Czechoslovakia that began in February 1948. In particular the collectivisation of agriculture accompanied by confiscation and nationalisation of movable and immovable assets in the region traditionally linked to a peasant way of life. The example of the village Uhřice and the studied mills illustrates the transformation of the area hidden under the term "Socialisation of the countryside". At the same time, it bears witness to the fact that ideology itself is not a crime in its entirety; the crimes are committed by the people themselves - the perpetrators, those who do so in good faith, as well as those who act for personal gain. The work is based mainly on written documents preserved in the State District Archives in Příbram and Benešov. The findings are set in the broader context of the legal and political framework. For this reason, the period under study is limited to the first half of the 1970s.

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2 Kocián, Jakub
6 Kocián, Jan
25 Kocián, Jiří
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