National Repository of Grey Literature 145 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Psychology of Happiness: Mindfulness and Experiencing Happiness
Figurová, Mária ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
This thesis deals with the theme of happiness and possibilities of influencing it. In the theoretical section it brings different approaches to defining happiness, it presents some of the best known theories about happiness and its relation to numerous variables, including human personality. It also focuses on the overview of positive psychology interventions that are aimed at increasing happiness, while mainly focusing on strategy of increasing mindfulness. In the final theoretical chapter, it introduces the concept of sensory processing sensitivity, which later appears in the research hypotheses. The empirical section of the thesis deals mainly with effectiveness of the examined strategy - increasing mindfulness - on increasing happiness. In following hypotheses, it examines whether effectiveness of this technique may be related to the personality of an individual or his/her sensory processing sensitivity. Although statistical analysis does not confirm the validity of the hypotheses, in the case of the first hypothesis, the results indicate a tendency towards proving the method's effectiveness. Possible causes for the hypotheses not being statistically confirmed are critically analyzed. The research also brings a qualitative perspective and introduces some of the strategies for increasing...
Analysis of differences in MCMI-III personality psychopatology between alcoholic and drug addicted men in-patients
Habermannová, Markéta ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Břicháček, Václav (referee) ; Srnec, Jan (referee)
Objectives: Analysis of differences in personality psychopatology between alcoholic and drug addicted men in-patients. Analysis of differences in profiles between the alcoholics and drug addicts. Comparison of the profiles of the addicted in our study with Millons' profiles of addicts. Mapping differences in self-rating the seriousness of symptoms and problems of the addicts. Sample: 63 men in-patients of PL Bohnice Praha (in period May 2004 - October 2005), 32 alcoholics and 31 drug addicts (pervitin, heroin, marihuana). Patients are in the 3rd - 12th week of treatment. Average age of alcoholics is 42,2, and of drug addicts 25,3 years. Methods: 1. Entrance examination - form of structured interview (based on questionary Europ_ASI, translated by L. Kubička a L. Csémy); 2. MCMI-III - Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III (translated by M. Preiss); 3. SYMPRO (self-rating questionnaire and scale for alcoholics, author L. Kubička; used as SYMPROM/ALK) - on the bases of this method version for drug addicts SYMPRO-M/DR was compiled. Results: According to MCMI-III there exist significant differences in scales: 5 Narcissistic (drug addicts scored higher), 6A Antisocial drug addicts scored higher), 6B Sadistic (drug addicts scored higher), 7 Compulsive (alcoholics scored higher), B Alcohol Dependence (alcoholics...
Analysis of psychotherapy sessions with GAI via computer methods
Natovová, Ludmila ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
The aim of the presented thesis is to find out the answer for the question of how it is possible to process and evaluate by computer methods of data coming from psychotherapy sessions using the method of Guided Affective Imagery. The Guided Affective Imagery is a relatively young psychotherapy approach based on the European tradition of psychodynamic psychology which presumes that in assignment relatively indefinite motive in imagination during day dream comes to manifestation of a client's unconsciousness contents and conflicts, defensive mechanisms, resistance, motives and fantasy. The biofeedback device by which was the rate of heartbeat used during the whole session and computer programs for quantitative text analysis were used for verifying the usage of computer methods for the sessions' analysis. The quantitative text analysis focused on identification of primarily and secondarily measure of the item process in the preliminary part of a session, during the phase of imagination and at the final part of the session by two code systems. In a certain way the results indicate complementary progress of changes in the primary and secondary process when the highest representation of secondary process expressions was identified in the introductory part of the session whereas the highest ratio of...
Non-pharmacological methods of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia patients - transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training
Hohinová, Michaela ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Krámská, Lenka (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the topic of neurocognitive changes in schizophrenia and the possibility of non-pharmacological interventions. It first summarizes current knowledge about schizophrenia, in connection with interdisciplinary overlaps enabling orientation in the topic. The thesis describes the individual cognitive disorders that are part of the disease. The main focus of the work is to inform about the possibilities of cognitive remediation. We focus on cognitive training and transcranial direct current stimulation in more detail. In particular, the use of stimulation methods has not yet been described in Czech literature. The work should thus contribute to the mapping of this issue. The theoretical part is followed by an empirical presentation of the results of our pilot study. In the study, we use a quantitative-qualitative methodology to map objective and subjective changes in cognitive functions before and after the application of stimulation and cognitive training in patients with schizophrenia. We included 9 patients who met the entry criteria. The results of the quantitative part did not reveal significant changes after the application of active tDCS stimulation in combination with cognitive training. The qualitative part of the study described subjectively perceived changes and...
Effects of a clinical mindfulness-based intervention on stress
Chýle, Jaroslav ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
Stress, especially the chronic one, plays an essential role in the quality of human health, work, relationships and life in general. In recent years, scientific research in areas such as medicine, psychology or neuroscience has become increasingly interested in the effects of mindfulness training on the human psyche and health. In this context, clinical mindfulness-based training programs are usually examined. The aim of this work was to map the effect of the clinical program Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), which is widely used abroad, on the level of stress. The theoretical part focuses on the existing knowledge about the effects of the MBSR program on health and personal well-being and the proposed mechanisms of action. The research part, in turn, on the knowledge of the effects of this program on stress and quality of life of participants in this program through quantitative research aimed at measuring changes in stress levels and qualitative research, analyzing interviews with program participants. The main result of the research part is the finding that the effect of the MBSR program on stress is an important part of the effects of this intervention and its completion may lead to a reduction of perceived stress (N = 190, p < .001, d = 0.81). Qualitative research found that the...
Non-pharmacological methods of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia patients - transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training
Hohinová, Michaela ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Krámská, Lenka (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the topic of neurocognitive changes in schizophrenia and the possibility of non-pharmacological interventions. It first summarizes current knowledge about schizophrenia, in connection with interdisciplinary overlaps enabling orientation in the topic. The thesis describes the individual cognitive disorders that are part of the disease. The main focus of the work is to inform about the possibilities of cognitive remediation. We focus on cognitive training and transcranial direct current stimulation in more detail. In particular, the use of stimulation methods has not yet been described in Czech literature. The work should thus contribute to the mapping of this issue. The theoretical part is followed by an empirical presentation of the results of our pilot study. In the study, we use a quantitative-qualitative methodology to map objective and subjective changes in cognitive functions before and after the application of stimulation and cognitive training in patients with schizophrenia. We included 9 patients who met the entry criteria. The results of the quantitative part did not reveal significant changes after the application of active tDCS stimulation in combination with cognitive training. The qualitative part of the study described subjectively perceived changes and...
Effects of a clinical mindfulness-based intervention on stress
Chýle, Jaroslav ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
Stress, especially the chronic one, plays an essential role in the quality of human health, work, relationships and life in general. In recent years, scientific research in areas such as medicine, psychology or neuroscience has become increasingly interested in the effects of mindfulness training on the human psyche and health. In this context, clinical mindfulness-based training programs are usually examined. The aim of this work was to map the effect of the clinical program Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), which is widely used abroad, on the level of stress. The theoretical part focuses on the existing knowledge about the effects of the MBSR program on health and personal well-being and the proposed mechanisms of action. The research part, in turn, on the knowledge of the effects of this program on stress and quality of life of participants in this program through quantitative research aimed at measuring changes in stress levels and qualitative research, analyzing interviews with program participants. The main result of the research part is the finding that the effect of the MBSR program on stress is an important part of the effects of this intervention and its completion may lead to a reduction of perceived stress (N = 190, p < .001, d = 0.81). Qualitative research found that the...
Self-harming behavior in adolescence
Hebbeckerová, Victoria ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Míková, Gabriela (referee)
The aim of the work is to give a summary of theoretical overview of self-harm in adolescents. The work will deal with various forms and possible causes of self-harm. It will also focus on the possibilities of prevention, psychotherapeutic help, and ways of coping with stress and negative emotions. The content of the literature review part will be the definition of the basic causes, motives, and forms of self-harm. It will also focus on the characteristics of self-harming people, the period of adolescence, or risky behavior in this period. The possibilities of prevention, ways of coping with stress, negative emotions, and other possibilities of help within psychology or psychiatry will be mentioned. The aim of the research will be to find out how adolescents cope with negative emotions, stress, and how widespread self-harm in this age group (12-20 years) is and whether there are differences between the sexes. The research will be carried out in an anonymous questionnaire form at secondary and primary schools, which will be willing to cooperate. The area of research would the east of the Slovak Republic. The results of the processed data should provide information on how widespread self-harm of juveniles is in this area and what ways of ventilating the negative emotions mentioned in the questionnaire...
Speech developement in low vocal children with ASD, using methods of applied behavioral analysis
Volfová, Kristýna ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Šperlová, Martina (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on improvement of vocal expressions by following the methods of applied behavioral analysis, especially with children diagnosed with ASD. Theoretical part offers insight to ASD problematic, followed by insight to applied behavioral analysis, speech improvement in running ontogeny proces, and is focused on a description of possibilities to use augmentative methods of communication together with speech improvement. Research project is a form of case study and examines the development of vocal reaction of ASD diagnosed children. For this was used mand training (requesting for items). The results of research showed increased repertoire of mands.
Partner Relationships and the Fear of Being Single
Štěrbová, Iveta ; Niederlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
The current study deals with the topic of partner relationships with a special focus on the fear of being single. Although it has been introduced still quite recently, it seems it can predict settling for less in relationships in sense of expressing interest in low-quality mates and lower likelihood of initiating the dissolution of a less satisfying relationship. The first part of this paper aims to explore phenomena of partner relationships and singlehood and to conduct a review of the current research on the topic of the fear of being single. The empirical research examines the association between fear of being single and demographic characteristics, personality traits (the Big Five model) and feelings of loneliness using the Fear of Being Single Scale (Spielmann et al. 2013), whose first Czech translation is introduced, the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (Hřebíčková & Urbánek, 2001) and the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russel, 1993; Kumstátová, 2014). The study participants include 247 Czech adults. Women and involuntary singles reported significantly higher level of the fear of being single than men and voluntary singles respectively. Also the fear of being single proved to be significantly negatively correlated with Openness to Experience, Consciousness and Extraversion and significantly positively...

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