National Repository of Grey Literature 142 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Theory of Knowledge by Rudolf Steiner
Kasper, Vojtěch ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
This thesis deals with the philosophical works of Austrian thinker, Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925). Focusing mainly on his epistemological thinking, its main objective is to interpret Steiner's Theory of Knowledge. This work is structured in four chapters. After giving the reader insight into Steiner's life, it goes on to deal with the development of his thinking and work, with particular attention paid to the substance of his first and truly philosophical (not yet theosofical- anthroposofical) phase of working life. Following from this is a passage on his relationship with J. W. Goethe, whose intellectual (and especially scientific) legacy served as Steiner's main source of inspiration, while also laying out the basic form of Goethe's scientific methodology and its epistemological background, namely its empirical and simultaneously objective idealism, which deeply spoke to Steiner and motivated him to write his first philosophical work: Grundlinien einer Erkenntnistheorie der Goetheschen Weltanschauung (1886). The third chapter approaches this particular work, in which Steiner presents and describes the theory of knowledge, as aligned with that of Goethe. Analysed and interpreted are the three main successive sections of his work, in which he expresses his notion of experience, thinking and knowledge....
Autobiographical fragments in the modern German literature: selfperformance in the liminal autobiographies
Mrázková, Alena ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor)
Autobiographical fragments from Late 1 9th and Early 20th Century, characterized and analyzed in this PhD thesis, demonstrate different approaches to the crisis of the subject and the language in Modernism, and how they are reflected in the gerne of the Autobiography. Experimental texts written by A. Stifter, Klabund, C. Morgenstern, H. Mann, H. Hesse, A. Döblin, G. Kaiser, H. H. Jahnn, K. Tucholsky, 1. Wassermann, C. Zuckmayer, C. Sternheim and K. Valentin are characterized by the communicative openness, irony and wit; the boarder stmcture, liminal existence and crossing of factual, textual and language boarders; self-performance and the discussion of the relation between the text and the presented "reality". They document the most important changes in the concepts of the Modernism.
Subject Falling out of a Situation
Míka, Matyáš ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Švec, Ondřej (referee)
This work juxtaposes Michel Foucault's late thought on the issue of the subject and Jan Císař's thought on theatre as communication. Its objective is to outline the possibility to understand individual self-care as propaedeutics to the communication with others through one's own act. What follows after explaining the positions of both authors, is an analysis of the subject's situation and the subject's act from the position of Foucault's ethics and through the event nature of theatrical communication. Since Foucault's and Císař's thought does not naturally result in an integrated theatrological/philosophical concept, the final chapter presents a possible solution of the controversial issues consisting in going beyond the two concepts discussed with the help of Friedrich Nietzsche's early texts and of Ivan Vyskočil's dialogue acting.
The Concept of History in the Works of Theodor W. Adorno and Walter Benjamin
Kettner, Marek ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Švec, Ondřej (referee)
The thesis examines the concept of history in the thinking of Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno. It systematically inquires into texts of the period between 1913 and 1932. Benjamin's thought is interpreted in its whole, with regards to his key concepts of messianic salvation, profane revolution, biblical fall, mythical positing of right, and actuality of the present. Adorno's contribution to the concept of history is examined on the basis of three early texts from the beginning of the thirties. The thesis follows first the evolution of the concept of history in the thought of Benjamin and then turns toward the relation between the explicated deliberations regarding the theme and the conception of Adorno. The major change which occurs during Adorno's accepting of Benjamin's terminology and thoughts lies in the fact that the concept of history is moved from the theological-eschatological context to the context of praxis. Key Words Philosophy of history, messianic salvation, revolution, myth, right, actuality, configuration.
!The heavens are not humane..." Philosophical interpretation of Too Loud a Solitude
Kinter, Vojtěch ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Thein, Karel (referee)
Too Loud a Solitude is one of the most famous texts of Bohumil Hrabal and possibly it is his most philosophical one. The following thesis interprets this text from the philosophical points of view as a statement about modern age and an individuals place in it. Based on one of the central sentences - "The heavens are not humane" - spoken by the protagonist Haňťa in his monologue in, the text is read as defense against incommensurability of the world with an indiviual. Christian a ancient Greek's way of defense are considered as not appliable to the age Haňťa lives at, but also as somehow present in his way of defense, which is described as a specific type of "pábení". "The end of Christian epoch" (as Hrabal himself puts it) which occurs in Too Loud a Solitude is described then in terms of mechanizing and forgetting of actual humane being. Existencial analysis of Haňťa's state after the end of epoch follows. The thesis mostly reffers to following thinkers: Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Jaspers, Albert Camus and Jean Améry.
Artificial Light in Art
Víchová, Ilona ; Rakušanová, Marie (advisor) ; Wittlich, Petr (referee) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
In my dissertation I focus on light and spatial situations rooted in a dialogue between an empty space and artificial light. These environments are so charged in terms of perception that their experience affects the processes in the viewer's consciousness. First, there are usually the feelings of increased instability and disorientation. These factors were first explored in depth by the Californian artists James Turrell and Robert Irwin in the mid-1960s, in response to psychological and neurological scientific experiments in the field of sensory deprivation. Turrell's and Irwin's progressive approach found a host of followers. In Europe, it was developed, in particular, by the contemporary artists Olafur Eliasson and Ann Veronica Janssens, in the Czech milieu by Pavel Korbička. Korbička's interest in the potential of space and its definition by artificial light constitutes a key material in my dissertation for the explanation of the links between light and spatial works and the processes regarding the viewer's perception. Inside light and spatial works, the limits of the viewer's body dissolve; at the same time, the natural dependence of human orientation on allocentric representation (i.e. on the relationship between the subject and the surrounding landmarks) is stimulated, to the extent that the...
Intuition and vacuum of film imaging
Krůček, Václav ; Svatoňová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Dvořák, Tomáš (referee)
My PhD thesis explores impacts of the specific moments of film within the context of its ontological potential. It follows forms of intervention into stability and continuity of visual re-presentation, which may induce intuition of the new. The opening chapters are devoted to the image "in itself", presented as duration of a "self-modulating" shot, whose apparent stillness initiates (with participation of sound) the pressure of off-screen field. The relationship of visible and sensible is considered from this point as initiation of impulses and changes immanent to film recording, as examined in subsequent arguments. Presented shots in these cases not only fulfill its narrative function by means of pictorial representation, but act concurrently as movement of elementary structures in time, as Gilles Deleuze points out. Based on references to his reflections, the following chapters expand on topics that analyze factors, partaking in possible initiation of intuition: effects of sequential processes of difference and repetition in film images, their rhythm, duration, elementarization, refraction and disappearance. Sudden occurences and persistence of these processes are demonstrated in film examples, where intuition departs medium and unfolds reality beyond film.
A web of eyes. Irony and romanticism in the works of Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar
Kazmar, Vít ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Šišmišová, Paulína (referee) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
A Web Of Eyes: Irony and romanticism in the works of Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar (Mgr. Vít Kazmar) Abstract The present doctoral thesis offers an interpretation of the works of Borges and Cortázar through the lens of romantic irony. It outlines the origin of the notion of irony from greek drama through philosophical dialogue to rhetorics. The main focus of the work is Schlegel's concept of romantic irony. Various aspects serve as a basis for the interpretation of the work of both Argentine writers in particular chapters: the struggle between enthusiasmus and scepsis in Borges (litotes) and Cortázar (novelistic dialogue), motive of the double, reflexivity in literature written in the spanish language from Cervantes to Borges, focusing on Borges' sources of inspiration (Carlyle, Fernández, Unamuno); Cortázars reflexive short stories, heteronyms of both authors (Morelli, Ménard); and finally the tendency to see the world from above, to constant transcendence of perspective in Borges' short stories and poems and in Cortázar's novel 62: A model kit, as well as in his poetics based on the works of John Keats.
Moment and Autorship in Photography
Šarkadyová, Lucie ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Váša, Ondřej (referee) ; Silverio, Robert (referee)
Most of the work on photography is about image and trying to understand photography as an image. Contrary to this approach, this paper deals with the experience of the photographer at the time of taking the picture, and also the influence of photography, understood as a medium, on our perception. The main topic is the photography of movement, where we can best demonstrate how photography changes both our perception and our understanding of (objective) reality. The beginning of the work is devoted to one of the greatest Czech photographers, Josef Sudek, who describes the method of his work. Sudek's definition of the moment involved in taking the picture is "when everything fits together"; the impossibility of returning to the same moment is a central feature of photography as presented in this work. Consequently, the basis for the thesis is that (1) photography and camera change the way we perceive, and that (2) photography is an actualization of the possibility of how we see what we see. The actualization of the possibility is discussed mainly in the context of Barbara Probst, whose work "Exposures" fundamentally enters the history of photography, and who - once again - does not put emphasis on the image but rather on the photographer as the creator of the image.
Hans-Georg Gadamer and the Method of Interpretation
Zbořil, Prokop-Jan ; Čapek, Jakub (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
In 1981, Gadamer gave his Text und Interpretation speech at a Paris conference. He emphasized the role of interpretation as a wholly fundamental phenomenon shaping our overall relation with the world. All knowledge seems to be dependent on interpretation, as Gadamer claims in Wahrheit und Methode, his central work, as early as 1960. The work's key term is interpretation, taken from Gadamer's later lecture, as it narrows hermeneutic interpretation, focusing it on one specific problem. Gadamer's hermeneutics is treated as a correct interpretation methodology of sorts - a position Gadamer himself always denounced. The decision is intentional and will be explained and defended in the text. This approach will allow Gadamer's general propositions to be tested in a real, concrete situation.

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