National Repository of Grey Literature 270 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Wisconsion card sorting test. Screening of performance in Czech population
Kawaciuková, Radka ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) has been published as a measure of flexibility of thinking. Soon, it became a popular neuropsychological tool sensitive to brain damage, especially frontallobes. Arising from the knowledge of relationship between frontal lobes and executive functions, WCST is also called an executive task. Various versions of the test have been developed. Heaton' s standardization is in the focus of this thesis because it is the most often used version. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test is supposed to be the most common executive measure in neuropsychological research. The test output gives us 16 various scores, which reflect different cognitive processes. Each score has been provided with normative data on American population. However, clinically the most valid scores are scores of perseveration: perseverative responses and perseverative errors. There is certain evidence of impaired performance in patients with frontal lobe damage, especially left-side. Additionally, assumptions arising from physiological studies on healthy people or patients with various types of neurological illnesses suggest WCST to be sensitive not only to impairment of prefrontal cortex but also to the impairment of prefrontalsubcortical circ.uit including thalamus and basal ganglia or the prefrnntalsu bt:orli ca 1 t:l...
Crisis and personal growth. Possibilities and metaphors of crisis
Veselá, Ivana ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Each person has an experience with crisis, it is a natural part of human life. A crisis has an inner potential in the form of a challenge and it brings a new possibility for people in percieving reality and themselves. In this thesis I focuse on possibilities which open for those people who seek a professional advice. I suppose that crisis is a part of the process of personal growth. Therefore the main theoretical chapters refere to these two themes. First I define what a crisis is including it's course and various types. Than I place crisis into the context of difficult life situations including coping strategies. Personal growth is defined in the view of development and change. Both are focused on the process. The goal of personal growth is described in a sub-chapture on optimal personality. The following chapter is on positive psychology which pays attention to the quality of life. I suppose that the most important concepts of these fields of study are Rotter's Locus of control and Seligman's learned helplessness. Out of psychoterapeutical schools I have chosen existencial-humanistic tradition which corresponds to my research question the most. I put attention to the founders of main schools - V. E. Frankl's Logotherapy, A. Maslow's Humanistic psycholgy, C.R. Rogers's Client-centred therapy and F....
The subject matter at work of the contemporary Czech artists and its dependence on creator's personality
Uholyeva, Xenie ; Slaměník, Ivan (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The construed diploma thesis deals with both some content characteristics of the visual artist's work and his/her individuality (personality) as well as their correlation. The theoretical part of the thesis begins with an introduction to the issues in the interdisciplinary research in creative art. In the second chapter, a summary of present research focused on visual artist's personality as well as on personality correlates of creativity in general and on some typologies of artists which impeach their production and personality is included. Our personal results are later compared with those studies. The third chapter is attended to the subjects in creative art. We treat of the subject like the aspect of artist's production which can bring psychological information on the artist. The production process in light of the genesis of the subject is described. We also deal with an influence of the subject on perception of art artifact. In the fourth chapter, the research of Stanislav Drvota which we are repeating in the altered form in the empiric part is briefly described. In the experimental part, we are describing artists' personality characteristics per personage questionnaires. The content characteristics are evaluated via the experimental tool taken over from Drvota. At the last part, artist's personality...
Encounter groups: room for everyone?
Šaldová, Helena ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Junková, Vendula (referee)
The main aim of the theoretical part of the thesis is to introduce Encounter groups. The beginning deals with the main concepts of humanistic psychology and Person Centered Approach (PCA), from which Encounter groups have derived. Relevant key themes, such as definition of the Encounter groups, their aims, their comparison with psychotherapy, and the role of a facilitator, are examined. Furthermore, a therapeutic process, which is characteristic for the Encounter groups, as well as for the PCA in general, is thoroughly described. This is followed by a presentation of critiques and an overview of research regarding effectiveness and indication of the Encounter groups. The theoretical part of the thesis is concluded by discussion of application and potential of the Encounter groups. Central to the empirical part of the thesis is a quantitative research, which examines differences in three psychological characteristics (defence mechanisms, locus of control, and coping strategies) between two groups. A sample of actual members of an Encounter group is compared to a sample of people who decided to leave it. Furthermore, the empirical part presents predictive factors determining the decision to leave or stay in an Encounter group. Moreover, some results are interpreted by means of data from an additional...
Updating of the Rosenzweig p-f study's stimulus material and its operative application
Čáp, David ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
The Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Study for adults has never had any created norms in terms of Czech population. Since the time of creation its graphical stimulus material became old and nearly unusable. The purpose of this text is to show the method P-F Study to the readers and than to introduce new graphical material and the emergent norms. Validity and reliability of the new version PFT (C-W) was examined on the sample of 30 students in age from 14 to 16 years. The standardisation was realized on the sample of 100 students in age from 14 to 17 years. The new norms were created for categories, S-E patterns and GCR. Also the scoring and compilation of the scoring blank was adapted.
Functions of Consciousness in Psychoanalysis and Analytical Psychology
Malimánek, Karel ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Analysis of the most important functions of consciousness, considering its relations with unconsciousness in psychoanalysis and analytical psychology, is the goal of this thesis. The sources of the thesis are the tophographic and structural models of Sigmund Freud. These models enable analysing the functions of consciousness in the context of psyche structure from the psychoanalytical and psychodynamic point of view. Afterwards the thesis focuses on the extension and the functional autonomy of Ego within the structural subject theory known from authors like A. Freud, Hartmann, Brunner and others. These are the concepts of adaptation and Ego defensive functions especially. Carl Gustav Jung and his concept of the fully antonomous Ego is presented in the end of the theoretical part. The research project, that si being proposed in the very end of this thesis, deals with one of the Ego defense mechanisms - the repression. Keywords psychoanalysis, consciousness, ego, adaptation, defense mechanisms
The sympathy and the antipathy in regard to women and men
Herlesová, Jitka ; Slaměník, Ivan (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Experiencing the impression of a person that evokes a likable or not likable effect from the gender point of view. One of the most frequent impressions when meeting a hitherto unknown person is liking or not liking. This first impression is experienced in some way, it results in some behavior. At the same time (mostly without being aware of it) it unwinds from subjectively produced characteristics of a likably or not likably impressing person. We used the prototype approach to fmd out the idea of the likable or not likable man at lay public. In the following research phase we balanced the sample of participants from the gender point ofview. The participants judged on the five-point Likert - type scale the sign typicalness of experience, behavior, and persona! characteristics at the likable I not likable person. Statistical analysis of data proveď significant gender differences.
Dreamwork in Gestalt therapy
Tláskalová, Pavlína ; Junková, Vendula (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
There are presented Gestalt dreamwork methods in this thesis. It describes Gestalt theoretical concepts relevant in work with dreams. Possible therapist's attitudes related to dreamwork are introduced. Qualitative research which maps practical application of dreamwork in Gestalt therapy practice has been carried out.
Possibilities and Utilisation of Objective Personality Tests of the Vienna Tests System for Detection of Individual Risk-Tendency
Konrádová, Hana ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The theoretical part of this thesis addresses key concepts related to the individual tendency to take risks - it introduces how this trait is embedded in the concept of personality, establishes essential theoretical issues related to risk and risk-tendency, as well as related important terms, research and authors in the field in question. The key issues, too, are methods of risk behaviour detection with emphasis on current trends in psychodiagnostics, thus in the following part the fields of computerized psychodiagnostics and of objective personality tests are discussed. The paper's empirical section is focused on the utilization of Vienna Test System (VTS) in this area. Objective personality tests used for detection of risk-tendency were analysed and validised using the SPARO method and data gained during interviews. Empirically produced results suggest that the validity of the methods used is equivocal. One of the main conclusions of this thesis, therefore, is that VTS methods' potential to determine risk behaviour seems to be rather limited and its further research should be conducted in the future. Keywords: risk, risk-tendency, personality, objective personality tests, computerized testing, Vienna Test System
Projective techniques and work with symbols as a tool for personality development
Bobek, Milan ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The work focuses on qualitative research of possibilities and limits of the use of picture cards symbols (including Tarot) that would serve the clients in coaching and therapy as a projective technique leading to their deeper self-knowledge and personal development. Respondents told their life story based on picture cards. We show here under what conditions this projective technique brought them new information and inspiration for their self- development, in what forms the method can be applied and what methodical procedures are most effective. The simple clients' description of the selected images did not bring them much substantially new. It began to be more inspirational for them when a consultant added targeted questions, his reflections and hypothetical interpretations, or even explained standard meanings of symbols. Then this technique started to speak to clients more and brought them new impulses. Even more inspiring for them it became, once an element of chance was incorporated - when they pulled out some cards at random. The thesis finally formulates detailed recommended general methodology for projective technique application for personal growth and discusses possibilities and limits of the use of projective methods in coaching, therapy and personal development seminars.

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