National Repository of Grey Literature 127 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of physical exercise during pregnancy to diafragma pelvis
Bělíková, Kristýna ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Hošková, Blanka (referee)
1 Abstract Title: Effect of physical exercise during pregnancy to diafragma pelvis Objectives: The aim of this thesis was to point out the influence of the appropriately chosen regular exercise during pregnancy on the state of the pelvic floor, especially after childbirth. Methods: Six selected probands, first-time mothers, aged 29-34 completed a four- month exercise plan that was specifically prepared for pregnant women. During the exercise, they communicated their feelings, and these were reported in the case reports. The pelvic floor was evaluated by an ultrasound examination after the childbirth. The ultrasound examination was performed by professional staff at the ÚPMD at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months postpartum. The mothers provided me with their documentations from the individual examinations. Further, the interviews were conducted with individual probands, where anamnesis was taken using questions, and subjective feelings were ascertained not only during exercise, but also during and after the childbirth. The questions were aimed at experiences associated with the pelvic floor. Results: All probands completed the exercise program in its entirety. According to the ultrasound examinations, three mothers gave birth without any injuries in the area of pelvic floor and had no abnormal findings on the...
Possibilities of using the Wim Hof ​​method as a regenerative procedure and its comparison with the regenerative cooling procedure
Tureček, Jan ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: Possibilities of using the Wim Hof method as a regenerative procedure and its comparison with the regenerative cooling procedure Department: Department of Health Physical Education and Sport Medicine Supervisor: MUDr. Simona Majorová Objectives: The main goal of the thesis was to find out whether the Wim Hof method can be effectively used as a regenerative procedure between the training units, second goal was to judge on which components of after-load states the procedure has the biggest influence on. The other goals were to briefly summarize current knowledge about the basics of sports training, regeneration methods and methods of determining the effectiveness of regeneration procedures and to compare our results with knowledge in the professional literature. Methods: As one of the methods, we used heart rate monitoring during the training cycle. The second monitored parameter was the values of feeling states, which were recorded using scales modeled on the Borg scales of perceived intensity and pain. The parameters of the resulting sensation score are sleep quality, mental state, fatigue and leg pain. 10 active sportsmen aged 21-26 took part in the research. Results: The results of our research suggest that the Wim Hof method could be used as a regeneration procedure, especially in...
Exercise with elderly in residential home with special regime
Svobodová, Karolína ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Exercise with seniors in a retirement home with a special regime Objective: The main aim of the study was to determine whether seniors with cognitive impairment experience improvements that have a statistical significance in selected components of physical fitness after a three-month exercise program. Furthermore, it was checked whether regular physical activity changes their attitude towards exercise. Methods: The study involved 9 probands (3 of them male) aged 72 to 90 years with cognitive impairment. The probands completed a three-month program (April-June 2022) in which they performed group and seated chair exercises twice a week for sixty minutes. At the beginning and end of the intervention program, they underwent an orientation fitness assessment using the senior fitness test and a questionnaire form on health limitations and attitudes toward exercise. Results: The results of the senior fitness test showed that there was a statistically significant improvement in the parameters of lower limb strength, and agility with dynamic balance. Some improvement was seen in the other parameters, but without the statistical significance. Most probands showed a positive change in their attitude towards physical activity. Keywords: physical activities, older people, Senior fitness test, cognitive...
First aid knowledge of UK FTVS and FSV UK students
Jelínek, Ondřej ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: First aid knowledge of students of FTVS UK and FSV UK Objectives: The main objective was the comparison of students of The Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of Charles University and of The Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University with the help of online survey. The secondary objective was to find out if there is a significant difference between male and female students and between individual years of study. Methods: The collection of data was done by means of online survey. The questionnaire was created with the help of Google Forms software and subsequently distributed through the website Facebook. 64 respondents replied to the survey. After the data were collected they were downloaded as Microsoft Excel file and subsequently encoded and statistically analysed. The Microsoft Excel software was used to compute measures of central tendency (arithmetic mean, mode and median) and measures of dispersion (variance and standard deviation) of subsamples. Results: Considering the size of sample of FSV UK students, the only differences that were tested for were between FTVS UK and FSV UK students, between male and female FTVS UK students and between the group of FTVS students who study at the faculty for three years or less and group of FTVS students who study at the faculty longer....
Quality of life in patients hospitalized for severe Covid-19
Kohútová, Andrea ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Author: Bc. Andrea Kohútová Title: Quality of life in patients hospitalized for severe Covid-19 Backgound: In 2021-2022, the world faced a challenge of the pandemic of a viral disease named Covid-19, caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus. This disease had a severe course with long-term consequences in many patients. The Covid-19 pandemic has significantly affected and continues to affect the quality of life of the entire population. Objectives: The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of Covid-19 on the quality of life of patients hospitalized in an ICU, all of that evaluated during hospitalization with a follow-up after six months. Methods: The chosen method was a survey using the SF-36 questionnaire to evaluate the effect of Covid-19 on quality of life in patients hospitalized in the Covid ICU of the Vinohrady University Hospital, first during hospitalization and then in a follow-up 6 months later.. The questionnaire was filled out by 15 patients, chosen based on availability criteria, included 8 male and 7 female, all aged 20-90. Results: The results showed the negative impact of the severe course of the Covid-19 disease on almost all aspects of the quality of life. Even 6 months later, a deteriorated quality of life was recorded in social aspects, the dimension of physical functioning,...
Nutrition and eating habits of APTV students at UK FTVS
Hypešová, Natálie ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Vařeková, Jitka (referee)
Title: Nutrition and eating habits of APA students at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of Charles University Objectives: The main goal of this thesis is to map the nutritional habits of APA students at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of Charles University by using a questionnaire survey and then compare the results with the principles of healthy eating and proper nutrition, which are written in the theoretical part of this thesis. Methods: Within the theoretical-empirical research, information about students' diet was ascertained by using a quantitative method. The specific form was an online questionnaire. Results: The questionnaire survey shows that most students in the field of APA at Charles University eat according to the principles of healthy nutrition. 73,3 % of students eat regularly, more than half of them eat at the right time intervals. More than 75 % of students have regular breakfast, lunch and dinner every day. 68 % of students prepare lunches by themselves, 20 % use the canteen. Most students follow a drinking recommendation. Only 6,7 % of students smoke cigarettes and 3 % regularly use chewing tobacco. Insufficient intake of fruit and vegetable was reported by more than third of respondents. Over 30 % of students exceed the daily limit for drinking alcohol....
Level of first aid knowledge of ice hockey coaches
Bláha, Martin ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Level of first aid knowledge of ice hockey coaches Objectives: The main objective of this bachelor thesis was to determine the level of knowledge of ice hockey coaches regardless of the level of coaching license. The partial objectives are whether time since passing the coaching license affects the level of first aid knowledge of ice hockey coaches and whether first aid knowledge is higher in ice hockey coaches with higher coaching license. Methods: In my work, the method of anonymous survey was used. The questionnaire consisted of two parts, where the first part contained 9 general questions about coaching activities, from which i then evaluated the results and answered the research questions. The second part of the survey contained 18 questions on first aid knowledge. Results: Based on the survey, it was found that ice hockey coaches do not have sufficient knowledge in first aid. The results showed that the average success rate of the respondents (38) was only 58.3%. It was also found that time since licensure has a negative effect on the first aid knowledge of ice hockey coaches. Coaches who completed their coaching license studies recently (0-2 years) demonstrated better knowledge in this subject than coaches who completed their studies two or more years ago. Coaches who hold a B...
Knowledge of motor vehicle drivers of first aid procedures in traffic accidents
Vondrus, Marcel ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Knowledge of motor vehicle drivers of first aid procedures in traffic accidents Objectives: The diploma thesis aims to determine level of knowledge of motor vehicle drivers about first aid procedures in traffic accidents with the help of using own survey. Methods: Compilation, survey, analysis Results: The established hypothesis was confirmed. The knowledge of medically educated drivers about first aid procedures is sufficient, the knowledge of non-medical drivers is not. Success is not dependent on respondents' gender. One third of the respondents witnessed a car accident and more than one fifth already actively provided first aid. Keywords: First aid, traffic accident, injury, rescue
Sleep hygiene of students of Charles University FPES
Beranová, Tereza ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: Sleep Hygiene of Students of Charles University FPES Objectives: The aim of the bachelor's thesis was to find out to what extent students of bachelor's programs at Charles University FPES (Faculty of Physical Education and Sport) adhere to the principles of sleep hygiene. Methods: I used the poll method for data collection for the practical part of the bachelor's thesis. The poll of my own design was created via Google Forms. The data were converted to the Microsoft Excel 2010. The basic procedures of descriptive statistics were applied to process the data. The research was focused on a group of students of full-time bachelor's programs at Charles University FPES. Results: The poll results showed that most students only partially follow sleep hygiene. Only 12 (10.3 %) students out of 116 (100 %) participators adhere to almost all recommended sleep hygiene principles. For the rest of the students, it was recommended to eliminate negative factors affecting sleep. Keywords: sleep, insomnia, sleep disorders, regeneration, addictive substances, circadian rhythm, EEG
First aid knowledge ice hockey players
Hrubý, Matyáš ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Level of first aid knowledge of ice hockey players Objectives: The main aim of this study was to determine the level of first aid knowledge of ice hockey players. The sub-objective is to determine whether education affects first aid knowledge. The second sub-objective is to determine whether graduates of first aid courses achieve better results than individuals who have never taken a course in their life. Methods: Quantitative data collection through a survey was used to meet the objectives. The questionnaire survey was conducted by internet distribution using Google forms. The target group were active ice hockey players. A total of 42 participants took part in the survey. The first half of the survey dealt with general information about respondents while the second half focused on general first aid knowledge and dealing with the most common injuries in ice hockey. The data was processed and subsequently evaluated. Objectives: Based on the survey, it was found that ice hockey players did not demonstrate sufficient knowledge of first aid. Respondents answered with an average success rate of 69 %. It was also found that the results were influenced based on previous participation in a first aid course. Players who had previously completed a course achieved an average success rate of 72 %. While...

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