National Repository of Grey Literature 103 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Man Lives Ethically
Hlavinka, Filip ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee) ; Slaninka, Michal (referee)
The dissertation represents a philosophical contribution to ethics and ethical education. Its intention is to present ethics not only as a doctrine of the values and rules of human coexistence, but above all as an essential questioning that brings one to spiritual depth as a true philosophy. It does not approach to the topic by analyzing the work of one or a few relevant authors, but it is guided by the topic itself and the context in which ethics appears. The inspiration here is Heidegger's understanding of the world as the so-called Foursome, in which man, as Mortal, relates to the Earth, the Heavens, and the Divine. As Heidegger explains that man relates poetry to the depths of the world, this dissertation attempts to explain that ethical relation to the world is also something essential for man. The ethical dimension of human action and decision-making, which comes from human freedom, is presented here on diferent levels as morality and ethos. While morality is largely based on the social setting and can be described as a certain conformity, the ethos represents a deep personal authentic search for Good. It is an act in accordance with the conscience, which is oriented according to the Good. Good is presented as an idea in the Platonic sense, as a whole without border, as Divine. This Good...
Socratic Dialogue and Thinking
Černínová, Andrea ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Hogenová, Anna (referee)
The bachelor thesis "Socratic Dialogue and Thinking" provides an insight into the life and philosophy of the ancient philosopher Socrates and brings a closer look at his concept of dialogue through which the truth is revealed. It also deals with the usage of the method of dialogue in teaching. The whole thesis was written with an effort to emphasize the importance of Socrates' philosophy in contrast with today's preference of an assertive way of communication, which often results in eristic dialectic. The aim of this bachelor thesis mainly is to describe Socrates' unique method of dialogue and to inspire a potential young reader, a high school student or his teacher. In the first instance, the thesis pursues Socrates' life and then deals with the term dialogue and with various conceptions of dialogue. Next section is about its Socratic conception. The conclusion of the thesis explains the pedagogical contribution of the Socratic method of dialogue to tuition. KEYWORDS Socrates, Plato, dialogue, dialectics, thinking, teaching
The issue of Areté in the philosophy of Anna Hogenová
Urbášek, Aleš ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Hogenová, Anna (referee)
This work aims to look at the thought motives of Anna Hogenová, leading primarily to an understanding of the meaning of the virtue called Areté. Aretes as abilities in an individual, concrete situation to capture the whole, one that is not conceptually definable and does not prove to be a verifiable being. The path to understanding such a whole begins with René Descartes and the subsequent emergence of the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, followed by Heidegger, who demonstrates the possibility of capturing the whole in the so-called moods. In Patoček's understanding of the whole, we already see a direct connection with Hogenová, who claims that these are precisely the units that have been forgotten today, even thanks to empirical science. Areté is also introduced in the context of education, where its purpose, according to Hogenová, should be to bring to the whole. In addition to the central motif, the work also tries to capture the philosopher with its main themes, such as the issue of the beginning or the need to live life from its own source. KEYWORDS Hogenová, Areté, education, whole, phenomenology
Realism at Prague university during the reign of Wenceslas IV
Řezník, Jan ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee) ; Demjančuk, Nikolaj (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the analysis of the realist view in the dispute about the nature of universals at Prague university during the reign of Wenceslas IV. At the same time, I explore the realism of the beginning of the fifteenth century in the Czech intellectual environment with regard to its international influences, with which I deal both synchronically and diachronically. I inquire into Prague realism as an original tradition of thinking, which is inspired by the philosophy and logic of foreign thinkers, but such influence is recontextualized into the Czech intellectual environment in a completely unprecedented way. My epistemological framework is based in inductive research, which I conduct by combining the results derived from the analysis of independent datasets of primary data. Such methodological choice enables me to carry out triangulation, i.e. finding the objective truth through approaching the topic from various viewpoints. I reach the conclusion that the dispute about the nature of universals at Prague university at the beginning of the fifteenth century cannot be reduced to the opposition between the nominalism of German masters and the realism of Czech masters, but realism can be apprehended as an important school of thought in terms of establishing an independent tradition of...
Seventh-day Adventist Church as a religious phenomena
Fejsáková, Sabina ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Zicha, Zbyněk (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to approximate and specify currently very fast growing eschatological Christian movement Seventh-day Adventist Church. First, the history of this religious community is outlined, both at the place of origin, i.e. in the USA, and in the territory of our state, where it is currently one of the most active churches in mission and preaching. Partial attention is then paid to the central circumstances and key figures behind the founding of this community - especially the Baptist preacher William Miller, who gave the initial impetus to the founding of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, or the personality of Ellen White, who was known for her extraordinary visionary abilities. The central part of the work is the characterization and definition of the basic features of Seventh-Day Adventism - namely, the basic dogmas and beliefs, in comparison with the most widespread Christian denominations (particularly the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches). In this sense, they are taken into account, comparatively against Adventism, especially the dogmatics of the first ecumenical councils. In the last part of the work, the author takes into account social or anthropological problems and questions related to this movement - for example, the question of a healthy lifestyle (which makes the...
Importance of Game in Upbringing and Education
Nekolová, Iveta ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee)
The work will consist of two parts. The first will be theoretical and will reflect the elementary concepts - game, education, education process, the world and culture. The theoretical reflection will comprise a historical overview, philosophical analysis and comparison of various game conceptions. It will be the definition of historical, philosophical, sociological and anthropological perspective. The second part will be oriented practically. We will focus on using games in education as a teaching method. A mini-research executed among schoolmates, soon-to-be teachers, will be included. Using questionnaires we will try to find out the extent of using games in educational process.
Stoic Elements in Tertullianus' Theology
Hladký, Petr ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Hogenová, Anna (referee)
The aim of this work is to introduce the person of Tertullian, an early Christian apologet from the turn of the 2nd century. and 3. Century. A stoic cosmogonic model of the world and a focus mainly on the concept of the soul (psyche) and body (soma). To point out how Tertullian understands these modalities in terms of his theology, as he understands them in his writings of De anima and De carne Christi, how he defends them against his opponents from the ranks of heretics or neo-Platonics. Part of the work is also Tertullian's treatise on the most holy Trinity. The work is structured into three main parts. The first part points to the work, the historical context and the biography of Tertulian. The second part deals with stoic influences affecting the author. The third longest part deals with Tertullian's own theological concept in terms of soul and body. The work of the compilation method of interpretations of individual studies offers a comprehensive idea of Tertullian's idea of the essence of the soul, body, spirit and God.

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