National Repository of Grey Literature 159 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Joint custody - its assumptions, strengths and potential weaknesses in the light of psychology
Koppová, Kateřina ; Šturma, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with joint custody in relation to its assumptions, strengths and potential weaknesses in the light of psychology. The theoretical part provides insight into the context of the form of contemporary family, with the issue of divorce and its impact on all involved individuals and with different forms of parenting. The legislative grounding of post divorce child care and its possible forms in the Czech legal order is also covered. The psychological assumptions of joint custody of both the parents and the child are emphasized to a great extent. On the basis of these findings are drawn possible strengths and weaknesses of joint custody. Last but not least are presented different approaches to joint custody among a few selected countries. The final part of this thesis is designed as qualitative research project focusing on the evaluation of joint custody from the perspective of individuals who have personal experience with this post-divorce arrangement. Keywords: joint custody, children, divorce, post-divorce arrangement, psychological impacts
Sexual identity in adolescence growing up in an orphanage
Pekárková, Markéta ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical section is devoted to adolescence, identity, gender identity and issues in formation of sexual identity in foster homes. The empirical part describes the process of research and summarizes the research results. The research was conducted in qualitative way. For this research was created semi- structured interview. Data were processed in several ways: non-parametric tests, Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney rank test; descriptive ways of creating a category or simple description of the phenomenon. The attention of research was mainly focused to the characteristics of a woman, men, boyfriend/girlfriend, me, mother and father. The results show differences between the experimental and the control group, especially in some characteristics relating to oneself within partnerships, award-winning fact to be someone within the relationship, the negative elements in the social representation of "Me". The research gives an insight on the issue. Its qualitative nature reveals the characteristics mentioned by respondents, rather than to seek confirmation of relationships. Keywords: Gender identity, adolescence, foster home, identity, orphanage
The possibilities of diagnosis of dyslexia in children
Matějovská, Lucie ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The research study focuses on the development of new appropriate tools suitable for dyslexia assessment of primary school children (grades sixth to ninth), and a process of their pilot standardization. The inspiration was found in the existing tests for different age groups and methods used abroad. Four newly created tests were included into the test battery (test of visual perception, phonological manipulation, auditory segmentation and rapid automatized naming) as well as two already existing tests, which are a part of the validation study (test of auditory discrimination from Novak's Diagnosis of specific learning disabilities battery and Symbol search subtest from Wechsler intelligence scale for children). The research group consisted of 155 students of primary school (grades sixth to ninth), 61 dyslectics and 94 intact students. The results between the intact group and the dyslexic group differed significantly in all tests. The test of phonological manipulation showed the strongest differentiation. The study includes a correlation analysis between the tests and norms created for both groups. The presented predictive model was able to correctly identify 77.4 % of "cases" in relation to the criterion dyslexic - intact group.
Aggressive Behaviour in Families Focused on Work with Children Exposed to Domestic Violence
Jirásková, Veronika ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis introduces term "aggression", "aggressiveness" and their mutual relation. At the same time it mentions basic theories of development of aggression and describes connection of aggression with violence. Next it concentrates on aggressive behaviour in families, when it focuses on phenomena of domestic violence. The thesis further pursues children who have been exposed to that violence and concentrates on its impacts within particular fields of children's lives. It introduces as well possibilities of work with these children, when it mentions therapy methods, realized programmes and organizations, which are concerned with this issue. Research part is based on research project, whose aim is to examine work with a projective method sandtray at children exposed to domestic violence by making case studies of these children on basis of used method sandtray together with interviews with a mother and a teacher of the child. Powered by TCPDF (
Mental hygiene as a burnout prevention of counseling staff
Šípová, Zuzana ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of mental hygiene as a burnout prevention of counselling staff working in counselling for family, marriage and human relations. It is focused on psychologists and social workers. The first part deals with the issues related to the counselling and requirements for counselling staff, as well as the specifics and risks associated with the profession, and the clientele that comes to counselling. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the issues of burnout syndrome and mental hygiene related to the profession of counselling staff. The second part of the diploma thesis is processed in the form of empirical explorative research which aim was to map the issue of mental hygiene as a prevention of burnout syndrome among counselling staff, specifically psychologists and social workers working in the counselling for the family, marriage and human relations. It was found out that the counseling staff perceive as the most burdensome administrative and organizational components of their work and unmotivated or difficult clients. On the contrary they are most enriched with the diversity and variety of client stories, meeting with clients and feeling of their meaningfulness. Regarding mental hygiene strategies and techniques that counseling staff use the most, in the foreground figure...
Specific difficulties of adults with dyslexia
Táborová, Zuzana ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This thesis deals with the difficulties of adults with dyslexia. Not enough attention is being paid to this issue in the Czech Republic. The theoretical part of this thesis characterizes dyslexia and summarizes possible difficulties of adults with dyslexia on the basis of both Czech and foreign information sources. The empirical part of this thesis describes the research, whose main goal is to chart (especially cognitive) difficulties, which are related to common everyday activities. Another area monitored in this thesis is self-efficacy of adults with dyslexia in their everyday life. Data are compared with intact counterparts. The research group consists of 120 respondents, including 60 adults with dyslexia and 60 adults without dyslexia (66 women and 54 men). The intact counterparts were matched with adults with dyslexia based on the same gender, year of birth and highest education received. The whole set of used methods concluded the anamnestic part and three self-evaluation questionnaires - the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, the Dyslexic difficulties questionnaire (created for the purpose of this thesis) and the General Self-Efficacy scale. The results confirmed higher difficulties of adults with dyslexia. The self-efficacy does not differ, however, it correlates more with difficulties in...
Methods for detecting cognitive deficits in preschool children
Hronová, Veronika ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with methods for detecting cognitive deficits in preschool children. The theoretical part aims on cognitive level of preschool children and cognitive deficits, which can occure at this age. There are described diagnostic methods, which are used in the Czech Republic in order to detect cognitive deficits in preschool children. Furthermore, the thesis focuses on dynamic testing and its comparsion with classical intelligence tests. The empirical part contains design of an experimental study. The purpose of the study is to verify the effectivity of ACFS, a new method of dynamic testing, in long-term perspective. Keywords: diagnostic methods, cognitive deficits, preschool children, dynamic testing
Grandparents in the educational process
Matějů, Anežka ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor's thesis concerns relationships of grandparents and grandchildren. The theoretical part focuses at the relationships from grandparent's and child's point of view. It describes the role of grandparents in education, interactions of children and grandparents and transformation of the relationship depending on the age of the child. The thesis also examines grandparents in the role of important adult and in the concept of intergenerational learning. There is a presentation of my research project in the second part. This project is focused on the transformation of the grandparents and grandchildren relationships along with the age of the children, and different expressions of the relationships depending on the grandparent's sex.
Psychological resilience of parents caring for children with hearing impairment
Zoubková, Alice ; Čáp, David (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the topic of psychological resilience of parents of children with hearing impairment. Specifically, it focuses on mothers and its main goal is to map the factors that strengthen their psychological resilience and help them cope with a difficult life situation. The literature review section offers a summary of current knowledge, especially on the topic of care and education of children with hearing impairments, with emphasis on its specifics and demands. Attention is also paid to substantial research that has been carried out so far in the field of psychological resilience of parents of hearing-impaired children in the Czech Republic and abroad. The research part of the thesis then offers a comprehensive overview of protective factors that help mothers maintain or increase their psychological resilience, and are crucial for them in the process of coping with the child's impairment. The research is based on the analysis of semi-structured interviews that were conducted with mothers caring for a child with a hearing impairment. The diploma thesis also includes advice for parents of children with the same type of disability, as well as recommendations and suggestions not only for psychological practice.
Significant adults in the evolution and development of adolescent
Vávrová, Kateřina ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor's thesis occupies itself with relationship between significant adults and development of adolescents. Theoretical part describes basic characteristic of these relationships, social development of adolescent, fundamental concepts and selected outcomes of relationship. In the second part is presented my research project. This project is focused on basic characteristics of these relationships in Czech republic and possible connections between these relationships and academical self-efficacy.

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