National Repository of Grey Literature 58 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Cave of the Krkonoše National Park: cave fill and speleogenesis
Bosák, Pavel ; Tásler, R. ; Šťastný, Martin ; Hercman, H. ; Mikysek, Petr ; Pruner, Petr ; Kdýr, Šimon ; Matoušková, Šárka ; Rohovec, Jan
Sub-/vertical phreatic channels dominate in original cave morphologies together with ceiling half-channels, scallops and ceiling cupolas. Infiltration cave sediments are composed of lutitic component with some coarser authochthonous admixture. Sediments were locally re-distributed by intensive drip from open fissures. According to clay and heavy minerals, the primary source was in weathering products of crystalline rocks, mature and immature or polycyclic mixed in different proportions. No allogenic sediments were detected. Speleothem dating indicates, that caves were filled and exhumed several times, partially or fully. Normal polarization of samples proved the deposition within the Brunhes Chron (<773 kyr). Speleothems and rare paleontological remains date clastic sediments to >400 kyr. Speleothems crystallized mostly during interglacials, but also in cold and extremely cold periods in glacials (MIS 2, MIS 6c to 6a, MIS 8b, MIS 10c to 11a). Tectonical near-surface rock fissuration and corrosion substantially contributed to cave re-shaping by rock falls. Cryogenic processes modified the morphology of cave walls and damaged speleothems. Mostly ascending speleogenesis took part in substantial depths under the surface without any link to the present morphology. Present near-surface position of most of caves reflects the gradual uplift during younger tectonic phases and incision of river systems.
Paleomagnetic record of basaltic lava flows on Nelson Island, Antarctica
Haislová, Radka ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
Paleomagnetism is geophysical method for determination of former magnetic field orientation on the Earth using measurement of remanent magnetisation of rocks. Combined with radiomagnetic datingk paleomagnetism enables study of time evolution of the magnetic field on the Earth and/or reconstruction of former positions of litospheric plates. This thesis is elaborates on paleomagnetic record of basalt lava flow on the Nelson's Island in Antarctica and summarizes geological data. In the research part of this thesis theory of magnetism is introduced and the paleomagnetism method is emphasized. Additionaly, I provide a short review of magnetic minerals, that can occur in basalt. These mineral can potentialy hold some information about the character of magnetic field of the geological past. Radiometric dating methods are included as atool for determination of absolute age of solidification of ingenous rocks (lava). Specifically, the K-Ar and Ar-Ar dating methods are emphasized. The regional section of this thesis conntains geological overview about the Antarctica and the Nelson's Island with its surroundings.Included is a section about the laboratory devices for measuring vector magnetisation of oriented rock samples (for example rotational and cryogenic magnetometer). The thesis is concluded with its...
Primary and secondary magnetic fabric as a tool for paleoenvironmental reconstruction
Žatecká, Michaela ; Chadima, Martin (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the research of primary and secondary magnetic fabric of aeolian loess sediments and paleosols on the cross-section temporary cropping out during the construction work in Prague 6. Magnetic enrichment - and the formation of magnetic nanoparticles in soil horizons - occurs during pedogenesis in warmer interglacials periods. The aim of this work is the interpretation of the paleoenvironment, weathering and pedogenic processes, by measuring the magnetic properties of sediments. Magnetic susceptibility, frequency-dependent magnetic susceptibility, anhysteresis remanent magnetization and natural remanent magnetization are used to detect the increased occurrence of magnetic particles, which indicate these pedogenic processes. The most developed paleosol horizon within the cross-section was the horizon of black soil and subsoil brown soil. Small signs of pedogenesis were revealed in the upper and lower loess part of the section. The magnetic fabric of loess, measured by means of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, reflects secondary sedimentary processes. This involves the displacement of clastic particles by flowing water and the redeposition of the material along the slope. The direction of movement of these sediments corresponds to the current geomorphology of the...
Frequency changes in normal and reversed polarities of geomagnetic field
Olšanská, Irena ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
This work consits of two parts, literature review and practical section. Literature review covers essential knowledge about magnetic field of Earth in attempt of understanding its inversion events. This section contains thistory of research of geomagnetism, key theories, physical quantities, magnetic properties of the minerals and outlines the knowledge of paleomagnetism. Practical part concerns the analysis of geomagnetic field inversions. It deals with inversions that happened during the last 157, 53 million years (Gee and Kent, 2007) and compares the duration of normal and reversal polarity and both types together. Statistical methods of investigation,namely Gaussian distribution and frequency, were employed. The evaluation of results showed that the average time between two inversions is: 124 000 years for normal, 450 000 years for reversal and 287 000 years for both types. The intervals shortened over last 80 million years. Comparing the frequencies of each period following results were obtained: both types usually lasts about 350 000 years, periods that are shorter than 350 000 years appears more often for normal polarity, but the frequencies of longer periods are similar for both types.
Paleomagnetic record of basaltic lava flows on Nelson Island, Antarctica
Haislová, Radka ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
Paleomagnetism is geophysical method for determination of former magnetic field orientation on the Earth using measurement of remanent magnetisation of rocks. Combined with radiomagnetic datingk paleomagnetism enables study of time evolution of the magnetic field on the Earth and/or reconstruction of former positions of litospheric plates. This thesis is elaborates on paleomagnetic record of basalt lava flow on the Nelson's Island in Antarctica and summarizes geological data. In the research part of this thesis theory of magnetism is introduced and the paleomagnetism method is emphasized. Additionaly, I provide a short review of magnetic minerals, that can occur in basalt. These mineral can potentialy hold some information about the character of magnetic field of the geological past. Radiometric dating methods are included as atool for determination of absolute age of solidification of ingenous rocks (lava). Specifically, the K-Ar and Ar-Ar dating methods are emphasized. The regional section of this thesis conntains geological overview about the Antarctica and the Nelson's Island with its surroundings.Included is a section about the laboratory devices for measuring vector magnetisation of oriented rock samples (for example rotational and cryogenic magnetometer). The thesis is concluded with its...
Paleomagnetism and magnetomineralogy of rocks from the Bohemian Massif and Tethyan Realm
Schnabl, Petr ; Pruner, Petr (advisor) ; Hrouda, František (referee) ; Petrovský, Eduard (referee)
Mgr. Petr Schnabl - Dissertation Paleomagnetism and magnetomineralogy of rocks from the Bohemian Massif and Tethyan Realm Abstract The thesis deals with paleomagnetic and rock magnetic properties of Silurian/Devonian and Jurassic/Cretaceous limestones, Paleogene/Neogene basaltic rocks and altered Silurian basalts. The main goal is to determine the history of the Earths' magnetic field from the Silurian to the present. Two lithostratigraphic formations are defined in the Jičín volcanic field on the basis of volcanology, paleomagnetism and radiometric dating. The Trosky Formation (24.6?/18.3 - 15.7 Ma) is composed of several Strombolian-type volcanoes, while the Kozákov Formation (5.2 - 4.6 Ma) is represented by effusive products with a crater vent of a single giant volcano. One Pliocene (4.3-3.3 Ma) and two Pleistocene phases (2.6 -2.1 Ma and 1.8 - 1.1 Ma) of volcanic activity Magnetostratigraphy is a very important tool for the definition of the J/K boundary. The boundary between the Crassicolaria and Calpionella zones is present within geopolarity zone M19n. The boundary between the ammonite zones Jacobi and Durangites also lies close to this point. Paleomagnetic directions of Silurian and Devonian rocks in the Bohemian Massif are very difficult to interpret and have been studied as a challenging problem...

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