National Repository of Grey Literature 75 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Kinesiophobia, her predictors and consequences in selected chronic diseases - theoretical review
Schwarzová, Kristýna ; Mahrová, Andrea (advisor) ; Plevková, Lucia (referee)
Title: Kinesiophobia, her predictors and consequences in selected chronic diseases - theoretical review Objectives: To review the issue of the occurrence of kinesophobia in various chronic diseases and to identify its predictors. Methods: The diploma thesis was prepared in the form of a literature search using electronic resources of the National Medical Library, the Central Physical Education Library and professional databases Pubmed, EBSCO, SCORPUS, Medline, Web of Science. The first half of the work summarized all the theoretical background and knowledge of kinesophobia and selected chronic diseases. The second half was focused on the processing of the issue of kinesophobia in selected chronic diseases and on the mapping of their predictors. Results: Based on the processing of available resources dealing with the issue of kinesophobia in selected chronic diseases, a comprehensive overview was created. In patients with chronic low back pain, high levels of kinesophobia were most often associated with chronic pain, functional impairment associated with the disease, obesity, low levels of education, and emotional states (anxiety, depression). In coronary heart disease, high levels of kinesophobia were associated with a lack of understanding of the need for physical activity, social support,...
Change of life quality in people undergoing the organized reduction program
Štefánková, Gabriela ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Title: Change of life quality in people undergoing the organized reduction program Objective: The work objective is to find out a possible change of life quality after undergoing a three-month reduction course which consists of aerobic exercise and circuit training, as well as group work under the guidance of an instructor. Methods: The data will be collected through the SF36 questionnaire. In the first phase of the project, the course participants will fill out a questionnaire which will be handed over to them before the commencement of the reduction program. In the second part of the project, the participants will fill out the same questionnaire after undergoing the course. Subsequently, I will analyse the results and assess the success rate of the program. Method - questionnaire survey. Results: After undergoing a three-month reduction program, there were positive changes in quality of life. The effectiveness of the influence of the three-month reduction programme is seen primarily in the improvement of the psychological side of the individual. I find the lack of this study in a small set of probands, so I do not consider the results could be generalised. Keywords: Obesity, physical activity, BMI, weight loss, methods of treating obesity
Quality of life in renal transplant recipients and the possibilities of its affecting through different forms of intervention
Králová, Helena ; Mahrová, Andrea (advisor) ; Vaňous, František (referee)
Title: Quality of life in renal transplant recipients and the possibilities of its affecting through different forms of intervention. Aims: 1) To evaluate quality of life in renal transplant recipients and compare it with that of the general population. 2) To analyze effects of a 6 months controlled intervention exercise program, special diet, combination of special diet and exercise program and control group on the health related quality of life and to compare results between groups. Methods: We studied a composite group of 21 patients (mean age 58,4 9,34 years) after renal transplantation. Patients were randomly divided into four groups, each group had different program, as described above. The assessment of the quality of life was performed twice, before and after six months of a regular intervention program. We used standardized questionnaires KDQOL-SFTM . We have also assessed the importance of individual dimensions of quality of life with questionnaire WHOQOL - 100. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test and non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test. Statistically significance was considered on p ≤ 0,05. Results: After the pre-test and evaluation of the quality of life we assessed, that from 8 dimensions there were 5 lower after the...
Efect of compensatory exercises on female floorball players - category women, Czech top league
Šimáčková, Olga ; Mahrová, Andrea (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Efect of compensatory exercises on female floorball players - category women, Czech top league Objectives: Diagnose muscles with a tendency to shorten and weaken and take the basic anthropometric parameters of female floorball players. Build a stack of exercises focusing on problem areas that are not difficult to perform and don't require correction of another person. Methods: A case study in which we watched the female floorball players aged 18-32 years. Diagnose of shortened and weakened muscles was performed according to Janda muscle function test, method pretest - posttest. The measured values from pretest were compared with posttest values. In the meantime the intervention program (form of compensatory exercises) was applied on female floorball players. Results: 70% of the players were identified estimated muscle imbalances that arise from the nature of this sport. It has been shown that two months of exercise can positively affect shortened and weakened muscle. The change of the degree of "short" to "unshorted" occurred in 41% of muscles. Key words: floorball, compensatory exercises, muscle imbalance
Lifestyle diabetic 2nd type
Franěk, Michal ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Lifestyle diabetic 2nd type Aims: The aim of this thesis is to outline alternatives how to improve medical condition of patients who suffer from diabetes mellitus 2nd type by non- pharmacological treatment. Another target is to create and application an intervention exercise program. It is also necessary to evaluate measured physical parameters plus to compare results before the beginning and after the termination of the intervention. Last but not least is important suggestion of recommendations for the future therapy of patients with NIDDM. Methods: In this work, there are stated contemporary information of relationship between physical activity and diabetes of the second type of a patient. Literature research was used to get this knowledge. Based on these facts and available options, the experiment related to training program was designed. This observation takes 20 weeks. Results: The controlled diabetic patient underwent the intervention program without significant complications and in full extent. Non-pharmacological treatment focused primarily on increasing physical activity performed by walking and practicing on a exercise bike, on the contrary, dietary regimen was not changed or a adjusted. The results after intervention showed improvements in physical state of a patient such as reduction in...
Rehabilitation exercises for primary and secondary prevention of damage to the anterior cruciate ligament
Hochmal, Marek ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Title: Rehabilitation exercises for primary and secondary prevention of damage to the anterior cruciate ligament Objectives: The main goal of my work is to inform the public of the problem of training events ligament injuries, and offer solutions. I will focus on the description of the knee and then the anterior cruciate ligament surgery itself. Emphasize the most common causes of damage to the structures and opportunities for redress. The next section will show the possibility of exercise before and after surgery and try to compare different approaches to physical activity after surgery. I want to focus primarily on the possibility of home exercise training events structures. Methods: In my work I focused on a search of available literature and the opinions of individual authors. Keywords: Ligament crucinate anterior, operation, lesion, compensation exercises
Using of compensation exercise in young ice hockey players
Šmíd, Tomáš ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Title: Using of compensation exercise in young ice hockey players Objectives: The main objective is to highlight the lack of compensatory exercise during the training process of junior ice hockey players and suggest improvements to this condition. Methods: Supporting documents were obtained from certified sources and quality of literature or web sites relating to information about ice hockey, the system of human motion, sports training and compensatory exercises. The practice was acquired by consultation, analysis, observation and measurement. Results: Analysis of the training plan of young adolescents HC Star Prague players found significant training load without adequate compensation. The proposed solution was inclusion training unit based on some of compensatory movements. To evaluate the effect of the proposal carried out a series of measurements of selected muscles shorten players. Keywords: ice hockey, youth, the systém of human motion, sports training, compensatory exercises, training unit, load
Dietary habits and physical activity of sedentary job in Škoda Auto
Melčáková, Monika ; Mahrová, Andrea (advisor) ; Plevková, Lucia (referee)
The title of the theses: Dietary habits and physical activity of sedentary job in Škoda Auto The aim of the theses: The main aim of this theses was to find out dietary habits and level of the physical activity of sedentary job. There were set 6 hypothesis. Methods: The research was conducted with employees of Skoda Auto. The level of physical activity was measured with short form of IPAQ. Data were processed with basic statistic methods in MS Excel. Mesaured values were according to instructions transformed to MET- values and divided into appropriate categories according to criterias. Surveys was used for finding out dietary habits. The results were individually compared with other researches and literature. Results: The most respondents (42,4%) were in moderate level category, 41,3 % were in high level category and 16,3 % were in low level category. Men are more active than women. Men spend more time with intensive physical activity than women. More than half of respondents (55%) were, according to BMI values, in category of overweight and obesity. The mean of sitting time was 7 hours per day. Men have worse dietary habits than women. 85 % of employees of Skoda Auto have breakfast every day. More then half of emloyees eat 4-5x per day. Keywords: sedentary lifestyle, lifestyle, nutrition, activity
Fitness and compensation exercises in dancesport
Křížová, Eliška ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Title: Fitness and compensation exercises in dancesport Objectives: The aim of this thesis is proposing and including fitness and compensation exercises into the dancers' training regime in order to enable them to increase their physical condition, improve their health, and reduce the risk of injury. Methods: Case study monitoring a group of four dancers aged 23 to 26. Using kinesiological analyses and measurements to diagnose health complications, contracted and weakened muscles (according to Janda), and propose the ideal intervention programme to reduce their occurrence. An online survey to which 230 people responded was used as a support method to gather more information on the training habits and health condition of sport dancers in the Czech Republic. The proposed intervention programme was applied to the probands in between the initial and control kinesiology analyses. Results: The insufficient education of sport dancers in the area of sport training, regeneration and compensation exercise was confirmed. The expected weakening of the deep stabilising spine system was confirmed with 100% of the probands. Also found with the probands were contracted muscles, muscle dysbalance and Trigger Points caused by the character of dancesport. After the 3-4 month long intervention programme, the visible...

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