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Optimalizace výrobního procesu se zaměřením na využívání vody ve společnosti P-D Refractories CZ, a.s.
Seidlová, Cindy Patricia
Diplomová práce se zabývá optimalizací ve výrobním procesu se zaměřením na využívání vody ve společnosti P-D Refractories CZ a.s. Velké Opatovice. V úvodu popisuje obecně problematiku životního prostředí a vliv průmyslu na životní prostředí, nakládání s vodou a legislativu, která je s tímto problémem spojená. Je zde popsáno něco z udržitelné spotřeby a výroby, jejich nástrojů, které pomáhají společnostem fungovat tak, aby co nejméně zatěžovaly životní prostředí. Vybraným nástrojem pro tuto práci je čistší produkce. Práce také představuje firmu P-D Refractories CZ a.s., ve které je tato problematika řešena. Praktická část obsahuje návrh nového způsobu chlazení lisu a výpočty ekologické a finanční úspory vody, které dokládají, že toto řešení je pro danou společnost i ekonomicky přínosné. V závěru jsou zmíněna ekologická pozitiva navrženého řešení.
Faktory ovlivňující kumulaci ftalátů v potravinách
Němečková, Tereza
The bachelor thesis Factors influencing phthalate accumulation in food has the character of a literature search and deals with factors that influence phthalate migration into food. Phthalates are lipophilic organic compounds that are used to soften plastics. As a result of human activities, they enter the environment, from which they subsequently enter the human food chain. However, food contamination also occurs during production and storage. Factors that influence the migration of phthalates into food include the contact time of the food with the polymer, storage temperature, ultrasound, pH of the food, UV radiation, type of preservative, and composition of the packaging material and food. Phthalates have negative effects on human and animal health. They cause reproductive disorders, allergic reactions, immune system disorders, cardiovascular problems and are carcinogenic.
Pozemkové úpravy a udržitelný rozvoj zemědělské krajiny
Bárek, Ondřej
I have chosen the topic of land consolidation on the basis of many years of working in the enterprise of the Agricultural and Commercial Cooperative (ZOD) Letonice, specifically as an operator of agricultural equipment. This area has become close to my heart and movement in the landscape has become my daily routine. The influence of the past, when our territory was suddenly subject to land consolidation and the creation of comprehensive area hunts for more acceptable farming, had a negative impact on the overall ecosystem of the landscape over time. The boundary lines between farming units have been eroded, the migratory element has been reduced or completely lost and the overall biodiversity of the landscape has been undermined. The above-mentioned problems have also affected the municipality of Letonice, where the landscape has been eroded mainly by water erosion and the land and dirt roads are currently in a poor state. The work will try to outline this situation more and also try to solve the mentioned problems.
Významné aspekty obnovy a výsadby zeleně města Lanškroun
Minaschková, Natálie
The bachelor thesis focuses on significant aspects of the restoration and planting of greenery using climate change adaptation measures. The aim of the thesis is to identify the importance and possibilities of supporting urban greenery and to define the potential of its use for increasing the quality of life in cities. Furthermore, their application is described in the project of the L'Art Multifunctional Center and its park, which was designed by the company Atelier90, s. r. o. In the theoretical part, sustainable urban development is presented and the benefits of urban greenery and green architecture, their implementation, are described and possible risks. In the practical part, the economic and social contribution of urban greenery is assessed using cost-benefit analysis (CBA) extended by the concept of ecosystem services. The economic evaluation is carried out on the project of the Multifunctional Center and the L'Art Park. Based on findings from the theoretical and practical part, conclusions and recommendations are formulated for the applicability of urban greenery and green architecture in other areas.
Meziobecní spolupráce v oblasti odpadového hospodářství a životního prostředí
Jakešová, Karolína
The diploma thesis is devoted to inter-municipal cooperation in the areas of waste management and the environment. The main aspect of the final thesis is a look at motivation, access to support and perception of inter-municipal cooperation through the lens of representatives of voluntary associations of municipalities. The aim of the thesis is to map the current state of inter-municipal cooperation in the mentioned areas in the Central Bohemian and South Moravian regions of the Czech Republic. According to the conducted questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews with representatives of voluntary unions of municipalities, qualitative information was provided that illustrated the overall view of inter-municipal cooperation in the areas of environment and waste management. The conclusion of the work synthesizes the captured results and proposes measures for the identified barriers that prevent the further development of inter-municipal cooperation projects in the field of waste management and the environment.
Zdanění emisí potravinářské výroby
Funková, Dominika
The food industry accounts for approximately 30% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, yet this sector has so far not been included in the emissions allowance system. The goal of this thesis is to evaluate the effects of hypothetical taxation on greenhouse gas emissions in the food industry. The thesis is based on consumption data and consumer prices of 20 selected foods over a 10-year period in the Czech Republic. The hypothetical amount of the tax is set at EUR 53.51 per ton of CO2 equivalent. The outcome of the thesis research indicates that any of the 6 proposed tax scenarios can have a positive impact on the environment. Emissions originating from food could be reduced by up to 25%, depending on the chosen tax scenario.
Mikroplasty a jejich vliv na životní prostředí
Kopicová, Jana
This bachelor thesis deals with plastic pollution in the environment predominantly focusing on microplastics. The aim of the theoretical part is to acquaint readers with the terminological background of plastics and their microscopic parts. This part also contains an overview of current information about sources, presence, and possible impact of microplastics in the environment centring on the water component. The theoretical part further discusses the effect of microplastics on living organisms and one’s health. In the practical part of the thesis, a questionnaire survey was carried out to find out respondents’ opinions and awareness of the given matter. The results of the survey confirmed that most of the respondents, despite being familiar with the term microplastics, are not well informed about their impact on the environment. The survey also indicates that this area lacks public awareness. Furthermore, a comparative analysis shows that more than 80% of the respondents would be in favour of refundable plastic bottles. Finally, the survey appears to confirm that respondents have poorer knowledge in legal regulations dealing with plastic waste.
Systém nakládání s komunálním odpadem na území měst Tišnov a Kuřim
Bizoňová, Denisa
Bachelor thesis deals with waste management in the town of Tišnov and Kuřim.. In the first part, an overview of the treated problem is presented. In the second part, a description of the waste management system in the municipalities of interest is elaborated, which was obtained from the data of the relevant authorities and waste collection companies operating in Kuřim and Tišnov. The monitored values include the amount of municipal waste produced, the yield of separated waste components, as well as income and expenses related to waste management, over a five-year period. The results show an increasing share of separated waste components in the total production of waste in both municipalities. A higher yield of separated components and lower waste management costs were found in Tišnov compared to Kuřim. Based on the results found, recommendations for improving the municipal waste management system in both towns are formulated at the end of the thesis.
Současný stav a budoucí přínosy a rizika elektromobility v České republice
Minaříková, Martina
This bachelor's thesis deals with the analysis of the current state of electromobili-ty in the Czech Republic and the evaluation of the benefits and risks related to it. The literature review summarizes the history of electromobility in the world and in the Czech Republic up to the 21st century and the basic types of electric vehicles. Furthermore, the current state of the infrastructure of charging stations, the number of electric cars and the benefits offered by the state is evaluated. Finally, the ecological, technical, economic, and social benefits and risks of electromobility in the Czech Republic are assessed here. The analytical part of the bachelor's thesis is carried out using a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire includes questions regarding the respondents' perception of electromobility, their assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles, and specific questions focused on the respondent's general knowledge and orientation in this issue. Based on these data, an evaluation of the individual answers is carried out, followed by an evaluation of the established research questions. Finally, a profile of the potential owner of the electric car is created. The summary of the results of the questionnaire survey allows to get an overview of the opinions and preferences of the respondents, which can be a key factor for the introduction of electromobility in the Czech Republic.
Environmentální problémy a sociálně-rekreační funkce Brněnské přehrady
Veselá, Veronika
The purpose of the bachelor thesis is to cover issues of the Brno Reservoir and to discuss the relationship that the inhabitants of the city of Brno and the surrounding area have to it. The thesis presents the environmental problems of the Brno Reservoir, it assesses the potential the Brno Reservoir has for recreational and leisure activities and, subsequently, it evaluates its functions from the socio-recreational point of view. The thesis includes a questionnaire survey to analyse the relationship of visitors and local residents to the Brno Reservoir. The results of the questionnaire survey show that the Brno Reservoir is a popular place for recreation and cultural events. In particular, the improvement of water quality in recent years plays an important role in this, thanks to the measures taken

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