National Repository of Grey Literature 62 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Evaluation of sample geometry effect on creep deformation progress using acoustic emission method
Dvořák, Jiří ; Sklenička, Václav ; Král, Petr ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Svobodová, M. ; Šifner, J. ; Koula, V.
This work deals with the determination of the influence of the sample geometry on the development of failure during creep exposure. Creep tests were carried out at temperature of 600 °C and a stress of 180 MPa in the protective atmosphere of argon. P92 steel samples with a conventional smooth surface and samples with a V-groove notch were chosen for the test tests. The results of creep resistance and fracture behaviour were complemented by detailed microstructural characterization to assess damage initiation and development. Based on the measured results, the creep data was evaluated using neural networks that systematically search for and process the signal from the acoustic emission (AE). Acoustic emission serves here as an effective non-destructive method for early prediction of the beginning of a possible accident of components of power and chemical plants.
Creep tests of zirconium fuel cladding tubes and their interpretation
Sklenička, Václav ; Kuchařová, Květa ; Kloc, Luboš ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Král, Petr ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Vrtílková, V. ; Krejčí, J.
Time-dependent plastic deformation – creep is one of the most important degradation factors which govern the life of zirconium alloys used as fuel claddings materials in the light water reactor in nuclear power industry. This work aims to describe creep testing of Zr1%Nb (modified E110 alloy) cladding tubes used in the VVER-type reactor. In addition to a standard creep testing method under constant tensile test a nonstandard special creep testing method which has been developed to measure very small creep strains at stresses corresponding to the loading in real service.
Influence of severe plastic deformation and subsequent annealing on creep behaviour of martensitic 9% Cr steel
Král, Petr ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Sklenička, Václav ; Horita, Z. ; Tokizawa, Y. ; Tang, Y. ; Kunčická, Lenka ; Kuchařová, Květa ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Svobodová, M.
The objective of the study is to evaluate the effects of severe plastic deformation (SPD) and annealing on creep behaviour of advanced tungsten modified creep-resistant 9 % Cr martensitic P92 steel. The as-received P92 steel was deformed by high-pressure torsion (HTP), high-pressure sliding (HPS) and rotary swaging (RS) at room temperature prior creep testing. These SPD methods imposed significantly different equivalent plastic strain in the range from 1 up to 20. Constant load creep tests in tension were performed in an argon atmosphere at 873 K and applied stress ranging from 50 to 200 MPa. The microstructure and phase composition of P92 steel were studied using a scanning electron microscope Tescan Lyra 3 and a transmission electron microscope Jeol 2100F. The results show that under the same creep loading conditions the HPT and HPS-processed P92 steel exhibited significantly faster minimum creep rates, creep fracture strain and the decrease in the value of the stress exponent of the creep rate in comparison with as-received P92 steel. However, it was revealed that the RS-processed specimens exhibited one order of magnitude lower minimum creep rate and lower ductility compared to commercial P92 steel. The creep curves for the HPT and HPS-processed states exhibited a pronounced minimum of strain rate. The pronounced minimum of strain rate disappeared when these states were annealed at 923K/500h before application of creep loading. The microstructure changes occurring during creep and different creep behaviour between as-received and deformed states are discussed.
Acoustic emissions sensing during creep testing in a modifiedatmosphere
Dvořák, Jiří ; Svobodová, M. ; Sklenička, Václav
The objective of the developed methodology for sensing 'in-situ' acoustic emissions during a creep test in a modified atmosphere was to minimise or eliminate noise on acoustic emission records caused by synergistic acting oxidation processes that may critically influence the identification and intensity of the acting own creep degradation processes and the relevant evaluation of the measured data.
DETECTION OF DEFECTS BY ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS (AE) UNDER HIGH-TEMPERATURE CREEP CONDITIONS
Dvořák, Jiří ; Sklenička, Václav ; Král, Petr ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Svobodová, M. ; Šifner, J. ; Koula, V.
Current acoustic emission (AE) applications are preferably oriented to continuous monitoring of machine component operation. AE is a perspective non-destructive method for early prediction and identification of material defects to avoid a disaster of running equipment. The paper analyzes the measured data and analysis of signals at the level of individual emission events during the creep test of a copper based on the results of previously performed microstructural and fractographic analyses of its creep damage evolution and fracture. The aim of the model study is to contribute to the successful application of AE for real operating components of power equipments and thus to increase their operational safety.
HIGH - TEMPERATURE CREEP BEHAVIOUR OF CAST COBALT-BASE SUPERALLOYS
Dvořák, Jiří ; Král, Petr ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Hrbáček, Karel ; Sklenička, Václav
Two cast and heat-treated NbC and TaC – strengthened cobalt superalloys have been developed for a precision casting of spinner discs for glass wool industry. In this work constant load creep tests in tension were carried out in argon atmosphere at three testing temperature 900, 950 and 1000 °C and at the initial applied stresses ranged from 40 to 200 MPa. All the tests were continued until the final fracture. The results of creep testing were combined with microstructural and fractographic examinations by means of light and scanning electron microscopy. A mutual comparison of creep characteristics of the investigated superalloys under comparable creep loading conditions showed that NbC-strengthened superalloy exhibited longer creep life than TaC-strengthened one. Further, it was found that carbide precipitation is the primary strengthening mechanism in both cobalt-base superalloys under investigation and the amount, morphology\nand type of carbides have the decisive effect on the creep properties including creep damage and fracture processes. By contrast, NbC-superalloy exhibited a more brittle character of creep fracture mode than TaCstrengthened superalloy. This study was initiated to investigate in more details creep deformation processes and the effect of the creep microstructure and damage evolution on both investigated superalloys. The different behaviour and properties of studied superalloys were explained based on the received results of this study.
Nehomogenita mikrostruktury a creep ECAP hliníku
Sklenička, Václav ; Král, Petr ; Ilucová, Lucia ; Saxl, Ivan ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Svoboda, Milan
High purity (99.99%) pure aluminium processed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was examined in terms of the ECAP microstructure inhomogeneity and its creep behaviour. The results indicate that an inhomogeneity of the ECAP microstructure in mesoscopic scale may influence the creep behaviour of the pressed material.
Development of Creep Damage in Similar Weld Joints of P92 Steel Pipe
Král, Petr ; Sklenička, Václav ; Kuchařová, Květa ; Svobodová, M. ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Dvořák, Jiří
The microstructure and creep behaviour of the welded joints of P92 steel pipe were\ninvestigated in order to determine the influence of orbital heat welding technology on the creep\nresistance. Creep specimens were machined from the welded joints. Tensile creep tests of welded\njoints were performed at 873 K using different stresses. The microstructure of tested specimens was\ninvestigated by scanning electron microscope Tescan equipped with an electron-back scatter\ndiffraction. The creep results showed that the creep fracture strain of the welded joints decreases\nwith decreasing value of applied stress. Microstructure investigation showed that fracture behaviour\nof welded joints is influenced by an enhanced cavity formation at grain boundaries in the heataffected\nzone causing lower fracture ductility.
Creep damage tolerance factor lambda of selected creep-resistant steels
Sklenička, Václav ; Kuchařová, Květa ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Král, Petr
The creep damage tolerance factor lambda as an important outcome of the continuum damage mechanics approach has been used to asses the creep fracture mode and the susceptibility of material to localized cracking at strain concentrations. In this work, using sets of our earlier published creep data of three advanced ferritic creep-resistant steels (T23 low alloy steel, P91 and P92 chromium steels) are analysed in terms of the creep damage tolerance factor lambda. It was found that the value of the creep damage factor lambda is not constant and depends on the creep loading conditions. The data analysis is followed by fractographic investigations, which is used to identify the creep fracture mode(s) experimentally.

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