National Repository of Grey Literature 49 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Minhagic tradition of Cochin Jews
Nováková, Josefína ; Lyčka, Milan (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
This work focuses on the Jewish community which settled in South Western Indian region of Malabar Coast and the town of Cochin. Although it's uncertain when the community actually formed, it has been proven that it had spent at least one millennium in India. During this time the Jews adapted to the local environment through the appropriation of certain cultural customs. According to some researchers, this adaptation was to take place (save for one exception) in accordance with the Jewish normative law halakha , only through the so-called minhagic tradition. In this work I explore the rigidity of categories of halakhic and minhagic tradition in the context of the Cochin Jewish community. I focus mainly on the holidays of Passover, Simchat Torah and the division of the community into internal endogamous subgroups, likely following the example of Indian castes. I describe the form of these customs before and after the migration to Israel, which took place en masse in the second half of the 20th century. Based on the description of customs transformation and their categorization into halakhically correct or incorrect, I try to outline how these categories are contextual and variable. Powered by TCPDF (
Buddhism in Jewish Religious Texts 18th - 21st Century
Weiss, Aleš ; Halík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hošek, Pavel (referee) ; Lyčka, Milan (referee)
This dissertation analyzes Jewish religious views of Buddhism in a broad historical perspective, from the end of 18th century down to the present. Through an analysis of Jewish religious texts, it shows the ways Buddhism has been contextualized and tries to uncover Buddhism's role in modern Judaism. From these texts Buddhism emerges as 1) a tool of polemics and self-definition, 2) a form of spirituality fully compatible with Judaism, and 3) a competitor of Judaism, endangering its social and ideological integrity. While Jewish religious views of Christianity and Islam have been dealt with extensively in the academic literature, the role of Buddhism in various forms of modern Judaism has been either completely overlooked or at best reduced to the JUBU phenomenon. This dissertation aims to help fill this gap.
Conception of Czechoslovak Jews' Identity in Židovská ročenka (1954-1968)
Šebestová, Markéta ; Holý, Jiří (advisor) ; Lyčka, Milan (referee)
Bc. Markéta Šebestová: Conception of Czechoslovak Jews' Identity in Židovská ročenka (1954-1968) Abstract This thesis is concerned with Židovská ročenka (Jewish Yearbook, JY), mostly literary periodical published by Rada židovských náboženských obcí v zemích České a Morav- skoslezské (Council of Jewish Religious Communities in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia), during the 1950s and 1960s. Main subject of the thesis are the contents of JY, which I set in historical social, political and ideological context. In the thesis I concern myself with question, how image of Czechoslovak Jews provided by JY corresponds to the structure of contemporary Jewish community. Further I inquire, whether and how JY reflects the official limitation of Jewish identity solely to religious denomination. I also address question, how are represented relations of the Czechoslovak Jews to majority culture, especially Czech, and to the German culture, which historically constituted minority in the Czech lands. I concern myself with the presentation of Shoah, which was most linked to official ideological concerns. I also inquire about the diversity of artistic representations of the Shoah, included in JY. I conclude, that in correspondence with general gradual loosening of ideological pressure JY presents the variety of Czechoslovak Jewish...
Exodus as the Root Experience of Jewish Universalism
Senft, Lukáš ; Lyčka, Milan (advisor) ; Žonca, Milan (referee)
This paper focuses on the philosophy of Ahad Ha-Am. Ha-Am is usually considered as a political thinker, however he dealt with judaism in many of his essays. I attempt to systematize his thesis on religion - my intention is to formulate a coherent summary of Ahad Ha-Am's philosophy of judaism. I analyze his conception of Moses as a key figure to the understanding of a jewish identity. The cultural memory seems as a very important part of Ha-Am's philosophical approach - it helps to hold the memory of Exodus and memory of prophetic ideal of universal justice, these memories have been shaping and preserving a jewish identity across history. Ha-Am's conception of religion is not easy to define which makes it deeply challenging for religious studies: it connects a political agenda with religious tradition, mythology with positivism, and it tries to sublime a particular nationalism into universal humanism. Powered by TCPDF (
Bible and Its Exegesis in the Letter of Aristeas
Pelíšková, Lenka ; Žonca, Milan (advisor) ; Lyčka, Milan (referee)
The thesis focuses on analysing the reflection of Jewish exegetical techniques and methods in The Letter of Aristeas. The thesis tries to answer the question, whether and how the author of The Letter of Aristeas knew and used Jewish exegetical methods and individual stories and teachings derived from the Bible by means of interpretation. The possible influences of Greek thought and culture on the author and his exegetical methods are also discussed. The first chapter deals with the book's content and its most important features. The second chapter focuses on the Greek influence on the book. The third chapter is concerned with the relationship between the Bible and The Letter of Aristeas. It deals with the author's concepts and thoughts about the origin and inspiration of the Bible. The literary incorporation of biblical motives and themes into the book's narrative is also mentioned in this chapter. The fourth chapter analyses the individual Jewish exegetical methods utilized by the author and comments on the sharing of interpretations between Palestine and the diaspora. The thesis suggests that the author of The Letter of Aristeas mastered a range of basic Greek ideas and notions taken from popular Hellenistic philosophy, as well as deep knowledge of the Bible and he was able to use some Jewish...
Saadia Gaon and Maimonides on evil and suffering
Linka, Vojtěch ; Válová, Dita (advisor) ; Lyčka, Milan (referee)
in English: In my bachelor thesis, I am dealing with the problem of evil and suffering in the two major figures of medieval Jewish philosophy, Saadyah Gaon and Maimonides. First, I am showing the place of evil and suffering in the context of western philosophical tradition. Then, I am depicting the specifically Jewish understanding of the problem based on the Biblical book of Job. In the central part of my thesis, I am exploring the passages of writings of Saadyah and Maimonides devoted to evil and suffering. Furthermore, I am comparing both conceptions of the problem and I am showing the Maimonides' conception as being in some way a criticism of Saadyah, especially his understanding of suffering as a trial. In the conclusion, I am dealing with some common aspects of Saadyahs and Maimonides' understanding of evil and suffering. I am proving that their understanding of evil has some specific Jewish aspects based on the Biblical book of Job, and particular for Medieval thinking in general. These aspects show clearly that the conception of evil and suffering of Saadyah and Maimonides broadly differs from the contemporary conceptions of the problem.
Maimonides: Evil and Divine Providence
Fischerová, Ester ; Lyčka, Milan (advisor) ; Válová, Dita (referee)
This thesis is concerned with a problem of evil and Divine providence in Maimonides' work Guide for the Perplexed. At first the author list through important philosophical sources of this work and consequently comes up with possible paths of interpreting it as a whole according to Leo Strauss and Marvin Fox. Then author's focus shifts towards specific text passages in which Maimonides specifically elaborates evil and Divine providence. After that, this thesis lists various types of providence, types of evil and diferentiates between two theories of providence in Maimonides' thought. Finally author analyses different ways to interpret these text passages and in the end she makes an effort to unify those two theories od Divine providence using Fox's method of interpretation. Powered by TCPDF (
Christology of Hans Küng
Hájek, Vít ; Halík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Lyčka, Milan (referee)
Hans Küng (b. 1928) is a Swiss theologian and a Roman Catholic priest who in the second half of the twentieth century introduced a characteristic and very critical interpretation of Roman Catholic theology. The aim of this work is to concentrate on one part of Küng's theological thinking only, that is his christology. Specifically, the focus is on the reflection and criticism from the perspective of the historical-critical method and Jewish theology.
Water Symbolism in Christianity and Islam according to Mircea Eliade
Bajerová, Adéla ; Lyčka, Milan (advisor) ; Kozák, Jan (referee)
In his book, Patterns in Comparative Religion (1996), the Romanian scholar Mircea Eliade deals with comparative religion in terms of their repeating structures of phenomena. These "symbolisms" are systems of hierophanies, or manifestations of the sacred, that are binded together by one element. The contents of symbolism is determined by the meanings of individual hierophanies as well as the structure between them. According to Eliade this structure is mutually transferable among religions. The aim of this thesis is to verify whether or not is this theory valid by means of analysis and comparison of hierophanies in two religions. Since in Patterns in Comparative Religion Eliade pays greater attention to archaic religions, this thesis tries to apply his theory on two living religions. We will verify the validity of water symbolism in Christianity, whose symbolism is partially addressed in Eliade's book, and Islam, which isn't mentioned in the chapter on water symbolism at all.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 49 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Lyčka, Marek
2 Lyčka, Martin
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