National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Semantics and interpretation of the response particles ano 'yes' and ne 'no'
Hrdinková, Kateřina ; Šimík, Radek (advisor) ; Martínek, František (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the issue of the Czech ano 'yes' and ne 'no' response particles, especially from a pragmatic and semantic point of view. In the theoretical part, it presents the current state of research on these response particles in Czech and international linguistic tradition and discusses two approaches in more detail: both Manfred Krifka (pragmatic theory based on salience) and Floris Roelofsen & Donka Farkas (semantic theory based on lexical-semantic features) see the response particles as distinctive anaphors of their antecedents. The following practical part tests the predictions of pragmatic and semantic theory created for English in the Czech language context. It is based on the study by Claus et al. (2017) and their response particle research. The main goal of the experiment is to find out the semantics and pragmatics of ano 'yes' and ne 'no' answers in response to negative questions with an initial verb. However, this main experiment is supplemented by two filling experiments: the first examines ano 'yes' and ne 'no' answers to questions with the final verb and the second investigates answers to positive questions. The final part first summarizes observations for the individual experiments. In the general discussion, the results of all three experiments are compared, which...
Event representation in pantomime versus linguistic expression
Kadavá, Šárka ; Lehečková, Eva (advisor) ; Šimík, Radek (referee)
The master thesis focuses on the comparison of the representation of events in pantomimic performance on the one hand and in verbal description on the other hand. Building on previous research, it will focus on what aspects of events are performed through pantomime and through verbal description and how this is influenced by various formal and semantic parameters of the situations portrayed (e.g. argument structure of the word, iconicity of the action, motion, etc.). Based on the experiment conducted for this purpose, the thesis analyses which structural and semantic parameters of the selected actions were used or highlighted in which condition. The aim is to describe the most common strategies chosen by the participants in solving the task and their impact on comprehension. The thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of the differences in information encoding in verbal versus non-verbal semiotic modes, and thus enrich the existing research on multimodality, and specifically multimodal research on Czech. Keywords: multimodality, iconicity, event structure, argument structure, intersubjectivity, communicative efficiency
Word order in spontaneous conversations of mothers with children
Kohoutková, Jolana ; Smolík, Filip (advisor) ; Šimík, Radek (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse word order in transitive sentences in natural production of two- and four-year old children during Czech language acquisition. The theoretical part focuses on language acquisition in general, in children in a given age period and on the acquisition of transitive sentences in children, discussed in studies carried out abroad. The results of these studies work with a thesis about a canonical word order, which is the first to emerge in child production and reception, while other types of word order might pose a problem for children with regards to interpretation. In order to be able to compare these findings with Czech language, data from an existing corpora of child conversations with their mothers were coded for the purposes of the practical part of this thesis. This data is subsequently analysed in the practical part, with the findings of these analyses implying that in spontaneous language production of Czech children, it is impossible to unambiguously track the preferences for canonical word order, as well as difficulties in adopting word order other than canonical. This thesis also brings basic descriptive information about the word order in transitive sentences both in children over time and in relation to word order that is used by their mothers. Key words...
Context typology of noun phrases (NPs) determined by Czech indefinite pronoun nějaký
Mrštný, Matěj ; Šimík, Radek (advisor) ; Lehečková, Eva (referee)
Abstract. The thesis presents a quantitative analysis of noun phrases (NPs) determined by the Czech indefinite nějaký. The analyzed material is fiction published from 1999-2019 from SYN2020 corpus. In total, 500 occurrences of indefinites were analyzed. For annotation we used the proposed theory of "licensors" - expressions on which the indefinite is referentially dependent. Conceptually, we follow the theory of dependent indefinites (Farkas 1997). The aim of this paper is to categorize the selected occurrences according to the proposed licenses. We have found out that the ratio of explicit to implicit licenses is approximately 2:1 (339:152), thus there are more occurrences where the usage has an explicit licensor. In the annotation we proceeded from determining the basic grammatical categories (number, case, etc.) to the type of specificity - scopal and epistemic, to the person who experiences such epistemic specificity, and to the final determination of the type of license. As for pragmatics, which plays a crucial role in licensing, we distinguish three modes: ignorance, indifference and irrelevance. As a final subtype of pragmatics, we use the label I3 for cases where no clear choice between the previous three can be made, or where such occurrence can be interpreted on the basis of all three. The...
Referential properties of bare noun phrases in Czech
Burianová, Markéta ; Šimík, Radek (advisor) ; Lehečková, Eva (referee)
The subject matter of the diploma thesis is the bare noun phrase and its referential properties with focus to (in)definiteness. The aim is to present an empirical evaluation of factors that influence the interpretation of definiteness of bare noun phrases in Czech. The first part of the thesis recounts on existing theories of reference and definiteness, both in general and with focus to Czech as a language without obligatory determination. Our basic assumption is that the interpretation of definiteness of bare noun phrases is based on their position within a syntactic and semantic sentence structure, topic-focus articulation and word- or situational context. We focus on the relation between definiteness and an absolute position within a sentence, a verb-relative position and modification of the NP. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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