National Repository of Grey Literature 50 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Arnoštka Maťová, life and professional contribution not only to Apolinar
Bauerová, Hana ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Kulhánek, Adam (referee)
Background: The Czech addiction treatment system is closely connected with the creation and development of the Apolinar model and with the name of Jaroslav Skála. Without a doubt, other people from the team around Jaroslav Skála had a great influence on the form of treatment and the entire treatment model, especially Skála's long-time work and life partner Arnoštka Maťová. Targets: Create a basic overview of Arnoštka Maťová's professional life and her contribution to the treatment of alcohol addiction. Methodology: A content analysis of written materials from publicly available sources and some publicly available audio-visual recordings was carried out. Results: Arnoštka Maťová was one of the founders of the systematic treatment of alcohol addiction in the Czech Republic. She worked at Apolinar since 1950, i.e. almost from the very beginning, and undoubtedly participated in the creation and development of the Apolinar model of addiction. The main professional topics on which she particularly focused were: partner therapy in the treatment of alcoholism, the involvement of partners in dinpatinet program and in the after-care phase, the after-care system, the development of the self-help movement, records and statistical processing of data on the treatment of alcoholism and its success, linking...
The use of acupuncture in addiction treatment at the Department of Addictology 1.LF and VFN: the patients' point of view
Kozová, Johana ; Šťastná, Lenka (advisor) ; Hynková, Tereza (referee)
Backround: Acupuncture is classified as complementary and alternative medicine. It is a medical discipline that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, including addictive diseases. In foreign clinics, especially in the USA, acupuncture is part of the treatment. According to foreign studies, acupuncture can help reduce cravings, improve coping with unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, reduce stress and anxiety, or improve sleep. Aim: The aim of the diploma thesis is to describe the subjective experiences of acupuncture sessions and their subjective significance in the recovery process. The research questions are focused on the experiences of acupuncture, how the respondents feel the influence of acupuncture on themselves and how this method can be used according to their experience in the treatment of addiction. Methods: A qualitative research method, a semi-structured interview, was chosen for data collection. The research group consists of 5 respondents. An interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the obtained data, which focuses on understanding the lived experience of a person and helps to examine more closely what meaning a certain person attributes to his experience. Results: The results from interviews with respondents are in the form of themes....
Therapeutic potential of ibogaine in treating addiction
de Donnová, Selma ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Minařík, Jakub (referee)
Presently, addiction constitutes a major global issue, both for people directly affected by it, and for society. Many people would benefit from innovative, safe, and effective treatments. Psychedelic renaissance in the 21st century brings potential solutions for some of the most common psychiatric issues, including addiction. The molecule subjected to the most extensive scientific research in this area is ibogaine - atypical psychedelic of plant origin displaying a complex mixture of dissociative, oneirophrenic, and hallucinogenic effects. This thesis is a non-systematic review of scientific literature published mostly after the year 2000, aiming to summarise information about the therapeutic potential of ibogaine in treating addiction, including risks, efficacy, and comparison to other types of treatment. Total number of citations included in this thesis is 92. Published scientific literature provides several general conclusions. Ibogaine is a potent substance that has caused several fatalities. These instances and further research suggest that ibogaine is dangerous particularly for people suffering from cardiovascular health conditions, in combination with other substances, and in absence of medical supervision. Clinical studies show, that in certain conditions, and in a controlled environment,...
Tobacco treatment needs analysis among clients and their priority of tobacco cessation intervention in Addiction Treatement Department at Day Care Centre Ondřejov: a questionnaire survey
Hrabovská, Adéla ; Kulhánek, Adam (advisor) ; Svěcená, Kateřina (referee)
Univerzita Karlova v Praze 1. lékařská fakulta Studijní program: Specializace ve zdravotnictví Studijní obor: Adiktologie Bc. Adéla Hrabovská Abstrakt v anglickém jazyce k diplomové práci Mapování potřeb klientů v oblasti léčby závislosti na tabáku na Oddělení léčby závislostí Denního psychoterapeutického sanatoria Ondřejov: dotazníkový výzkum Vedoucí práce: Mgr. Adam Kulhánek, Ph.D., MBA PRAHA 2023 ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION - The prevalence of the use of tobacco and nicotine products is higher in the clinical population of dependence treatment services than in the general population, Interventions for tobacco and nicotine use cessation are hardly ever available for the patients. AIM - The aim of the research is to map the needs of the clients of the Addiction Treatment Department in the Day care Psychotherapeutic Sanatorium Ondřejov (hereinafter "DPS Ondřejov") in the area of their tobacco and nicotine use disorder and its treatment. METHODS - This research is an evaluation study, specifically an analysis of the needs among the clients in DPS Ondřejov. It is a questionnaire survey. Data were obtained using a questionnaire consisting of a non-standardized part and the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Test. The data were transcribed from the printed questionnaire into electronic form. The descriptive statistic...
Mapping of availability and structural characteristics of various types of addiction treatment and harm reduction services in Slovakia
Míčková, Gabriela ; Mravčík, Viktor (advisor) ; Koutská, Kateřina Olga (referee)
Background: Availability of services is an important parameter of the addiction care system. In Slovakia, the network of addiction services of various types is probably not as developed as in the Czech Republic, but the availability of specialized addiction care in Slovakia has not yet been sufficiently mapped. Aims: The aim of this bachelor thesis was to map all available addiction treatment services in Slovakia and also to map the structural characteristics of various types of addiction treatment and harm reduction services in Slovakia. Methods: The research part of this theses first consisted of mapping all available addiction treatment services in Slovakia in cooperation with key informants. Subsequently, a research file was created, used in the second part of the research - in a questionnaire survey devoted to the characteristics of individual services. The obtained data were exported to the Microsoft Excel and processed into tables and charts. Results: The results of the first part of the research showed that the network of addiction treatment services in Slovakia has significant shortcomings - mainly in terms of geographical accessibility for clients and the overall coverage of the various types of these services. On the other hand, the advantages of the addiction treatment services provided...
Alcohol Addiction Treatment System in the Czech Republic
This bachelor thesis is focused on alcohol addiction and describes the system of care available to alcohol addicts in the Czech Republic. The practical part of the thesis describes function of the system in practice and finds out the availability of addictological social services, healthcare services and institutional care before and during epidemy of Covid-19 in the South Bohemian region. Furthermore, the work is devoted to identifying shortcomings in the system and availability of addictological social and health services in the South Bohemian Region for alcohol addicts.
Factors predicting remaining in medium-term addicton therapy.
Jandová, Zuzana ; Libra, Jiří (advisor) ; Kuda, Aleš (referee)
Background: In patients starting mid-term addiction treatment, similar psychosocial and demographic factors can be identified, which subsequently influence patients' motivation to continue treatment. The main factors include social background, age, history of incarceration, type of primary addictive behaviour. Aims: The aim of the thesis was to identify baseline factors influencing positively or negatively the probability of regular treatment completion, the factors predicting early treatment drop-out and factors predicting remaining in treatment long enough to complete it properly. Methods: All patients (total number 411) who voluntarily entered medium-term addiction treatment in psychiatric hospital Havlíčkův Brod (PNHB) from 1st January 2016 to 31st December 2019 were included in the study. To assess regular treatment completion the entire group was analysed together. To assess the factors influencing the length of stay in treatment, patients were divided into three groups according to the number of days spent in the hospital (0-60, 61- 120, 121-183). Patients' data were obtained from the electronic version of patients' medical records. Results: The patients entering mid-term addiction treatment were men in 68.4%, most of them were without stable relationship (82.8 %), 38.7% had stable housing,...
Specific needs of clients in in the execution of a custodial sentence - case studies
Mádlová, Adéla ; Gabrhelíková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Svoboda, Martin (referee)
Background: Penitentiary care for clients with addictology issues is still an insufficiently discussed topic. Especially if we emphasize that a significant number of clients, ie users of addictive substances (especially illegal ones) have experience in serving a custodial sentence. The fact that more attention needs to be paid to the care of users of illegal addictive substances in prisons was confirmed by the Prison Service of the Czech Republic by creating a position for addictologists in prisons in 2018, following a successful pilot project. Targets: The core of the final work are case studies with the aim of examining the issue of matching needs in individual addictology services offered by Bělušice Prison. Given the prison's limited capacity to provide addictology services, also answer the question of whether the programs and interventions provided are sufficient or whether the possibility of setting up or amending one of the intervention programs could not be considered in the future. Research group: The research method of the case study was used for the clinical part of the final diploma thesis. The method of long-term observation and the study of available documentation were used to obtain information. Reduction and organization of information was used for data analysis, ie content analyzes...
Working with a family in the process of addiction treatment within therapeutic community
Bucharová, Lenka ; Šotolová, Eva (advisor) ; Mlčková, Marie (referee)
Use of mind-altering substances may result in an array of adverse, especially health and social, consequences for drug users as well as for their close persons. Help to solve mentioned problems provide various types of drug services. The vast majority of drug services in past did not take into account the fact that relatives might suffer due to drug use of their family member too and thus they also might need specific professional help. The aim of this work is to capture and describe the process of therapy with regard to the perception and experience of the close persons of clients of therapeutic community. In order to adequately understand the situations, we must first determine what elements constitute them. The work is based on a qualitative approach and research group consists of close persons of clients of the therapeutic community WHITE LIGHT I. The results show that it is possible, based on the analysis of data, to define each stage of the therapeutic process from the perspective of family members and name them according to chronology and important characteristic. The inclusion of persons close to drug users into treatment process contributes significantly to improvement of their lives and relationships quality. Findings bring into practise the ideas for therapeutic teams and help to improve...

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