National Repository of Grey Literature 121 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Relationships between members of stepfamilies and the well-being of the child
Němcová, Markéta ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
Blended families are an increasingly common type of family cohabitation. However, very little is known about the specifics of relationships between individual members of these families and how these relationships affect the personal well-being of the child in these families. The literature review section summarizes the findings of foreign research dealing with the specifics of relationships between individual members of blended families and how these relationships affect children's well-being in these families. The empirical part describes the research investigation and its results. The aim of the research was to find out what parenting styles are used by parents and stepparents in blended families, to compare relationships between different types of siblings and to find out how these relationships and parenting styles are related to children's well-being in these families and family belonging. Keywords Blended families, well-being, family belonging, parenting styles, siblings
Common activities of parents and children in educational context
Matýsková, Jana ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The main goal of this disertation is to update knowledge about common activities of parents and adolescents in the context of family education (Gillern, 2009), which could help current counseling practices and expansion of knowledge about educational interactions in the family. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge of the effects of common realized interests of parents and adolescents, and to find out under what conditions and circumstances they occur. The theoretical part of this thesis consists of three chapters. First chapter deals with important adults during adolescence, the second chapter focuses on family upbringing while the third chapter deals with common activities during free time. The research part presents the results of quantitative research, supplemented by semi- structured interviews with several students. Adolescents were asked what activities they do in their free time, with whom they perform them, and how the actual implementation differs from their wishes. Current parenting styles according to the nine-field model were also examined. At the end of the work, the results of the research part are discussed and the findings of the research survey are summarized. Keywords Significant others, adolescents, parenting styles, common activities, free time
The Role of a Child in a Pre-divorce and Divorce Behavior of Parents
Froncová, Lucie ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of possible roles that children may play due to a pre- divorce behaviour of their parents and a divorce and a post-divorce situation. The theme of these roles, resp. their list and description of some of them are to varying degrees part of almost every publication focused on the topic of divorce, or the topic of children in it. However, none of these publications addresses this issue in sufficient depth and detail. The theoretical part of the work introduces the knowledge on this topic published so far and creates a new theoretical system, resp. organization of undesirable roles of children in divorce and post-divorce situations. The empirical work then describes a qualitative survey focused on the identification of roles in the pre-divorce and especially the divorce and post-divorce situation. 14 respondents participated in this survey. The analysis of their statements further developed and modified the created theoretical system. It also added practical examples, putting this whole theoretical concept into a practical context. Keywords divorce, role of a child, pre-divorce situation, post-divorce situation
Teachers' self-efficacy believes towards inclusion practices
Langrová, Kristýna ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This thesis is focused on the topic of perceived professional efficacy of teachers in the context of inclusive education. The theoretical part is after a brief chapter on theoretical background of the concept of perceived self-efficacy, focuses on the concept of professional efficacy of teachers. The next chapter deals with a general overview of the topic of inclusion - main concepts, system of inclusion in the Czech republic and legal regulations concerning inclusion. The last chapter summarizes findings stated in the previous parts into a topic of the role of perceived professional efficacy of teachers in the context of inclusive education. In the empirical part, the semi-structured interviews were used to get insight into the situation of inclusive education from the primary school teachers' point of view. The results of qualitative inquiry suggest that teachers are able to describe a number of functional strategies used across different areas of their work. They were able to describe areas which require more work and need to be improved and they also suggested some realistic ways of support for themselves. It seems that the teachers feel the most sure in direct contact with the pupils and in collaboration within the support system of their schools. Feelings of failure or even frustration were...
Social skills of the teacher and the possibilities of its recognition and effective application
Convoy, Klára ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The bachelor thesis " Social skills of the teacher and the possibilities of their identification" pursues this topic in the field of pedagogical psychology and is focused on the subject of social skills of the teacher, the possibilities of their identification. The aim of this work is to define social skills and their demarcation between related concepts, to find ways of their identification on the basis of available literary sources and own research design. In the literary overview section, attention is given to a description of the teacher's functions and his personality traits, a description of related social skills concepts, the detailed description of social skills and the possibilities of their identification and description of the teacher as an expert. In the research part, attention is paid to the proposal of research design, which is focused on the identification of social skills of teachers of the 2nd level of elementary schools, secondary schools and multi-year grammar schools through the combination of several research methods. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Empathy in pre-school children and its support
Potužníková, Kristýna ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with empathy in preschool children and contributes to knowledge about emotional development of preschool child. It also explains the relationship between empathy and prosocial behavior and highlights the importance of empathy in social skills. Furthermore, it also tries to summarize the current possibilities of developing this ability, not only in the context of the family environment, but also in the context of teachers in kindergartens. This bachelor thesis also relies on theoretical findings within the individual chapters on the results of foreign research. The research proposal is aimed directly at promoting empathy in preschool children, both within the family environment and in the kindergarten environment. Its aim is to map the whole of this phenomenon and its possibilities from the perspective of parents and kindergartens. Besides, it tries to map out whether the development of this ability is part of educational goals in these environments and also how parents and teachers try to develop this ability. Keywords Empathy, preschool age, family, kindergarten teacher
Psychological aspects of education highly gifted children educated in special and common classes
Kojanová, Barbora ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The diploma thesis aims to map creativity and motivation for learning in highly gifted children educated in common and special classes of primary schools. The theoretical part deals with giftedness, characteristics of gifted children, their identification, ways of education, and it also deals with creativity and motivation. In the empirical part, creativity and motivation of children were compared quantitatively, using data of highly gifted children educated in special classes, and the highly gifted children who attend common classes. The results showed that two factors of creativity, i.e. fluency and flexibility, are comparable in both groups. Factors of originality and elaboration appeared slightly higher in the group of children educated in regular classes. The external motivation was slightly higher among gifted the children educated in special classes. The need for success is higher in the group of children in common classes. In contrast, the fear of failure is higher in the group of children educated in special classes.
Dynamic assessement of childern with ADHD
Bulínová, Soňa ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The thesis deals with topics of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and dynamic assessment. The first section briefly characterizes ADHD and it provides an overview of studies on interventions for ADHD pupils in school settings. Specifically, the effect of incentive therapy and daily report cards, adjustments in the school environment and during the lessons, and finally the intervention supporting the development of homework, planning and organizational skills are discussed. The next part of the theory focuses on dynamic assessment and its use in identifying the learning potential of pupils with special educational needs, learning and social disadvantage, or gifted pupils. The empirical part verifies the use of dynamic assessment in pupils with ADHD. The aim was to evaluate the effect of the mediation phase on performance in the posttest of The Seria- Think Instrument among pupils with ADHD. As a result, pupils with ADHD improved their posttest performance. The benefit of the mediation phase in this research was observed in reducing the number of insertions of wooden sticks into the wholes, in changing the problém solving strategy, and in shortening the time of tasks performance. Keywords: ADHD, dynamic assessment, intervention, The Seria-Think Instrument, Tzuriel, mediation phase,...
Self-directed education in connection with selected psychological concepts
Režná, Lucie ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the concepts of creativity and self-efficacy mainly in connection with self-directed education. In the theoretical part of the thesis, the phenomenon of free schools is introduced, their main principles and comparison with traditional schools are presented in more details. Attention is also paid to the definition of the concept of creativity, main perspectives and theoretical approaches and interdependence with the educational process. Furthermore, the concept of self-efficacy is described with an emphasis on its resources and its connection with the school environment. The main goal of the thesis is to compare selected psychological concepts (creativity and self-efficacy) in children undergoing self- directed education in democratic schools in the Czech Republic and those attending traditional primary school. The empirical part introduces the research, which was made with a sample of 198 sixth through ninth graders (60 from democratic schools and 138 from traditional school). The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking was used to measure creativity, for the measurement of academic self-efficacy was used ASE questionnaire consisting of three self-assessment scales - Myself as a learner scale (MALS), Child's self-efficacy scale (ChSE) and a homework questionnaire (HW)....
Long-term effects of parental divorce on offsprings
Woloszczuková, Patricie Rosalie ; Mertin, Václav (advisor) ; Morávková, Kateřina (referee)
This thesis deals with the long-term effects of parental divorce, thus exploring how parental divorce in childhood effects the adulthood of an offspring. In the first part of the thesis are defined the types of family, it's fundamental functions, and divorce matters in the Czech Republic. The mechanisms of divorce effects and primary variables most researched in the matter, are also explained. Long-term effects of divorce are analyzed based on current research in the field, which mostly deals with the quality of life of people from divorced primary families. Furthermore, some trends in the changes of the effects of divorce are presented across time, and even directly from the Czech Republic. In the second part of the thesis the proposal of a research is presented. Its goal is to compare adults from divorced and intact primary families, respectively, the differences between the two groups shall be analyzed in relation to sex and age. Keywords Divorce Family Mechanisms of the effects of divorce Long-term efffects of divorce Long-term effects of divorce in the Czech Republic

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