National Repository of Grey Literature 140 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Sentence imtation and working memory
Abrahámová, Miroslava ; Smolík, Filip (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
Previous studies have suggested that short-term and long-term memory processes in- dependently affect performance in the sentence-imitation task. The multi-component working memory model by Baddeley and Hitch offers a suitable theoretical description of how these processes contribute to this performance. In order to examine the influence of language knowledge located in the long-term me- mory on performance in the sentence-imitation task while statistically controlling for the influence of short-term memory, we assigned to our participants different tasks testing their language knowledge, phonological short-term memory (phonological loop), com- plex short-term memory (central executive) and the sentence-repetition task. Results from hierarchical linear regression yield significant contribution of the tasks testing language knowledge to explaining the variance in the sentence-imitation task, while controlling for the contributions from the phonological and complex short-term memory tasks. These results are in accordance with previous research and the theory of multi-component working memory. Keywords: working memory, episodic buffer, sentence imitation
Cognitive development support of adolescents in the family and school environment
Šíchová, Andrea ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Rázgová, Lenka (referee)
The thesis introduces a theme of cognitive development support of adolescents in the school and family environment. The first part defines the age group of adolescents which is described with particular emphasis on cognitive abilities. The following section explains the basic prerequisite for the development of cognitive abilities, about the theory of structural cognitive modifiability. The second part describes selected methods of cognitive development promotion. It includes approaches used by general population of adolescents, i.e. Philosophy for children and Building learning power. Furthermore, Feuerstein Instrumental enrichment program and the model of conceptual learning are discussed in the chapter devoted to methods used with individuals with cognitive deficits. The work also discusses a possible use of ICT as a tool for cognitive development. This section presents the application Tablexia, training of cognitive abilities designed for adolescents with dyslexia. The practical part of the work suggests a research design, which would verify the effectiveness of Tablexia in promoting cognitive development of adolescents with dyslexia. Keywords: Adolescence, cognitive modifiability, methods of cognitive development, ICT in education, Tablexia
The possibilities of diagnosis of dyslexia in children
Matějovská, Lucie ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The research study focuses on the development of new appropriate tools suitable for dyslexia assessment of primary school children (grades sixth to ninth), and a process of their pilot standardization. The inspiration was found in the existing tests for different age groups and methods used abroad. Four newly created tests were included into the test battery (test of visual perception, phonological manipulation, auditory segmentation and rapid automatized naming) as well as two already existing tests, which are a part of the validation study (test of auditory discrimination from Novak's Diagnosis of specific learning disabilities battery and Symbol search subtest from Wechsler intelligence scale for children). The research group consisted of 155 students of primary school (grades sixth to ninth), 61 dyslectics and 94 intact students. The results between the intact group and the dyslexic group differed significantly in all tests. The test of phonological manipulation showed the strongest differentiation. The study includes a correlation analysis between the tests and norms created for both groups. The presented predictive model was able to correctly identify 77.4 % of "cases" in relation to the criterion dyslexic - intact group.
The possibilities of academic self-efficacy development at school environment
Lávičková, Soňa ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (referee)
Bandura's theory of self-efficacy is the theoretical framework of academic self-efficacy, which is one of the predictors of the school achievement. Academic self-efficacy is defined as an option of self-efficacy. The focus of this work is a description of the academic self-efficacy development from the beginning of the first grade at elementary school till the end of high school with the emphasis on transition moments. Additionally, variables which can increase or decrease the academic self-efficacy are introduced. In the last part of the work a research project is suggested which explores teacher's importance for academic self-efficacy development. Keywords: academic self-efficacy, student's school achievement, transition moments, elementary school, high school
The ACFS assessment approach and its use in different cultures
Šetková, Lucie ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Rázgová, Lenka (referee)
This thesis deals with the assessment approach called the Application of Cognitive Functions Scale (ACFS) and the possibilities of its use in the Czech Republic and in other cultures. The theoretical part first briefly introduces the principles of dynamic testing, and then focuses on the ACFS assessment approach, the examination process and the subscales on which the child is evaluated. The thesis further analyses the possibilities of using ACFS for both diagnostic and research purposes. Last but not least, it will provide insight into several surveys from diverse cultural backgrounds made using ACFS. The thesis also includes a research proposal, which aims to verify the validity of ACFS as a tool for diagnosing school maturity.
Support of child cognitive development in home and school environment with focus on mnemonics
Kytka, Igor ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Stehlík, Luděk (referee)
This thesis entitled Support of child cognitive development in home and school environment with focus on mnemonics outlines the theories of the cognitive development of preschool and school age. Also includes a summary of characteristics of these age periods. This thesis also includes the presentation of selected approaches to cognitive development, such as conceptual learning, or Learning Power, both from a theoretical as well as practical perspective. The practical part of this work is based on the application of training Loci technique and determining their impact on improving cognitive functions in children at primary school, aged 6-12 years. Keywords: cognitive development, cognitive functions, mnemonics, programs for enhancing cognitive functions, preschool age, school age, education, learning
Child's group development and aggression
Šustová, Petra ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
This thesis deals with group development and aggression in child's group. In the first charter, key group characteristics are introduced together with theoretical basis of group development. I focused especially on group structure, group dynamics and group norms. Second chapter is devoted to specifics of child's group. Aggression in group of children, especially class, is described in the third charter. The most important part of this thesis is chapter four. There I tried to identify risk phases in group development, which can contribute to increasing aggression in group of children. Final part of this thesis consists of research project that is focused on comparison of aggression and victimization between phase forming and phase storming.
The aggression and the development of children's groups
Doležalová, Barbora ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
This paper discusses the aggressive behavior in connection with children's groups. The first part is a literature survey, involving various factors relating to theories, types and causes of aggression. Further, it focuses on the development and dynamics of groups aimed at school environments and aggressive phenomena which may occur in the group. Then it suggests possible forms of prevention of these phenomena, which would lead to the suppression or elimination. The second part is dedicated to the design of research, in which is experimentally tested the effectiveness of selected prevention program on a random sample of classes. Keywords: Aggression - aggression theory - types and causes of aggression - children's group - prevention
Specific difficulties of adults with dyslexia
Táborová, Zuzana ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This thesis deals with the difficulties of adults with dyslexia. Not enough attention is being paid to this issue in the Czech Republic. The theoretical part of this thesis characterizes dyslexia and summarizes possible difficulties of adults with dyslexia on the basis of both Czech and foreign information sources. The empirical part of this thesis describes the research, whose main goal is to chart (especially cognitive) difficulties, which are related to common everyday activities. Another area monitored in this thesis is self-efficacy of adults with dyslexia in their everyday life. Data are compared with intact counterparts. The research group consists of 120 respondents, including 60 adults with dyslexia and 60 adults without dyslexia (66 women and 54 men). The intact counterparts were matched with adults with dyslexia based on the same gender, year of birth and highest education received. The whole set of used methods concluded the anamnestic part and three self-evaluation questionnaires - the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, the Dyslexic difficulties questionnaire (created for the purpose of this thesis) and the General Self-Efficacy scale. The results confirmed higher difficulties of adults with dyslexia. The self-efficacy does not differ, however, it correlates more with difficulties in...
Humor as a protective factor of the occupational stress of teachers
Vertelmanová, Hedvika ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
This bachelor's thesis offers a brief overview of theories and surveys made in the areas of occupational stress, defence mechanisms and humor. The author is trying to find and indicate the connections between these areas. This paper goes from the general issue of stress to the posibilities of defending against it. Furthermore, it focuses specifically on humor. It offers an overview of the general theories of humor, and it concentrates on the possible uses of humor as a way of dealing with mental overload. The goal of the practical part of this thesis is to examine the ways in which university teachers use humor. The purpose of this examination is to find ways for improving the mechanisms through which teachers deal with stress.

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