National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Evaluation of rock masses on planetary surfaces
Boldbaatar, Dayansetsen ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Mikuláš, Radek (referee)
The understanding of rock mass has great benefits in engineering and geology. This understanding can benefit in the field of colonizing and terraforming other planetary bodies. To achieve this task, we can begin by using current methods to see if we can evaluate rock mass and if these can be inferred to understanding rock mass on other planetary bodies. Therefore, this bachelor's thesis is sought to examine if the use of compositional and volume information in order to figure out the mass of a rock pebbles on planetary bodies. For this purpose, 3D computing Photogrammetry method and X-ray Fluorescence methods were used to derive the necessity physical quantities for the mass computing. Five rocks where used in this study. Data was collected and analyzed using the two methods, software program and instruments. The results showed use of the two methods were accurate and efficient. Compare to the classic methods, these two methods proved as efficient and accurate.
Evaluation of rock masses (pebbles) on planets
Boldbaatar, Dayansetsen ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Mikuláš, Radek (referee)
This research is science engineering topic based on compositional and volume information to figure out the mass of a rock pebbles on a planetary surface. For this purpose, 3D computing Photogrammetry method and X-ray Fluorescence methods were used to derive the necessity physical quantities for the mass computing First section discusses the moon, its characteristics and possibility of terraforming. The second half of this bachelor's thesis is focused on modeling and its techniques. The final part summarizes the results derived from modeling chapter.
Magnetic record of conretions
Smrčinová, Lucie ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Adamovič, Jiří (referee)
Abstact The submitted bachelor thesis is focusing on the analysis of emergence of the concretion samples, which were discovered in recent years on the location of Jurassic Navajo Sandstone in Utah, and simultaneously their comparison with concretions found during exploration of Mars on the place Meridiani Planum. The major objective of this study is to compare the condition of origin and to search possible similarities. Terestrical concretions of iron oxid maintain diagenetical record of interaction between underground water flow and sandy material. Based on the input parametres, observed here, numerical and laboratory simulations were performed, leading to explanation of an image about growth of these spherules. Important factors during precipitation of nodules is concentation, flux and time. The experiment with reactions of ferrous sulfate, iron nitrate and potassium hydroxid shows the process of precipitation and maturation of hydrated iron around nucleation center of cencretion. Comparison laboratory results, numerical simulations and found samples helps to understanding to emergence of iron concretionson Mars in a certain chemical and hydrological environment. The importance of this contribution is, that on the basis of knowledge research about concretions, their both magnetical and geochemical...
Magnetometrical and spectrometrical analyses of fly ashes from the areas with emissonal air pollution mainly from automobile traffic (near Prague's D0 motorway) and from industry (near Ostrava's iron-mills) with a use of meteorological data
Hrušková, Gloria ; Petrovský, Eduard (advisor) ; Kletetschka, Günther (referee)
The content of analytical part of this thesis is the study of airborne dust samples collected in places with its higher concentration: by the Prague Ring (D0 motorway) and near the Ostrava's iron-mills. In both places, automobile transportation or industrial production are the primary sources of particulate matter emissions in the air. Received samples of PM1, PM2, PM10 a TSP filters were obtained by a standard air pollution monitoring procedure. This study examines the relationship between the magnetic parameters of the samples, their level of concentration of metals frequently present in emissions from these sources, the total mass of the dust fraction in the samples and the meteorological parameters (for Ostrava samples). The magnetic properties of the filters were investigated by magnetometric analyzes using a vibration sampling magnetometer. The concentrations of the metals were monitored by X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, the weight of parts of dust filtres was measured on laboratory scales.
Nature of magnetic anomalies on Moon, sample analysis
Kameníková, Tereza ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Blecha, Vratislav (referee)
The magnetic properties of a rocks on Earth are mostly well known. But what is the magnetic properties of a rocks which originate extraterrestrial? Such as on Moon. We are interested in the intensity of paleofield of some Moon rocks which were chipped by Apollo 15 in early 70s. The text is an unification of the basic knowledge of a magnetism, the way how it originates. You can found here also the basics of paleomagnetism and methods how the rocks can get own magnetisation, their properties and some outline how the Moon rocks can get own magnetisation if moon doesn't have a dynamo. Then we summaries the information got from measurements of two Moon rocks 15404.219 and 15445.277, which were divided to subsamples and measured in Paleomagnetic laboratory in Czech Academy of Sciences. Each subsample was measured separately on 2G cryogenic magnetometer. We were interested in AF (alternating field) remanent magnetisation spectra from which we got an estimating intensity of paleofield from which the samples got own magnetisation. The final part is devoted to discussion on topic of possible existence of lunar dynamo or other possibilities how the Moon rocks can have held the magnetisation.
Application of environmental magnetic techniques in Quaternary sediment study
Žatecká, Michaela ; Kadlec, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Kletetschka, Günther (referee)
5 ABSTRACT: The Bachelor Thesis presents basic principles of the environmental magnetic methods and their applications in paleoenvironmental reconstructions from Quaternary sedimentary archives. Description of mineral and rock magnetic principles follows after an introductory sketch of historical development of the environmental magnetic topic. Next part of the thesis is focused on explanation of basic principles of the environmental magnetic methods and application magnetic history of the sedimentary rocks: namely different kinds of magnetic susceptibility, anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, remanent magnetization and hysteretic parameters of the sediments. Application of the environmental magnetic methods enables interpretation of depositional and/or post- depositional history (e.g., directions of wind or water currents transporting clastic sediments) or intensity of geochemical weathering (connected with pedogenesis) which is directly controlled by climatic conditions and their changes. Examples of application of the environmental magnetic methods in paleoenvironmental research of the deep ocean, lacustrine and eolian natural archives are described in the final part of the thesis. Key words: environmental magnetism, paleoenvironmental reconstruction, sedimentary archives, Quaternary
Frequency changes in normal and reversed polarities of geomagnetic field
Olšanská, Irena ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
This work consits of two parts, literature review and practical section. Literature review covers essential knowledge about magnetic field of Earth in attempt of understanding its inversion events. This section contains thistory of research of geomagnetism, key theories, physical quantities, magnetic properties of the minerals and outlines the knowledge of paleomagnetism. Practical part concerns the analysis of geomagnetic field inversions. It deals with inversions that happened during the last 157, 53 million years (Gee and Kent, 2007) and compares the duration of normal and reversal polarity and both types together. Statistical methods of investigation,namely Gaussian distribution and frequency, were employed. The evaluation of results showed that the average time between two inversions is: 124 000 years for normal, 450 000 years for reversal and 287 000 years for both types. The intervals shortened over last 80 million years. Comparing the frequencies of each period following results were obtained: both types usually lasts about 350 000 years, periods that are shorter than 350 000 years appears more often for normal polarity, but the frequencies of longer periods are similar for both types.
Prerequisites for building magnetometer out of carbon nanotubes for geological applications
Mazanec, Martin ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Kohout, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis is the first step in a long-therm project with object to built magnetometer from carbon nanotubes. At the beginning of the thesis is introduction to magnetism and its basic physical characteristics, brief description of the Earth's magnetic field, some magnetic minerals and material behavior in a magnetic filed. All this in a geological context. In the second part I focus on the measurment of the magnetic field, especially on some specific device. The third part deals with the allotrope of carbon - graphene structures. It offers a brief overview of thein properties, one chapter about the productiona and possible use. In discussion I try to combine these parts with a specific purpose, which is the uso of carbon nanotubes in measuring the rock magnetism. We present a simplified funcion principle of the discussed device, the first steps of construction and inicial measurment.
Paleomagnetic record of basaltic lava flows on Nelson Island, Antarctica
Haislová, Radka ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Pruner, Petr (referee)
Paleomagnetism is geophysical method for determination of former magnetic field orientation on the Earth using measurement of remanent magnetisation of rocks. Combined with radiomagnetic datingk paleomagnetism enables study of time evolution of the magnetic field on the Earth and/or reconstruction of former positions of litospheric plates. This thesis is elaborates on paleomagnetic record of basalt lava flow on the Nelson's Island in Antarctica and summarizes geological data. In the research part of this thesis theory of magnetism is introduced and the paleomagnetism method is emphasized. Additionaly, I provide a short review of magnetic minerals, that can occur in basalt. These mineral can potentialy hold some information about the character of magnetic field of the geological past. Radiometric dating methods are included as atool for determination of absolute age of solidification of ingenous rocks (lava). Specifically, the K-Ar and Ar-Ar dating methods are emphasized. The regional section of this thesis conntains geological overview about the Antarctica and the Nelson's Island with its surroundings.Included is a section about the laboratory devices for measuring vector magnetisation of oriented rock samples (for example rotational and cryogenic magnetometer). The thesis is concluded with its...
Magnetic properties of the spherules from sediment in Tunguska (holocene) and North America (holocene/pleistocene)
Nábělek, Ladislav ; Kletetschka, Günther (advisor) ; Rajmon, David (referee)
In the early 20th century, 30 June 1908, the event took place, which is described as the Tunguska Event, or Tunguska. It is still not entirely clear what happened that day and the whole event was caused. The causes of events Clovis which is dated to the Younger Dryas (YD) are not entirely clear. In this period there was a sharp slowdown, which resulted in the extinction of large mammals. The link between the two events is the discovery of magnetic spherules in the sediment layer. This material may arise in several ways: fossil fuel combustion processes, ablation of cosmic material passing through the atmosphere, a large explosion in the atmosphere or atmospheric discharges (lightning). This thesis deals with analysis and Tunguska Event and Clovis event, and related research microscopic spherules (material of uncertain origin) found after the events in a layer of sediment in North America and central Siberia. The object is to compare the two events and causes of based on research and laboratory measurements of material from Clovis and Tunguska. For the analysis of magnetic spherules status was gained by the non-magnetic separation. The material was measured residual magnetization. The measurements were used magnetic scanner. On the basis of laboratory measurements of magnetic properties of spherules...

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