National Repository of Grey Literature 208 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Contemporary American Conservatism in Historical Perspective: A Comparative Analysis of the Conservative Political Discourse in 1960-1980 and 2011-2020
Sedláčková, Jolana ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
This thesis investigates the indicators of a conservative backlash in presidential campaign discourse by contrasting the conservative rhetoric of 1960-1980 with that of 2011-2020. Grounded in a theoretical framework of Backlash Politics, the thesis examines the rise of conservatism in the 1960s and 1970s and its resurgence in the twenty-first century through the lens of a Critical Discourse Analysis. Through an analysis of conservative presidential candidates' public statements in the periods 1960-1980 and 2011-2020, the thesis explores the resurgence of American conservatism by identifying enduring themes in conservative discourse. The dominant themes in conservative discourse, such as individual liberties, limited government, free market principles, traditional family values, and national security concerns, are scrutinized to identify similarities as well as differences between the 20th and the 21st-century discourse. By examining campaign press releases and statements issued during the presidential campaign by five conservative presidential candidates from each period, the thesis reveals the employed factors of Backlash Politics. The conservative political discourse in 1960-1980 grieved for the return to the founding principles and calls for institutional reshaping to prevent an authoritative...
Influencing International Relations in the South China Sea Based on the China's Food Policy
Vnouček, Jeroným ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The South China Sea region is an important area of international events. In this area, the strained relations between China and the neighboring states sharing the given sea and the United States are reflected. Within the framework of the international political discussion, a great deal of attention is directed, for example, to the issue of Taiwan, mineral deposits and international trade. However, not much attention is paid to the importance of marine fisheries for China's expansionist actions, which is the focus of this work. This thesis deals with the question, "How does China's food security affect international relations in the South China Sea?" Using the approach of neo-Malthusian theory, it is possible to monitor the food demands of the Chinese population in the context of food security affected by a degrading environment. Using analysis and subsequent synthesis, sources and information related to food and international relations are examined. The results of the work indicate that China is food-insufficient in the long term and its protein supply is strongly influenced by protein imports, fishing and fish aquaculture production. However, food and especially fish production is strongly affected by the deteriorating environment. In order to satisfy its needs, China chooses actions that violate...
The Causes of Higher Mortality Rate of African Americans in Case of Overdose During the Third Wave of Opioid Epidemic
Konečná, Kateřina ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
Diploma thesis addresses the topic of the opioid epidemic in the United States and focuses on the causes of the higher rate of overdose deaths among African Americans during the third wave of the epidemic. The opioid epidemic has claimed nearly one million victims since its onset in the late 1990s. In the public sphere, it is often associated with the white part of the population, which was hit the hardest in the early years of the epidemic due to the over- prescription of opioid painkillers. As the epidemic evolved from prescription drugs to illicit drugs such as heroin and fentanyl, its negative impact has spread to the rest of the US population, disproportionately affecting minority African American communities. During the third wave, opioid overdose death rates among African Americans increased disproportionately. This thesis examines the reasons for the higher rate of overdose deaths among African Americans. The thesis argues that African Americans are dying of overdose more because of the criminalization of drug addiction and the unavailability of drug addiction treatment. Based on available studies and academic articles, there is evidence that African Americans are criminalized for drug offenses and crimes more than the rest of the population, and drug addiction treatment is less accessible...
Critique of the United States in the Work of West German Intellectuals in the Post-War Period
Kropáčková, Kristina ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
This thesis examines postwar criticism of the United States in the writings of four West German intellectuals: Hans Werner Richter, Karl Barth, Ernst von Salomon, and Leo L. Matthias. It views their reflection in the context of the concept of the "third way," the search for an alternative solution to Germany's political and economic heading after World War II, which included a reflection on the United States. The thesis highlights the fact that despite the positive attitude of the political leadership towards the United States, especially in the Westbindung policy of German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, a critical attitude towards the United States can be observed in intellectual circles, both among left and right-wing individuals. The aim of this paper is to identify the extent of this critical debate. Thus, using the methods of intellectual history, the central themes that selected intellectuals have addressed in their critique are successively identified. The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first four discuss the relationship of each intellectual to the United States in the period 1945-1955. The fifth chapter summarizes the main findings and compares the differences and similarities in the approaches of the intellectuals examined.
Sintra in the Twentieth Century European Narratives: Otherness and Identity
Garcia Pereira Oliveira, Cláudia ; Ira, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee) ; Czoch, Gábor (referee)
in English This thesis is based on an analysis of 20th century narratives about Sintra, Portugal. The narratives are present in travelogues, guidebooks, flyers, and postcards. Regarding travel literature, this study has confronted and compared 20th century foreign accounts about Sintra with national ones. The analysis includes both otherness and identity perspectives of the place, allowing the thesis to better understand the identity of the landscape of Sintra. The descriptions in travel literature or in visual sources about Sintra represent a specific mixture of cultural and natural elements - tangible and intangible heritage, and natural heritage. This combination results in the representation of Sintra's places of memory, and of its Cultural Landscape. The narratives in this research address various subthemes within larger themes of man, nature, and their mutual relation. The themes are translated into Sintra's cultural and natural heritage, merged with poetic discourses that create poetic narratives based on both cultural and natural elements. The themes thus enable the deconstruction of Sintra's Cultural Landscape and, once assembled into a single narrative, converge into a representation of the landscape, that is, an image of the place in the 20th century. Keywords: Sintra 20th century...
Cancel Culture in the United States Related to the Covid-19 Pandemics 2020-2022
Viták, Jakub ; Pondělíček, Jiří (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
Cancel culture is a relatively new and very significant phenomenon, which origin is traced back to the African-American hip-hop subculture. It is also contains some modern movements and ideologies. However, signs of a similar atmosphere in the United States's society can be traced back to the period after the Second World War. Analyze of the history and influences included in the topic of research, the work compares the perception and use of this phenomenon by the conservative and liberal-minded voters during the ongoing waves of the COVID-19 disease. Thesis is whether the cancel culture methods are able to be applied also to liberal voters under the influence of the ongoing pandemic. The work confirms this question and adds that it depends more on the inclination of its audience or voters towards a conservative or liberal mindset than on the boycotted subject or the methods of boycott. The work shows that on the case of successful podcaster Joe Rogan, who questioned the effectiveness of vaccines during the pandemic and faced several calls for a boycott. But as a result, these causes helped him gain more listeners.
The Role of Women in the Velvet Revolution
Gese, Taylor ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Vykoukal, Jiří (referee) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
The Role of Women in Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution Abstract This thesis investigates the role played by women in Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution of 1989. Overall, it finds that despite the marginal role attributed to women in the dominant narrative of the event, women in fact played a key role in every activity of the Velvet Revolution and therefore were a key factor in its success. Drawing on case studies from elsewhere in Central and Eastern Europe, it hypothesises about the sources of women's erasure from the historical record and subsequent national memory, arguing that the conservative gender order influenced the type of revolutionary work women did, the lack of visibility they were afforded, as well as their own devaluation of their contributions. Given the similarity in findings, it advocates for the development of an analytical concept to theorise the function of gender in social movements and their subsequent memorialisation. Finally, by documenting the activities done by women, it aims to reorient women as historical and political subjects in the Velvet Revolution, worthy of further historical inquiry. Keywords Velvet Revolution, women, gender, social movements, 1989, Czechoslovakia, historical memory, hegemonic narrative
The end of Roe? Mississippi's decades-long restriction politics
Žižková, Andrea ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
This thesis aims to explore the circumstances in Mississippi and shed a light on the pattern of restrictive policies, some of which are in place for decades, that led to the ultimate ban on abortion. The Supreme Court agreed to review a case regarding the constitutionality of Mississippi's 15-week abortion ban from 2018 in Jackson Women's Health Organization v. Dobbs. This came as a no surprise - there is a significant conservative majority in the Court and the United States have recorded an unprecedented rise of abortion restrictions across the country. By taking up the case, the Court was expected to rule on the constitutionality of Roe v. Wade, a landmark decision from 1973 affirming the women's right to abortion. Mississippi's ban was ground-breaking at the time of passing, being the first state to push the time limit so low. After that, some states went even further, namely Texas and its heartbeat bill, banning abortion after only 6 weeks. This diploma thesis provides an overview of the most important judicial cases preceding Dobbs v. Jackson, namely Roe v. Wade and Casey v. Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania. It also analyses the consequences of the restrictive and discriminatory policies, like the ban on common second-trimester procedures or the federal funding on abortion,...

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