National Repository of Grey Literature 349 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Media freedom in the Visegrád Group countries from the perspective of journalists
Voráček, Michal ; Vochocová, Lenka (advisor) ; Groman, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with media freedom in the Visegrád Group countries (Czechia, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary) from the perspective of professional journalists. It aims to map how journalists in these four countries perceive freedom in relation to their profession - how they understand the concept of freedom of expression, what threatens freedom of expression or freedom of the media according to them, how free they feel in their profession and what is the trend regarding media freedom in the coming years in their opinion. The theoretical part thoroughly captures the historical development of freedom of expression, its legal protection in constitutional documents and international conventions, the limits of freedom of expression as well as forms of its restriction. It also introduces the most important non-governmental non- profit organizations monitoring media freedom in the world and presents the media environment in each country. The theoretical part also pursues the perception and approach of professional journalists to freedom of expression, media freedom and other journalistic concepts and values. The analytical part then follows a journalistic professional discourse in the form of a qualitative analysis based on semi-structured in-depth interviews with active journalists from the Visegrád...
Vladimír Mečiar's attitude towards Slovakia integration in NATO
Renčová, Agáta ; Kubát, Michal (advisor) ; Kunštát, Miroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis discusses the attitude of Vladimír Mečiar towards Slovakia's integration into NATO during the period of his third government (1994 - 1998). The thesis follows the steps of Mečiar, that led to international isolation of Slovakia and to the exclusion of Slovakia from the first NATO enlargement. Bachelor thesis focuses on development of Mečiar's approach towards Slovakia's integration in NATO, from pro-western to neutral or even pro-russian orientation. The aim of the thesis is to determine whether Mečiars attitude towards NATO changed over time and whether the steps he has taken were in line with his official statements on the subject.
Comparison of National Endowment for Democracy projects in the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the 1990s and their role in local developments
Vodáková, Tereza ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
This bachelor thesis addresses grant projects funded by the American nongovernmental organisation National Endowment for Democracy (NED) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Despite being one country at the beginning of the 1990s, by the half of the decade, both countries already followed different directions. The aim of this thesis is to compare diverse strategies of NED in those countries during the 1990s and to analyse its impact on the development of democracy and civil society. The research method of this thesis is built on a categorisation of individual grant projects based on the information from NED annual reports and their consecutive confrontation with the development of related events. For the confrontation, this thesis uses primarily secondary literature, media outputs, available interviews, and information from the grant recipients. This comparison implies, that while Czechia stopped being funded by NED by the mid-1990s, Slovakia became one of its most significant priorities in the region. Slovakia is a prime example of functional democracy promotion abroad. In only a few years, NED accomplished to help the mobilisation of civil society and successful transition to liberal democracy. The Czech example, on the other hand, shows how unevenly distributed grants in its favour led to abrupt...
Planned parenthood in Visegrad Group countries
Hrabcová, Tereza ; Šídlo, Luděk (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Planned parenthood in Visegrad Group countries Abstract The main goal of this thesis is to characterise the changing approach to family planning in individual Visegrad Group countries from the 1950s to the present and then compare them to each other. The theoretical part focuses on factors that had major influence on both the formation of families and the time of having children in the countries studied. The analytical part deals with the development of demographic indicators of fertility, abortion and the estimated development of contraceptive use based on the surveys carried out. The analysis shows that during the socialist era, the approach about family planning was similar in the countries, but from the early 1990s it began to differentiate more. The biggest differences from other countries were recorded in Poland, probably due to the Catholic Church. Keywords: planned parenthood, Visegrad Group, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, fertility, induced abortion, contraception
Comparison of Personal Income Tax in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Cibulková, Kristína ; Svirák, Pavel (referee) ; Kopřiva, Jan (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the comparison of personal income taxation in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The first part focuses on the basic concepts and procedures for determining the resulting tax liability. In the analytical part, the resulting tax liability in both the following years 2020 and 2021 is calculated on the basis of model examples. The following is a comparison of taxation in individual years. The last part deals with tax optimizations in the Czech Republic.
Approaches to the Hungarian minority in Slovakia in issues of minority education and the possibility of subsequent application in the working process
Dlábik, Ľubomír ; Irmanová, Eva (advisor) ; Balla, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis clarifies the issue of Triadic nexus among Slovakia, Hungary and the Hungarian minority concerning education and economic access to areas inhabited by the Hungarian minority, which affect the graduates of minority schools in the Slovak labor market. At the same time it aspires to refer to this relationship as one of the factors that may impact on reduction in the number of members of the Hungarian minority in Slovakia. The main focus is on the trilateral approach to the issue of education in the Slovak minority schools in Hungarian language in case of teaching the state language. The consequences of the different trilateral relation approach to minority education can lead to inefficiency of minority schools teaching Slovak language, which can, in conjunction with the current economic approach of Slovakia to the areas inhabited by the Hungarian minority, lead to migratory pressures on graduates of minority schools as for the choice of university studies and their employability. The lack of language skills reduces their competitiveness and flexibility compared to linguistically better equipped individuals. The statistical data in education, employment and population movements that will be analyzed and compared, are freely available, and confirm this hypothesis.
Europeanization of the Slovak Foreign Policy
Novotná, Lucia ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
This thesis dealt with the degree of the EU on Slovak foreign policy in three particular areas, namely in relation to Slovak political stance to international status of Kosovo, Slovakia's foreign policy towards Ukraine and Slovak political stance to possible membership of Turkey in the EU. The research was carried out on on the basis of a content analysis of official documents, in which the focus was on codes belonging to the different intensity of Europeanization, national influence, NATO's influence and influence of other factors on Slovakia's foreign policy agenda. Using the percentage agreement method and Cohen's kappa method, it was possible to mark the obtained research results as sufficiently reliable. Therefore, research hypothesis which assumed that Slovak foreign policy is europeanized in all three research areas, could be rejected. It follows that the influence of the EU on Slovak foreign policy was not confirmed within the three examined areas.
Development of total mortality and mortality from selected causes of death in the Czech and Slovak regions since 2001
Mondeková, Alexandra ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Maláková, Kateřina (referee)
The main aim of the bachelor thesis is to analyse total mortality and selected causes of death in Czechia and Slovakia, based at regional level. It means a comparison of their development for each region in both countries. The analyse is monitored from 2001 to 2018. The first part of the analysis is devoted to the analysis of the total mortality using various indicators as a life expectancy at birth and life expectancy at 65 years. Also, this part is finished by decomposition method which complements the results of life expectancy at birth. Following the development of total mortality, second part of the analysis is about selected causes of death. Only the diseases that are most numerous in both countries were chosen for this part of the thesis. In terms of total mortality, the main result is that mortality rates are improving in the Czechia and Slovakia, which is reflected in increasing of life expectancy. As part of the analysis of mortality from selected causes of death, it was found that during the observed period there was a decrease in the intensity of mortality from the category of diseases of the circulatory system. The trend from mortality in cancer is slightly different, because while the intensity of mortality is declining in the Czechia, in Slovakia the trend is very slow for men and essentially...
Evaluation of Slovak geography textbooks in terms of approach to environmental ethics
Čechová, Aneta ; Matějček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bartoš, Jan (referee)
This bachelor's thesis pursues Slovak geography textbooks for secondary schools in the aspects of their attitude towards environmental ethics. It investigates the ratio of differently oriented statements in particular textbooks. The statements are distributed into five principal categories of environmental ethics - anthropocentrism, theocentrism, biocentrism, ecocentrism and ethical evolution. The author compares the findings of this thesis with the findings of analogical thesis which dealt with Czech geography textbooks.

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