National Repository of Grey Literature 179 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Development of industry and infrastructure in Lysá nad Labem in the period 1848-1918
Jonáš, Pavel ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Štemberk, Jan (referee)
The thesis is about the development of railway infrastructure and the industry complexes in Lysá nad Labem and its nearer and further neighborhood. The part about the railway infrastructure focus on main and until today important railways which were build by companies with wider influence, not only in the close vicinity of Lysá nad Labem, then it is about the projects of local railways in the old districts of Nové Benátky and Mladá Boleslav. The part about the industrial complexes concentrate on the two companies, which were located in Lysá nad Labem: Peasant sugar factory and industry company named special plow factory, their corespondation with the autorities and also their inner laws and regulations. The thesis is situated into the period between 1848 and 1918, because in this period the industrial revolution was at its highest.
The private agricultural sector during communism in Czechoslovakia
Benda, Daniel ; Jančík, Drahomír (advisor) ; Jakubec, Ivan (referee)
This bachelor's thesis is prepared as an overview of the functioning of the private agricultural sector in Czechoslovakia during the period of communism (1948-1989). In addition to the more generally known facts about the course of collectivization in the 1950s, it brings completely new and previously unpublished information about the lives of private farmers after the end of the collectivization process after 1960. However, it avoids the specifics of the Slovak region, and instead focuses territorially on South Bohemia. Structurally, the work is divided into two larger parts. In the first, it deals with the issue chronologically, and in the second, it discusses individual topics from the professional and private life of private farmers in more detail. It answers the questions of how the private agricultural sector under communism before and after 1960 functioned economically, how it managed to resist collectivization and how its actors fared in private. In the conclusion, above all, it disproves the assumption of the existing historiography about private farmers after 1960 as insignificant islands pushed to the margins of society suffering from constant persecution and living in permanent poverty. It shows that the situation was different and more complicated in many ways and most of all depended...
The Order of Malta and its activity in the Czech lands during the years 1874-1938
Pola, Martin ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee) ; Sklenář, Michal (referee)
(in English): The Knights of St. John, also known as the "Johanniter", the Knights Hospitaller or the Knights of Malta, are undoubtedly the most important chivalric order of Christendom, which played an important role in the history of Europe. The Order came to the Czech lands in the 12th century and has been continuously active here ever since, although its activities in Czechoslovakia were almost completely suppressed between 1948 and 1990 and the Grand Priory survived only thanks to its members in exile. The present dissertation describes the activities of this Order in the Czech lands between 1874 and 1938. It focuses on the organizational and social aspects of the Order's activity as well as on its economic side. Nor does the priestly branch of the Order stand aside from the interest of this dissertation. The defined period was a time of revolutionary changes - until 1918 the Order could enjoy the support of the Austro-Hungarian elites, including the Emperor, however after the collapse of the monarchy it had to find its place in the new civil society and even fight for its existence. The Order did not see the successful culmination of these efforts in the Czech lands until the late 1930s, but in the light of the coming historical events, these achievements had only a very short life.
Changes in Jablonec glass and Jewellery Export in the first half of the 20th century
Nový, Petr ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Mergl, Jan (referee) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee)
Changes in Jablonec Glass and Jewellery Export in the first half of the 20th Century PhDr. Petr Nový Abstract In the first half of the 20th century, due to political upheavals, dependence on foreign markets and the nature of the assortment, Jablonec goods (jewellery made of glass, metal or plastic and small glass products) went through the most dynamic phase in its history. At the same time, it was a very profitable field, which in its time had no competition in the world in terms of the variety of the offer, and brought considerable foreign exchange profits to the state. The dissertation is divided into two main parts. The first deals with general and specific questions connected with the export of Jablonec goods in a defined period. It traces both the general historical development of the field and the interaction between production and export, including the types of actors' reactions to turning points. It also contains contemporaneous testimonies of exporters who, in the defined period, were engaged in foreign trade with Jablonec goods. The second part of the dissertation is devoted to exporters as a specific group of entrepreneurs with a fundamental influence on the development of the entire field. It brings their collective biography, which also includes a typology. Attention is paid not only to the...
A. Schram family company over time and several generations (1868-1945)
Jandek, Prokop ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Štolleová, Barbora (referee)
(in English): The intent of this paper is to analyze the history of the family firm A. Schram, from her founding in the year 1868 till 1938. The focus point for her activity was chemical industry, primarily the sale of explosives and the manufacturing of superphosphate, the most widely used phosphatic fertilizer at that time. On one hand the Schram family is examined, or rather multiple of her generations, on the other hand the firm is put into the context of her shifting position on the market with superphosphate. The aim was to also allow the comparison of the company with her peers in long-term horizon. This is achieved by correlating different business strategies and through the collection comparable quantifiable data. Another goal of the paper was the confrontation of conclusions taken from jubilee brochures about the success of the company with primary documents. The effect of processes typical for family firms has also become the object of interest. This includes the intent of developing business relation through marital policy that would allow gaining some form of competitive advantage, for example. Further analysis is dedicated to the topic of generational transitions, that often led to ownership fragmentation and therefore it lowered the ability of said firm to adopt business decisions.
The Fight for Alcohol - Lobby, Restrictions, Demand, Supply: From Franz Joseph to Klement Gottwald
Maier, Tomáš ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Jančík, Drahomír (referee)
(česky) Předkládaná diplomová práce si klade za cíl zhodnotit sociální a ekonomické aspekty, které měly vliv či podíl na formování trhu s alkoholickými nápoji v období od konce Rakousko- Uherské monarchie do nastolení komunistického režimu v Československu, respektive v českých zemích. Potvrzuje se zde hypotéza, že celý sektor nejen v tomto období byl pod značným vlivem jak alkoholové lobby na straně nabídky (produkce) a obchodního článku, na straně poptávky (spotřeby) pak pod někdy až fanatickým tlakem rozličných protialkoholních hnutí a také pod tlakem politiků. Závěr diplomové práce je doplněn kliometrickým modelováním spotřeby alkoholických nápojů v období první republiky za využití tzv. Engelových funkcí. Diplomová práce vychází nejvíce z již existujících obdobných studí a dále zejména z dobového tisku, materiálů z jednání parlamentu, nejvíce pak stenoprotokolů a v neposlední řadě z celé řady archivních materiálů, nejvíce pak z materiálů Archivu Národního muzea.
The army as part of society. The concept of the army and the concept of the ideological image of a soldier of the Czechoslovak Army and the Soviet Army
Houška, Karel ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Jančík, Drahomír (referee)
The main focus of Karel Houška's diploma thesis is on the structure of the army as part of society. Here he addresses the concept of society, which of course touches on the structure of the army. It begins with a general theory, including a theory of corporate governance through Sufficiently General Theory of Management, as well as a reference to the war in terms of the Bible and the Qur'an. Subsequently, he will focus his attention in the content of his work on the Cold War, on the territory - our Homeland - Czechoslovakia, where he deals with certain issues within the Czechoslovak People's Army. He also deals with the concept and conception in the creation of the ideological image in general, and also with a strict focus on the ideological image of a soldier of the Czechoslovak Army and a soldier of the Soviet Army, not only theoretically but also directly in the image of filmography, which captures the concept of society. From the partial topics of this work it is possible to mention moral orientation and what it means to be Human.
The organizational development of the concern CKD in the 30th years
Jelínek, Jaroslav ; Jančík, Drahomír (advisor) ; Jakubec, Ivan (referee)
The theme of this thesis is to analyze the organizational development group CKD in 1928-1938. The main subject of study are changes in the structure of organization management in the period. These changes were implemented for different reasons, which should better reflect the circumstances of the microeconomic situation of CKD. The thesis is divided into six chapters, the third to sixth chapter directly addresses the issue of routes.
American economic aid in the postwar recovery of Czechoslovakia (1944-1948)
Frydryšková, Jana ; Nálevka, Vladimír (advisor) ; Jakubec, Ivan (referee)
válka s Německem skončila nepodmínečnou kapitulací v květnu 1945, konec druhé světové války se datuj e 2. září kdy kapitulovalo Japonsko. Byla to do té doby nejděsivější a neniči věj ší válkou v děj inách lidstva. Zúčastnilo se jí 61 států, které představovaly přibližně 80 % obyvatelstva světa, a probíhala na území 40 států a téměř na všech mořích. Do armády bylo zmobilizováno okolo 110 miliónů osob a ještě ve větší míře než v letech 1914 -1918 šlo o střetnutí dvou gigantických ekonomických potenciálů s dosud nevídaným nasazením vojenské techniky. Proti Japonsku pak byla použita poprvé jako zbraň atomová bomba. Odhady celkové výše vojenských nákladů a škod se pohybují mezi 3000 - 5000 miliardami předválečných dolarů. 1 Nikdo se už nedozví, nakolik si tento krvavý konflikt národů celého světa vyžádal obětí. Některé střízlivější údaje hovoří o, že na frontě a mimo ní důsledkem války zahynulo 38 miliónů lidí, jiné údaje hovoří o 50 miliónech. 2 Následky války byly v různých částech světa odlišné. Hlavní boje probíhaly v Evropě. Zde bylo válčení a zabíjení nejintenzivnější. Na konci války byly vyhlídky Evropy dost neutěšené. Největšími, jak lidskými, tak materiálními, ztrátami byly postiženy Sovětský svaz, Polsko, Jugoslávie, Řecko, Německo, Itálie, Francie, Československo. Nejen tyto, ale i jiné země ležely na...
Economic crisis in 1929-1934 and its impact on the Jablonec glass industry with special reference to Železný Brod region
Bursová, Veronika ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Bareš, Jiří (referee)
A B S T R A C T This thesis analyzes the impact of the economic crisis in 1929-1934 on the Jablonec glass making with main attention to the district Železný Brod. One of the main causes of decline of the Czechoslovak glass industry in the first half of the 30s of 20th century was formed by pro-export focus. The region of Železný Brod and Jablonec nad Nisou had represented sites with major export, production and refining of glass that were for this reason by the economic crisis strongly affected. Deteriorating economic conditions at the beginning of 30s have resulted in intensified state intervention in industry, including the glass manufacturing as one of the most affected industrial areas. Because mostly cartels had regulatory function in the industry, a number of agreements among the glass producers in Jablonec nad Nisou and Železný Brod area were concluded. This thesis considers with different types of production and refining of the glass in order to offer the complete overview over the glass production in districts Jalonec nad Nisou and Železný Brod. The second part puts also emphasis on the social status of domestic craftsmen considering their relations with employers, which determined in times of economic crisis the legislation enacted after establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic, in the 20s and...

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