National Repository of Grey Literature 313 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Concept ÚSPĚCH ("SUCCESS") in Lower Secondary and Upper Secondary School Students' Linguistic Picture of the World
Cinkrautová, Karolína ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Pacovská, Jasňa (referee) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
The topic of the dissertation is the concept of ÚSPĚCH ("SUCCESS)" in the linguistic picture of the world of Czech students. We consider the research aimed at a deeper understanding of the linguistic picture of the world of children and youth to be highly topical, which corresponds to the current trends in the field of linguistics and didactics. Theoretically and methodologically, it is based on cognitive linguistics and Polish ethnolinguistics, linguistic disciplines focused on the research of the relationship between language and culture, which work with the concept of a linguistic picture of the world. The thesis also draws on American cognitive linguistics, which studies the theory of conceptual metaphor, as well as Czech and foreign didactic applications of the theoretical foundations of cognitive linguistics. The thesis aims to reconstruct the linguistic picture of ÚSPĚCH ("SUCCESS") in a specific group of Czech native speakers - lower secondary and upper secondary school students. The analysis of dictionary, textual and empirical data obtained through a specifically designed questionnaire led to the construction of a cognitive definition of ÚSPĚCH ("SUCCESS") and the reconstruction of the stereotype of a successful person on the basis of semantic aspects (profiles) and metaphors through...
Somatism in Czech and German Phraseology
Máchová, Miroslava ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Chejnová, Pavla (referee)
This Master's Thesis deals with the linguistic picture of the particular somatisms in Czech; their emergence is then compared with their equivalents in German. The theoretical part explains the basis of cognitive and cultural linguistics as linguistic picture of the world, categorization, anthropocentrism, metaphor, metonymy and linguistics in the context of cognitive science. The practical part summarizes the particular use of somatisms within the phraseological units of both languages. The analysis is based on the the profile theory and its image schema. This language background is accompanied by the non-linguistic discipline, psychosomatics, whose premises proved to be useful.
Using Board Games in the Czech Language Lessons in Primary School
Siberová, Karolína ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Doležalová, Eliška (referee)
The aim of my diploma thesis is to enrich the first stage with aids that can be used effectively in Czech language lessons, it will be possible to easily modify and use them across the first stage of basic education, at the same time it will entertain pupils and motivate them in further education. These are board games, which are described in more detail in the last paragraph. The first half of the work is theoretically focused. It explains the definition of the game from various sources, draws attention to the importance of the game in human life and how it develops individual skills. It also presents the history of board games. Here you will also find an explanation of individual concepts related to games and the school environment. It includes a justification of the didactic potential of board games in Czech language lessons. Last but not least, there is also a short analysis of the part of the FEP related to the Czech language with comments on how the outputs can be fulfilled or key competencies can be developed through board games. The second part of the thesis contains a questionnaire mapping the use of board games in the Czech language, and the way in which teachers are perceived. Evaluation of existing board games on the market, which are designed for Czech language lessons. The practical...
Evident and Hidden Manipulation in Political Speeches of Socialistic Era
Švejda, Zdeněk ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Schneiderová, Soňa (referee)
This thesis is concerned with identifying and describing the linguistic elements of manipulative strategies of selected political speeches from 1948 till 1957. In the first part the work is focused on the principles of political communication, further persuasion and manipulation with respect to the relationship of these terms. In the next sections we find formal and functional description language means with regard to their pragmatic semantic components, mechanisms of propaganda and political line of reasoning. Knowledge of various aspects of language allows description of specific manipulative tendencies in political speeches and their burden in terms of evident and hidden action to the addressee.
Language Skills in Preschool Age and their Development
Kožichová, Marcela ; Pišlová, Simona (advisor) ; Janovec, Ladislav (referee)
Language education permeates all nursery school activities. Theoretical part of this thesis is devoted into three parts: developing the language skills of preschool children, speech and language development in preschool children at home and in the nursery school, the proper development of speech at all language levels. I deal with the processing of language education in the current curriculum for preschool education, language competence, which should preschool child handle before attending primary school. I clarify the terminology, language education and the development of pre-reading skills, I give reasons for the importance of education before a child learns to read. I emphasize to familiarizing children with the book, the correct speech pattern of nursery school teachers. At the end of my work I deal with speech and learning disability dyslexia. In the practical part of my thesis I demonstrate created project of the development of language education which permeates controlled and free activities in a nursery school. In the project I want to show you how I have practically developed language and pre-reading skills of children before attending primary school.
Nicknames in groups of children
Kvíčalová, Marta ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Palkosková, Olga (referee)
This work deals with nicknames in groups of children at present, mainly in school and scout environments. The author was making this research in various environments for several months and gained quite a huge amount of today's nicknames (about 1 800). She has described their morphology and sorted them out according to their origin. With the aid of special literature and gained examples she has come to interesting conclusions. Nicknames, as unofficial first names used abundantly among childern, are a specific and extraordinary linguistic material. School and scout nicknames originate from the same linguistic habits and they arise in similar ways. They arise naturally , without any interference from outside, quite quickly and they usually go on with the holder for a long time. In a scout environment nicknames are more common - more than 90 % of members has a nickname. In a school environment nicknames are not so much common - only about 20 % of children at school has their specific nickname.One holder has usually only one nickname , however sometimes he can have more nicknames in various social groups. The same motivation can create quite different nicknames, whereas homonymic nicknames can have quite different motivations. It is common that nicknames have the same form for male and female variations. The...
Linguistic analysis of weather forecasts as an informative text. Action research
Zítka, Martin ; Hájková, Eva (advisor) ; Janovec, Ladislav (referee)
1 ABSTRACT This thesis is named Linguistic Analysis of weather forecasts and is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical. In the first part of this thesis readers can find general knowledge of field of media: the term media communication is defined, specifics are described, it is talked about a media product, content and meaning. After that we mention media audience with respect to the pupil as a special type of recipient. The following is a characteristic of television weather forecasts within the media communication and analysis of its typical means of expression. The last part of this section is the description of the school curriculum, especially the media education, because the research was made in the schools and the main goals of this thesis were based on requirements of curricula of the Czech Republic. The second part presents the motivation of investigation and the method of the action research that was chosen. The largest part of this section is the part containing the whole evaluation and interpretation of the results of particular activities, both propaedeutic and proactive with the media product. The main goals of this thesis are the development and subsequent application of an action plan with projected activities for the Czech language teachers at primary school, especially in the...
Czech Language in the Crimea
Wildová, Zuzana ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Hájková, Eva (referee)
The text deals with the current state of the language of the Czech minority in Crimea. Based on field research, it describes phenomena and changes that occurred in the language of Crimean Czechs that were caused by the influences of the foreign language and culture environment. Main focus of the text is phonetics, i.e. the way how speakers are affected by the Russian pronunciation standards. The text contains historical and cultural context relevant to the departure of Czechs to Crimea and the shape of the Czech minority nowadays. Individual chapters are dedicated to specific phenomena: deviations in the pronunciation of vocals in first syllables of words, changes in the pronunciation of the consonant [j], labialization in pronunciation of consonant [v], changes in the pronunciation of loanwords, pronunciation of consonants [ ] and [ ] in Czech words, pronunciation of toponyms, prosthesis and elimination of speech sounds from the beginning of words, deviations in the pronunciation of speech sounds from the middle of words, vocalization of prepositions and influences of Russian language standards on the use of their vocalized form.
The new nomenclatures motivated by the proper names of the native politicians
Děngeová, Zuzana ; Janovec, Ladislav (advisor) ; Tichá, Zdeňka (referee)
The title of my bachelor's work is Ihe new nomenclatures motivated by the proper names o f the native politicians. The main goal of this work is to give a notice on the creation of some new lexical units, which are motivated by the proper names of the native personalities active in politics. The main theme of my work is the role of the proper names in the creation of the new words and a comparison of these neologisms with the fromproper nomenclatures, which are written in published explanatory dictionaries so far. On the basis of those comparisons I am seeking to prove that from-proper names creation of the new words is in Czech language productive and common word-building process. The method of my research is a specific excerption of the daily press, where I am looking for the infiltrations of the neologisms, which are word-buildingly motivated by the proper names of the native politicians, to the present language. I am analyzing these neologisms from the word-building point of view, from the semantic point of view and I am focusing also on the using productivity of the given word-building types. 1 compare my research with the proper literature and I summarize that the neo-creation from proper names is significant and high productive language phenomenon, which is enriching present language word-stock with...

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