
Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics 21 : Jablonec nad Nisou, June 1924, 2022 : Proceedings of Seminar
Chleboun, J. ; Kůs, Pavel ; Papež, Jan ; Rozložník, Miroslav ; Segeth, Karel ; Šístek, Jakub
These proceedings contain peerreviewed papers that are based on the invited lectures, short communications, and posters presented at the 21st seminar Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics (PANM) held in Merkur Hotel, Jablonec nad Nisou, Czech Republic, June 1924, 2022.\nThe seminar was organized by the Institute of Mathematics of the Czech Academy of Sciences under the auspices of EUMATHSIN.CZ, Czech Network for Mathematics in Industry, and with the nancial support provided by the RSJ Foundation. It continued the previous seminars on mathematical software and numerical methods held (biennially, with only one exception) in Alšovice, Bratříkov, Janov nad Nisou, Kořenov, Lázně Libverda, Dolní Maxov, Prague, and Hejnice in the period 19832020. The objective of this series of seminars is to provide a forum for presenting and discussing advanced topics in numerical analysis, computer implementation of numerical algorithms, new approaches to mathematical modeling, and single or multiprocessor applications of computational methods.


Spherical basis function approximation with particular trend functions
Segeth, Karel
The paper is concerned with the measurement of scalar physical quantities at nodes on the $(d1)$dimensional unit sphere surface in the hbox{$d$dimensional} Euclidean space and the spherical RBF interpolation of the data obtained. In particular, we consider $d=3$. We employ an inverse multiquadric as the radial basis function and the corresponding trend is a polynomial of degree 2 defined in Cartesian coordinates. We prove the existence of the interpolation formula of the type considered. The formula can be useful in the interpretation of many physical measurements. We show an example concerned with the measurement of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility having extensive applications in geosciences and present numerical difficulties connected with the high condition number of the matrix of the system defining the interpolation.

 

HPFEM for Coupled Problems in Fluid Dynamics
Dubcová, Lenka ; Feistauer, Miloslav (advisor) ; Segeth, Karel (referee) ; Dolejší, Vít (referee)
The thesis is concerned with the solution of multiphysics problems described by partial differential equations using higherorder finite element method (hpFEM). Basics of hpFEM are described, together with some practical details and challenges. The hpadaptive strategy, based on the reference solution and meshes with arbitrary level hanging nodes, is discussed. The thesis is mainly concerned with the extension of this strategy to monolithical solution of coupled multiphysics problems, where each physical field exhibits different qualitative behavior. In such problems, each physical field is discretized on an individual mesh automatically obtained by the adaptive algorithm to suit the best the corresponding solution component. Moreover, the meshes can change in time, following the needs of the solution components. All described methods and technologies are demonstrated on several examples throughout the thesis, where comparisons with traditionally used approaches are shown.


Spatial interpolation and soil erosion modeling
Bek, Stanislav ; Ježek, Josef (advisor) ; Segeth, Karel (referee) ; Dostál, Tomáš (referee)
The doctoral thesis deals with selected methods of spatial interpolation and their applications to numerical modeling of the earth's surface, in particular soil erosion. The first part contains the description of the studied methods. Firstly and foremost, the method called regularized spline with tension (RST) is introduced. It has proven to be useful in interpolating elevation data. In the thesis, RST is presented in depth with the derivation of its radial basis function and its links to kriging. Further on the mathematics of digital terrain models and the tools for terrain geometric analysis are covered. The following chapter deals with the description of the soil erosion process and of the selected erosion models. The second part of the thesis summarizes five of the author's research articles which include applications of the described mathematical methods. The first two articles are devoted to the problem of elevation data interpolation and the building of digital elevation models. They deal with the optimization of the RST method for particular input data and target erosion models. The third article analysis the spatial structure of the soil data and the pedogenesis of the Žofínský prales natural forest. The last two articles deal with the spatial properties of heavy rainfalls and the mapping of...


Automatic hpadaptivity on Meshes with ArbitraryLevel Hanging Nodes in 3D
Kůs, Pavel ; Vejchodský, Tomáš (advisor) ; Segeth, Karel (referee) ; Dolejší, Vít (referee)
The thesis is concerned with theoretical and practical aspects of the hp adaptive finite element method for solving elliptic and electromagnetic prob lems described by partial differential equations in three spatial dimensions. Besides the standard element refinements, the hpadaptivity allows indepen dent adaptation of degrees of the polynomial approximation as well. This leads to exponentially fast convergence even for problems with singularities. The efficiency of the hpadaptivity is enhanced even more by the ability of the algorithm to work with meshes with arbitrarylevel hanging nodes. This generality, however, leads to great complexity of the implementation. There fore, the thesis concentrates on the mathematical analysis of algorithms that have led to successful implementation of the method. In addition, the the sis discusses the numerical integration in 3D and the implementation of the method itself. Finally, numerical results obtained by this new implemen tation are presented. They confirm advantages of hpadaptivity on meshes with arbitrarylevel hanging nodes. 1


Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics 20 : Hejnice, June 2126, 2019 : proceedings of seminar
Chleboun, J. ; Kůs, Pavel ; Přikryl, Petr ; Rozložník, Miroslav ; Segeth, Karel ; Šístek, Jakub
This book comprises papers that originated from the invited lectures, survey lectures, short communications, and posters presented at the 20th seminar Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics (PANM) held in Hejnice, Czech Republic, June 2126, 2020. All the papers have been peerreviewed. The seminar was organized by the Institute of Mathematics of the Czech Academy of Sciences under the auspices of EUMATHSIN.cz, Czech Network for Mathematics in Industry. The objective of this series of seminars is to provide a forum for presenting and discussing advanced theoretical as well as practical topics in numerical analysis, computer implementation of algorithms, new approaches to mathematical modeling, and single or multiprocessor applications of computational methods.


Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics 18 : Janov nad Nisou, June 1924, 2016 : proceedings of seminar
Chleboun, J. ; Kůs, Pavel ; Přikryl, Petr ; Segeth, Karel ; Šístek, Jakub ; Vejchodský, Tomáš
This book comprises papers that originated from the invited lectures, survey lectures, short communications, and posters presented at the 18th seminar Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics (PANM) held in Janov nad Nisou, Czech Republic, June 1924, 2016. All the papers have been peerreviewed. The seminar was organized by the Institute of Mathematics of the Czech Academy of Sciences under the auspices of EUMATHSIN.cz, Czech Network for Mathematics in Industry. It continued the previous seminars on mathematical software and numerical methods held (biennially, with only one exception) in Al šovice, Bratří kov, Janov nad Nisou, Ko řenov, L ázně Libverda, Dolní Maxov, and Prague in the period 19832014. The objective of this series of seminars is to provide a forum for presenting and discussing advanced theoretical as well as practical topics in numerical analysis, computer implementation of algorithms, new approaches to mathematical modeling, and single or multiprocessor applications of computational methods.


Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics 19 : Hejnice, June 2429, 2018 : proceedings of seminar
Chleboun, J. ; Kůs, Pavel ; Přikryl, Petr ; Rozložník, Miroslav ; Segeth, Karel ; Šístek, Jakub ; Vejchodský, Tomáš
These proceedings contain peerreviewed papers that are based on the invited lectures, survey lectures, short communications, and posters presented at the 19th seminar Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics (PANM) held in the International Center for Spiritual Rehabilitation, Hejnice, Czech Republic, June 2429, 2018. The seminar was organized by the Institute of Mathematics of the Czech Academy of Sciences under the auspices of EUMATHSIN.cz, Czech Network for Mathematics in Industry, and with the financial support provided by the RSJ Foundation. It continued the previous seminars on mathematical software and numerical methods held (biennially, with only one exception) in Alšovice, Bratříkov, Janov nad Nisou, Kořenov, Lázně Libverda, Dolní Maxov, and Prague in the period 19832016. The objective of this series of seminars is to provide a forum for presenting and discussing advanced topics in numerical analysis, computer implementation of numerical algorithms, new approaches to mathematical modeling, and single or multiprocessor applications of computational methods.


Multivariate smooth interpolation that employs polyharmonic functions
Segeth, Karel
We study the problém of construction of the smooth interpolation formula presented as the minimizer of suitable functionals subject to interpolation constraints. We present a procedure for determining the interpolation formula that in a natural way leads to a linear combination of polyharmonic splines complemented with lower order polynomials therms. In general, such formulae can be very useful e.g. in geographic information systems or computer aided geometric design. A simple computational example is presented.
