National Repository of Grey Literature 125 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Memory and Time in Augustine's Confessiones and in Proust's A la Recherche du Temps Perdu
Roreitnerová, Alena ; Karfíková, Lenka (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Pokorný, Martin (referee)
This presented paper is a parallel reading of two works which both connect a philosophical perception of time and memory with an actual narration. The first is one of the earliest spiritual autobiographies of late antiquity - Confessions - and the second is a modern novel - In Search of Lost Time. A distinctive (originally Neoplatonic) understanding of eternity as simultaneity opens a line of questioning which both Confessions and In Search of Lost Time have in common: What is the relation between time and eternity (extra-temporality in Proust's case) and is it possible at all for a time being to have a relation to something what is eternal? In both works, the mediating role between time succession and timeless simultaneity is played by narration and memory. Part I of the paper (Chapter 1) deals with Augustine's understanding of time which can be found not only in Book XI of Confessions but also throughout the whole work including its narrative passages; it also partly takes into consideration Book VI of De musica. It tries to answer a more general question, i.e. whether Augustine in his autobiography concentrates only on subjective time or whether he is interested in time as such (in contrast to eternity). The answer is intended to be found through the analysis of questions the author of...
The Ontological Mystery in Gabriel Marcel's Philosophy
Zeman, Daniel ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Čapek, Jakub (referee)
The purpose of the thesis is to explain the most significant points in Gabriel Marcel's thinking, which means his idea of "concrete philosophy", distinction between problematic and meta-problematic (mystery), the ontological need and the existential notion of hope. It should be indicated at least that it is necessary to understand Marcel's accounts as primarily philosophical, not theological, even though he is numbered among french Christian thinkers. The thesis proceeds from several diverse writings, because of Marcel's essayistic rather than systematic style, though mainly from his most coherent publication called Le Mystère de l'Être.
... and Woman Does Not Exist. Considering Woman's Subjectivity and Facticity in Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex
Zittová, Kristýna Sára ; Kouba, Petr (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
(in English) How can we explain political oppression if we claim ourselves to be metaphysically free subjects? As a basis of The Second Sex, the question is there analyzed in its specific case - a woman. According to Beauvoir, woman has been expelled to an immanent domain, surrounded by the shared world, foreign to her in its absolute giveness. Yet at the same time, she claims just as Sartre does that freedom, transcendence, and the world are inseparable parts of the structure of a subject. Can these claims be truly brought together? In most cases, interpretations of The Second Sex turn to one and omit the other. Contrariwise, the aim of this thesis is to preserve both, and in the light of Being and Nothingness explain them as parts of one structure. I demonstrate that ontologically, woman and man are transcending, free subjects. Man chooses his own fundamental project for himself, and with this choice the world appears in its meaning - as his own. Man can thus choose from his possibilities either authentically, or run from his condemnation to freedom towards insecurity. For woman, her fundamental project is chosen by others and she only accepts it - and with it, a foreign world which belongs to men appears to her. Therefore, she factically remains in her immanent domain of womanhood. Her situation...
Close Truth of Distant Metaphors: How Metaphors Create the World
Picková, Kateřina ; Thein, Karel (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
The thesis deals with a metaphor and its place in philosophy. It engages in a concept of metaphor as a transference with a help of Aristotle, Nietzsche, Ricoeur, and others, and explores consequences which follow from such a concept in the perspective of truth conditions. Firstly, it focuses on an exploration of a nature of the metaphor with a relation to an earlier philosophical tradition. Secondly, it examines categories of similarity, reference and imagination as fundamental constituents of metaphorical utterances. Furthermore, it also re-evaluates the distinction between literal and figurative meaning and living and dead metaphors to uncover the metaphor as a creative principle of language, which is characteristic by its actualizing and approaching power.
Space Reinhabited: Conception of Space in Martin Heidegger's Work and His Influence on the Theory of Architecture in the 2nd Half of the 20th Century
Holeček, Josef ; Švec, Ondřej (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
5 Abstract This bachelor's thesis attempts to compare and explain the different concepts of spatiality in Martin Heidegger's work. Following Heidegger's 1969 seminar in Le Thor, this thesis builds on his retrospective division of his work, centred around being. First, he askes about the meaning, then about the truth and finally about the place of being. In this thesis, the comparison of different approaches to spatiality in different periods of Heidegger's life is emphasized as well as his rejection of the previous Newtonian, Galilean and Cartesian approaches. This rejection is gradually taking place since Being and Time and it is clear that Heidegger's concept of spatiality is fairly consistent, despite the changing terminology. It is also pointed out that his phenomenological approach is ground-breaking in some respects, mainly because of the expressions and terms he uses in his language. This means that his approach is almost unparalleled as far western physics and metaphysics are concerned, making Heidegger more influential even outside the field of philosophy, as is demonstrated by the architectural theory in which his concept of spatiality is still visible today. Keywords: Heidegger, world, space, spatiality, being-in-the-world, place, fourfold, region, Ortschaft, topology, language, architecture,...
Art and Knowledge. Research of Relationship between Art and Knowledge and its Contribution to Theory of Contemporary Visual Art
Řebíková, Barbora ; Zuska, Vlastimil (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Koleček, Michal (referee)
Mgr. Barbora Řebíková, Katedra estetiky, FF UK, Praha Art and Knowledge. Research of Relationship between Art and Knowledge and its Contribution to Theory of Contemporary Visual Art Abstract: The dissertation deals with the relationship between art and knowledge and examines which contribution this thematic might have to the theory of contemporary visual art. The choice of the theme is based on the sensitivity to the current events in the world of art, where this relationship is the main object of interest. This work presents and illustrates the turnovers in the contemporary art world and how the role of the audience is emphasized. It deals with the form of contemporary art that has led to these turnovers and represents factors that have influenced this form. In the work there are presented mainly the factors influencing the form of contemporary art, which influenced the demands on the audience. Attention is then devoted to the philosophical origins of the studied relationship and in the essay there are presented the basics of its exploration at Plato and Aristotle. The main theoretical centre of the studied relationship, however, is aesthetic cognitivism, which is thoroughly presented in the work. However, within this theory, which explicitly focuses on the relationship of art and cognition, is not found...
From Eros to Philosophy
Hejduk, Tomáš ; Kratochvíl, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Navrátil, Martin (referee)
Summar7@issertation,,FromEros to Philosophy..,TomášHejduk) The studytries to answerthe following question:what is themeaningof thewordy'/ra in its specificusagein theconceptoffilo-sofia atthebeginningof theEuropeanculturď tradition? We answerthis questionby exploringSocrates'elaborationof the conceptof eros andhis relationto the godEros. We try to identi$ theconceptoffilia in Socrates'philosophymore precisely by displaying the conceptof eros in the sameway as it is elaboratedby this Athenianphilosopher. One of themain assetsof our work shouldlie in thecomparisonof theconventionalandnon- conventional(philosophicď)conceptionsof eros andfilia, in thesearchingfor anddescribing the differencesbetween taditional models of behaviour in ancient Greek society and Socratic-Platonicmodelsof eroticrelationshipsandits innovations.We intendto reveď how eros andthusfilia is understood1)by SocratesandPlato, philosophers,2)by thinkers living beforeSocrates,i.e. on thefield of religion,3) by Socrates'contemporaries,regardless of them being intellectuals (Lysias, Aristophanes) or not (Xenophon). We therefore contemplatethe philosophical conceptof eros from tfueedifferentpoints of view: from the meaningof filia in the notionoffilo-sofia; from the differenceof thetraditional(religious) conception;from the differenceof the...
Gilles Deleuze "on" Chris Marker: Imaginary Rendezvous
Strejcovský, Jan ; BARTOŠEK, Pavel (advisor) ; PETŘÍČEK, Miroslav (referee)
Despite the fact that the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze has included many contemporaries, co-workers and friends of Chris Marker in his controversial writings on film, Marker himself is missing among the analyzed filmmakers. This thesis challenges the supposed passiveness between both authors assuming certain intersections between their thoughts, aiming to look at several of Chris Marker's emblematic films - indeed not comprehensively, rather naturally subjectively - through the key themes from some of Gilles Deleuze's books. Statues Also Die and Cinama II: The Time-Image; La Jetée and Bergsonism; Sunless and Proust and Signs.
Animal and Play
Jánoška, Tomáš ; Thein, Karel (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
The main aim of this work is to examine Fink's concept of play with regard to animals, or the justification of his thesis that animals do not play. The work is divided into three parts. The first one deals with the Fink's concept of play. The key concept in this section is "play world". The chapter is concluded by the analysis of the structural moments of the play world. The second part presents the game in the current ethology and definition of the game at Burghardt. The chapter also deals with the greatest problems of ethological exploration, such as anthropomorphism and consciousness and thought of animals. The results of contemporary etological research and their comparison with the structural moments of play at Fink's concept are presented at the end. The third part offers a philosophical reflection and sketching other possible ways for thinking about play. The work provides clear analysis of Fink's concept of play and an overview of the results of contemporary ethological explorations. The comparison shows that we cannot deny animals play as such, but also more complex relationship to the world. Thus play offers new possibilities of the problem of human-animal difference.

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