National Repository of Grey Literature 51 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Character-Based Leadership from Perspective of the University of Defence Students and the Reconnaissance Units Soldiers
Heřman, Ondřej ; Höschlová, Eva (referee)
Heřman, O. (2020). Character-Based Leadership from Perspective of the University of Defence Students and the Reconnaissance Units Soldiers. Rigorous thesis. Prague: Charles University. Character is generally being highlighted as a key aspect of military leadership, but there has been only marginal attention given to it in the research yet. This thesis deals with the concept of leadership based on leader's character in the context of the land forces. The literature review part summarizes the previous findings on this topic, the research part describes the qualitative-quantitative study which aims to map the commander's character strengths important for his perceived efficiency. The sample consists of the students in the 1st year (N = 81) and the 5th year (N = 80) of the University of Defence and the soldiers of the 102nd Reconnaissance Battalion and the 533rd Battalion of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (N = 38). The data collection tools are the open questionnaire, VIA Inventory of Strengths Revised (Peterson & Seligman, 2004), Czech Leadership Questionnaire (Procházka, Vaculík, & Smutný, 2016) and author's Character Strengths Leadership Inventory. The results show that the most frequently mentioned identifying features, best traits, and examples of the commander's character are Fairness, Honesty,...
Purchase behavior in automotive segment
Klementová, Jana ; Höschlová, Eva (referee)
The aim of the thesis is the contextual and procedural analysis of customers purchase behavior. Both analyses point out several internal and external factors, which play their role in customer's decision- making process. The result of the process is or it is not the purchase of a product. In theoretical part of the thesis is described customer's behavior at the purchase of both: standard products and also newly introduced product by which doesn't previous customer experience exist. Research part is divided into two parts. First part is an analysis of factors, which influence purchase of a passenger car. Research identifies the factors, which play a role in the decision-making process and determines the importance of these factors. Analyses compares the response of the customers with anticipation of the importance of the factors done by salesmen. Salesman is an integral part of the customer's decision-making process and he influences itby his/her assumptions. The factors are set into context with Maslow's Hierarchy of needs. It is possible to identify statistically important differences in perception of measured parameters among customers of car producer Mercedes-Benz, customers of other producers in automotive segment and salesmen of Mercedes-Benz. In the second part of the work are analyzed the...
Reliability and validity of communication sociomapping: focused on peer-to-peer ratings in small work groups
Höschlová, Eva ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
Rigorous thesis: Reliability and validity of communication sociomapping: focused on peer-to-peer ratings in small work groups Author: Mgr. Eva Rozehnalová, Ph.D. Supervisor: MUDr. Mgr. Radvan Bahbouh, Ph.D. Abstract: The theoretical part of the thesis shortly introduces the topic of group communication and identifies relevant influencing factors. The subsequent summary of the research studying the impact of communication on work group performance illustrates not only the importance of the group communication topic itself, but also the development of diagnostic methods in this field. Such methods are further summarised by focusing on their specific characteristics, differences and available validity and reliability data. The last chapter of the theoretical part briefly describes the sociomapping method measuring group communication with the up-to-date reliability and validity research. The empiric part of the thesis combines several studies performed to verify the quality of the sociomapping method in the field of group communication. The criterion validity of sociomapping visualization was studied as an accuracy of numeric data translation into distance matrices, the reliability was measured as an inter-rater agreement of interpreting sociomaps. The studies showed the sociomapping being highly relevant in...
Work engagement: its pedictors and organizational outcomes
Sivoková, Kristýna ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípová, Ivana (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of work engagement. Firstly, various concepts of work engagement and approaches to measuring this concept are presented. Moreover, the context of engagement and its relations to important aspects of working life are being discussed. Lastly, links between work engagement and important organizational indicators of success are being outlined. The research project aims to determine relationships between selected work resources, work engagement and business performance, turnover and client satisfaction within the branch network of a Czech banking company. Research results showed a significant relationship between work engagement and all measured work resources. Part of the relationship between work resources and work engagement has been shown to be mediated through perceived meaningfulness of work. Furthermore, the significance of work engagement as a predictor of business performance was successfully verified. No significant correlations were found between work engagement, turnover and client satisfaction. Keywords work engagement, employee engagement, predictors, work resources, business performance, turnover, client satisfaction, meaningfulness of work
Paradox of choice and related personality characteristics
Rzepecká, Michaela ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
In the master thesis, we present theoretically-critical analysis of current academic knowledge about the paradox of choice and related selected personality characteristics. In the theoretical part, we examine the topic of desition-making. First part defines concept of the paradox of choice. The next part also includes previous research related to paradox of choice and related factors. In addition, we examine the phenomenon of post-decision regret in the context of the paradox of choice. In final section we elaborate relevant personality characteristics. The empirical part investigates the effect of paradox of choice, its relation to personality characteristics and post-decision regret. The research includes experiment, which is extended with personality questionnaire measuring maximization tendency, decisiveness and optimism. Those traits are measured by using Maximization scale Lai (2010), Life Orientation Test- Revised (LOT-R) and Bochum Personality Questionnaire (BIP). In the discussion, we further explore features of maximization tendency. Results does not show presence of the paradox of choice. Nevertheless participants from group with the most choices showed significantly more satisfaction with choice compared to participants from group with least choices which suggests opposite effect. In...
Use of mobile technologies for personal goals achievement
Kytka, Igor ; Kulišťák, Petr (advisor) ; Höschlová, Eva (referee)
These master's thesis "Use of mobile technologies for personal goals achievement" deals with a comprehensive, multifaceted view of mobile applications designed to support physical acti- vity in the general population. The four main chapters are devoted to physical activity in relation to mental health, a detailed introduction to the Transtheoretical model of behavior change, the development of digital technologies and the issue of implementing theoretical concepts in mo- bile applications. The empirical part presents qualitative research, which deals with the intentions of the authors of selected mobile applications and analysis of the presence of psychological concepts of beha- vior change in these applications. The research goal was only partially achieved because it was not possible to get answers to the submitted questions from the addressed respondents. The analysis of mobile applications themselves using behavior change techniques shows the appli- cation of some processes of change. Keywords Behavior change, motivation, processes of change, mobile applications, digital technologies.
The effect of sociomapping based team coaching
Fabianová, Ivana ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Buriánek, Jiří (referee) ; Höschlová, Eva (referee)
(in English): This dissertation seeks to verify the impact of sociomapping-supported team coaching on team climate and performance. Sociomapping, created in the 1990s to visualize team communication, plays here a role simultaneously as the main diagnostic and intervention tool. The theoretical part focuses on the teams and psychological analysis of such team aspects as size, roles, composition and the formation and development of teamwork. Attention is further paid to team coaching and sociomapping-based intervention. One chapter analyzes the relevant team processes according to available concepts, with a subsequent analysis of team performance and climate as two teamwork outputs relevant to the study. Due to the specificity of team data analysis, the last chapter discusses teamwork analysis models. The empirical part presents a study of 103 respondents divided into and conducted on nine intervention and 12 control teams. The teams worked together on team projects for about three months. The intervention groups were supported by team coaching that involved sociomapping, while the control groups only attended meetings to discuss current work topics. The teams in both the control and intervention groups were sociomapped a total of three times, but only the intervention teams were presented with these...
Influence of temperament dimension on individual and team resilience
Přibilová, Kateřina ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Höschlová, Eva (referee)
The purpose of this diploma thesis is to describe the current findings on the relationship of temperament, dimensions of team communication and individual resilience. The theoretical part of the thesis introduces a findings of relevant theories of temperament, with focus on Cloninger's psychobiological concept. The topic of temperament continues by the definition of resilience and areas of particular application in occupational psychology is presented. Finally are presented a problems of team communication and related aspects of teamwork. The empirical part introduces the research realized with project teams of students from the University of Economics in Prague, in which 35 students from 7 project teams participated. The subject of the research was to determine possible correlation of team communication, temperament characteristics and their individual resilience. The main methods used in this work are a shortened version of the Cloninger inventory of TCI-56 (Adan, Serra-Grabulosa, Caci, & Natale, 2009), the standardized sociomapping questions (Bahboub, 2011) and the resilience scale CD-RISC-25 (Connor & Davidson, 2003). Research showed a evidence base of a link between the temperament dimension of persistence and the communication question of knowledge of others (r = 0.405, p = 0.0016). The...
Validation study of the Questionnaire of Psychotic Experiences
Schinková, Kristýna ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Rodriguez Manchola, Mabel Virginia (referee)
Psychotic experiences occur across various diagnostic groups and also among healthy population, but current methods are usually suitable only for specific diagnoses. This thesis presents a new method - the Questionnaire for psychotic experiences (QPE), which is independent on the type of diagnosis. In the theoretical part different types of hallucinations and delusions will be presented, including little studied sensed presence. The appearance of those phenomena among various illnesses will be described, as well as among non-clinical population. We will present currently used methods that map psychotic experiences and we will compare them with QPE. At the end of this part the Questionnaire for psychotic experiences will be introduced together with current findings about the psychometric properties of its English version. The research part will focus on assessing reliability and validity of the Czech version of QPE. 146 participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and 147 healthy individuals took part in the study. The reliability of the questionnaire was examined using test-retest, interrater and internal consistency. Construct and criterion validity were assessed as well. We also tested the factor structure of the questionnaire and its sensitivity and specificity. The results show the...
The crucial variables influencing sunk cost fallacy
Kalous, Michael ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Vranka, Marek (referee)
The thesis examines the sunk cost effect and independent variables which affect it. In the first section, decision-making and decision-making theories are described. The theoretical part also includes the results of research conducted on the topic of sunk cost effect. At the end of the theoretical part selected decision-making theories are explored in context of the sunk cost effect illusion. The empirical part investigates the examination of the sunk cost effect in relation to responsibility for previous decisions. Furthermore, the relation of this effect to personality (Big Five) and time perspective is examined. To measure these two factors, NEO personality inventory and Zimbardo time perspective inventory were used. The results have proven an influence of sunk costs on preference to invest additional resources into the considered hypothetical project. In one model case, extraversion has been found to be a significant predictor of inclination to the sunk cost effect. Keywords: sunk cost effect, sunk cost fallacy, escalation of commitment, time perspective, Big Five

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