National Repository of Grey Literature 179 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Obligations of patients and possible sanctions for their violation
Moldanová, Miriam ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Daniel (referee)
The bachelor's thesis is focused on the area of patient obligations and possible sanctions for their violation. The theoretical part defines the specific rights of patients, which directly result from defined obligations, in case of non-fulfilment of which the medical facility can apply specified sanctions on behalf of authorized persons. The theoretical definition of the issue is followed by a research investigation. The empirical part is devoted to quantitative research, which was carried out on the basis of an own research investigation. The research examines the knowledge of Motol FN nurses in the area of patient obligations and the application of possible sanctions for their violation. The results of the survey are then compared with the results of another survey. The method of the research investigation is a self-constructed questionnaire. For subsequent data processing, 102 questionnaires are selected from the total number of 125 questionnaires received, which contain completely answered questions and a matching control question. The results of correct answers vary significantly from question to question. 96 % of the nurses answered correctly to the question whether it is possible to collect an unpaid amount from the patient for a medical procedure provided that is not covered by public...
The Civic forum in the process of creation of Czech party system
Bureš, Jan ; Znoj, Milan (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee) ; Vaněk, Miroslav (referee)
The Abstract This thesis deals with the process of creation, development and the downfall of the Civic Forum. This process is herewith included to the wider frame of the process of formation of the Czech party system. The Civic Forum represented not only one of the main actor of political development in the first year of transformation, but also the base of creation of some important political parties and movements in the 1990. This thesis is time allowanced by the November 17th, 1989 on one side, and by the end of February, 1991, when the Civic Forum is divided, on the other side. In the first chapter the author deals with the development of Czechoslovak communist regime and the opposition in the years 1987-1989. He follows the change of international political situation of Czechoslovak regime in context of changes in the soviet bloc in the consequence of political and economical reforms in the USSR. The second and most large chapter of this thesis deals with the foundation of Civic Forum and the process of negotiations between representatives of Civic Forum and communist government in November and December of 1989. The author analyse the functional mechanisms of Civic Forum in first two months, its main strategies and the changes of these strategies, the modes of the communication of Civic Forum with the...
Cleavages and ideological blocks in the Czech and Slovak party systems after 1989
Hynčica, Pavel ; Znoj, Milan (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee) ; Reschová, Jana (referee)
M Cleavages and Ideological Blocks in the Czech and Slovak Party Systems after 1989 This work brings knowledge from the comparison of the Czech and Slovak party systems. Based on long-term monitoring of the development in the field we attempted to point out its relevant characteristic. We compare the ideologically compatible blocks and political parties. Determinants of the formation o f Czech politics were ethnical homogeneity, long tradition of secularization in the Czech Lands and domination o f a single (socio-economic) cleavage line. The political development in Slovakia was influenced by the unsolved national question (position of Slovakia in a multinational state), ethnical heterogeneity, greater importance o f Christianity and religion in the society and many other factors. Consequently, the formation o f Slovak politics was characterized by multiple complicated and specific features. In the Czech Republic, two major blocks formed first: the civic non-socialist block represented mainly by the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), and the socialist block represented by the Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD), which corresponds to the domination o f the socio-economic cleavage line. The minor poles are mainly parties with the communist identity (as a result of the concentration of the radical left and...
Political system of Venezuela after 1999. From democracy to authoritarianism?
Hönigová, Nina ; Krausz Hladká, Malvína (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee)
The Master's thesis Political System of Venezuela after 1999: From Democracy to Authoritarism? deals with the functional analysis of the contemporary political system of Venezuela. It includes a very complex overview of the crucial legal changes and political events that have shaped the system since 1999. The main constitutional institutions as well as the activities of the civil society are examined from the perspective of the Schumpeter's minimalistic definition of democracy and analyzed more in depth using the qualitative concepts of democracy. The thesis includes a brief introduction to the problematic of the democracy definitions, the hybrid regimes theory and some undemocratic forms of government. On the basis of empirical observations the thesis characterizes the crucial democratic institutions and works with the qualitative analysis of their contemporary functioning. An important part of the thesis is dedicated to the role and space of the civil society, the media and the role of political parties which represent the vital tool of the evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the new socio-economic system of Socialism of the XXIst century. This term introduced by the president of the republic Hugo Chávez Frías comprises the ideas of revolution, social equality and elements of the...
Perspectives of the Cuban Transition to Democracy
Fungačová, Hana ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee)
Diploma thesis "Perspectives of the Cuban Transition to Democracy" tries to analyze the current situation in Cuba and answer a question if the transition to democracy is possible and if so, in which period of time. It also tries to confirm or disprove two hypotheses set ahead: 'the transition to democracy is possible but only in a long period of time' and 'there will not be any changes during Fidel Castro's life'. This paper also tries to depict some theoretical models of the transition to democracy, brief history of Cuba which is indispensable for understanding of the current situation in Cuba and the perspectives of the future transition as well. The thesis also comprehensively deals with characterization of the current Cuban regime and its main representatives, analysis of the civil society and the inner opposition in Cuba and also with the international situation and its main actors which are able to to influence the current situation in Cuba and its future transition as well. There are also depicted some scenarios and factors of the future transition and briefly described some essential subsequent reforms though the application of some theoretical approaches on the analysis of the particular situation in Cuba.
Prague Spring from the point of view of the transition theory
Špičáková, Hana ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee)
Diploma thesis "Prague Spring from the point of view of the transition theory" deals with the time period of "Prague Spring" and briefly also about the following year. The application of the methods of transition tries to show the next development of Czechoslovakia in case if the development hasn't had stopped by the intervention of troops of Warsaw Pact. There is a brief development of transitology there and then; three transition theories from significant authors discussing this topic are mentioned there. Further, the attitudes of reformers to the society in the year 1968 in Czechoslovakia, changes in the society itself and in the Communist Party are investigated there. A very important fact is the international situation and influence of states of the Soviet Block to reviving process and it representatives. The main chapter offers the possible future development of Czechoslovakia after the implementation transition theories. In the last part events from the year 1969 are mentioned. Two public polls bring closer the perception of Prague Spring after 25 and 30 years and its importance for the transition to democracy in 1989.
New understanding of corruption and EU legitimacy
Tudjarovska Gjorgjievska, Emilija ; Frič, Pavol (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
This research aims to investigate the causal linkages between the EU democratic legitimacy and the crises of representative democracies in the field of anti-corruption. The threats of corruption to the EU democratic legitimacy and the approach in handling this negative phenomenon is seen as a symptom of a more profound crisis of the EU integration project. The mutual interdependence between the EU and it is member states in delivering the standards of democracy, it's values and principles is seen through legitimation as an act of actual justification. This actual exercise of the EU indirect legitimacy in normative terms is translated into action through the key actors of representative democracies on a national level, the national parliaments and the political parties. However, the role of the parliaments and the party democracy in the broader EU context, especially evident in Central-East Europe (CEE), has been challenged and weak, suggesting hollowness of democracy. This status has been also challenged by the misuse of political power for private gains, as a general understanding of corruption, also adopted by the EU. However, the mutual reinforcement of corruption and the hollowness of democracy have remained under-acknowledged in the broader neoliberal context. The reasons behind are few:...
Patterns of Institutionalization of Political Parties in the Czech Republic
Stauber, Jakub ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (referee) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
Research on political parties and their organizational stability presents one of the most important research agendas in modern comparative politics. Especially among newly democratized countries of the Central and Eastern Europe, the consolidation of democratic political institutions used to be considered as a key factor for the successful finishing of the whole transitional process. Despite the fact that most of the transitologists optimistically perceived the consolidation of the new democracies as a one-way process, the most of party systems in the eastern countries experienced serious changes and periods of instability within the last ten years. The most notable change was definitely the unexpected electoral success of genuinely new political parties and movements usually led by a political entrepreneur and formed without solid organizational background or solid ties to society. This tendency further turned into a new wave of unpredictability even within the party systems commonly perceived as fully stabilized and consolidated. Based on such new conditions, the contemporary party researchers turn their attention towards possible interpretations of this unprecedented phenomenon. This dissertation contributes to this discussion by the attempt to operationalize and explain the level of...
Rights and responsibilities of patients and their application in nursing practice
Černá, Zuzana ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Daniel (referee)
A man who finds himself in the role of the patient does not lose his rights, but remains responsible for his actions. Most of the rules of cohabitation applies to patients as well as for everyone else, but lays out special privileges and obligations just for patients. These rules must be known to both patients and medical staff to be able to apply them in the context of nursing practice. The aim of the study was to explore the knowledge of rights and obligations in selected patients department Hospital Motol, which may affect their application in nursing practice. The research used a nonstandardized questionnaire in two versions, one for patients and one for health professionals (nurses). Professionals reported that patients rights know (76.7 %) or more know (20 %), only a small percentage of them (3.3 %) indicated that such rights are rather unknown. From the group of patients reported that they knew the law 42.9 %, other 28.6 % said they are more familiar, 17.1 % said that it is rather not known and 4 % do not know it at all. Although health workers from the observed group reported greater knowledge of patients' rights than patients themselves, for the application of those rights in nursing practice we consider important in both groups of participants knowledge of the nursing process, patient...

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