National Repository of Grey Literature 178 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Suicidal process in adult population
Komadová, Katarína ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee) ; Baudiš, Pavel (referee)
Suicidálny proces je komplexný fenomén vyskytujúci sa v roznych variantách. Vzniká na podklade životných udalostí, psychickej poruchy, dlhodobej vulnerability jedinca k suicidálnemu správaniu alebo ich kombinácie. V prípade, že na počiatku suicidálneho procesu stojí životná udalosť, k rozvoju suicidálneho procesu dochádza vtedy, ak ju jedinec subjektívne hodnotí ako významnú, nezlučiteľnú s pokračovaním v živote a nenachádza z nej riešenie. Suicidálnemu jednaniu nemusia vždy suicidálne myšlienky predchádzať. K rozhodnutiu k realizácii suicidálneho aktu može človek dojsť buď v období predchádzajúcom suicidálnemu jednaniu a ďalej sa k nemu odhodlávať alebo čakať na výsledok situácie, ktorú hodnotí ako neúnosnú alebo k nemu može dojsť až v čase tesne pred suicidálnym jednaním. V takomto prípade jedná následne po spúšťacom podnete. Tento typ je charakteristický pre skratkovité suicidálne akty, avšak može sa vyskytnúť i u osob, ktoré nad suicidálnym jednaním uvažovali už v období predtým alebo mali predstavy o úniku zo situácie prežívanej ako neznesiteľnej. Iným typom suicidálneho procesu je postupné zúženie v oblasti afektov, percepcie, kognícií a hodnot. K suicidálnemu jednaniu dochádza, ak sa jedinec nachádza v situácii, ktorú vníma ako neznesiteľnú alebo neriešiteľnú, ak sa nachádza v stave zúženia,...
Intimacy as one of the basic components of partnership
Haubertová, Daniela ; Hnilica, Karel (advisor) ; Poláčková Šolcová, Iva (referee) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
The dissertation thesis focuses on the prototypical analysis of interactions between partners. The theoretical part builds on a number of findings described predominantly in foreign sources. It offers an overview of many important topics related to intimacy. In the empirical part, prototypical analysis reveals specific interactions that are perceived by the general public as critical for the development and maintenance of intimacy in heterosexual relationships. The research study is divided into two consecutive parts. A total of 283 respondents participated in the first part and 663 respondents in the second part. They were aged 25 to 45 years. It turns out that the quality of partner intimacy is based on mutual interactions of a certain form and a certain intensity. Their most typical representatives are identified. The results of the analysis further confirm the existence of several subtypes of intimacy, namely emotional, physical and intellectual. Sexual intimacy has a specific role. Differences in experiencing and viewing intimate interactions between men and women are monitored in many aspects. Based on the statistical analysis of the data, it was found that both sexes are significantly similar in terms of preferences. However, there is a mild inclination towards interactions that are...
Psychological and Psychosocial Aspects of the Placebo Effect: Status Quo of Concepts
Nejedlý, Martin ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Krámská, Lenka (referee)
This thesis focuses on contemporary conceptions of the placebo effect. The beginning of the theoretical part describes the development of terminology in placebo research that has significantly changed in the past few years. Next, it discusses various psychological mechanisms of the placebo effect and provides an overview of models which attempt to conceptually clarify these mechanisms. The third chapter puts the placebo effect into a larger psychosocial context and summarises the shift from a dispositional approach emphasizing the role of personality traits to an interactional perspetive. The last chapter addresses selected methodological issues in placebo research. This part is followed by a research proposal that attempts to account for these challenges and focuses on the relationship between the choice of treatment, personality, and strength of the placebo effect. Keywords placebo, placebo effect, pharmacological conditioning, doctor-patient communication, randomised-controlled trials
Presentation of social roles and personal characteristics on social media
Mutinský, Petr ; Sedláček, Mojmír (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
This Bachelor thesis deals with the presentation and design of the analysis of social roles and personality characteristics on social networking services in the Czech population. The literary overview part describes the key concepts for orientation in the online environment and briefly characterizes the individual issues of using social networks together with their phenomena. It also presents an overview of selected research from the Czech and foreign academic environment. In the second part, research is proposed to analyze and explain individual phenomena using the personality inventory NEO-FFI with the help of a semi-structured in- depth interview enriched with the method of photo-elicitation, analysis of profiles on different social networks and subsequent comparison of data to verify credibility and authenticity of self-presentation. The aim of the research proposal is to draw attention to the issue of self- presentation and manifestation of individual characteristics in offline and online environments across various social online media and to bring possible solutions. Keywords Self-presentation, self-disclosure, social networks, social roles, personality characteristics I
Orthorexia nervosa, Social media and the Internet
Králová, Daniela ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
This study focuses on an obsession with healthy eating called orthorexia nervosa, a term coined by Steven Bratman. It describes a pathological fixation on healthy eating, with a negative influence on the quality of human life. The study aimed to present orthorexia in the context of the Internet, social media, and the wellness industry. The research sample was composed of 324 participants aged 15 to 68 (M = 34), interested in healthy eating. The data was obtained via an online two-part questionnaire. The first part explored the healthy eating lifestyle of the participants (motivation, sources, healthy eating influencers, diets, time spent on the Internet, positive and negative aspects of a healthy diet). The second part was focused on orthorexic tendencies measured by ORTO-15. There was no difference in orthorexic tendencies between people who visit healthy eating websites frequently as well as between people who use social networks to follow healthy food influencers. Also, there was no difference in orthorexic tendencies between people whose work/study deals with healthy eating and those whose physical appearance is important for their job. It was found out that the wellness influencer trend is not very common in Czech society, popular influencers are mainly Czech nutritionists and fitness coaches. The...
The meaning of salsa in the life of recreational dancers
Šafaříková, Klára ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to map the meanings of salsa in the life of recreational dancers. Pair salsa dance was intentionally chosen as a representative of the so-called social dance group, which is characterized by its unique improvisation and self-expression. The theoretical part will be devoted to key topics focused on salsa dance and improvisation, phenomenon of flow, self-transcendence, expression of emotions, dance movement therapy. In the theoretical part, we were interested in other professional research with similar topics. The empirical part of the diploma thesis deals with the research topic of the importance of salsa for recreational dancers. This research served as an exploratory study of salsa, which is not yet very psychologically explored. It is a qualitative research that uses analytical procedures with elements of grounded theory. Research data were obtained through an in-depth interview with 13 informants. We interpreted the resulting information to understand the mental states and processes on multiple levels in the context of salsa and its importance in the lives of recreational dancers. From the data analysis, we created a Bio-psycho-socio-spiritual model of salsa. At the same time, we received answers to research questions, what impulses lead informants and their...
Pet as a protective factor improving quality of life
Valvoda, Michal ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Maruščáková, Iva Linda (referee)
Diploma thesis deals with the question of the possible benefit of a pet - a dog for the quality of life of its owner. In the introduction of the thesis, the individual approaches to the concept of quality of life are first presented, which are subsequently given in connection with the possibilities of how the dog can contribute to the individual areas of life of its owner. In this regard, the possible benefits of the dog for the quality of life of different age groups of dog owners are especially described. Significant researches, which contributed to understanding the mechanism of action that a dog exerts influence on its owner are described. The aim of the work was to find out how the dog affects the different aspects of its owner's life and how the dog owners themselves perceive and evaluate this contribution in terms of influencing the quality of their life and subjective well-being. For this purpose, qualitative research was carried out. It was performed by the method of interviews, in which it was possible to determine how the specific life situation and individual preferences were involved in the perceived contribution of the dog to life. In qualitative research, the contribution of dog ownership to owners was examined in more detail, especially in the physical, psychological and social spheres of...
Well-being in relation to the religious faith
Hendrychová, Simona ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Šturma, Jaroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the specifics of the relation between well-being and affiliation to Catholicism, Judaism and atheism. It asks a question, whether well-being of believers and nonbelievers differs. Compared to previous research this thesis focuses on well-being of specific religious groups not of believers generally. In the theoretical part we can find closer look at each potential mediators of this relation such as meaning, social identity and emotions. Furthermore, the thesis pursues the relation of religiosity and well-being of Catholics and Jews. Both religions differ in their faith and religious praxis. Among these differences we can count God image, concept of the afterlife or organization of the religious life. In the empirical part the hypotheses are formed based on the theoretical part and they are answered with the statistical analysis of the obtained data. The quantitative research was conducted in the form of online questionnaire survey including three standardized questionnaires and additional questions on religious praxis, faith and identity. In correspondence with the cited studies there was detected a significant relation between religious praxis and intrinsic religiosity. Moreover, a significant relation between well-being and agreement of the believer with religious...
Efficacy of binaural beats for the treatment of chronic non-tumoral pain
Biedková, Paula ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
This thesis researches the efficacy of binaural beats for the treatment of chronic non-tumoral pain. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part discusses the impact of chronic pain on quality of life, psychological aspects of chronic pain and the changes in behaviour. The focus is on the treatment of chronic pain and its limitations. Binaural beats are presented as a new tool for treatment of chronic pain. The empirical part consists of the experiment focused on the effect of theta rhythm binaural beats on participants with chronic non-tumoral pain. The experiment was conducted at Klinika rehabilitace a tělovýchovného lékařství 2.LF UK a FNM. The sample size was 90 participants (N=90). Participants were divided into two groups- with intervention and without intervention. Participants with intervention listened binaural beats for 20 minutes, three times on average during their hospitalization. VAS, GAD- 7, BDI-II, TSK-CZ, Oswestry Disability Index and Emotion Thermometers methods were used. The first measurement took place before the hospitalization, the second before the intervention with binaural beats, then immediately after the intervention and at the end of hospitalization. The main aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of binaural beats in...
Self-presenting behaviors of pubescent and adolescent girls on social networks (the analysis of nonverbal behavior from photos).
Plášilová, Leona ; Androvičová, Renáta (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
Much research has been done about female courtship and related nonverbal signals. However, the development of courteous behaviour in women is still largely unknown. Given the current boom in social networks sites (SNS), it can be assumed that many girls are posting their photos with the aim to attract attention of potential mates. Thus, this research uses SNS as a source material that can help to clarify developmental phases of courtship behaviour. The research sample (n = 65) consists of female participants born between 1996 and 1998. Each participant was asked to send a minimum of 42 photos (seven photos for each year when she was 13 to 18 years old). These photos were then coded by independent coders for the occurrence of signals which were selected based on a previous research on female courtship and verified in an adjacent pilot study (n = 5). Most of the signals showed a slight increase with age. This suggests that female courteous behaviour develops gradually and the intensity may be influenced by biological (hormonal changes, maturation of the prefrontal cortex and limbic system), psychological (changes in the psyche related to the awareness of one's own sexuality and individuality) and social factors (influence of peers and SNS). Keywords: female nonverbal behaviour, courtship, sexuality,...

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