National Repository of Grey Literature 120 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Influence of psychosocial factors on emotional status, rehabilitation and quality of life of patients after myocardial infarction
Pilipčincová, Alexandra ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Honzák, Radkin (referee) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
Objective: To examine the impact of dispositional optimism/pessimism, social support and coping strategies on emotional distress (symptoms of depression and anxiety) of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) during hospitalization and one year after the discharge. To identify predictors of recovery and factors affecting quality of life of these patients. Methods: The sample consisted of 102 patients (25 women, 77 men) with diagnosis of acute MI, 2 - 4 days after MI. The age of men patients was lower than 65 and of women lower than 75. During the follow-up, one year after the discharge, we interviewed 63 patients (45 men, 18 women). The group used for comparison consisted of 1% random sample of Czech population from Benešov district, matched with regard to age and sex, selected during epidemiological survey PostMONIKA. Results: Patients with acute MI were significantly more depressed than the subjects from comparison group (ll% vs. 3% p<0.05). One year after MI, the prevalence of depression symptoms among patients was the same as in the comparison sample. Patients with acute MI reported anxiety symptoms only rarely and denial as a coping strategy was associated with diminished occurrence of anxiety symptoms. An association between emotional coping, distraction cop1ng, lack of social support, dispositional...
Sleep quality of older adults
Zahradníková, Tereza ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
This master thesis focuses on subjectively percieved quality of sleep and its connections - fatigue, daytime sleepiness and insomnia in older age. Attention is brought to psychological methods of sleep measurement in comparison with objective methods (polysomnography and actigraphy). Theoretical part is based on current scientific knowledge of sleep quality and deals with psychological factors that contribute to improvement or reduction of sleep quality in older age. In context with quality of sleep focus is aimed also at presence of insomnia in older age compared to younger age and possibilities of enhancing sleep quality. Overview of subjective and objective methods of measuring sleep quality and other sleep characteristics is part of the theoretical background. Empirical part of the thesis is divided into two sections. First section compares sleep quality, fatigue, daytime sleepiness and insomnia of younger and older adults. This research is based on following questionnaire data: PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), FSS (Fatigue Severity Scale), ESS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and ISI (Insomnia Severity Index). Second section of the research verifies the validity of psychological methods of measuring sleep quality - questionnaires PSQI, FSS, ESS, ISI and sleep diaries of older adults by...
Feasibility of using virtual reality for remediation of memory deficit in schizophrenia patients
Plechatá, Adéla ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Loneková, Katarína (referee)
Cognitive deficit presents a significant problem affecting the life of schizophrenia patients. Despite the variability of the deficit, which influences almost all cognitive domains, the most profound seems to be deficit in memory and executive functioning with direct impact on daily functioning of patients with schizophrenia. As the pharmacologic interventions do not seem to bring satisfying results, the cognitive remediation seems to bet the most effective way of intervention of the deficit. Efficacy of cognitive remediation approach was repeatedly confirmed on the level of structural and functional changes of the brain. Nevertheless, often discussed are the issues of ecological validity of cognitive remediation and its controversial ability of transfer of acquired abilities and skills into the real life. In this work, we present development of a new method potentially applicable in the remediation of deficit of declarative memory in schizophrenia patients designed in ecologically valid environment of virtual supermarket. In the first two pilot studies, we tested the functionality of the task in the healthy volunteers and we compared their performance in the virtual task with the results in standard psychological memory tests. After considering the findings from the pilot studies, we verified the...
Happinesss in Romantic Relationships
Kalousová, Zuzana ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
This thesis pursues the topic of satisfaction in romantic relationships. The previous research was focused mainly on unhappy relationships, marital crises and divorce. This thesis follows the other direction. Its aim is to describe variables which make longterm romantic relationships satisfying. In the theoretical part is an overview of literature and researches that adressed this topic. In the empirical part of this thesis is qualitative research that tries to enlighten the specifics of happy couples in Czech Republic. The grounded theory was used to analyze interviews with 22 respondents. The results are 10 categories representing various areas that contributed to satisfaction in respondents' relationships: harmony, safety, good choice of spouse, stable financial situation, family, overcoming of differences and obstacles, doing things together, communication, endurance and trying not to solve everything.
Coping strategies and mental hygiene in the context of the burnout syndrome of accompanying staff
Šípová, Zuzana ; Štětovská, Iva (referee) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
This thesis is based on the diploma thesis (Šípová, 2015), and the issues covered in the thesis further develop the issues of the diploma thesis. It covers different psychological stress coping strategies, mental hygiene in the context of the burnout syndrome that can be observed at staff working in organizations that support and accompany foster care families. In the first part the thesis analyzes the problem of guidance in the context of the helping professions, the requirements issued on the staff accompanying foster care families, as well as the specifics and risks associated with this profession and its clientele, the foster families. Furthermore it covers the issues of occupational stress, stress and burnout syndrome, coping strategies and mental hygiene all related to the profession of staff accompanying foster families. The second part of the thesis is elaborated in the form of empirical research investigation, whose aim was to explore the issue of coping strategies and mental hygiene as a possible prevention of burnout syndrome in the staff accompanying foster care families working organizations that accompany foster families. In the present investigation, it was found that the accompanying officers perceive as the most burdensome and therefore biggest risk of their work the unnecessary...
Affective state elicitation using pictoral and audiovisual stimuli: A comparative study
Novák, Ondřej ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Lukavský, Jiří (referee)
Both pictures and films are widely used elicitors in experimental approach to emotions. However, there is no consensus regarding their relative impact. I describe conceptual underpinning of these methods, their theoretical comparison, and related methods. In a study of 124 students I assess and compare the impact of pictures and films on experiential, behavioural and physiological reactions. There were stronger reactions in response to positive film than to positive pictures. Negative film and pictures were similar in strength yet different in kind of reactions they yielded. The difference can be explained by different temporal characteristics of both methods. Present study is the second study dealing with this topic, and the only study that engaged multiple reaction levels. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Gender Differences in Sources of Well-being
Beranová, Klára ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
(in English): This submitted thesis deals with gender differences in sources of well-being. It defines well-being and focuses on defining two significant approaches which are the subjective well-being (SWB) and the psychological well-being (PWB). In the theoretical part it summarizes the most significant demographics and socioeconomics factors which affect the well-being, gender and sex issues, and also focuses on the links between personality and well-being. The empirical part deals with the analysis and exploration of gender's differences of correlations between the well-being and the key characteristics in personality according to the Big Five model, the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values and coping strategies formulated by Carver. Research sample consisted of 2317 students of Masaryk University. The statistical analysis found correlation 0,602 between inventories measuring SWB and PWB. The significantly stronger positive relationship has been confirmed in men between extraversion and PWB, between active coping and PWB and also it has been confirmed, that women have significantly stronger relationship between coping strategy using emotional support and SWB. It was also confirmed, that young women participants have higher values of PWB than men. Exploratory analysis revealed the highest gender...
Psychologic concept of guilt in the work of Karl T. Jaspers
Hartlová, Klára ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Takács, Lea (referee)
The bachelor thesis describes the concept of guilt in the work of german psychologist and philosopher Karl T. Jaspers. The first part is dedicated to introducing Karl Jaspers as author and thinker, the second part will be elaborating on the context of his own thinking in he light of important thinkers who influenced him. The third part analyses in detail Jaspers's fundametal work The Question of German Guilt, while emphasizing moral and metaphysical guilt. The fourth part is dedicated to the issue of collective guilt and Jaspers's view of this matter and tho reactions of other authors. In the fifth part is developed the concept of conscience, which partly answers some of the questions raised in Jaspers's work. In the emphirical part a research project Percieving of the Concept of Conscience by Psychologists is being proposed. Key words: guilt, Karl Jaspers, conscience, psychology, philosophy

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