National Repository of Grey Literature 84 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Neolithic and aeneolithic settlement in Hořovice basin with focus on stone intrustry
Stolz, Daniel ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pavlů, Ivan (referee) ; Zápotocká, Marie (referee)
The study of a Neolithic and Aeneolithic settlement in individual areas forms a substantial part of a complex study of a wide range of related issues regarding the overall settlement location and its history, its density, its relation to natural environment, and its relation to previous and later periods. It can also provide insights into stone industry distribution and the process of communication and contacts between neighbouring and distant regions, mining areas, the size of cultivated areas, etc. Unfortunately, until the 1980s, the study ofNeolithic and Aeneolithic settlements was a rather neglected field in the context of Czech archaeology and even since then iťs stili very rarely used for a complex study of multiple issues. The aim of my thesis is to fulfill this "gap" by suggesting possible solution to the above mentioned problems. The selected settlement area is Hořovice basin. The sources gained from intensive archaeological field work carried out in the 1980s and from a detailed field prospection ofthe whole area belong among the richest collections of data collected for a specific region in the Czech Republic. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first part focuses on the largest salvage excavation in Hořovice area carried out in Žebrák in 2000. 47 features dated into the II and III grade of...
Gender analysis in the interpretation of sociocultural aspects of the Neolithic
Remišová Věšínová, Kamila ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Podborský, Vladimír (referee) ; Pavúk, Vladimír (referee)
Gender is a social construct expressing that attributes and behavior connected with the image of man and woman are generated by culture and society. Unlike sex, a universal category that does not change with time and space, gender shows that the determination of roles, behavior and social norms connected with men and women differs within various societies, time periods and social groups. Archaeology is a culturally and historically conditioned scientific discipline though it quite often fails to remember its cultural basis. Its main task, the research in cultural and social structure of ancient populations, is a very complicated task and its outcome is often uncertain for there is no possibility of feedback. Archaeology, same as all other humanities, cannot claim fully objective scientific results. However, in its essence tied with exploring the life of ancient populations, it strives for objective findings and thus it necessarily has to focus on material culture, namely its expressions and its embedment in social structures. It is only material culture that can mediate dependable results. But if material culture is not interpreted as embedded in a cultural and social context, it becomes an unfruitful source with zero informational value. Thanks to new approaches, theories and methods that have emerged...
Prehistoric settlement of the northern part of west Bohemia
Kusý, Zdeněk ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Kuna, Martin (referee)
Prehistoric settlement ofthe northem part ofWest Bohemia This thesis describes and analyses prehistoric and early medieval settlement of the northem part of West Bohemia on the basis of archaeological sources. Selected sites together with history of excavation on them and some fmding situations are briefly described. Data processing from 300 archaeological sites were done using computer programs for Geographic Informational Systems and statistics, spatial relationship of archaeological sources to natural environment was the evaluated data. The analysis shows different intensity of archaeological evidence of settlement in the northem part - upward flux of the river Ohře region, and the southem part - the river Mže region, within themselves and also a strip of area virtually without any archaeologically significant data between them.
Men and caves in the Neolithic Period
Peša, Vladimír ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Svoboda, Jiří (referee) ; Pavlů, Ivan (referee)
Men and Caves in the Neolithic Period Vladimír Peša ABSTRACT From the beginning of archaeological excavations in the 19th century up to the present day, caves as archaeological sites have most often been interpreted as longer- or shorter-term settlements, hideaways or shelters for herdsmen; other interpretations that are considered for caves are cult functions and shelters for social outcasts. I see the beginnings of these notions of universal functions for caves in two contexts. Up until the second half of the 20th century there was a predominant interest throughout most of Europe in Palaeolithic history, and an interpretive model of Palaeolithic cave settlement was subsequently applied to frequently less distinct or even different find situations dating to post-Mesolithic periods. Secondly, at the close of the 19th century caves in the general consciousness of society (i.e. including archaeological) were mainly thought of as warfare shelters or as cover from inclement weather during agricultural activities away from the settlement. Speculation on the greater importance of cult activities and the symbolism of caves doesn't appear with greater regularity in literature until the 1980s; and yet, the settlement impression of caves persists. Using the Neolithic period as an example, the submitted work attempts...
African Rock Art: A Case Study in the Oukaïmeden Walley
Půtová, Barbora ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Kostrhun, Petr (referee) ; Kapsová, Eva (referee)
The subject of the thesis is the description, analysis and interpretation of rock art. The first, theoretic, part is dedicated to the research strategy, documentation, dating, conservation and presentation of rock art. It also analyses the relation between rock art and landscape, since differences in how different cultures perceived the landscape led rock art creators to different perception of the environment and to different forms of creative expression. The first part of the dissertation presents approaches rock art and methods of its interpretation from the landscape, historic, sociologic, ritual, artistic and aesthetic perspective. The second part of the dissertation discusses African rock art in the Oukaïmeden Valley, set in the central part of the High Atlas in Morocco. The dissertation focuses on particular archaeologic sites, art techniques applied, distinguishing features and other specificities of the local rock art. Special attention is paid to the motifs, development changes and dating of rock art in the Oukaïmeden Valley. Rock art first appeared there in the Late Neolithic and was further developed in the Bronze Age and continued until the Libyan-Berber period. The dissertation also presents interpretation of rock art motifs including analysis of their function and meaning of their positioning...
The flying rules of the civil aviation
Popelka, Miroslav ; Hammer, Jaromír (referee) ; Chlebek, Jiří (advisor)
The bachelor's thesis deals with the description of the rules of flying according to Annex 2 prescription in the field of civil aviation. The first chapter briefly summarizes the history of aviation rules. The second chapter describes the Annex 2 prescription. Chapters 3 to 7 describe the rules of the flying in the field of civil aviation, while Chapter 4 contains a description of airspace for a better understanding of the following chapters.
Neolithic ovens. Czech ovens in contect of Neolithic Balkans
Pilař, Daniel ; Dufek, Josef (advisor) ; Popelka, Miroslav (referee)
This thesis analyses Neolithic ovens from the territory of Czech Republic. It is based on theoretical research of ovens from Linear Pottery culture (LnK), Stroke-ornamented Ware culture (StK) and Moravian Painted Ware culture (MMK) settlements. The most important site for research of Czech LnK ovens is settlement in Bylany, on which 46 ovens in pits were found. These ovens were continuously used for 500 years, which means that they enable us to observe the development of this phenomenon in time. For comparison with settlement in Bylany, I studied the Moravian site Mohelnice u Zábřeha. Different trend of placement of ovens in space within the area of settlement is observable there. In result, the analyses of construction and placement of ovens proved, that the type of ovens used in Mohelnice served probably as equipment for food processing. They were presumably used by community living in the house closest to the oven. Research of Late Neolithic (StK and MMK) ovens is complicated because of small number of finds the ovens located in pits. Complications are caused also by the state of research of Late Neolithic and by the ambiguity of settlements. The absence of pit ovens leads to idea of above ground domed ovens. However, this type of ovens is usually not preserved in central Europe, so the only...
Symbolism of graves with weapons at the end of the Aeneolithic and at the beginning of the Early Bronze Age in the territory of Bohemia
Petriščáková, Katarína ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Bátora, Jozef (referee) ; Chvojka, Ondřej (referee)
The aim of this study is to describe the changes at the end of the Aeneolithic period and at the beginning of the Bronze Age, on the basis of the analysis of graves with weapons and the possibilities (limits) of identifying the warrior graves in Bohemia. The end of the Aeneolithic is characterized by two cultural complexes, the Corded Ware Culture and the Bell Beaker Culture, on which the Early Bronze civilization evolved, characterized by the Únětice Culture in our context. It is in this transitional period, that graves with specific goods appear increasingly, and we can finally call these as true weapons. Weapons are associated with warfare attributes that, according to the latest theories, played an active role in prehistoric society. The identification of the warfare in archaeological sources is, however, often not without problems. Several types of evidence can be consulted: graves of warriors with specialized weapons, typical fortifications (ramparts), remains of battlefields, iconographic and written sources. In our conditions, the focus is on graves with weapons, due to the lack of other mentioned entities. Keywords: Late Aeneolithic, Early Bronze Age, graves, weapons, tools, symbols
Contacts between the culture of the Lepenski Vir and the first Neolithic populations at the turn of the 7th and 6th millennium
Ćosović, Mirza ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Tichý, Radomír (referee)
(in English): This paper focuses mainly on the problem of the Mesolithic-Neolithic contact in the Iron Gates gorge at the turn of the 7th and 6th millenniums BC. A special emphasis is put on the eponymous site of Lepenski Vir. From a geographic point of view, this area represents a natural border between countries Serbia and Romania. There, in different layers and at different locations, were excavated and explored settlements documenting activities and social contact between the Mesolithic and Neolithic populations, as well as the transition from the Mesolithic way of life to the sedentary Neolithic one. The first part of the paper is devoted to an overview of scientific research, a development of views on the process of Neolitization and all the important aspects of culture. The second part deals with the examination of the first form of contact between Mesolithic and Neolithic populations based on the results of natural and archaeological research with theoretical application of the migration model, from the American anthropologist David W. Anthony.
Linear Pottery culture site at Praha-Liboc
Schindlerová, Petra ; Popelka, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pavlů, Ivan (referee)
The presented master thesis places emphasis on processing of archeological excavation of settlement and graves with linear pottery culture. The excavation took place in 2003 - 2005 in Prague-Liboc "Šestákův statek". The thesis presents history of research of site and summarizes the results of rescue excavation. An integral part of this paper is the examination of ceramic inventory with linear pottery and evaluation of non-ceramic finds. An important step is analysis and interpretation of the objects and the evaluation of their spatial relationships and also the evaluation of the grave units. Key words: Praha, Neolithic, Linear pottery culture, Settlement, Graves

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See also: similar author names
3 Popelka, Martin
3 Popelka, Michal
2 Popelka, Milan
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