National Repository of Grey Literature 78 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Aerobic capacity in relation to risk factors ischemic heart disease
Dosbaba, Filip ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Daďová, Klára (referee)
DOSBABA, Filip: Aerobic capacity in relation to risk factors ischemic heart disease. Aim: of this diploma thesis was to evaluate the physiological effectiveness and influence of 12 week long rehabilitation program on development of oxygen transport system parameters (VO2maxSL, VO2maxSL.kg-1, WmaxSL, WmaxSL.kg-1, METmaxSL) and anthropometric parametrs (m, BMI). Methods: The study included 102 patients (90 % men), mean age 59.3 ± 8.9 years, with a left ventricular ejection fraction 55.3 ± 6.0 % after an acute coronary event. All patients completed 3 months aerobic-resistance training program with a frequency of sessions 3 times a week in 70 - 80 % VO2maxSL. Training session lasted 105 minutes (including 60 minutes of own aerobic training on 1. ventilatory threshold). Results: Completion of the intervention training program lead to a significant increase in work tolerance (158.6 ± 31.3 vs. 190.5 ± 34.8 W; p < 0.01) and peak oxygen consumption (20.5 ± 4.0 vs. 24.6 ± 4.0 ml.min-1.kg-1, p < 0.01) and metabolic equivalent of used energy (5.9 ± 1.1 vs. 7 ± 1.4 J.min-1.kg-1, p < 0.01). There was also observed a nonsignificant decrease in resting values of body mass index (27.5 ± 3.2 vs. 27.0 ± 3.6 kg.m-2) and weight (89.8 ± 12.7 vs. 89 ± 12.3 kg). Conclusion: Intervention training program leads to...
Effect of regularly applied nordic walking on selected cardiorespiratory parameters in adults after heart valve surgery
Tejnecká, Michaela ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Malá, Michaela (referee)
Author: Bc. Michaela Tejnecká Title: The effect of regularly applied Nordic walking on selected cardiorespiratory parameters in adults after heart valve surgery. Aim: The aim of this work was to analyze the effect of six months of Nordic walking intervention on selected casrdiorespiratory parameters in adults after heart valve surgery. Methods: The study included ten individuals (mean age 62 years) who were at least five years apart after heart valve surgery. Blood pressure (BP) was measured using a pulsed wrist tonometer, blood oxygen saturation (BOS) and heart rate (HR) were measured using a pulse oximeter, and the ejection fraction of the heart (EF) was evaluated echocardiographically. Nordic walking training units took plaxe once a week for 6 months. During this intervention, the level of training gradually increased both in distance and elevation of the terrain. Results: In all probands there was an average reduction in systolic blood pressure during exercise by an average of 10,3 mmHg and a reductionin heart rate during exercise by an average of 24 beats per minute. The resting ejection fraction increased by an average of 5,5% after six month intervention. These changes were statistically significant (p<0,01). The results of the work point to the benefits of Nordic walking for cardiac...
Analysis of postural functions and posture in triathletes aged 10-15 years
Plintová, Ester ; Kovářová, Lenka (advisor) ; Daďová, Klára (referee)
TITLE OF THESIS: Analysis of postural functions and posture in triathletes aged 10-15 years. OBJECTIVES OF THESIS: The aim of this work is to analyze the condition of the musculoskeletal system and posture in triathletes aged 10-15 years and based on that to create a health compensation program and then verify and be able to objectify the main musculoskeletal problems, recommend and provide remedies. METHODS USED: In my diploma thesis I used in testing the level of motor skills tests tested by CTA for the age group of triathletes 8-15 years and then I compared them according to the table determining the level of assumptions using T-points. I used a ray graph to summarize the average results of the group. I tested the analysis of postural functions and posture using physiotherapeutic tests according to the authors Jaroš and Lomíček, and I used Matthias' test as a supplement. During testing according to Jaroš and Lomíček, I used a plumb line, protractor and grid to make the evaluation as accurate as possible. During the physiotherapy measurements, I took photos and videos, thanks to which I was able to better identify postural defects, however they could not be presented in the diploma thesis. I recorded the individual results in tables. RESULTS: My research showed that regular application of a...
Analysis of the current offer of leisure activities with focus on physical activity for primary school pupils with special needs in Prague
Nováková, Eva ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Půlpán, David (referee)
Title: Analysis of the current offer of leisure activities with focus on physical activity for primary school pupils with special needs in Prague Objectives: The main objective of this work is to analyze the services offered in the field of leisure activities with focus on sports and physical activity (PA) for primary school pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in Prague. Methods: We use two sources of data in our qualitative research. The first source is data obtained from the analysis of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports specifically for this research. The second source of data is a modified survey questionnaire created by Linhartova (2018). The questionnaire responses were obtained from 49 respondents, who were managers of centers and instructors of PA who provide leisure PA in Prague. Results: The research discovered insufficient support for PA among Prague primary school pupils with SEN in their free time. It turned out that on the one hand the offer of provided PA is not adapted to children with SEN and in the same way the offered activities are used by these children only to a very small extent, where it is more about individuals. The study also points to a set of barriers limiting the implementation of these PA. We identified obstacles in the area of insufficient...
Quality of life in adult users of cochlear implant before and after the implantation
Marková, Johana ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Quality of life in adult users of cochlear implant before and after the implantation Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the degree of life satisfaction with a cochlear implant (CI) in postlingually deaf people, who lost their hearing after acquiring speech skills - i.e. after the 7th year of life. Methods: The research was realized by its own anonymous semi-structured survey, which contained 31 questions in total. Then was the survey was provided through a website and sent out using e-mail addresses, with a total of 29 adult respondents completing it. Results: The predominant majority (52 %) of respondents agreed, that CI provided them with the same or better benefit, than they themselves expected. At the same time, they assessed the hearing and understanding in each area with a score of 2 - so that, there was improvement in all areas. The predominant majority of respondents did not need more time to think about implantation and also get together good or rather good feelings from hearing at the first setup. Regular sports respondents stated that they had performed the same sport before implantation. With regard to the epidemiological situation, an overwhelming majority (93 %) respondents stated, that get together a decrease of understanding by others people, who are using a...
Subjective evaluation of training courses in the field of inclusive physical education by primary school educators
Šírerová, Karina ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: Subjective evaluation of training courses in the field of inclusive physical education by Primary school educators Objectives: The main objective of the diploma thesis is to examine the subjective evaluation of inclusive PE training courses by the Primary school educators. Methods: The subjective evaluation of postgraduate education in the field of inclusive PE by the educators of Prague Primary schools was surveyed through empirical research, which was carried out within the Movement for Inclusion Project. An anonymous survey of our own design containing 22 survey questions was used to monitor the opinions and attitudes of Primary school educators. A total of 19 respondents (18 women and 1 man), who met the requirements for inclusion in the target research group, completed the survey via Google Forms. Results: According to the thesis, all participants in the research have perceived an increase in competencies for working with SEN (specific educational needs) pupils. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of full-time and distance forms of additional training were mapped. The participants (except three) agreed that they had studied the course books sent as part of distance training courses. Respondents consider the desire to enrich their existing knowledge to be the greatest...
Inclusion of pupil with cystic fibrosis in physical education
Kyndlová, Tereza ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Inclusion of a pupil with cystic fibrosis in physical education Objectives: The aim of this thesis was to point out through case studies the possibilities of inclusion of a pupil with cystic fibrosis in physical education and to investigate the influence of physical applied activities on pupil's physical abilities. Part of the research was also working with a girl in physical education classes. Methods: Due to the uniqueness of the disease, was chosen for this thesis the method of a case study of schoolgirl aged 12 with CF. Methods of data collection included interviews with pupil's mother, teacher and teaching assistant, questionnaires, observations and MABC-2 test set. Results: We found out, that the inclusion of a pupil with CF is possible, but it is necessary to have prepared alternative methods and modification of physical activities in order not to damage the health of the individual. The individual approach to the student in class also proved to be effective. The research shows that physical activities as a part of physical education have a positive effect on some motor skills of a pupil with CF. Keywords: integration, cystic fibrosis, joint education, primary school, physical activities
Evaluation of the spasticity level in wheelchair bound individuals observing movement in a virtual reality environment
Chalupová, Zuzana ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Pánek, David (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the spasticity level in wheelchair bound individuals, observing movement in a virtual reality environment Objective: Investigate whether people watching movement in virtual reality, experience changes in the level of spasticity due to intervention of the therapeutic programme. Methods: A pilot study was orchestrated with probands diagnosed with spastic paraplegia due to an incomplete spinal cord lesion. Seven probands have partaken in the study (5 men and 2 women) aged 49 ± 8 years. All probands were clients of Centrum Paraple, where they have been undergoing a regular rehabilitation programme. In addition to their regular programme they have undergone a virtual reality therapeutic programme, where each intervention consisted of 10 minutes spent in a therapeutic virtual environment. 3 probands resigned after the first intervention. Interventions were organized into 5 consecutive days. The levels of spasticity were evaluated by a modified Tardieu scale on plantar flexors of both ankles and knee joints of both lower limbs. Furthermore, a modified, subjective spasticity scale was created in order to observe individual, subjective inputs of each proband. Using this scale, probands evaluated their feelings towards individual spasticity changes on a scale 1-10 (0 = no spasticity, 10...
Postural stability in adults with Down syndrome
Ležíková, Marie ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Postural Stability in Adults with Down Syndrome Objectives: The goal of the thesis was to compare postural stability in individuals with Down syndrome and the control group comprising of healthy individuals, and to compare postural stability in adult men with Down syndrome and adult women with Down syndrome. Methods: The empirical part of the thesis was based on data collected from a pressure sensing platform MobileMat 3140 by Tekscan. The study was made up of 52 probands (30 men and 22 women). The probands were separated into the experimental and the control group based on their Down syndrome diagnosis. The experimental group consisted of 11 men and 15 women, with the average age being 38,4 ± 8,7 years, the average height 156 ± 7,2 cm, and the average weight 75,1 ± 16,2 kg. Similarly, the control group consisted of 11 men and 15 women, with the average age being 38,8 ± 9,2 years, the average height 175 ± 10,1 cm, and the average weight 78,9 ± 14,5 kg. The participants were measured in four modifications of the bipedal stance: wide base of support with the eyes open; wide base of support with the eyes closed; narrow base of support with the eyes open; narrow base of support with the eyes closed. Each measuring session took 30 seconds. Results: Six parameters of postural stability were...
Evaluation of the spasticity level in wheelchair bound individuals, observing movement in a virtual reality environment
Chalupová, Zuzana ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Pánek, David (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the spasticity level in wheelchair bound individuals, observing movement in a virtual reality environment Objective: Investigate whether people watching movement in virtual reality, experience changes in the level of spasticity due to intervention of the therapeutic programme. Methods: Two case studies were orchestrated, both of probands diagnosed with spastic paraplegia due to an incomplete spinal cord lesion. Both probands did undergo a therapeutic programme in virtual reality, where each intervention consisted of 30 minutes in said programme. Interventions were organised in 10 consecutive days in the case of the first proband and 5 consecutive days in the case of the second. The levels of spasticity before and after each intervention were taken into account and evaluated by a modified Tardieu scale on plantar flexors of both ankle and knee joints of both lower limbs. Furthermore, a modified, subjective spasticity scale was created in order to observe individual, subjective inputs of each proband. Using this scale, probands evaluated their feelings towards individual spasticity changes on a scale 1-10 (0 = no spasticity, 10 = unbearable spasticity sensations). This evaluation took place before and after each individual intervention. Results: Seven hypotheses were defined in...

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