National Repository of Grey Literature 285 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Subjective evaluation by users of community-based services in the field of mental health care
Dvořáková, Monika ; Bankovská Motlová, Lucie (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Šoltésová, Denisa (referee)
The present dissertation focuses on the evaluation of the effectiveness of community services provided in Mental Health Centres. Its theoretical framework provides a description of domestic and international studies and concepts that serve as the main theoretical underpinnings for the thesis. The thesis explores the conceptualization of serious mental illness, including its description, epidemiological overview, diagnosis, treatment, and the concept of recovery as a central approach in the care of persons with serious mental illness. It also describes the system of psychiatric care, psychiatric and psychosocial rehabilitation, the functioning of the Mental Health Centres and the methods of evaluating the provision of psychiatric care in the Czech Republic. A qualitative longitudinal study involving two data collections was used to answer the research questions. Reflective thematic analysis was used to process the data. The research was based on interviews with clients of Mental Health Centers III and their family members, whose statements mapped their expectations and the fulfillment of these expectations. The empirical part further maps the respondents' perceptions of individual recovery and presents a reflection on how the goals defined by the Mental Health Care Reform Strategy are met through...
Analysis of psychotherapy sessions with GAI via computer methods
Natovová, Ludmila ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Uhrová, Eva (referee) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
The aim of the presented dissertation thesis is to find out the answer for the question of how it is possible to process and evaluate by computer methods of data coming from psychotherapy sessions using the method of Guided Affective Imagery. The Guided Affective Imagery is a relatively young psychotherapy approach based on the European tradition of psychodynamic psychology which presumes that in assignment relatively indefinite motive in imagination during day dream comes to manifestation of a client's unconsciousness contents and conflicts, defensive mechanisms, resistance, motives and fantasy. The biofeedback device by which was the rate of heartbeat used during the whole session and computer programs for quantitative text analysis were used for verifying the usage of computer methods for the sessions' analysis. The quantitative text analysis focused on identification of primarily and secondarily measure of the item process in the preliminary part of a session, during the phase of imagination and at the final part of the session by two code systems. In a certain way the results indicate complementary progress of changes in the primary and secondary process when the highest representation of secondary process expressions was identified in the introductory part of the session whereas the highest...
Predicting the therapeutic response to cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with pharmacoresistant obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Vyskočilová, Jana ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Šivicová, Gabriela (referee)
I chose the theme of obsessive-compulsive disorder as a topic of my thesis. The main reason was that it is a disorder I have worked as a therapist in individual or group therapy frequently. Also I have participated in several studies as evaluator in Psychiatric Centre, and I collected data from dozens of patients. In the first part the thesis deals with the symptoms, clinical picture, prevalence, aetiology and treatment of OCD. Thesis is focuses on behavioural and cognitive models of the disorder in detail, because the treatment used in the present group of patients was CBT. Various models of cognitive behavioural therapy I discuss in more detail, because they allow different views of what happens to the patient and how to change it. The practical part has two parts. The first deals with the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioral approach for OCD patients, who use antidepressants but were resistant to previous treatment and were attended a daycare center at the Prague Psychiatric Center. The second part of the thesis deals with finding a predictor of successful cognitive behavioral therapy in these patients. The aim was to determine whether certain demographic or clinical factors that we evaluated before treatment may predict success outcome. The result is the finding that severity of the...
Psychology of joy
Boubelová, Adéla ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to define the concept of joy and introduce the theme of happiness in all its vastness. The work is divided into two main parts, the theoretical part and the empirical part. In the theoretical part, first the concept of joy is clarified, then the individual triggers of joy are described, then I focus on the moment of the initiation of joy and its experiencing, afterwards I deal with the manifestations of joy and its impact, while I also mention the preconditions for experiencing joy and the pathology of joy, and in the end of this part I am preoccupied with the question of how one can evoke joy in everyday life, also within the concept of a meaningful life. The empirical part follows the theoretical part, more specifically it follows the chapter dealing with the experiencing of joy. The proposal of the qualitative research is focused on the examination of the experiencing of joy caused by three different situations evoking joy. The method of the research is grounded theory.
Magical Thinking Test
Kadrnožková, Lucie ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
This M.A. thesis deals with the topic of magical thinking in the adult population. The theoretical section of the thesis summarizes the existing findings in regard to the theory and research of magical thinking. The empirical section is dedicated to the development and subsequent validation of the new testing method devised to measure inclinations to magical thinking. Proving the method's validity is firstly aimed at gathering convergent proofs based on the relations towards methods measuring similar constructs, the external criterion being the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (RPBS) and the subscale of Esoteric and Personal Superstitious Thinking of the Contrastive Thinking Inventory (CTI). The second part of the research focuses on the validity proofs gathered in relation to the categorical variable - group affiliation - where we test a selective collection of the general public against a selection of technical and natural scientists and a selection of people attending courses with esoteric content. The research results confirm the method's reliability based on the split-half method and they also confirm a high coefficient of inner consistence of Cronbach's alpha. The results of the validation study show a strong correlation between the research inventory and selected scales of the CTI method as...
Treatment of imprisoned drug users
Koňák, Tomáš ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The main goal of the theoretical part of submitted theses is to describe the field of specialized treatment of imprisoned drug users. The author's emphasis is to put the specialized treatment to a broader frame of the Risk-needs theory as well as to the frame of physical diseases and mental disorders that are often associated with addiction or drug abuse. Different kinds of specialized interventions that are usually used for treatment of imprisoned drug users in different countries are described. There is although demonstrated in which way these interventions are implemented in Czech prison system. By these interventions are especially meant treatment on the entry at the prison, detoxification, counselling and other programs and interventions with low intensity. Especial emphasis is put on residential prison programmes such as prison therapeutic communities for drug users and on opioid substitution treatment. A great number of pages are dedicated to the research of effectivity of treatment programmes. In the practical part of submitted theses results of cross-sectional study that was implemented in all Czech prisons in three waves in 2010, 2012 and 2014 are presented. Representative samples of Czech prisoners were chosen for the purpose of this cross-sectional study. These prisoners were asked to...
Emotional experience in patients with chronic renal failure
Unzeitigová, Aneta ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the emotional experience of patients with chronic renal failure. It aims to explore positive and negative emotional experiences, the presence of depressive and anxiety symptoms, the degree of anger and alexithymia in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. The theoretical part summarizes previously published theoretical knowledge in this area and the empirical part describes the statistical measurement and comparison of selected variables of emotional experience in the research sample. The theoretical part is divided into 4 chapters, the first of them deals with the medical aspects of chronic renal failure and its treatment. The second chapter deals with the coping with illness, defines psychological aspects of chronic disease and describes the patient's subjective perception of the disease and attitudes towards the disease. The third chapter summarizes the definitions of emotions and emotional experience and defines the most respected theories of emotion. The fourth chapter describes the emotional experiences of illness, factors affecting the emotional experience of illness and deals with depression, anxiety, anger and alexithymia, at the end focuses on current research in this area. The empirical part is devoted to the empirical investigation of...
Training of vaginal orgasm consistency in women
Formánek, Jan ; Weiss, Petr (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Aims: To confirm the correlation between the ability to focus attention on vaginal sensations during penile-vaginal intercourse and the consistency of vaginal orgasm (Brody & Weiss, 2010) in our sample. To create a psychological method which would help women to improve their ability to focus the attention on vaginal sensations during PVI. The core of the method consists of mindfulness-based techniques and the Kegel exercise. In the next step we empirically verify the effectivity of such training. Based on the previous findings (Brody & Weiss, 2010) we hypothesized that the improvement in ablity to focus attention on vaginal sensations would result in higher VO consistency, higher satisfaction with partner sexuality and in gaining the ability to reach VO in women who had never experienced it. Methods: The vast majority of the study is based on the methods of quantitative statistics. The sample of 96 women (experimental group N=44, control group N=52) daily filled out a questionnaire on sexual behaviour for thirty days before and another 30 days after the training. We received the complete data from 80 probands. The whole sample also provided the data concerning lifetime sexual experience. The experimental group took part in the training which consisted of four 35minut sessions in a week interval....
Improvisation and personality: exploring the effects of practicing improvisational theater on the development of select personality characteristics
Vondráčková, Veronika ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
This paper's first portion overviews the extant academic literature in an attempt to provide insight into the development of personality through the practice of improvisational theater. First, the author defines improvisation in relation to the broader concept of theater, identifies commonalities between it and play, and demonstrates its educational and therapeutic uses. She goes on to address the demands improvisation places on the actor's personality, with a focus on collaboration, creativity and spontaneity. Concluding the overview, the author explains the purpose of improvisation classes and, using the example of working with creativity, spontaneity and their inhibitors, describes how such classes facilitate the development of improvisation skills. In the paper's second portion, the author proposes a study designed to empirically assess the theory laid out previously. She suggests the use of an experiment to track the changes in selected personality traits over the course of a year of improvisation training.
Creativity in visual arts
Zejdová, Hana ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
Motivation seems to be one of the important variables which might have an effect on creativity. It can have a positive but also a negative impact on creativity. In this thesis motivations of fine artists are examined and the extent to which art might effect personality profile of fine artists is considered. In theoretical part, firstly, art, forms of art and the psychology of art are defined. Further artwork as a product of artistic process, structure of personality and specifically the personality of fine artists are described. A complexity of creativity as a phenomenon is presented. Finally motivation from the social psychology of creativity point of view is explained. The aim of this master thesis is to examine certain psychosocial personality traits of fine artists by the Achievement Motivation Inventory LMI and discovered whether there are significant differences in personality traits of fine artists and control group of "non-artists" interested in economy and business (n=63). Our results support the foreign studies results and indicate that artists score significantly higher in Flow, Pride in Productivity and Independence. Contrary to foreign studies results examine creativity in people generally, our results suggest that fine artists score significantly higher in Competitiveness than...

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