National Repository of Grey Literature 39 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
NGOs' perceptions of Japan's role in the nuclear disarmament regime
Naumov, Danila ; Smetana, Michal (advisor) ; Martinková, Viera (referee)
This Master's thesis analyses the perceptions international disarmament NGOs have on Japan's role in the nuclear disarmament regime. The research aims to examine the positions of the leading nuclear disarmament NGOs on various points in their relationship to Japan, but also to the Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which serves as the framework of interaction for between NGOs and Japan. For the purpose of drafting conclusions based on comparison and analysis of it, several variables are operationalised - such as strategies NGOs employ in their advocacy efforts, their expectations of Japan's ratification of the TPNW or the factors they believe prevent Japan from ratifying the treaty - and elaborated upon through scholarly literature on the topic of international norms and NGOs in general. Interviews and official documents, such as annual reports or proclamations of the NGOs, are used as the main source of data for analysis. In the conclusion, the author outlines the findings and how they contradict original expectations or confirm them. He drafts a few possible scenarios for the further development of NGOs strategies within the TPNW, based on the study of Japan's case.
The impact of crises on differentiation and integration in the EU: COVID-19 and Ukraine
Běhunčík, Radek ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
The European Union has had to deal with an increasing number of crises over the past 15 years. The future of its integration is thus increasingly dependent on concrete crisis responses. At the same time, the increasing heterogeneity of its members makes it more difficult to find compromise solutions, and integration often takes a differentiated path. This paper has attempted to answer the question of what is the impact of crises on the integration and differentiation of the European Union. It did so through an explanatory two-case study of the most recent emergencies - the COVID-19 crisis and the high energy price crisis linked to the war in Ukraine. To find the answer, a congruence analysis of the Union's crisis responses was conducted based on the models of Riddervold et al. The supply and demand theory of differentiation then explained the absence or presence of differentiation. The central data source was the European secondary legislation, frequently neglected by integration theorists. The analysis results find the crises' effects to be pro-integration in the given cases, here primarily in a uniform pattern. However, in the case of COVID-19, the thesis reveals shortcomings of the crisis response models used, pointing to the need for their conceptual reformulation. For a more comprehensive understanding...
Participation dimension of the EU communication activities in the Czech Republic
Kroupa, Jan ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Mazač, Jan (referee)
This diploma thesis aims to explain which bariers exist from the point of view of citizens of the Czech Republic in relation to their (non)participation within the European Public Sphere. The goal of this thesis is to define these obstacles, and describe which type of barriers have the most significant impact. The thesis examines the influence of socio-demographic factors, but also respondents' attitudes towards the idea of European integration, as well as barriers in the form of lack of resources (such as finance or information) or lack of opportunities for participation. The theoretical part of the thesis analyzes the ideas of the European public sphere and democratic participation. This section is followed by an analysis of potential channels of European participation and their specifics in the Czech context. This is expanded upon by the analytical part of the thesis, which uses a questionnaire survey to analyze the attitudes of respondents to selected political topics and to predefined forms of participation. Furthermore, the effects of barriers on non-participation are examined. The research managed to provide a total of 514 answers in multiple-choice or battery-type questions. The questionnaire is complemented by an open-ended question focused on respondents' suggestions for making...
Global sport events: the mechanisms of their attributing to the host countries
Mácová, Veronika ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Martinková, Viera (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the global sport event - FIFA World Cup. The topic of the thesis is relevant as it impacts not just the sport. FIFA World Cup can influence the economy and politics of the host country. The goal of the thesis is to determine factors influencing the allocation of the host country for the FIFA World Cup and factors leading countries to withdraw from the host bidding process. The thesis is influenced by the analysis of Paul Poast, Wolfgang Maennig, and Christopher Vierhaus, who examined the factors influencing the allocation of the Olympic Games host cities. The diploma thesis is quantitative research and logistic regression analysis is adopted. The regression analysis results indicate that country's previous experience in organizing global sports events, the size of its population, and the average GDP growth of the country influences the allocation of hosting of the FIFA World Cup. Countries decide to withdraw primarily due to small population size and high percentage of mineral resources in the country's GDP. In the both cases, the human rights factors are insignificant for the decision process.
Categorization of Eurosceptic political parties in Slovakia and the Czech Republic
Barilova, Emma Lujza ; Lenčéš Chalániová, Daniela (advisor) ; Martinková, Viera (referee)
This thesis explored party-based Euroscepticism in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Euroscepticism is a growing phenomenon, and more importantly, it is moving from the periphery into mainstream political life. Twenty years anniversary of the Czech Republic and Slovakia entering the European Union is coming up next year, and it seems that two decades in the Union left a negative imprint on the population that was once excited about entering a new era. Seeing as the majority of research and categorization of Eurosceptic political movements in Slovakia and the Czech Republic was conducted around the accession period (2004), we decided to compare current Eurosceptic political parties in Slovakia and the Czech Republic in terms of the magnitude (soft/hard Euroscepticism) of and motivations for their scepticism (ideologically vs. strategically driven) and position them within the Eurosceptic space (as defined by Jan Rovny in 2004). We categorized eight Eurosceptic political parties which gained seats in at least one of the two last legislative elections, four Slovak parties (elections in 2016 and 2020) and four Czech Eurosceptic parties (elections in 2017 and 2021). We analyzed their electoral manifestos and consulted secondary sources to categorize them as follows. Four parties can be categorized as...
Role of female politicians in Czech Foreign and Security Policy
Kuličková, Tereza ; Guasti, Petra (advisor) ; Martinková, Viera (referee)
The present bachelor thesis focuses on the role of women politicians in the formation of Czech foreign and security policy. The thesis aims to identify and analyse the roles that female politicians have played and continue to play in these policies, often referred to as power politics, in the period from the establishment of the Czech Republic to the present. In assessing the role of Czech women politicians, the thesis examines the development of women's participation and promotion as actors in foreign and security policies, assuming that their roles are not yet very prominent, mainly due to the unequal representation of women in high politics. The thesis analyses the low participation and representation of women in foreign and security policy positions through quantitative research that assesses the evolution of women's representation in these policies over time. The thesis also assesses the reasons why women's participation in these policies is lower by analysing foreign publications, Czech expert studies, statistical data and opinion polls. In addition to analysing the roles of Czech women politicians, the thesis also includes research on the potential roles that women could play in these policies in the future. To this end, the thesis uses the possibility of adopting the Feminist Foreign Policy...
Can't Buy Me Love: The Limitations of EU Intervention in Promoting Tunisian Democracy
Roman, Kelsey Elizabeth ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Martinková, Viera (referee)
Despite significant amounts of democratic and civil society aid offered by the EU over the past decade, Tunisia has backslid towards authoritarianism. What lessons can be learned about the effectiveness of democracy promotion in Tunisia from the EU perspective? This thesis aims to examine possible missteps of EU support for Tunisia's transitional democracy. I will argue that populist movements and civil society made transitions into democracy possible for Tunisia, and elite cooperation guaranteed initial success. The EU has made meaningful contributions to this process. However, E. U. funding funneled into narrow channels of civil society, as well as particular definition of democratic norms and development goals, and EU migration and trade agendas have neglected significant segments of the population and their grievances. In these ways the EU has undermined some of its substantial efforts in long-term democracy promotion. Unanswered grievances have set the stage for widespread political disillusionment and the populist backlash against democracy and civic engagement that led to the election of Kais Said. Finally, this thesis will make suggestions towards future EU democracy promotion in Tunisia in light of recent authoritarian regime shifts. For this case study, I will base my arguments on...
The Czech priorities for the Council Presidency - 2009 and 2022
Samec, Petr ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Karlas, Jan (referee)
Although the Presidency of the Council of the European Union and its agenda have been affected by the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty, it is still a useful tool that Member States can use, for example, for self-presentation within the EU. The evaluation of individual presidencies assesses, in particular, the success in promoting the priorities set by the presiding countries themselves. The aim of this thesis was to find out what factors influenced the choice of these final presidency priorities during the Czech Presidency in 2009 and 2022. To test the hypotheses based on the new institutionalism, an extensive qualitative analysis of EU legislative acts, Czech national strategies and Eurobarometer surveys was conducted. From these documents, the main themes that appeared most frequently in them were selected, which then allowed comparison with the resulting priorities of the Czech presidencies. These were always documents presented in the periods preceding each Presidency. This comparison showed that the priorities of the Czech presidencies were influenced by the progress in the given policy, the success rate for enforcement, the Commission's work program, the current situation in the European and global arena, and partially also its national strategic interests.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 39 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
5 Martinková, Veronika
1 Martinková, Věra Leona
1 Martínková, Vendula
5 Martínková, Veronika
3 Martínková, Věra
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.