National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Cave of the Krkonoše National Park: cave fill and speleogenesis
Bosák, Pavel ; Tásler, R. ; Šťastný, Martin ; Hercman, H. ; Mikysek, Petr ; Pruner, Petr ; Kdýr, Šimon ; Matoušková, Šárka ; Rohovec, Jan
Sub-/vertical phreatic channels dominate in original cave morphologies together with ceiling half-channels, scallops and ceiling cupolas. Infiltration cave sediments are composed of lutitic component with some coarser authochthonous admixture. Sediments were locally re-distributed by intensive drip from open fissures. According to clay and heavy minerals, the primary source was in weathering products of crystalline rocks, mature and immature or polycyclic mixed in different proportions. No allogenic sediments were detected. Speleothem dating indicates, that caves were filled and exhumed several times, partially or fully. Normal polarization of samples proved the deposition within the Brunhes Chron (<773 kyr). Speleothems and rare paleontological remains date clastic sediments to >400 kyr. Speleothems crystallized mostly during interglacials, but also in cold and extremely cold periods in glacials (MIS 2, MIS 6c to 6a, MIS 8b, MIS 10c to 11a). Tectonical near-surface rock fissuration and corrosion substantially contributed to cave re-shaping by rock falls. Cryogenic processes modified the morphology of cave walls and damaged speleothems. Mostly ascending speleogenesis took part in substantial depths under the surface without any link to the present morphology. Present near-surface position of most of caves reflects the gradual uplift during younger tectonic phases and incision of river systems.
2TDK Railway, profile P18. Datings. Final Report.
Bosák, Pavel ; Zupan Hajna, N. ; Hercman, H. ; Horáček, I. ; Kdýr, Šimon ; Kogovšek, B.
Samples for datings were taken in the railway construction (2TDK) near village of Divača, Classical Karst on October 12, 2021: (1) vertebrate bones in cave 2TDK – 002 at the profile P18, cave entrance appeared during the construction operations on cleaned karst surface in a wall of karst depression. Samples of mammal bones and gastropods were collected in situ on cave bottom, and (2) pieces of speleothems occurring in non in situ position on artificially planated surface near the cave opening were collected. U-series: no numerical date was obtained as geochemistry of sample indicate open system, probably due to recrystallization of sample in soil cover. Paleomagnetism: The transition of N- and R-polarized samples cannot be identified more precisely as U-series radiometric dating yielded no numerical results. The transition easily can represent Brunhes/Matuyama boundary (at 773 ka) as well as any of older such transitions (e. g., base of Jaramillo, base of Olduvai). In any case the speleothem grew in a closed cave space with roof, probably as flowstone (inclusion of red soils above the base) and later as baldachin on eroded allogenic fill of the paleocave. Vertebrate paleontology: bone remains of small and larger vertebrates represent subrecent to Holocene species. Sorex alpinus represents the species quite rare in fossil record, but recetly limited to variegated woodland habitats with high surface humidity. A chamois Rupicapra rupicapra represents a resident species present in Slovenia throughout all stages of a glacial cycle, recently restricted to mountain habitats.
Magnetic fabric and mineralogy of cave deposits in Botovskaya Cave (Eastern Siberia, Russian Federation)
Kadlec, Jaroslav ; Hercman, H. ; Chadima, Martin ; Lisá, Lenka ; Oberhänsli, H. ; Osintsev, A.
The Botovskaya Cave is a typical example of a two-dimensional maze with a total length of explored passages exceeding 60 km, which represents the longest limestone cave system in the Russian Federation. The clastic cave sediments filling the cave passages differ in both mineral and mineral magnetic properties and were deposited under different hydrological conditions. The older portion of the clastic cave fills was derived from overlying sandstones, whereas the properties of younger cave sediments show closer affinity to the soils and weathering products originating on the sandstone plateau above the cave. The cave sediments underwent repeated periods of deposition and erosion during the Tertiary and Pleistocene.
Valley incision in the Nízké Tatry Mts. (Slovakia) estimated based on paleomagnetic and radiometric cave sediment datings
Kadlec, Jaroslav ; Bella, P. ; Čížková, Kristýna ; Granger, D. E. ; Hercman, H. ; Holúbek, P. ; Chadima, Martin ; Orvošová, M. ; Pruner, Petr ; Schnabl, Petr ; Šlechta, Stanislav
Up to eleven horizontal cave levels occur at different altitudes in Jánska, Demänovská and Mošnická karst valleys in the Nízke Tatry Mts. Most of the caves are filled with allochthonous sediments transported from the area formed mostly by granite. The cave levels were filled with fluvial sediments in dependence on the valleys incision caused by Neogene and Pleistocene uplift of the mountain range. The fluvial sediments are intercalated with, or capped, by flowstone layers in the caves. The paleomagnetic polarities measured both in clastic and chemogenic sediments indicate the age of deposition. Based on obtained polarity data we are able to distinguish cave sediments deposited during the Brunhes, Matuyama and Gauss chrons. The paleomagnetic interpretation was partly verified by U-series datings of flowstones preserved in the sedimentary sections. Except for the horizontal cave levels located in the karst valleys, additional large cave systems were found at extremely high altitudes in the Nízke Tatry Mts. 600–700 m above the lowest horizontal cave level.
The study of sediments and speleothems in the Zbrašov Aragonite Caves
Bosák, Pavel ; Šlechta, Stanislav ; Hercman, H. ; Pruner, Petr
The numerical dating of hydrothemal speleothems (doughnuts) from locality At Crocodile gave older data than was published in the literature: 123 to 127 thousand years (with range 108 to 144 thousand years). Speleothems crystallized in the time of climatic optimum of the last interglacial period (Eemian) corresponding to the marine isotope stage (MIS) 5e. Clastic sediments from excavations in the area At Crocodile show normal paleomagnetic polarity in all samples with nearly recent magnetic field directions. Studied sediments cover block of hydrothermal speleothems fallen from the wall and therefore they must be younger than 108 thousand years.
Výzkum sedimentárních výplní vybraných jeskyní na Slovensku
Bosák, Pavel ; Pruner, Petr ; Bella, P. ; Hercman, H. ; Hochmuth, Z. ; Kicinska, D. ; Šlechta, Stanislav ; Schnabl, Petr
Pokračující paleomagnetický výzkum sedimentárních profilů vybraných jeskyní na Slovensku doplnil významné předběžné výsledky předchozího výzkumu, které mnohdy změnily dosavadní představy o časovém zařazení speleogenetického procesu, etapovitosti vývoje jeskynních soustav a rozvoje reliéfu a říčních terasových systémů na Slovensku, jakož i vazeb jeskynních úrovní na v současnosti zachované morfologické tvary. Výsledky výzkumů byly publikovány v předběžných sděleních a původních pracích.
Age and genesis of sediments in the Ochozská Cave
Kadlec, Jaroslav ; Pruner, Petr ; Venhodová, Daniela ; Hercman, H. ; Nowicki, T.
Large section in cave deposits are exposed in the Ochozská Cave in southern segment of the Moravian Karst. The study of the genesis and age of these cave deposits poses a clue to the reconstruction of development of the Ochozská Cave and of local paleohydrographic history. The time of deposition was determined by probably deposited during the Middle and late Pleistocene in the cave.

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