National Repository of Grey Literature 78 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Adriena Šimotová - Images That Are Neither from Themselves Nor for Themselves: Reflections on Communication in the Artist's Work
Brunclík, Pavel ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Bajcurová, Katarína (referee)
Adriena Šimotová - Images That Are Neither from Themselves Nor for Themselves: Reflections on Communication in the Artist's Work Mgr. Pavel Brunclík Abstract Adriena Šimotová is an outstanding figure in Czech visual arts and Czech culture in general. Beyond the aspects of art history, it may be useful to address the interpretation of Šimotová's life and work using the interpretive approaches of the philosophical thinking of her time. The focus of the present paper relates to the subject matter which strongly determines Šimotová's art: themes of communication, communicative relations, and the relationship between communication and imagery. This corresponds to the choice of authors whose texts are referred to: Martin Buber, Karl Jaspers, and Emmanuel Levinas. The first chapter addresses the formation of the artist's personality and the development of her creative orientation from her early years to the late 1970s. The second chapter discusses the key moments and elements of her artistic expression in the 1980. The third chapter presents the final stages of her lifelong work. An interpretive approach underpinned by references to selected works by the above authors appears useful. It demonstrates that the communicative aspects of Šimotová's art are vital for her and the interpretation of her work. I worked with...
Goethe's Color Theory
Kuna, Dominik ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (advisor) ; Novák, Aleš (referee)
The purpose of the diploma thesis is to present specific characterics of Goethe's thought and Theory of Colours as elaborated in Zur Farbenlehre with the intention to get a sound grasp of its discourse, as well as to contribute to the discussion in the context of the Czech language environment, since the entire writing has not yet been translated, regardless of its importance in the history of phenomenology. Since the perspective of understanding stems from striving for pure phenomenology, the influence of (late) Martin Heidegger's thinking as well as the perspective of Rudolf Steiner, the merit of the thesis is the didactic part which focuses on Goethe's specific "phenomenological" approach to colours, light and darkness, as well as the associated concept of the relationship between sensuality and thinking, and the issue of the so- called original phenomena (Urphänomene). Key words Goethe, Heidegger, Colour Theory, Zur Farbenlehre, Phenomenology, Gedächtnise Denken, Urphänomene
Technical human and human technique - about a relation between human and technique
Geisler, Felix ; Novák, Aleš (advisor) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee)
This thesis studies the topic of the relationship between man and technique through the lens of reflection on this relationship by selected thinkers of the last century who discussed this topic in some of their works (O. Spengler, J. Ortega y Gasset, A. Gehlen). One line of enquiry will trace the nuances of whether and how man constitutes technique, or whether and how technique shapes man. This work will not resolve this interdependence of man and technique once and for all, but it will outline perspectives from which this almost self-evident relationship can be problematized and brought into the questioning even for today. Technique has in fact been considered one of man's essential definitions since modern times. Man is conceived as a practical, acting and, above all, creative being - he transforms nature, that is, he creates a new, humanized second-order nature, which is technique. The second line of inquiry will highlight how technique appears as something that not only makes man human to some extent, but as that which threatens man's being as such. The two lines converge in the question of how much we are threatened by that what shapes us, or how much we are shaped by that what threatens us.
Human's Un-placed Place (Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Blaise Pascal, Søren Kierkegaard, Max Picard)
Brocková, Alexandra ; Novák, Aleš (advisor) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee)
Human's Un-placed Place (Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Blaise Pascal, Søren Kierkegaard, Max Picard) This diploma thesis studies the theme of human's place and the claim of leading one's own life through the exercise of choice among the possibilities of being. In its title, Human's Un-placed Place, it states that human's place is not of the nature of some predefined and stable place. Human co- defines and finds their own's place by leading their own's life. This thesis interconnects associated philosophical themes in works of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Blaise Pascal, Søren Kierkegaard and Max Picard. As an introduction, the concept of "human's central position" is being thought over. Through that it can be seen that human, unlike other beings, must lead their own's life because no fixed place in cosmos was given to them in advance, so they have to define it themselves. Subsequently, a demand is emphasised on getting to know oneself and coming to oneself as an individual, which is followed by thinking of the constitution of "self" and of the possibilities of despair arising from the fact of "the self". In parallel, the phenomena of escaping from oneself as a response to this specific human position in world is thought through. Also, the fact that human doesn't have the power to completely...
An attempt at an ontological critique of Wilhelm Dilthey's conception of resistance
Sajvera, David ; Novák, Aleš (advisor) ; Nitsche, Martin (referee) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee)
An attempt at an ontological critique of Wilhelm Dilthey's conception of resistance The starting point of the paper is Wilhelm Dilthey's conception of resistance as a pre-reflective experience of separation of the Self and the outer world. This emerges in the very early (prenatal) stages of ontogenesis and forms the basis of our belief in the reality of outer world. We try to explicate Dilthey's insights more precisely by pursuing the interpretation of his conception by other authors, confronting it with a phenomenological approach and reflecting on the possibilities of ontological grounding of the term. Dilthey's analysis of resistance met with explicit responses from Martin Heidegger and Max Scheler, and became one of the main topics of a debate between them, triggered by Scheler's response to Being and Time. Heidegger rejects Dilthey's concept of resistance, claiming that resistance is characteristic of an ontic entity, but it never characterizes the world in the ontological sense. Resistance always presupposes the disclosure of the world, and also disclosed is that which our will or instinct aim for. A key role here is played by the existential structure of Sorge. Scheler revises Dilthey's original concept and purifies it from some untenable ontic characteristics (e.g. resistance as a content...
Labour and value. Karl Marx in the light of Phenomenology of life
Jiskra, Martin ; Novotný, Karel (advisor) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee) ; Karul, Róbert (referee)
The doctoral thesis examines the concepts of labour and value which we attempt to contain by means of phenomenological interpretation of alienation, brought forward by french philosopher Michel Henry in his two-part book about Marx, written in the 1970s. The challenge of such a project results naturally both from the extent and from fragmentary nature of Marx's own work. Our intention to understand Marx's thinking in the unity of its diversity is at first sight reflected in fact that we try to follow its evolution step by step from its early stages to the late phase, in other words from the problems of labour in terms of critic of the reality of alienation to the economic nature of evaluation of value. Nevertheless, we do have reason to hope that beyond this formalistic approach we would have found hidden, so to say profound sens, which should appear by devoloping different forms of the concept of alienation. By the examination of Marx's work we proceed from the assumption that the concept of alienation claims the role of inner bond that holds his whole work together, thus the methods of young and late Marx, in spite of particular changes, complement and support each other because, at the and of the day, they grow up from the same basis: the critic of the alienation of life as such. Keywords...
The Notion of an Object in Husserl's Phenomenology and and its Preview in Classical Ancient metaphysics
Zavřel, Viktor ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee) ; De Santis, Daniele (referee)
The presented dissertation aims to present the concept of an object, which we can observe in Husserl's phenomenological philosophy. It highlights the four basic meanings of an object and tries to connect them. This work also presents a comprehensive history of key metaphysical concepts. Primarily through the analysis of the theories of the pre-Socratic philosophers and Plato's theory, it presents the ancient concept of the object, then moves on to the analysis of Aristotle's Metaphysics, within which the focuse is placed especially on the concept of οὐσία and on the changes in the understanding of this term.

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