National Repository of Grey Literature 71 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The reaction of selected Czech and German periodicals of the First Czechoslovak Republic to the Anschluss of Austria
Wybitulová, Berenika ; Šmidrkal, Václav (advisor) ; Kunštát, Miroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis explores the Anschluss of Austria and its media image in selected Czech and German periodicals of First Czechoslovak Republic. The aim of the thesis is to present the narratives that shaped the news coverage of this historical event, and at the same time to show the influence of state-controlled mechanisms on the form of news about the Anschluss. The first chapter of the thesis introduces the media landscape of the First Republic, consideringthe connection of the Czechoslovak News Agency (ČTK) to state authorities or censorship measures during this period.In particular,it focuses on the phenomenon of party and non-party newspapers, as it is party and non-party periodicals across the political spectrum that are analysed in the second chapter of the thesis.In this section, the circumstances of the Anschluss are first briefly described, then the thesis analyses the impact of this situation on Czechoslovakia's international position and diplomatic relations. The analysis itself relies on archival findings that document the communication between the ČTK and state institutions during March 1938, and uses these findings to evaluate the content and wording of the articles in the various periodicals.Most of the periodicals agree that Czechoslovakia was not in danger after the Anschluss...
Tramping and its specific features in Czech lands in the 1970s
Skoupilová, Nina ; Kocian, Jiří (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
Tramping is a common phenomenon in Czech countries. This popularity might be surprising at first glance, but it can be at least partly explained by the need to escape a stressful life by seeking refuge and relaxation in the welcoming arms of nature. Tramping adherents have historically faced severe persecution from public authorities. However, in the 1960s, Czechoslovakia went through a period of significant political changes that influenced the development of various social and cultural phenomena. The present work will therefore analyse how were specific tramping aspects altered in the changing political climate of the 1960s. Keywords Tramping, nature, security forces, 1960s in Czechoslovakia, political changes Title/názov práce Tramping and its specifics in Czech countries in 1960s Tramping a jeho specifika v 60. letech v českých zemích
The changes of the position of unexpelled Germans in Czechoslovakia 1945-1953.
Kaufholdová, Jenny ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
In the post-war period, the Czechoslovak Republic was subject to many difficulties and demanding changes. One of the most important tasks was connected to the renewal, which lead to the request to create a nation state without a German minority. However, the whole issue was not quite simple and encountered many complications. Although the post-war goal was eventually declared as a success, it was not entirely accomplished. In spite of all efforts, a part of the Germans remained in Czechoslovakia after the main expulsion. The approach to the Germans was influenced by many circumstances, but overall, the unexpelled Germans were still marginalized. The situation of these Germans in the period of the third Czechoslovak Republic changed slowly over time, but the decisive change came after the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia consolidated its power in February 1948. In order to fulfil the aims and ideals of the new regime, the previous approach to the Germans who remained in the Czechoslovakia had to be modified. This thesis focuses on the time period after the end of the Second World War and maps the transformation of the status of the unexpelled Germans according to historically determined events until 1953. It compares the attitudes towards Germans in the political system of the third Czechoslovak...
Institutionalised care for children under three years of age in the context of GDR family policy
Vydláková, Barbora ; Šmidrkal, Václav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
Bakalářská práce Téma: Institucionalizovaná péče o děti do tří let věku v kontextu rodinné politiky NDR Anglicky: Institutionalised care for children under three years of age in the context of GDR family policy Autor: Barbora Vydláková Studijní program: Česko-německá studia Vedoucí: Phdr. Václav Šmidrkal, PhD. Abstract This bachelor thesis explores institutionalised child care ("child care") for children under three years of age in the context of family policy German Democratic Republic (GDR). The thesis aims to not only describe the child care system, but also to assess its impact on the further evolution of child care for children under three years of age in reunited Germany. The thesis first examines East German family policy, including measures aimed at supporting women and mothers, as women's policy and child care were closely related. The second focuses specifically on the East German child care system for children under three years of age, which played an essential role in both family policy and employment policy of the state. This section analyses the system's significance in East German society and politics, escribes its structure and operation, and examines the known consequences of attending these child care facilities for the children themselves. The political and ideological significance of...
Fraudsters or victims? Perceptions of state-controlled doping after German reunification and issues of compensation
Kousal, Jan ; Šmidrkal, Václav (advisor) ; Dimitrov, Michal (referee)
The topic of the bachelor thesis is state-controlled doping in the GDR. The aim of the thesis is to answer how these athletes were viewed after German reunification and whether they can be attributed the status of cheaters, which is so common among doping athletes in the world. At the same time, the present work examines the struggle of these athletes or other initiatives for their financial compensation. The theoretical opening chapter of the thesis deals with the general history of doping and the system of state-controlled doping in the GDR as such. The next chapter examines the development of the events surrounding East German athletes in the 1990s, when at first the reunified Germany wanted to continue the successful tradition of sport in the GDR, but after the revelation of the state-controlled doping case there was a departure from this idea. Instead, athletes began to be seen as victims during this period. The formation of the DOH Association for the Relief of Doping Victims, which started the athletes' struggle for moral and material compensation, is also part of the chapter. The next section presents the concrete results of these efforts, namely the passage of two laws to help doping victims and the success of a class action lawsuit brought by athletes against the pharmaceutical company...
Solidarity Surcharge in Germany
Le, Le Phuong ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the solidarity surcharge in Germany. The surcharge was first introduced in 1991 in order to finance the costs of the German reunification and to bridge the gap between states of western and eastern Germany. The surcharge was originally intended to be temporary for one year only, however, due to higher fiscal costs the solidarity surcharge was reintroduced in 1995. It was compulsory for all taxpayers until the end of 2020. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to explain why the solidarity surcharge was abolished right at the beginning of 2021. To answer this question, two initial hypotheses have been defined. First, the states of eastern Germany have reached the same economic level as the western ones. In this part of the research, the thesis discusses mainly the financial strength of the states, which is demonstrated by the example of the equalisation payments. Second, the national economic situation of the Federal Republic of Germany made it possible to abolish the solidarity surcharge without negatively affecting public finances. To verify this theory, the German state budgets are examined and then confronted with the revenue from the solidarity surcharge. Furthermore, the thesis also covers the public debate on the introduction and subsequent abolition of the...
Specifics of electoral behaviour in East German states and their reasons
Šebek, Ondřej ; Handl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
This thesis is aimed at voting behaviour and current voting trends in the eastern states of the FRG. During its short existence the right-extremist party Alternative für Deutschland has managed to succeed in regional as well as national policy, mainly due to the votes from the eastern states of the FRG. In my work I am dealing with specifics of the Germans choice during the elections to Bundestag, mainly I am focusing on the eastern states of the FRG. To clarify the reasons for the choice of Alternative für Deutschland in the east, I use the data obtained from the voters during the elections, on which I based the answers to my research questions. The conclusion of the thesis is that voters make decisions based on rational behaviour, as well as party identification, and populism also plays a role in decision-making, due to the promises of Alternative für Deutschland and their criticism of the government. Different results in the eastern states are affected by worse economic situation of the voters, inequality between eastern and western states of the FRG and immutable situation in the last 30 years since the unification of Germany.

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