National Repository of Grey Literature 117 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Communication with pre-school children in Montessori approach (Children with Czech and other first language)
Dvořáková Suchánková, Hana ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Šormová, Kateřina (referee)
The goal of this thesis is to describe teachers' communication with toddlers and pre- schoolers from mono- and bilingual families in Montessori schools or schools inspired by the Montessori method. The thesis consists of two parts. The first part is theoretical and contains chapters on children's communication and communication with children, its forms and specific aspects; language and language acquisition, bilingualism, the founder of Montessori education, the Montessori education per se and communication with children according to its principles. The second part is practical and presents an analysis of the pragmatic component of teachers' communication with children through audio recordings or hand-written notes taken during participant observation. It focuses on the characteristics and specific features of teachers' communication with children in Montessori pre- schools. It includes the description of communication environment which complements the teachers' communication with children. It also contains semi-structured interviews with teachers and photographs in the attachment.
Communication of a child with autism spectrum disorder
Mokrá, Lucie ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Filippová, Eva (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to determine what effects occur in communication of a child with autism spectrum disorder and what changes appear in his speech communication in the course of one year, during which the boy was three times recorded on the camcorder. Our method of research is a case study in which we focus on the analysis of communication skills of one boy in all language levels. The theoretical part includes information on the etiology and differentiation of autism spectrum disorders, diagnosis, but also treatment and symptoms from which we are concentrated particularly on impaired communication skills. The practical part includes an analysis of the recordings, where each analysis contains a brief summary of recorded events. Comprehensive comparison is included in the conclusion. Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, atypical autism, communication, impaired communication ability in verbal and non-verbal level, case study
Effects of the Teaching Czech as a Second Language
Neubergová, Daniela ; Šebesta, Karel (advisor) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
Name of the thesis is "Effects of the Teaching Czech as a Second Language" and in its first part presents theoretical introduction to the field of study, empirical researches of student's productive skills (Czech as a foreign language) follow (speaking, writing). First part is focused on theoretical knowledges of second language acquisition, options and approaches to exploration of language's errors and approach and viewing of errors and mistakes in general, especially in foreign researches and literature. Bigger attention is paid to selected analyzes, those are basic instruments for making of practical part of the thesis. It is especially error analysis (EA) and analysis of fluency and accuracy. Because the thesis's topic is concerned to effects of teaching and affecting factors, there are defined terms of pedagogy and psychology in theoretical part. In practical part there is presented empirical execution of mentioned analyzes, its comparison, evaluation and making conclusions in relation to appointed variables, or rather determinants, which enter the education process. Beside these instruments the research uses questionnaires and evaluation sheets for (self)reflection of student and lecturer. The aim of the thesis firstly is mapping of student's interlanguage progress thanks to case study, and...
Expression of Communicative Intentions (Early Child Speech)
Uhlířová, Markéta ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Filippová, Eva (referee)
The thesis presents a pragmatic analysis focused on the repertoire of communicative intents in the speech of a child from the 23rd to the 29th month of its life. The work is based on a case study of one child. The theoretical part of the work in chapters 1-3 is based on the study of literature, especially the literature of communication intentions, pragmatic functions and their expression and relevant literature of language and communication of 2 years old children. Before the start of recording we have obtained informed consent from the parents of a child whose communication were analysed. Basic material for the analysis are the video recordings of family communication of the child in various situations, the material was supplemented by observations and interviews with parents. Video recordings are transcribed according to the principles of CHAT (corpus CHILDES) and then (in chapters 4 and 5) is analysed in terms of recorded communication situations and communicative intents expressed by a child. The results of our work we compare with the results in existing literature.
Gestures and Face Expression in Different Cultures
Puldová, Hana ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Vaňková, Irena (referee)
Následující práce se zabývá problematikou neverbální komunikace v různých kulturách a to především jejími dvěma druhy - gestikou a mimikou. Největší pozornost je soustředěna na analýzu toho, jak je v česky publikované, původní i překladové odborné literatuře pojat výklad o vybraných neverbálních prostředcích v různých kulturách. Práce se zaměřuje převážně na to, nakolik jsou v příslušných publikacích zohledněna kulturní specifika příslušných prostředků, na které kultury je pokládán největší důraz a jaké informace jsou o daných prostředcích sdělovány. Nejprve je popsán samotný pojem neverbální komunikace, poté její druhy, ve stručnosti jejich charakteristika a stěžejní částí celé práce je právě ona zmíněná analýza vybraných publikací, kde bylo primárním úkolem zjistit, jakou měrou se čeští i zahraniční autoři zabývají mezikulturními rozdíly v problematice neverbální komunikace, a co o nich pojednávají. Klíčová slova: neverbální komunikace, gesta, mimika, kultura This thesis concerns itself with forms of nonverbal communication in various cultures, most importantly with its main two forms - gestics and mimics. A great deal of attention is devoted to analysis of the interpretation of certain nonverbal means of communication in Czech scholarly publications, both original works and translations from other...
Conceptualization of Life in the Czech Popular Lyrics (Contribution to the Study of the Linguistic Picture of the World)
Janovská, Zuzana ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
This thesis examines the conceptualization of life in the lyrics of Czech popular songs of 1960s. The thesis derives theoretically and methodologically from cognitively and culturally-based approaches to language, especially from the theory of conceptual metaphor and metonymy (e. g. Lakoff and Johnson) and the concept of language as a picture of the world (school of Lublin). At first the thesis analyses the semantics of lexeme life. The analysis is based on the data from dictionaries and it reaches the basics of the linguistic picture of life as it is anchored in common language. Simultaneously the thesis works with the picture of life (in contrast with death) how it is served in the literature about Czech folk culture. The main part of this study consists of almost a hundred interpretations of lyrics from the examined period, which depict human life in its various stages and forms (through oppositions of life - death, youth - old age, etc.). The analysis follows relevant semantic elements which participate on its conceptualization. The thesis describes systematically and in detail particularly metaphors (structural, ontological and orientational), metonymy, and also the image schemes which are associated with life (scheme of JOURNEY, CYCLE). The attention is paid to their specific language...
Time and Space in Written Production of Children
Švarcová, Hana ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Synková, Pavlína (referee)
This thesis deals with time and space expresion in written composition of 5th and 9th grade students. The thesis is dividend in two parts. First on eis focused on teoretici knowledge of naratology, development psychology and research of language acqusition regarding upper primary school students. Written compositions of 5th and 9th grade students are analyzed in sekond (practical) part according to knowledge described in first part of this thesis. Areas of interest are koherence of expresion, time, space and charakter describing. In closing of this part is comparison between both age Gross. In conclusion you can find proposals for school edication improvng according to results of students works analysis.
Selected learning disabilities from the linguistic point of view
Šafratová, Kamila ; Stehlíková, Olga (advisor) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
At the beginning of the bachelor thesis the various learning disorders will be defined in context of cognitive and psycholinguistic researches focusing mainly on children dyslexia and dysgraphia. The causes of these disorders and the classification of their types will be characterized based on the scholarly literature used as a source in the thesis. Another major section deals with the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches towards the dyslexia and dysgraphia including the possible remedies and the evaluation of the available materials and tools. Finally, the two types of fundamental questions regarding the linguistic approach towards learning disorders will be described; the questions already having a solution and those remaining open to discussion. At the end the findings from the theoretical part will be concluded and linked with the following research.
International prefixoids with quantitatively-intensifying meaning in current Czech language
Podruhová, Eva ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (advisor) ; Lehečková, Eva (referee)
The words composed using quantitatively-intensifying prefixoids are appearing more and more often in current Czech vocabulary. The prefixoids have come into Czech language with foreign words whose parts they used to be. These language elements are mostly international, most of them come from Latin, Greek, French and more and more often from English. In our thesis, we analyze these components: super- (supra-), maxi-, extra-, ultra-, hyper-, mega- (megalo-) giga- (giganto-), makro-, monstr-, turbo-, top-, big-¸ mini-, mikroand nano-. The words composed of these prefixoids can be divided into two main groups: 1) the sphere of professional language, where they function as scientific terms, professional words or as slang words; 2) the large sphere of occasional words which are especially used in the journalistic style and in common communication (mostly in expressive contexts). Most of these components are polysemic in the current language. Namely we focus on the quantitatively-intesifying prefixoids which often compete with each other. We closely look at meanings like: "big, the biggest, oversized, extraordinary, significant"; "very, extra, extremely, rarely"; "little, the least, unnecessary" etc. All explanations are supplied with representative examples which cover the latest layer of Czech neologic lexicum...
Tense in Czech written texts of the Czech deaf
Richterová, Klára ; Macurová, Alena (advisor) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
The thesis deals with the ways tense is expressed in written Czech texts of the Czech deaf. It draws on several foreign studies and, more specifically, the findings of Racková (1996) and Macurová (2003), trying to provide additions and new interpretations resulting from an analysis of both new and old data. The description and analysis of the written texts is primarily focused on possible interference from the Czech sign language with its characteristic lexical signals of tense and its use of time frames. The thesis has two major parts, the first of which is more theoretical, with its focal point on concepts of time and tense, and ways of expressing time both in spoken and sign languages. The second part, representing the core of the thesis, is devoted to an analysis of the text written by the Czech deaf. The findings based on the data have been verified by an additional probe, in which deaf respondents provided translations of several sentences from the Czech sign language into written Czech.

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