National Repository of Grey Literature 218 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Life Satisfaction and Personality Traits of Roman Catholic Priests in the Czech Republic
Kašpar, Michal ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The rigorosum thesis examines the life satisfaction and personality traits of Roman Catholic priests in the Czech Republic. In the theoretical part, we discuss personality and personality traits; we focus on the themes of life satisfaction and a description of Roman Catholic priests in the Czech Republic; we also provide an overview of relevant studies on the subject matter. The empirical part of our work consists of two research projects. The 2017 quantitative study used a sample of 34 individuals. The Life Satisfaction Questionnaire and the NEO Five- Factor Inventory were chosen as research methods. The cohort of priests scored (in comparison to the population norm) significantly higher on the Agreeableness scale. A negative correlation between Life Satisfaction and degree of Neuroticism was confirmed in the aforementioned cohort as well as a positive correlation between Life Satisfaction and degree of Extraversion. In 2020 mixed research was then undertaken. For the quantitative part of this, the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire was used as a method, and 49 respondents took part. The sample of priests demonstrated a higher degree of satisfaction on the Job and Profession, Finances and Home scales whilst showing a lower degree of satisfaction on the Self scale. The qualitative part of the...
Analysis of psychotherapy sessions with GAI via computer methods
Natovová, Ludmila ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
The aim of the presented thesis is to find out the answer for the question of how it is possible to process and evaluate by computer methods of data coming from psychotherapy sessions using the method of Guided Affective Imagery. The Guided Affective Imagery is a relatively young psychotherapy approach based on the European tradition of psychodynamic psychology which presumes that in assignment relatively indefinite motive in imagination during day dream comes to manifestation of a client's unconsciousness contents and conflicts, defensive mechanisms, resistance, motives and fantasy. The biofeedback device by which was the rate of heartbeat used during the whole session and computer programs for quantitative text analysis were used for verifying the usage of computer methods for the sessions' analysis. The quantitative text analysis focused on identification of primarily and secondarily measure of the item process in the preliminary part of a session, during the phase of imagination and at the final part of the session by two code systems. In a certain way the results indicate complementary progress of changes in the primary and secondary process when the highest representation of secondary process expressions was identified in the introductory part of the session whereas the highest ratio of...
Splitting and Dissociation in Schizophrenia
Pěč, Ondřej ; Raboch, Jiří (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Kocourková, Jana (referee)
The term splitting is defined as a process of formation of mental aggregates linked incompatible experiences producing numerous divisions in mental apparatus. Current findings indicate that psychological splitting in schizophrenia is likely specifically presented on a neural level as disrupted organization in neural communication. This disrupted neural communication likely underlies deficits in mental processing described by various neuroscientific concepts such as theories of disturbed connectivity, corollary discharges and dynamic complexity. In this context, a purpose of the theoretical part of the dissertation is to describe basic neuroscience theories that complementarily reflect interrelated processes between mind and brain underlying disturbances of mental integration that likely present a neural representation of the splitting. A purpose of the first part of the empirical research was to examine relationships between psychological process of splitting and disturbed cognitive and affective functions in schizophrenia. A sample of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) was used as a control group in this study. Methods: In the clinical study, we have assessed 30 patients with schizophrenia and 35 patients with BPD. The symptoms of splitting were measured using self- reported...
Elements as a metaphor of personality
Abramčuk, Filip ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Srnec, Jan (referee) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The project deals theoretically and empirically with a mechanism the metaphor of four elements works used by personality description. It is based on the theory of conceptual metaphor, on the categorization and the theory of prototypes and on the theory of folk models. Empirically it is devoted to these research goals: 1. To find out what meaning are the strongest atributed to each element and to map systematically their semantic space. 2. To contribute to the operationalization of the elements, to deepen the conceptual and content validity of the test Four Elements and to support significantly the theoretical-empirical base of the four elements as a metaphor of personality description in psychology. 3. To find out relations between the concept of elements and other personality conceptions represented by standardized personality tests. A semantic diferential, a list of personality descriptors (adjectives) and personality tests (Four Elements, MBTI, EPQ-R, NEO) were used for data collection. The results shows significant consensus among meanings atributed to each element, esp. in case of fire and earth, and significant relations among dimensions of the personality tests.
Reliability and validity of communication sociomapping: focused on peer-to-peer ratings in small work groups
Höschlová, Eva ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Rigorous thesis: Reliability and validity of communication sociomapping: focused on peer-to-peer ratings in small work groups Author: Mgr. Eva Rozehnalová, Ph.D. Supervisor: MUDr. Mgr. Radvan Bahbouh, Ph.D. Abstract: The theoretical part of the thesis shortly introduces the topic of group communication and identifies relevant influencing factors. The subsequent summary of the research studying the impact of communication on work group performance illustrates not only the importance of the group communication topic itself, but also the development of diagnostic methods in this field. Such methods are further summarised by focusing on their specific characteristics, differences and available validity and reliability data. The last chapter of the theoretical part briefly describes the sociomapping method measuring group communication with the up-to-date reliability and validity research. The empiric part of the thesis combines several studies performed to verify the quality of the sociomapping method in the field of group communication. The criterion validity of sociomapping visualization was studied as an accuracy of numeric data translation into distance matrices, the reliability was measured as an inter-rater agreement of interpreting sociomaps. The studies showed the sociomapping being highly relevant in...
Description of personal relationship towards nature: introduction to theory and terminology
Krajhanzl, Jan ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Činčera, Jan (referee)
In the last forty years interdisciplinary interest in environmental behaviour has grown together with broad attention aimed to environmental conditions. Normative research in the field has developed hand in hand with environmental education, whereas descriptive research, which deals with description patterns of human experience and behaviour, has been overshadowed. This imbalance has influenced the current practice: despite the variety of techniques and theories concerning support of proenvironmental behaviour, the knowledge of human experience and behaviour in environmentally-relevant situations remains rather limited. Similar imbalance exists in the terminology. The presented thesis mainly deals with the descriptive study of experience and behaviour towards nature with special interest in the so-called relationship toward nature. We present definitions of environmental behaviour and proenvironmental behaviour in introductory chapters and examine, which groups of factors influence environmental behaviour. Relationship toward nature represents one group of these factors. We cover overview of the concepts, which are associated with description of relationships toward nature, and distinguish between one-dimensional approach (concepts of alienation human towards nature, biophilia hypothesis and environmental...
Suicidal process in adult population
Komadová, Katarína ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee) ; Baudiš, Pavel (referee)
Suicidálny proces je komplexný fenomén vyskytujúci sa v roznych variantách. Vzniká na podklade životných udalostí, psychickej poruchy, dlhodobej vulnerability jedinca k suicidálnemu správaniu alebo ich kombinácie. V prípade, že na počiatku suicidálneho procesu stojí životná udalosť, k rozvoju suicidálneho procesu dochádza vtedy, ak ju jedinec subjektívne hodnotí ako významnú, nezlučiteľnú s pokračovaním v živote a nenachádza z nej riešenie. Suicidálnemu jednaniu nemusia vždy suicidálne myšlienky predchádzať. K rozhodnutiu k realizácii suicidálneho aktu može človek dojsť buď v období predchádzajúcom suicidálnemu jednaniu a ďalej sa k nemu odhodlávať alebo čakať na výsledok situácie, ktorú hodnotí ako neúnosnú alebo k nemu može dojsť až v čase tesne pred suicidálnym jednaním. V takomto prípade jedná následne po spúšťacom podnete. Tento typ je charakteristický pre skratkovité suicidálne akty, avšak može sa vyskytnúť i u osob, ktoré nad suicidálnym jednaním uvažovali už v období predtým alebo mali predstavy o úniku zo situácie prežívanej ako neznesiteľnej. Iným typom suicidálneho procesu je postupné zúženie v oblasti afektov, percepcie, kognícií a hodnot. K suicidálnemu jednaniu dochádza, ak sa jedinec nachádza v situácii, ktorú vníma ako neznesiteľnú alebo neriešiteľnú, ak sa nachádza v stave zúženia,...
The possibilities of assessment of cognitive functions in neurological patients. Adaptation and validation of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB)
Dvořáková, Zuzana ; Krámská, Lenka (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Ptáček, Radek (referee)
This dissertation focuses on available means of the assessment of cognitive functions in neurological patients in the Czech environment. The main goal was to verify the psychometric qualities and usability of the Czech version of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB). NAB is a test battery that assesses attention, language, memory, and spatial and executive functions. The theoretical part of the dissertation introduces the basic cognitive functions and diagnostic tools for their assessment; the next chapter focuses on NAB and especially its psychometric characteristics. Third chapter describes specific diseases (epilepsy and psychogenic seizures), their manifestations and impact on cognition. Empirical part included participation in the adaptation of NAB to the Czech language. During the research, a group of healthy volunteers (n = 116) and patients from the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (n = 60) were tested by the NAB Screening Module. To verify the convergent validity of NAB-SM we administered Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (including an Effort Index) to a part of the sample. Based on the results, we can conclude that NAB-SM appears to be a suitable method for the assessment of cognitive functions in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures. The...
Rudolf Arnheim's psychology of art
Kutil, Lukáš ; Lukavský, Jiří (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The presented thesis introduces Rudolf Arnheim's core claims regarding psychology of art. Arnheim's conceptions of expression, affectivity, visual dynamics, centric and eccentric composition (etc.) are investigated within the text. Furthermore, more recent empirical findings are brought to attention to confront Arnheim's view. A complete picture of Arnheim's theory of expression should be drawn in historical context. The empirical study hereby conducted offers a closer look at a number of Arnheim's hypotheses regarding the "weight" phenomenon, as described by author. The perception of "weight" is observed in relation to the chromatic characteristics of presented stimuli. Keywords Rudolf Arnheim, Gestalttheorie, theory of expression, affectivity, perception
Paradox of choice and related personality characteristics
Rzepecká, Michaela ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
In the master thesis, we present theoretically-critical analysis of current academic knowledge about the paradox of choice and related selected personality characteristics. In the theoretical part, we examine the topic of desition-making. First part defines concept of the paradox of choice. The next part also includes previous research related to paradox of choice and related factors. In addition, we examine the phenomenon of post-decision regret in the context of the paradox of choice. In final section we elaborate relevant personality characteristics. The empirical part investigates the effect of paradox of choice, its relation to personality characteristics and post-decision regret. The research includes experiment, which is extended with personality questionnaire measuring maximization tendency, decisiveness and optimism. Those traits are measured by using Maximization scale Lai (2010), Life Orientation Test- Revised (LOT-R) and Bochum Personality Questionnaire (BIP). In the discussion, we further explore features of maximization tendency. Results does not show presence of the paradox of choice. Nevertheless participants from group with the most choices showed significantly more satisfaction with choice compared to participants from group with least choices which suggests opposite effect. In...

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