National Repository of Grey Literature 388 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Meat, Bones, Useless Things
Walter, František ; Zet, Martin (referee) ; Ruller, Tomáš (advisor)
This work is the presentation of a personal philosophy. Form of video addresses the issues of themes: love, addiction, future, suicide, transience. It is processed with a digital camera in full HD format. I offer no solutions to problems, I displaying only subjective reality.
Computer Games and the Human Brain
Hanuš, Marek ; Šedrlová, Magdalena (referee) ; Ellederová, Eva (advisor)
Tato bakalářská práce se zabývá problematikou počítačových her a jejich vlivu na lidský mozek. Cílem první kapitoly je popsat základní vlastnostmi lidského mozku a jeho schopnosti, které developeři počítačových her využívají při vytváření her pro jejich cílovou skupinu zákazníků. Druhá kapitola se zaměřuje na lidské emoce a projevy, které developerům pomáhají, aby mohli vyhovět všem potencionálním uživatelům. Dále tato kapitola popisuje, jak mohou developeři prostřednictvím různých herních aspektů, jakými jsou hudba, narativ, grafický design a herní mód, v člověku evokovat určité emoce a donutit je podvědomě vnímat atmosféru hry. V práci je také popsán vliv těchto aspektů na lidské chování. Poslední kapitola teoretické části práce se zabývá závislostí na hrách a s tím spojenou problematikou. Praktická část práce se věnuje dotazníkovému průzkumu, jehož účelem bylo potvrdit nebo vyvrátit tvrzení v teoretické části. Dále poukazuje na genderové rozdíly v průmyslu počítačových her a ukazuje preference respondentů, které by mohly developerům umožnit zdokonalit kvalitu počítačových her.
In dust we trust
Rujbr, Kamil ; Opekar), Ondřej (referee) ; Rathouský, Luděk (advisor)
Through the papers and canvas I tell the story of everyday addiction that surrounds us. I start from my personal feelings and suck the atmosphere of the city and places from the edge of society. This theme is presented in the form of abstract drawings and paintings, in which certain phases and processes are displayed. I capture chaos in new forms so that the image, even within the technologically advanced and in all directions of the expanding visual culture, does not lose the liveliness, sense and critical justification for its further existence. The paintings and drawings are a visit to the world of people who are not the majority of the world and are all in a way lonely and lonely in their own way.
Pergo/Pedro
Valchářová, Martina ; Malý, Břetislav (referee) ; Rathouský, Luděk (advisor)
The theme of my bachelor thesis is the issue of methamphetamine addiction and abuse in Czech Republic. The series is compiled of drawings that depict meth labs around my home town. Drawings should be mediated between the theme and gestural drawing.
Sinning
Velebová, Leona ; Písaříková,, Jana (referee) ; Kvíčala, Petr (advisor)
MyVice speaks about the guilt I feel regarding the amount of beauty products I own. About these Things I collect and I just cannot control how many I buy... About my addiction to the rituals connected to these Things. About the obsession with beauty products within our homes. About the daily beauty rituals of a woman which are meant to produce the final result of appearance that she really was Born Like This... About the advertising connected with beauty industry. About beauty product testing on the internet. About being superficial and the senselessness of it. The final result is made of a video projection connected to art installation and book publication.
Aberrant behavior, opioids and pain
Jirásková, Michaela ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Neugebauer, Jan (referee)
UNIVERZITA KARLOVA 2. LÉKAŘSKÁ FAKULTA Ústav ošetřovatelství Michaela Jirásková Aberantní chování, opioidy a bolest Bakalářská práce Praha 2023 ABSTRACT Background: Objectives: The aim is to determine the frequency of risk of aberrant behavior based on screening and the actual incidence of aberrant the group of patients with chronic pain without opioid treatment. Methods: 30 patients with chronic non-cancer pain not using opioid analgesics and 30 patients with chronic non-cancer pain using opioid analgesics hospitalized at the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2nd Faculty of Medicine Charles University and Motol University Hospital. Patients were presented with the following tests in paper form: Structured Interview, ORT, ET, COMM, SOAP-R, CADE AID. Respondents signed an informed consent form based on EC approval. The study was approved by the EC. Results: For socio-demographic and clinical variables, we used chi-square testing for statistical significance as appropriate and concluded that there was a statistically significant difference between the opioid analgesic user group and the non-user group. When examining the effect of sociodemographic variables on quality of life in patients with chronic non-cancer pain compared to the effect of sociodemographic variables on the group of patients without...
Transgeneration transmission of trauma in individuals with substance addiction experiences
Havelková, Lucie ; Líbalová, Ivana (advisor) ; Dymešová, Gabriela (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the manifestation of complex developmental trauma in the offspring of persons with experience of addiction to addictive substances and its potential transgenerational transmission. The aim of the theoretical part of the thesis is to describe substance addiction, complex developmental and collective trauma and their manifestations, including possible mechanisms of transgenerational transmission of trauma, with the help of literature. In the practical part, the research focuses on the topics of family relationships, childhood with an addicted parent, personal relationship to addictive substances and manifestations of trauma in adulthood. Due to the aim of the work, a qualitative research design was chosen, the data was collected by using a semi- structured interview and processed using the method of thematic analysis and open coding. In the practical part of the investigation, the level of traumatization among the respondents was examined using the CTQ-SF questionnaire. Subsequently, the respondents selected according to the given criteria were subjected to a semi-structured interview. Based on the practical part of the work and in agreement with literature, it can be stated that respondents living with a parent with alcohol addiction bear the consequences of these life...
Occupational therapy for patients with injuries associated with use of addictive substances
Haunerová, Michaela ; Rodová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Matoušová, Zita (referee)
OF BACHELOR THESIS Author of bachelor thesis: Michaela Haunerová Thesis supervisor: Bc. Zuzana Rodová, M.Sc. Title of bachelor thesis: Occupational therapy for patients with injuries associated with use of addictive substances Abstract of bachelor thesis: The bachelor thesis focuses on people who have suffered an injury as a result of substance abuse. Its aim is to map and describe the most common injuries that occur under the influence of addictive substances, to determine their impact on the course and success of the rehabilitation process and to point out the specifics of working with this type of patients. The theoretical part begins with an introduction to addictology, where important terms and the concept of addiction are explained. Then it focuses on the specific addictive substances under which injuries most often occur - alcohol, cannabis, opioids and opiates. Other chapters address specific common injuries and the use of occupational therapy, followed by chapters discussing the work of the occupational therapist with patients with addiction and the impact of addictive substances on the rehabilitation process. In the practical part, elements of qualitative research were used. First, the data collection methods are mentioned, followed by an analysis of the semi-structured interviews...
Užívání návykových látek na střední škole
Řezáč, Oldřich
The topic of this bachelor thesis ist he issue of drug use among poeple studying at secondary school. The thesis includes not only the age definicion namely students and the characte-ristique oft he developmental stage of Adolescence, but also the definition and stages of addiction. Furthermore, addictive substances both legal and illegal are listed in the thesis. In the practical part, a research in this area is conducted in a selected high school with a focus on substance use, which was conducted in the form of a question-naire survey, but also a follow up evaluation and comparison with the ESPAD 2019 study
Mozkový systém odměny u hmyzu
DVOŘÁČEK, Jiří
Animal behavior is not random; rather, it is primarily determined by the biological significance of environmental stimuli: stimuli essential for a survival are marked by the brain reward system, with a positive hedonic value and their achievement is associated with the pleasure (reward). The concept of the reward system emerged from research of the mammalian brain; early theories held that it was a system present only in the brains of higher animals (the mesolimbic dopaminergic system), and that reward was a manifestation of more complex neural networks and higher brain functions. The brain reward has evolved from a solitary phenomenon to a complex function that is divided into the components of ´liking´, ´wanting´, and ´learning´, and from the predominate role of dopamine to a more sophisticated idea that assigns important functions to other neurochemical systems. While dopamine still plays a significant part in the ´wanting´ function, the opioid system likely plays a larger role in the ´liking´ function. The distinction of stimuli into pleasant/unpleasant (attractive/aversive) has been described in insects, and it is widely believed that this principle applies throughout the animal kingdom. Mushroom bodies have been identified as the critical regions of reward functions in the brains of insects. The exact descriptions of the implicated neurotransmitters and modulators, as well as specific cellular and network structures, were also provided. Although the complexity of the brain networks in mammalian and insect reward systems differs, the general principles are the similar in both. The fly Drosophila melanogaster is a frequent laboratory model for investigating the principles of neural network functioning. When studying the brain reward system, it is not only appealing because it is a relatively simple organism with a transparent brain and a described genome, but it may also have the benefit for us that when thinking about its brain, we do not apply relatively old, complex concepts with unlimited meanings, which are a problem in interpreting the human brain study. In the case of the fruit fly, we can highlight that 1) the brain regions involved in associative learning and brain reward functions are surprisingly complex, despite the fact that it is a relatively simple and short-lived organism, 2) its brain almost certainly has a system that creates a motivational drive (´wanting´), and 3) there are indications of the potential existence of a hedonic component of pleasure or its evolutionary predecessor, based not on endogenous opioids. It is inspiring in many ways to compare the brain structures of two evolutionary distinct animal groupsinsects and mammals/humans. This comparison has several implications for a broad paradigm of animal reward, including: Reward principles are universal, and all species are likely fundamentally motivated by the need for rewards. The brain reward mechanisms appear to be hierarchically structured; rather than being centrally organized, they are distributed among other brain networks and mechanisms. The components of these mechanisms can operate independently of one another and concurrently. While the function of neuropeptides in the reward system is flexible, the function of monoamines in the reward system is likely to be conservative in evolutionary terms (the function of endogenous opioids in mammals may be at least partially regulated by another neuropeptide in insects). The neurotransmitter identity of dopaminergic neurons in the reward system is likely to be very context-dependent. Two other interesting concepts can be found in the bee: the sublimation of reward functions in individuals in favor of collective pleasure, and the implied integrated function connecting reward functions and social behavior into one continuum. The comparative study gives new scope for understanding disorders of the reward system, especially addiction, and may also have significant philosophical consequences.

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