Papers

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2021-12-12
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The Jewish architect Zoltán Egri and his work
Ragulová, Zuzana
Zoltán Egri (born 1894) belonged to the group of interwar Jewish architects in Brno. Almost all of them studied at the German Technical University in Brno and were active mainly in the 1930s, focusing primarily on a Jewish clientele. Egri specialized in interior design and shopfronts. Some of them were destroyed or rebuilt, others preserved. In my paper, I will discuss not only his particular designs but also general specifics of his work and often-used materials.

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2021-12-12
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Bringing New Light to Schools: Dolf Schnebli’s Works
Pennati, Lucia
This paper deals with the pedagogical agency of space and the role light plays in learning. In the post-war context of the 1950s and 1960s, the control of light was an architectural tool that demonstrated the didactic position of the architect in designing schools. Through a critical examination of Swiss architect Dolf Schnebli’s work, his dynamical process of designing light and its representational methods, the paper captures how school design engaged with practical and theoretical ideas about light. It argues that the architect, through designing light, fulfilled one aspect of the pedagogical agency of space, in terms of creating the most appropriate setting for education.

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2021-12-12
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Traditionalism in Architectural Education
Adamec, Emil
This paper summarizes a current doctoral thesis aiming to analyse the possibilities of applying concepts inspired by traditionalism in the education of 21st century architects, and the theoretical preparation for its implementation in architectural training. The aim is to highlight the theoretical basis supporting the thesis proposal for a studio of traditionalism, which would offer theoretical and practical courses, promote interdisciplinary cooperations, and provide a specific space for this.

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2021-12-12
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New Ruralism as an Inspiration for Czech Rural Planning
Petr, Lukáš
New Ruralism represents an effort to extend the familiar principles of New Urbanism to non-urban areas with an emphasis on farmland protection. Various sources dealing with New Ruralism (mainly from the North American context) were analyzed using the desk research method. The regulatory and economic instruments of land development were described in detail. Using the example of New Ruralism, it was shown that economic instruments can appropriately complement standard landuse planning instruments even in the case of rural and agricultural planning. This finding can be an inspiration for rural planning in our environment.

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2021-12-12
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The Architecture of the City: Aldo Rossi’s notion of permanence in a Czech context using the example of the Letná development in Prague
Stoklásek, Rostislav
By the extent of its observation, Aldo Rossi’s notion of permanence, from his book „The Architecture of the City”, shows the potential for its contemporary application. The paper describes the modern development of Letná using Rossi’s concept of permanence. Letná is an area with a well-documented evolution of plans, expectations, and constructions. The paper shows how Rossi’s work enables the linking of individual stages of Letná’s development, being able to also describe its non-physical artifacts. This case study analysis proves the usability of the applied terminology for further research on permanence in Czech urban structures.

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2021-12-12
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An active approach as part of the creation of urban and landscape space
Šana, Václav
Throughout history, the concept of the urbanist points to the figure of an almighty, authoritative planner who creates spaces. The ambition of a perfect design is met by random external factors, which fundamentally affect the final results. Thus, another component of the active approach of individuals or movements enters the creation. The application of ecological, mobility, cultural and social topics creates a contrast to the technocratic planning of cities and landscapes. This article broadly presents cases of an active approach to urbanism and reflects the holistic profession of an urbanist in a contemporary context.

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2021-12-12
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Verification of the Possibility of Using Geographical Information Systems to Identify New Educational Trails in the Czech border – Jeseniky region
Palenčar, Ondrej
The area of Jeseníky has a rich history, but its continuity was disrupted during the 20th century. Traces of „landscape memory“ can be found in the form of small sacral architecture, historical paths, trees and border stones. This paper verifies the possibility of using GIS to track it, and transform fragments of urbanised countryside into new educational and sports trails. The aim is to provide a better understanding of the fragile relationship between landscape and urban areas in the region and its history.

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2021-12-12
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An exploratory study of Nantou Ancient Village revitalisation focusing on visual, cognitive and structural aspects
Nikodijevic, Jaksa ; Grujic, Milica
In the absence of spatial diversity, there is a need for additional elements that will enable the recognition of the space in which we are. These elements are landmarks. In order for a certain thing to be considered a landmark, it must be unique and recognisable either by its properties (size, shape, colour, materialisation, etc.) or by the location where it is located in space. Landmarks and zones with a strong character provide a strong identification of the space with its peculiarity. This paper analyses the identity of the urban settlement of Nantou Old Town as a historical cluster located in the attractive location in the Nanshan District of Shenzhen City, with over 800 residential and commercial units. The study was conducted experimentally on a number of respondents who are regular or occasional consumers in Nantou settlement, through a closed questionnaire, from which we got answers to the initial questions: how successful is the revitalisation of this cultural-historical settlement, what are the landmarks, how simple is orientation through the settlement and what method is most common in wayfinding (landmark or navigation app), does a consumer’s choice in wayfinding device and landmark physical characteristics (colour, texture and form) depend on personal dimensions (gender, age, educational level and familiarity with environment).

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2021-12-12
00:00
Earthen Space – Workshop at the Faculty of Architecture, Brno University of Technology
Neumayerova, Eva ; Bazik, Lenka
The Earthen Space workshop for students of FA BUT took place in the autumn of 2020 and included a review of the teaching concept for students of architecture’s work with earth within the faculty project. This article describes the course and the content of the workshop, analyses the creation and teaching procedures from the perspective of the organisers and creators of the concept, and records the results of the project. It also assesses the potential of practical experience with earthen building material in the education of architects.

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2021-12-12
00:00
The Role and the Responsibility of the Architect in the Current and Future Sustainable Design of Buildings
Marek, Aleš
This paper deals with the role and responsibility of the architect in the sustainable design of buildings in their lifelong cycle: in construction, operation, modernisation, and removal. The aim is to analyse and define requirements for the architect’s activities in the design stages. The paper discusses the demands and methods of integrated design, digitisation and robotics in the construction industry, and the use of BIM. The starting point is design practice and international requirements for the complex evaluation of buildings.

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